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					    A framework

for analysis of prose texts



                          Outline
            Text analysis


4 pre-set
positions

                       5 variables
                   different in every text/reading
                              Creation of summary also can be
                              considered a form of analysis whereby
      Summary                 some facts/textual items are given
                              precedence over others.



                          narrative


These positions in analysis    Stylistic layer/
use a set of pre-defined
strategies and terminology.       register
The analysis therefore
consists rather in choosing
the appropriate sub-set or                     Choice of
combination of the already
existing definitions.
                                               vocabulary
         The properties of these
             are different
          in every text/reading
Composition             Every text or even reading of a
                        text presents a different view on
 of the text            these components of analysis.
                        The interpretation of them differs
                        considerably, depending on the
      Characters        interaction of various textual and
                        reader horizons.
               Mood
                      Theme
                           Message
Length: ca. 100 words

Contains also the title of the
text, name of the author (year
of publishing if applicable)
                                         Summary
                            Analysis aspect
 Locating the topic sentences in the text

 Combining the ideas found in the topic sentences

 Stating the main ideas, avoiding quoting the text



                 Aspect of interpretation is absent

  Avoiding expressing any opinion on the text
      Content
      matter
                              voice    narrator               covert
                                                        (indistinct,hidden in
    Subjective
    expression                                            the background)
        s

     Pragmatic                                               overt
      signals                                          (present, distinct)



                                 narrative

     homodiegetic                                  first-person
   the narrator is present
             as
  a character in the story                               authorial
                              type     situation    (heterodiegetic-overt)
  heterodiegetic
the narrator is not present                                figural
as a character in the story
                                                    (heterodiegetic-covert
                                                    & internal focalization)
 Choice of vocabulary and expression, depending on
the communicative situation. It indicates the status of
    the interlocutors, formality of situation and the
        attitudes and intent/s of the speaker/s.


                                                               situation
             Register                    status                                          audience
High style




                    Static             The text is frozen in time, and always quoted the same, usually from some
                                                      culturally important documents (laws, KJV, etc)
               (frozen, archaic)
                                       Usually used for one-way communication in previously set, standardised,
                   Formal                            impersonal situations (court, academic, etc)


                Consultative       Used for a two-way communication, usually in professional or other communicative
                                                         settings, expressing politeness etc.
                  (neutral)
                                    Group language, communication between friends and peers. Has colloquialisms,
Low style




                   Casual                                       group slang, etc.


                                    Communication between two very intimate people, abounds in endearments etc
                 Informal
                                    Communications of offensive character between enemies or the like, abounds in
                 (intimate)                                     slang, invectives etc.

				
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posted:9/28/2012
language:English
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