A framework for analysis of prose texts Outline Text analysis 4 pre-set positions 5 variables different in every text/reading Creation of summary also can be considered a form of analysis whereby Summary some facts/textual items are given precedence over others. narrative These positions in analysis Stylistic layer/ use a set of pre-defined strategies and terminology. register The analysis therefore consists rather in choosing the appropriate sub-set or Choice of combination of the already existing definitions. vocabulary The properties of these are different in every text/reading Composition Every text or even reading of a text presents a different view on of the text these components of analysis. The interpretation of them differs considerably, depending on the Characters interaction of various textual and reader horizons. Mood Theme Message Length: ca. 100 words Contains also the title of the text, name of the author (year of publishing if applicable) Summary Analysis aspect Locating the topic sentences in the text Combining the ideas found in the topic sentences Stating the main ideas, avoiding quoting the text Aspect of interpretation is absent Avoiding expressing any opinion on the text Content matter voice narrator covert (indistinct,hidden in Subjective expression the background) s Pragmatic overt signals (present, distinct) narrative homodiegetic first-person the narrator is present as a character in the story authorial type situation (heterodiegetic-overt) heterodiegetic the narrator is not present figural as a character in the story (heterodiegetic-covert & internal focalization) Choice of vocabulary and expression, depending on the communicative situation. It indicates the status of the interlocutors, formality of situation and the attitudes and intent/s of the speaker/s. situation Register status audience High style Static The text is frozen in time, and always quoted the same, usually from some culturally important documents (laws, KJV, etc) (frozen, archaic) Usually used for one-way communication in previously set, standardised, Formal impersonal situations (court, academic, etc) Consultative Used for a two-way communication, usually in professional or other communicative settings, expressing politeness etc. (neutral) Group language, communication between friends and peers. Has colloquialisms, Low style Casual group slang, etc. Communication between two very intimate people, abounds in endearments etc Informal Communications of offensive character between enemies or the like, abounds in (intimate) slang, invectives etc.
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