SAFE WORK PROCEDURES Alberta Safety Council for Seniors by alicejenny


									                                   ZYX COMPANY
                              HEALTH AND SAFETY POLICY

The XYZ Company is committed to a proactive health and safety program aimed at
protecting our staff, our property, our clients, the general public and the environment from
injury or loss.

Employees at every level are responsible and accountable for the company’s health and
safety performance. Active participation by everyone, every day, is necessary for the safety
excellence this company expects.

Management will set an example and provide leadership in the health and safety program.
Management will develop safe work procedures along with the help and input from the
employees. Management will provide training and equipment appropriate for the tasks.
Management is responsible to monitor and enforce the company policies as described in the
Health and Safety Program and Disciplinary Policy.

Workers at every level are to be familiar with the requirements of Alberta Human
Resources and Employment Occupational Health and Safety Legislation as it relates to their
work process. Workers are responsible for following all procedures, with an awareness of
health and safety, and cooperating in achieving improved health and safety conditions at the
work sites.

Our goal is to be a leader in loss control management in our field and provide a healthy,
injury free work place for all workers. By working together, in all elements of this program
we will achieve this goal.

___________________________                                 __________________
General Manager                                             Date

                         Corporate Policy on Health and Safety

Safety is an integral part of our company’s work. It is part of our operations and is
there to protect our employees, visitors, clients and company property, the environment
and the public.

There are many costs to accidents and unsafe work practices. The greatest costs are
human costs. By protecting our employees we are also protecting their friends,
families, fellow workers, management, the public and the environment from the far-
reaching effects of serious accidents. We are also protecting our ability to continue
doing business and employing people.

Everyone employed by this company (employees, contractors, sub-contractors) is
responsible for maintaining the safety program by understanding their assigned
responsibilities. It is the responsibility of all employees to ensure a visitor to their work
site is aware of the hazards and assisting them in following all safety rules and
regulations. All workers have the right and responsibility to refuse unsafe work.

Every employee of the company shall be aware of and understand the legislative
requirements, industry standards and company policies and procedures that apply to
their work sites.

Our goal is a healthy, injury free workplace. Through personal commitment and active
participation we can achieve this goal.

________________________________                               __________________
Senior Officer                                                 Date


XYZ COMPANY is committed to promoting safe and healthy working conditions
within the company, therefore:

It shall be the responsibility of MANAGEMENT to establish and maintain acceptable
standards for the work sites, premises, operations and equipment to ensure that physical
and health hazards are guarded against or eliminated, and to develop work procedures
that will achieve optimum productivity levels without accidents and industrial diseases.
Management is responsible to monitor the employee performance.

It shall be the responsibility of every SUPERVISOR to ensure that employees are
trained in proper work procedures to obtain optimum productivity levels without
accidents and industrial disease, and to ensure the observation by employees of proper
work procedures and all pertinent rules and regulations.

It shall be the responsibility of every EMPLOYEE to follow proper work procedures, to
perform duties in a safe manner, to observe all rules and regulations, and to cooperate
in creating a safe, healthy and productive working environment.

It is the responsibility of EVERYONE to know and understand all legislative
requirements as they apply to their work site and job tasks.

TOGETHER we will reach these goals.

___________________________________                         ____________________
Chief Executive Officer                                     Date

                 Assignment of Responsibility and Accountability
                             for Health and Safety


    will set an example and provide leadership in the health and safety program;
    will provide information, instructions and assistance to all supervisory staff in
     order to protect the health and safety of all our employees;
    will understand and enforce the accident prevention policy as well as the OH&S
     Legislation as it applies to all areas of the company operations;
    will provide all supervisory staff with proper, well maintained tools and
     equipment as well as personal protective equipment as may be required;
    will provide ongoing health and safety training as required by legislation and
     industry; and
    will monitor all departments and projects and will hold them accountable for
     their individual safety performance.


    will know and apply the company’s safety policies and procedures and OH&S
    will ensure all employees are trained and educated to company standard and
     requirements, which included use and care of personal protective equipment;
    will advise employees of potential hazardous situations as they relate to their job
    will arrange for medical treatment as required, including appropriate
     transportation for treatment;
    will report all accidents/incidents/near misses/health concerns to senior
     management immediately;
    will take the lead role for accident investigations in their area of responsibility,
     working with the Safety Coordinator and JWHSC Representative; and
    will perform, or ensure a designate performs regular inspections as required in
     their area of responsibility

               Assignment of Responsibility and Accountability
                           for Health and Safety


    are responsible to read, understand and comply with XYZ Company’s Health
     and Safety policies and safe work practices;
    are responsible to wear the appropriate personal protective equipment and
     clothing for their tasks;
    are responsible to report any unsafe, unhealthy condition to their immediate
     Supervisor immediately;
    are responsible to report any near miss, injury, equipment damage accident to
     their immediate Supervisor immediately and complete the required reports;
    are responsible to take every reasonable precaution to protect the safety of
     themselves, other workers in their area and the general public;
    are responsible to attend safety meetings and actively participate in the Health
     and Safety Program.

Contractors, Suppliers and Visitors:

    are required to cooperate with XZY Company representative in all areas of the
     Health and Safety Program;
    are responsible to report to their contact immediately upon arrival at the work
     site; and
    contractors and visitors will be held accountable to comply with all prescribed
     safety procedures while at XYZ Company work sites.


    any person or organization hired to perform work on behalf of XYZ Company
     is required to complete a sub-contractor orientation;
    all sub-contractors and their employees are required to understand and follow
     XYZ Company Health and Safety Program.

Specifically, senior management/owners are responsible for:

       Providing a company safety policy and committing to it;

       Ensuring all established policies and procedures are enforced;

       Providing information, instruction, and assistance to all
        supervisory staff;

       Providing ongoing training and education programs;

       Monitoring departments and projects and holding staff
        accountable for their individual performance;

       Assisting all supervisors with an understanding of accident
        prevention as well as relevant OHS legislation; and

       Setting a good example.

Supervisors within an organization are responsible for, but not limited to:

       Knowing and applying the company policies and relevant OHS

       Ensuring all workers are educated to work in a safe manner and
        that all protective devices and procedures are utilized;

       Advising employees of any potential or actual dangers, how to
        isolate, prevent and/or remove them;

       Arranging for medical treatment of injured employees as

       Recording and investigating accidents, potential losses and
        property damage;

       Advising management and safety committees on how to prevent
        similar accidents/incidents in the future;

       Becoming involved in safety inspections and carry out on-going
        inspections within area of responsibility;

       Setting a good example and performing work in a safe manner;

       Enforcing all established safety regulations and work methods.

Employees are responsible for:

       Carrying out work in a manner that will not create a hazard;

       Assisting the Health and Safety Committee by volunteering to
        be a member;

       Working with the supervisor to help create a safe working
        environment by making safety suggestions;

       Reporting any accidents, incidents, near misses, injuries and/or
        occupational health concerns immediately to the area supervisor;

       Following the company medical and first aid procedures; and

       Using the safe work procedures and setting a good example.


2(1) Every employer shall ensure, as far as it is reasonably practicable for him
     to do so,
               (a)   the health and safety of
                     (i) workers engaged in the work of that employer, and

                       (ii) those workers not engaged in the work of that employer
                            but present at the work site at which that work is being
                            carried out; and

               (b)     that the workers engaged in the work of that employer are
                       aware of their responsibilities and duties under this Act and
                       the regulations.

(2) Every worker shall, while engaged in an occupation,
            (a)     take reasonable care to protect the health and safety of
                    himself and of other workers present while he is working;

               (b)     cooperate with his employer for the purpose of protecting the
                       health and safety of
                       (i) himself;

                       (i.1) other workers engaged in the work of the employer; and

                       (ii) other workers not engaged in the work of that employer
                            but present at the work site at which that work is being
                            carried out.

                        EMPLOYEE EVALUATION FORM

NAME: _______________________________________________________________

Review Date: ______________________ Last Review Date: __________________

Position/Location: ______________________________________________________

Supervisor: ____________________________ Review Rating: _________________

1.   Punctuality and time management – consistently arrives at work in time to be
     dressed and ready to start work on time. Avoids personal business on Company
     time (telephone, visitors, friends, day dreaming, salesmen,etc.).
     1 2 3 4 5

2.   Displays a positive, polite, cooperative attitude towards management and co-
     workers. Contributes to the overall positive morale of the workplace.
     1 2 3 4 5

3.   Can be called upon in high pressure situations (overtime, evenings, weekends,
     1 2 3 4 5

4.   Low frequency of “come backs” on work performed.
     1 2 3 4 5

5.   Places safety (property, equipment, vehicles, self, others) and proper use of safety
     equipment as a top priority.
     1 2 3 4 5

6.   Conversant with Company policies and/ or procedures.
     1 2 3 4 5

7.   Demonstrates stress tolerance and anger control.
     1 2 3 4 5

8.   Demonstrates interpersonal skills – disseminates clear, accurate information to
     1 2 3 4 5

9.   Satisfactory attendance record.
     1 2 3 4 5

10. Ability to effectively troubleshoot and address problems in the assigned area of
    1 2 3 4 5

11. Displays satisfactory work ethics including maintaining a clean, orderly and
    organized work area.
    1 2 3 4 5

12. Willingly accepts instruction, suggestions, or direction.
    1 2 3 4 5

13. Willingly assists co-workers.
    1 2 3 4 5

14. Participates in staff meetings, offers ongoing constructive suggestions to
    maximize shop efficiency, improve policies, procedures, etc.
    1 2 3 4 5

15. Avoids taking excessive liberties such as extended coffee and/ or lunch breaks.
    1 2 3 4 5

16. Demonstrates a genuine concern for, and promotes a positive Company image
    and reputation (co-workers, inspectors, public).
    1 2 3 4 5

17. Completes documents accurately and within appropriate time frames.
    1 2 3 4 5

18. Demonstrates respect, care and concern for company property and equipment.
    1 2 3 4 5

19. Produces the quality of work expected by the Company for this position. Pays
    attention to detail – ability to recognize, evaluate, comprehend and prioritize and
    make rationale decisions with limited supervisory guidance.
    1 2 3 4 5

20. Produces the quantity of work expected by the Company for this position.
    1 2 3 4 5

Supervisors comments and Goals for Next Review:

Employees comments and Goals for Next Review:

Supervisor Signature: __________________________________ Date: __________

Employee Signature: ___________________________________ Date: __________


                              ENFORCEMENT POLICY

All staff are expected to comply with all health and safety rules as well as all of
Alberta’s Occupational Health and Safety Regulations. Supervisor’s are expected to set
an example and enforce the rules.


No smoking in fuel area or any designated areas.

Safety reflective vests must be worn by all road repair crews, water and sewer line
crews and park maintenance crews.

Respirators must be worn where any toxic vapors or particles are involved, as per
OH&S Regulations and company policies and procedures.

Eye protection is to be worn where potential eye hazards exist as per OH&S
Regulations and company policies and procedures.

Hearing Protection must be worn where required as per OH&S Regulations and
company policies and procedures.

Hard hats must be worn where there is a risk of head injury as per OH&S Regulations
and company policies and procedures.


Violations of XYZ Company policy, procedures and rules will result in disciplinary
action as follows:
        FIRST OFFENCE:      Verbal warning.
        SECOND OFFENCE: Warning and recorded on employee file
        THIRD OFFENCE:      Three days suspension without pay.
        FOURTH OFFENCE: Termination

NOTE: Use of or reporting to work under the influence of illegal drugs and/or alcohol
at the work site will result in immediate dismissal.


It is the intent of XYZ Company to provide a healthy and safe work environment for
all job tasks that are to be performed. Proper hazard identification and controls will
provide employees with proper direction in the safe performance of their duties.

All XYZ Company employees required to perform hazardous tasks will receive
appropriate instruction and training. Written copies of safe work procedures will be
accessible and available to all employees.

Whenever a new job task or piece of equipment is implemented or acquired, a written
procedures and proper training will precede the performing of the new task or use of
the new equipment. A hazard assessment will be completed which will assist in the
development of adequate controls. The Supervisors and JWHSC will assist in the
hazard assessment and development of the controls.

Written procedures will be prepared or revised when any of the following occur:

           1.       When new Regulations are implemented that affect a specific
                    written procedure.

           2.       Inspection reports indicate changes.

           3.       Incident investigations indicate changes

           4.       New specifications are implemented.

           5.       First aid records indicate a trend and need.

           6.       Employee suggestions are received and valid.

           7.       Safety committee requests changes.

           8.       Hazard assessments indicate the need for change.

Supervisors must ensure that all appropriate procedures are available to the workers in
their area of responsibility. Workers are expected to follow all applicable procedures
and inform supervisors if they have a concern about a procedure.


This element requires all job tasks within the XYZ Company to be identified, all hazards
associated with those tasks identified, then analyze and risk rate each job task.

A hazard is defined as anything that places a person’s health and/or safety at risk. Each
job task will then be prioritized to determine which job task is the most critical. Once all
job tasks have been risk rated and prioritized the appropriate controls must be identified
to eliminate or minimize the risk. This formal assessment is to be reviewed and updated

The annual Hazard Assessment will be completed as follows:

       1. The lead role is taken by the Supervisor for each area , working with the
              employees under his supervision.
       2. Using the assessment forms the team will identify each job task for their
              area and the hazards associated with those tasks.
       3. Risk evaluation will be completed through quantitative measurement using
              the risk rating guide provided.
       4. Each job task risk ratings will be totaled to provide prioritization of the tasks
              from highest to lowest risk level.
       5. Finally the appropriate controls will be identified for each job task which
              will eliminate or minimize the risks associated with the task.
       6. Upon completion of the assessments, the Supervisors will submit to the
              Safety Coordinator to enable the Health and Safety Program to be
updated                       annually.

On-going hazard assessments will be completed as needed on the Hazard Report forms
provided and submitted to the area Supervisor when completed, when the hazard has
been effectively dealt with the Supervisor is responsible to submit to the Safety
Coordinator with supporting documentation showing how the hazard was controlled. All
hazard reports must be recorded on the Hazard Control Plan and will be kept on file by
the Safety Coordinator.

                       JOB TASK INDENTIFICATION AND
                        HAZARD ASSESSMENT POLICY

We believe that compiling a job task inventory and identifying the hazards associated
with the tasks is an important and necessary part of our Health and Safety program.
The tasks will be rated according to how hazardous they are by using a risk rating
system. The rating system we will use is 1 – 5 with 1 being remote and 5 being
extreme. Any task with a total rating of 25 or more will have a job procedure written
and implemented.

The hazard analysis should be completed by the employees performing the tasks, with
assistance from their supervisor. If a job procedure needs to be written, it should also
be written with input from the employees. The company will provide leaderships in the
process and assist in the writing of the procedures.

The complete job task and hazard analysis will be reviewed annually to ensure changes
to the operation and new tasks are adequately assessed and updated. All employees are
encouraged to participate in this process.

___________________________________                        ___________________
Senior Officer                                             Date

                         HAZARD IDENTIFICATION
                           RISK RATING TABLE

LIKELIHOOD: is the probability of a loss when the hazardous event does occur.

Five    (5)    Occurs under normal operating conditions
Four    (4)    Occurs in unusual operating conditions
Three   (3)    May occur if worker is inattentive or equipment poorly maintained
Two     (2)    Only likely in abnormal conditions (ie. Loss of power; incapacitated
               worker; malicious damage; emergency conditions)
One     (1)    Not likely to happen – remote possibility- only in extreme conditions

EXPOSURE: is how frequently the hazardous event presents itself.

Five    (5)    Continuous – on/two times per day
Four    (4)    Frequent – one/two times per week
Three   (3)    Possible – once per month
Two     (2)    Some chance of occurring
One     (1)    Note likely to happen – very remote possibility

CONSEQUENCE: is the outcome or result of the hazardous event.

Five    (5)    Catastrophic/disaster – numerous fatalities, chronic health effects,
               extreme property/equipment damage.
Four    (4)    Very serious – severe injury, serious health effects, damage to
Three   (3)    Serious injury – time loss, medical aid
Two     (2)    Injury – temporary disability, first aid injury, minimal damage.
One     (1)    Insignificant – noticeable, no lost time, recorded.

Risk Rating Values:

                        OVERALL LEVEL OF RISK

         5            Extreme - very high risk consider changing or
                              eliminating operations.

         4            High - immediate correction required.

         3            Medium - substantial risk, controls/correction

         2            Low - Risk is acceptable with controls.

         1            Remote - not much chance of happening.

 To calculate risk and determine a risk factor you need to add
 Likelihood + Exposure + Consequence. The resulting figure is then
 by 3 to determine the risk rating for each hazard associated with each

                       L + E + C = RISK RATING

 To determine the overall level of risk applied to the task, add all the
 ratings for each hazard divide the total by the number that make up
 the total. i.e. if the sum equaled 30 and it was summation of 10
 numbers, 30 divided by 10 = 3 which would assign an overall level of
 risk for the task at Medium.

                             HAZARD IDENTIFICATION REPORT

Date of Report: ________________________________________________________

Time of Report: ________________________________________________________

Name of Identifier: _____________________________________________________

Reported to: ___________________________________________________________

Date and Time: ________________________________________________________

Hazard Description: _____________________________________________________



Name of Witnesses: _____________________________________________________

Additional Comments: ___________________________________________________


Corrective Measures and Date: ____________________________________________



Copies to:       Safety Committee        YES (   )   NO    (    )   Initials ________
                 Area Supervisor         YES (   )   NO    (    )   Initials ________
                 Originator              YES (   )   NO   (    )    Initials ________
Is this a re-evaluation of a hazard?     YES (   )   NO   (    )

If YES, why ___________________________________________________________



Location:                                   Job:
Team Conducting Evaluation:

Special Equipment Required:

Description of Job/ Steps/ Process          Hazard(s)     Existing Control

                Process for Developing Safe Work Procedures

Safe work procedures are step by step instructions for doing work the right way. A safe
work procedure identifies the materials and equipment needed, and how and when to
use them. Safe work procedures usually include:
              • Regulatory requirements.
              • Personal protective equipment requirements
              • Training requirements
              • Responsibilities of each person involved in the job.
              • A specific sequence of steps to follow to complete the work safely.
              • Permits required.
              • Emergency procedures.

Safe work procedures are generally prepared for jobs that:
              • Are critical (high risk jobs where accidents have or could result in
                 severe injuries).
              • Are hazardous and where accidents occur frequently.
              • Are new or have been changed.
              • Have had new equipment added.
              • Require many detailed tasks.
              • Involve two or more workers who must perform specific tasks
              • Are done infrequently.

An easy way to develop a procedure is to break the task into small steps. For each step,
determine the hazards and ways to correct them. Some hazards to think about include:
               • Being struck by moving equipment.
               • Coming in contact with hazardous substances.
               • Hitting obstructions or other workers.
               • Becoming caught in machinery.
               • Falling.
               • Being struck by objects falling from above.
               • Suffering from exposure to toxic gases, insufficient oxygen or
                  extreme temperatures.

You can then use the breakdown of hazards and corrective measures to prepare a
written safe work procedure.

Consider using the following process to develop your safe work procedures.
     List all jobs on your work sites. Concentrate on those which have potential for:
      – serious injuries
      – frequent injuries
      – severe property damage
      – significant interruptions to production
      – public liability
      – government intervention

      Put the list of jobs in order of the degree of hazard they present and the
       frequency they are performed.

      Analyze each job by observing and interviewing workers. Record the following
       – job name and location
       – each step of the job and its hazards
       – roles of each worker involved
       – special equipment required
       – applicable regulatory requirements

      Determine the measures needed to control job hazards, such as:
       – engineering controls to eliminate or isolate the hazards
       – worker training
       – personal protective and safety equipment
       – hazard markings
       – safety meetings

If engineering controls or worker training can be used to permanently eliminate or
reduce the impact of hazards, implement them.

Prepare your safe work procedure by listing, in order of occurrence, each:
       – step of the job
       – control measure required (excluding one-time measures such as
           engineering controls and development of training).

Also describe:
       – regulatory requirements
       – special equipment required
       – specific training requirements for workers (e.g. journeymen ticket, H2S)

    Test the procedure in the field to ensure it:
      – is accurate
      – meets regulatory requirements
      – is understandable to workers

    Finalize the written procedure and place it at appropriate work site.

    Train workers to follow the procedure.

    Include in the orientation of new hires.

                              MAINTENANCE POLICY

All tools and equipment shall be properly maintained to reduce a risk of injury to
employees or damage to property. Preventative maintenance is an important part of the
maintenance program. To ensure this program is enforced and documented the
following apply:

1.     All mobile heavy equipment will be serviced every 150 hours of operation and
       documented in the maintenance logs.

2.     All vehicles will have a pre-trip inspection report completed daily and

3.     Light vehicles will be completely serviced every 5000 km. And documented in
       the maintenance log.

4.     Tools (hand and mounted) will be inspected monthly to determine deficiencies.
       Any tool needing repair will be promptly taken out of service and replaced or

It is the responsibility of the employee assigned the tools and equipment to ensure these
procedures are followed.

_______________________________                             __________________
Signature                                                   Date

                             SAFE WORK PROCEDURES


   Ensure all members of the road repair crew are wearing reflective vests and
    appropriate personal protective equipment.

   Stop the first lane of traffic.

   Walk to a point where you can be seen by traffic in the oncoming lane

   Display the stop sign and your raised free hand maintaining eye contact.

   When the first vehicle is stopped walk to a position where you can be seen by
    traffic coming up behind the stopped vehicles.

   Keep the stop sign held high maintaining eye contact and keeping your free hand
    raised with the palm facing traffic.

   Allow construction activity to proceed after it is safe to do so while maintaining
    a safe distance from the equipment.

   When it is safe for traffic to proceed, walk in a straight line back to the side of
    the road.

   If there is more than one lane stopped release one lane at a time as you move
    towards the curb.

   Turn the paddle to display the slow sign to the stationary vehicles and with your
    free arm wave the traffic through.

   Do not wave the Stop/Slow paddle.

                                 SAFE WORK PROCEDURES


Sewer, Manhole or Vault Entry :

1.      Every worker is responsible for the health and safety of himself and other workers in the
        work area.
2.      The employer will supply personal protective equipment to ensure safe entry.
3.      Each entry must be pre-planned using the “WORK CHECKLIST” and must include the
                 A.        Classification of the Confined Space – High, Moderate or Low Risk
                 B.        Identify Hazards – a) Oxygen Deficient
                                            b) Explosive Atmosphere
                                            c) Toxic Atmosphere
                                            d) Difficult Rescue
                 C.         Isolation requirements
                                            a) determine need for blinding/blanking or lockout/tagout
                 D.        Testing Equipment requirements –
                                                   - gas detector
                                                   - particulate contaminate
                                                   - oxygen detector
                 E.         Determine Lighting needs
                 F.        Communication –         - Inside/Outside
                                                   - radios
                                                   - phones
                                                   - alarm system
                                                   - beepers
                                                   - signals
                 G.         Signage –              - appropriate signs marking access and egress
                                                     must be in place
                                                   - open manholes must be adequately barricaded
                 H.        Atmosphere Control and Ventilation
                                                   - powered blowers used as required
                                                   - appropriate breathing apparatus available and

4.      Workers designated to work in confined spaces or act as standby or rescue personnel, must
        have experience, appropriate training and qualifications which will be provided by the

                               SAFE WORK PROCEDURES

Defective Tools:

      Defective tools can cause serious and painful injuries.

      If a tool is defective in some way, DON’T USE IT.

      Be aware of problems like:
       - chisels and wedges with mushroomed heads
       - split or cracked handles
       - chipped or broken drill bits
       - wrenches with worn out jaws
       - tools which are not complete, such as files without handles

To ensure safe use of hand tools, remember:
       1. never use a defective tool;
       2. double check all tools prior to use; and
       3. ensure defective tools are repaired.

Air, gasoline or electric power tools, require skill and complete attention on the part of
the user even when they are in good condition. Don’t use power tools when they are
defective in any way.

Watch for problems like:
       - broken or inoperative guards;
       - insufficient or improper grounding due to damage on double insulated
       - no ground wire (on plug) or cords of standard tools;
       - the on/off switch not in good working order;
       - tool blade is cracked;
       - the wrong grinder wheel is being used; or
       - the guard has been wedged back on a power saw.

*Always check the OH&S Regulations to ensure proper use.

                            SAFE WORK PROCEDURES

Fire and Use of Fire Extinguishers:


Good housekeeping is essential in the prevention of fires. Fires can start anywhere
and at any time. This is why it is important to know which fire extinguisher to use and
how to use it.

Always keep fire extinguishers visible and easy to get at. Fire extinguishers have to be
properly maintained to do the job. Where temperature is a factor, ensure that care is
taken in selecting the right extinguisher.

Types of Fires:

Class A: These fires consist of wood, paper, rags, rubbish and other ordinary
         combustible materials.

Recommended Extinguishers: Water from a hose, pump type water can, or
       pressurized extinguisher, and soda acid extinguishers.

Class B: Flammable liquids, oil and grease.

Recommended Extinguishers: ABC units, dry chemical, foam and carbon dioxide

Class C: Electrical Equipment

Recommended Extinguishers: Carbon dioxide and dry chemical (ABC Units)

Fighting a Fire: Use short bursts on the fire. When the electrical current is shut off
          on a Class C fire, it can become a Class A fire if the materials around the
          electrical fire are ignited.

•For further information check the appropriate OH&S Regulations.

                              SAFE WORK PROCEDURES

Use of Portable Ladders

Ladders can be used safely if they are given the respect they deserve.

Before using any ladder, make sure that it is in good condition and is the right ladder for the
job task to be done.

1.        When setting up a ladder, secure the base and “walk”the ladder up into place.

2.        The ladder should be set at the proper angle of (1) horizontal to every four (4)

3.        Before using a ladder, make sure it is secured against movement.

4.        When in position, the ladder should protrude one (1) metre above the intended
          landing point.

5.        Workers shall not work from the top two rungs of a ladder.

6.        Don’t overreach while on a ladder. It is easier and safer to climb down and move
          the ladder over a few feet to a new position.

7.        Always face the ladder when using it. Grip it firmly and use the three-point
          contact method when moving up or down.

8.        The minimum overlap on an extension ladder should be one (1) metre unless the
          manufacturer specifies the overlap.

9.        Keep both metal and wood ladders away from electrical sources.

*Refer to the OH&S Regulations for further information.

                             SAFE WORK PROCEDURES

Use of Step Ladders:

As with all ladders, make sure that the step ladder is in good condition, and is the right
ladder for the job to be done.

Step ladders are to be used only on clean and even surfaces.

1.        No work is to be done from the top two steps of a step ladder, counting the
          top platform as a rung.

2.        When in the open position ready for use, the incline of the front step section
          shall be one (1) horizontal to six (6) vertical.

3.        The step ladder is only to be used in the fully opened position with the
          spreader bars locked.

4.        Tops of step ladders are not to be used as a support for scaffolds.

5.        Don’t overreach while on the ladder. Climb down and move the ladder over
          to a new position.

6.        Only CSA Standard ladders will be used.

* Refer to the OH&S Regulations for more information.

                           SAFE WORK PROCEDURES

Use of Scaffolds

There are various types of metal scaffolds and they all have a right and wrong way to be

The misuse of scaffolding is the cause of numerous serious injuries. Every worker who
designs or constructs a scaffold should be competent and know what the manufacturer’s
specifications are for that type of scaffold.

The scaffold type which will be best suited for the job and capable of withstanding the
loads to be imposed on it must be determined before the job begins.

Ensure that:
1.        the scaffold you intend to use is the correct one for the job;
2.        the location in which the scaffold is to be constructed is level or is capable of
          presenting secure footing by use of mudsills or some other device;
3.        the scaffold will be erected by a competent worker;
4.        compliance with Legislative and manufacturers requirements occurs;
5.        safe access and egress to both the scaffold and the general work area has been
6.        leveling adjustment screws have not been over extended;
7.        tower scaffolds have outriggers or are guyed and have all component parts
          secured in place ( I.e. cross braces, pins, lateral braces)
8.        scaffold work platforms have perimeter guardrail –
               1.      Horizontal rail – 0.92 metres to 1.07 metres above the platform;
               2.      Intermediate rail – horizontal rail midway between scaffold platform
                       and top rail;
               3.      Toe board – horizontal member at platform level no less than 140
                       mm in height above the platform level;
9.        scaffold planks are of number one grade materials with maximum spans of 3.1
          metres on light duty and 2.3 metres on heavy duty with a maximum projection
          beyond the ledger of no more than 300mm.

•         Refer to OH&S Regulations for further information.


1.    Eye protection is to be worn in accordance with the Specific Equipment Safe
      Work procedures.

2.    The shop and storage areas are to be kept clean at all times.

3.    All vehicles are to be kept clean inside and out.

4.    Before each work day an under hood inspection must be performed on each
      vehicle or piece of mobile equipment. This inspection must include oil and
      coolant levels, power steering fluid levels, windshield washer fluid level, and
      inspection of all belts, hoses and linkages. This inspection includes a vehicle
      walk around and check for loose or missing hardware.

5.    Vehicle first aid kits are to be checked every Monday morning before the work
      day starts

6.    All injuries are to be recorded in the injury record log book regardless of how
      minor the injury may appear.

7.    The shop overhead door is to be either all the way up or all the way down.

8.    Place garbage and waste materials in appropriate containers.

9.    All exits and doorways are to be kept clear at all times.

10.   Clean up spills promptly and properly.

11.   In keeping with our Maintenance Program Policy, all vehicles, tooling and
      equipment shall be inspected for defects before using. All defects will be
      reported and the device taken out of service.

12.   Hearing protection is to be worn anytime an interference noise is present.


13.      Proper lifting equipment must be used when loads are to be lifted, are awkward
         or heavy enough to warrant it.

14.      Protect yourself from back injuries by knowing and practicing proper lifting

13.      Report to your supervisor all unsafe acts, unsafe conditions and near miss

14.      Report all injury or damage accidents immediately.

13.      Perform all work in accordance with safe work practices and your supervisor’s

14.      Maintain good housekeeping in your work area.

13.      Operate all vehicles and mobile equipment in accordance with site rules and
         highway regulations.


The following are prohibited at all times on all company property and work sites:
         1. Possession or consumption of alcohol or illegal drugs.

         2. Possession of firearms.

         3. Fighting, horseplay, practical jokes.

         4. Theft, vandalism.

         5. Damaging, disabling or interfering with safety, fire fighting or first aid

         6. Arriving for work or remaining at work when ability to perform the job
            safely is impaired.

                               INSPECTION POLICY

Inspections of all places of employment, including buildings, work sites, equipment,
tools, machinery and work practices. These inspections will be conducted on a regular
basis with a maximum interval between inspections of one month.

A Health and Safety Committee representative, Safety Coordinator and one employee
from the area being inspected will form the Inspection Team.

Inspections will be recorded on the standard inspection form provided and copies will
be distributed by the Safety Coordinator to:
                - Area Supervisors
                - Management

Where unsafe or un-healthy conditions, procedures or practices are found in the course
of an inspection, the supervisor shall take action to have the matter remedied without
undue delay.

The General Manager shall review the inspection reports on a quarterly basis with the
Safety Coordinator.

Supervisors are responsible to conduct on-going informal inspections in their areas of
responsibility to ensure day to day operations maintain the standard.

Pre-trip or pre-equipment use inspections must be conducted and documented as stated
in the General Safety Procedures.

Contractors/Sub-contractors are responsible to conduct inspections in their work
areas on a regular basis and forward copies to the Prime Contractor Supervisor.

______________________________                              ___________________
Signature                                                   Date

                             INSPECTION POLICY

It is the policy of this company to maintain a program of safety inspections. The
objective of this program is to control hazards in the workplace.

All company facilities and job sites shall be included in the inspection program.
Inspections of equipment and tools will be conducted according to the maintenance

Informal inspections shall be conducted by management on an ongoing basis and may
be done in conjunction with other business. Formal inspections involving Management
shall be conducted at least quarterly and documented.

Supervisors shall conduct regular formal, documented inspections in their area of
responsibility, or ensure the inspection is conducted by a qualified designate.

________________________________                            _____________________
Signature                                                   Date


To protect workers from exposure to dangers at the work site XYZ Company requires
monitoring of places of employment, equipment and machinery as follows:

Daily and Ongoing:
        Chlorine levels at the water treatment and sewage plants.
        Ammonia in the machine room at the ice rink
        Sewer hazards such as:
              Oxygen deficiency
              hydrogen sulphide
              Carbon monoxide
              Methane
              Gasoline vapors

      All S.C.B.A. equipment will be checked for readiness

      Noise exposure levels on mobile equipment or any area near noisy

As Needed:
      Confined Space Entry monitoring for toxic chemicals, combustible gases
         and vapors and oxygen levels prior to entry.

Supervisors are responsible to ensure adequate monitoring is conducted.

Exposure to Disease Hazard:
      Immunizations are recommended for workers at the water treatment and
         sewage facility as well as those workers required to enter manholes, vaults
         or any sewer system.
      Recommended immunizations are:
             Tetanus-Diphtheria – booster every 10 years

Immunization will be paid for by XYZ Company.

                     WHMIS Inspection Checklist

    Product Name       WHMIS Label     MSDS      Worker Training    Corrective
                         Yes / No     Yes / No    Completed          Action
                                                     (Date)        Required by

Completed by: ______________________ Position: _________________________
Date: ________________________   Reviewed by: __________________________

When conducting inspections observe the following:


1.    Electrical fixtures: wiring, cords, grounds, connections.
2.    Mechanical power transmission: condition and guarding
3.    Machine guarding: nip points, cutting and shear edges, presses, rotating parts and gear devices.
4.    Walking and working surfaces: guarding and conditions
5.    Compressed gas cylinders: segregation in storage, weather protection and restraints.
6.    Flammables: storage and ventilation.
7.    Exits: marked, visibility, lighting, and unobstructed access.
8.    Deluge showers and eye baths: water flow, temperature and drainage.
9.    Ladders and climbing devices: condition, storage and proper use.
10.   Hand tools: condition, storage and proper use.
11.   Materials handing equipment and lifting devices: condition, proper use and storage.
12.   Scrap and refuse: accumulation, removal, storage and disposal.
13.   Aisle ways and storage stacks: accessibility, marking, adequate dimensions.
14.   Tag out and lockout: adequate, used and condition of tags and lockout devices.


1.    Fire detection and alarm systems: installation, adequate coverage and service testing.
2.    Sprinkler systems: clearance for type of storage, adequate pressure and flow volume of water or
      chemical supply and maintenance.
3.    Fire evacuation: exit route maps, personnel training and emergency drills.
4.    Portable extinguishers: correct type, mounted correctly, locating of signs and guides, unrestricted
      access, maintenance.
5.    Fire prevention: adequate housekeeping, waste disposal and flammable material controls.
6.    Fire containment: fire control doors and seals, ventilation controls.
7.    Fire notification: telephone and alternate systems for notification of fire team and outside services.
8.    Fire services: hose outlets, valves, and water supply adequate, compatible with local fire unit
      equipment and tested for serviceability.
9.    Fire equipment: color coding, signs and access, compliance with government standard.


1.    Caustic, corrosive, and toxic materials: container, labels, storage, disposal, and spill clean-up.
2.    Ventilation: of toxic fumes, vapors, mists, smoke and gases.
3.    Noise exposure: measurement and controls.
4.    Radiation exposure: measurement and controls.
5.    Temperature extremes: measurement and controls.
6.    Hazardous substances: information to affected employees.
7.    Illumination: surveys and controls.
8.    Human factors engineering: surveys and controls.
9.    Personal protective equipment selection, location and compliance.
10.   External environmental protection: evaluations and actions.

                          SAFETY TRAINING POLICY


The purpose of this policy is to ensure that all employees receive adequate safety


The company will provide and ensure that all employees participate in the following
safety training:
                Orientations for all new hires.
                Job specific training as required (on-the-job)
                Standard First Aid/CPR – all workers
                 H2S Alive - sewer workers
                 WHMIS - all workers

XYZ Company holds safety meetings monthly and requires all workers to participate.

______________________________                              ________________
Signature                                                   Date

                         SAFETY TRAINING POLICY

XYZ COMPANY strives to provide the highest of quality services and product while
maintaining a safe and healthy workplace. To accomplish this goal we must ensure our
workers are adequately trained and qualified.

The company will provide and ensure that all employees receive the following training:
            • Safety orientation the first day of employment
            • Job specific training as required
            • WHMIS training
            • First aid training

Employees are required to attend general safety meetings which are scheduled on a
    regular basis.

It is the responsibility of the Supervisor to ensure the training requirements are met,
documented and the necessary information given to the Human Resources department.

_______________________________                             __________________
Signature                                                   Date


It is the policy of XYZ Company to enforce the use of personal protective equipment
by all employees.

The requirements are as follows:
             • All employee, contractors, and visitors will wear CSA approved
                 boots, hard hats, and any other PPE specific to certain areas.

              •   All PPE used by the company will meet the requirements of OH&S

              •   All PPE that is damaged, modified or in need of repair will be
                  removed from service.

              •   All PPE that has been removed from service will be tagged “OUT
                  OF SERVICE” and will not be returned to service until repaired and
                  inspected by a qualified person.

              •   All PPE will be worn, used and cared for as per manufacturers

______________________________________                     _________________
Signature                                                  Date


Instruction to Safety Coordinator:
1.        Use this checklist to orient all new employees on the first day of employment.
2.        Only check off each subject when you are sure that the employee fully
          understands it.
3.        This orientation should take approximately 2 hours.
4.        Once finished have the employee sign the bottom. This is to indicate they have
          received the orientation.
5.        The Safety Coordinator will also sign the bottom to indicate the orientation has
          been given.
6.        Once the orientation is completed a copy will go to the appropriate Supervisor
          and a the original to Personnel for the employee file.

Employee Name: ___________________________________ Employee #: _________

Supervisor: _______________________________ Department:__________________

Date of Hire:_______________________ Orientation Date: _____________________

         Orientation Topics:
         Health and Safety Policies
         Hazard Assessments / Work site specific hazards
         Controls and Safe Work Procedures
         General Safety Rules
         Worker Responsibilities
         Employer Responsibilities
         Personal Protective Equipment
         Emergency Response Procedures
         Training Requirements
         Enforcement Policy
         Right to Know and Refuse
         Reporting Obligations for Accidents/Unsafe Acts/ Health Concerns
         __________________________________

Safety Coordinator:__________________________
Employee:_________________________________                  Date:______________


Workers will receive adequate specific instructions for new or different work they are

Whenever a worker receives training, such training will be recorded.

Supervisors must ensure that employees are trained sufficiently to perform their tasks

Supervisor Training:

Supervisors will receive specific training and direction, where necessary, to carry out
their duties in a responsible manner.

Additional training for Supervisor’s will include:
         Legal requirements
         How to conduct inspections
         How to conduct investigations
         Proper use and care of personal protective equipment
         Emergency response training
         How to conduct safety meetings
         Supervisory skills and communication

_______________________________                              _____________
Signature                                                    Date

                TRAINING RECORDS

                      DATE                   EXPIRY


Employee: ______________________________ Job Title: ______________________

Tasks to be performed:






Training Provided:


Date(s) of Training: _____________________________________________________

Trainer: _________________________________

Trainee: _________________________________



                                   EMERGENCY RESPONSE

It is XYZ Company’s intent to provide Emergency Response Procedures to all
employees that are easy to follow and will assist in a quick effective response in the
event of an emergency.

The plan contains a phone list of contacts and organizations trained and prepared to
handle emergency situations. As well, the phone list will include company contacts.
The phone lists are to be posted in all facilities beside telephones and in vehicles.

The emergency response plan is to be practiced through active drills and/or discussions
at safety meetings to ensure a good understanding by all employees.

Building Evacuation

             1.         If a fire or explosion is evident pull the nearest alarm.
             2.         Once the alarm has sounded evacuate through the nearest exit.
             3.         Proceed to the assigned meeting area.
             4.         Wait at the meeting area for further instructions.

Work Crews:

This applies to all employees that are at remote locations away from the main shop and town facilities.
The following procedures should be followed:

             1.         Using the mobile radio, transmit code 001. This means “Emergency, Clear all
                        Radios”. Every one must do this.
             2.         The dispatcher will respond. Give your name, exact location, and type of
                        emergency. The dispatcher will notify the appropriate authority.
             3.         Try and keep someone near a radio at all times.
             4.         Only the dispatcher has the authority to allow normal communications to resume.
                        This will not happen until the emergency situation has been resolved.

Supervisors are responsible to ensure that a copy of the Emergency Response plan is
at each work site and vehicle. Suggest locating above the visor for easy access.

Workers are responsible to check the procedure and radio prior to leaving for location.
*Note: All contractors/sub-contractors are expected to follow these procedures.


The XYZ Company will maintain first aid stations at the main facility and at the
water treatment facility. Vehicles will contain standard first aid kits which meet the
OH&S Legislative requirements.

All employees will be trained in St. John Ambulance Emergency First Aid/CPR
and Supervisors will receive Standard First Aid/CPR training and certifications.

Supervisors are responsible:
        to ensure all first aid supplies are inspected each Monday morning and
           replenished as needed.
        to ensure first aid records are maintained
        to ensure all workers have been trained

Records of first aid treatment will be reviewed by the Safety Committee and Safety
Coordinator at a monthly meeting to track trends and needs. Suggestions for
improvement and prevention of injury will be brought to the attention of the
General Manager for final approval and direction for implementation of the
necessary changes.

All records will be maintained by the Safety Coordinator in keeping with the
OH&S Regulations.

Emergency Response                      Phone Number:

   Fire                                ___________________________
   Ambulance                           ___________________________
   Police / RCMP                       ___________________________
   Disaster services                   ___________________________
   Hospital                            ___________________________
   Doctor                              ___________________________
   Poison control centre               ___________________________
   EUB                                 ___________________________


   Senior manager                      __________________________
   Safety coordinator                  __________________________

Alberta Government Agencies:

   Workplace Health and Safety       __________________________
   Environment                       __________________________
   Forestry                          __________________________
   Public Safety Services            __________________________
   Transportation of Dangerous Goods __________________________
   Electrical Safety                 __________________________
   Boilers Branch                    __________________________


   Power company                       __________________________
   Telephone company                   __________________________
   Gas company                         __________________________
   Local Authorities for evacuation    __________________________

                            INVESTIGATION POLICY

The Investigation Team will consist of the Safety Coordinator, representative from the
Safety Committee and Supervisor of the area.

All accidents/incidents/near misses/ occupational illness must be reported and

All lost time claims must be promptly reported and investigated. The investigation
determines the cause or causes of the accident/incident, determining unsafe or unhealthy
conditions, acts or procedures. Recommendations for corrective actions must be
determined and followed to completion.

The following information shall be on the report:
1.       place, date, time of accident/incident
2.       Names and job titles of persons injured
3.       Names of witnesses
4.       Description of the occurrence
5.       Statement of sequence of events which preceded the accident.incident
6.       Identification of unsafe or unhealthy conditions which contributed to the
7.       Root (Basic) cause of the accident/incident
8.       Recommended corrective actions to prevent recurrence
9.       Names of the investigation team
10.      Drawing (Sketch) of the accident scene

Copies of the investigation report shall be forwarded by the Safety Coordinator and
Safety Committee to the General Manager for review. Senior manager along with the
Investigation Team will discuss the recommendations for corrective action and method
of implementation of that action.

Supervisors are responsible to implement immediate temporary correction action until
the investigation is completed.

_________________________________                          ____________________
Signature                                                  Date

                            INVESTIGATION POLICY

An investigation report is not complete until all parties involved in the
accident/incident have signed off.

Supervisors are responsible to share the outcome of the investigation with their
workers at an area team meeting to ensure everyone understands what really occurred
and what corrective action has been implemented.

A general review of incident reports and investigations will be included on the agenda
at the monthly safety meetings.

Contractors / Sub-contractors:

All contractors/sub-contractors must follow these reporting and investigation
procedures when working for XYZ Company.

_________________________________                            ___________________
Signature                                                    Date

                           INVESTIGATION POLICY

It is the policy of this company to have all incidents that result in injury, property
damage, or that could have resulted in serious injury or property damage reported and

The purpose of such investigations shall be to determine the root cause of the incident
so appropriate action can be taken to prevent recurrence. It is important to remember
the main focus of the investigation is not to lay or assess blame.

It is the responsibility of all workers to report all incidents to their immediate
supervisor promptly. Supervisors shall be responsible for conducting investigations
and submitting reports and recommendations to the management team. Management
will determine the appropriate corrective actions and together with the supervisors and
workers implement the action in a timely manner.

___________________________________                         _____________________
Signature                                                   Date

                         PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION

It is important that health and safety issues and concerns effecting employees are
communicated in an efficient manner. For this reason monthly health and safety
meeting will be conducted. Area team meetings will also be conducted on an as need

These meetings will be conducted once a month a week prior to the general health and
safety meeting. The members of the safety committee will be given addition training to
gain a full understanding of their responsibilities and appropriate procedures for the

These meetings are the responsibility of the area Supervisors. It is recommended that
each Monday morning prior to starting work a fifteen minute meeting be held. The
purpose of this meeting is to get feedback from the workers, each worker should be
encouraged to get involved in these meetings. This is also a time when questions can
be answered, new hazards discussed, additional training requirements addressed or
general safety motivation information shared. These meetings are to be recorded on
the appropriate form and submitted at the monthly meetings to the Safety Coordinator.

A monthly statistic report will be completed by the Safety Coordinator then at the end
of the year an annual summary will be completed. The purpose of these reports is to
track trends and needs and to ensure controls and procedures are adequate. This will
also ensure the health and safety requirements of the program are in fact being
followed. The reports will be completed as stated in the Monthly Safety Summary and
Year End Safety Summary forms.


SUPERVISOR: _______________________ AREA:___________________________

DATE: ___________________ NUMBER IN ATTENDANCE: __________________

TOPIC: ________________________________________________________________





SUPERVISOR SIGNATURE: _____________________________________________

                        MONTHLY SAFETY SUMMARY

Date: ________________________________

1.       Number Workers Hired:                          ______________
             Number Completed Orientations:             ______________

2.       Number Area Team Meetings Scheduled:           ______________
             Number Conducted:                          ______________
             Percentage Attendance:                     ______________

3.       Number Formal Inspections Scheduled:           ______________
             Number Completed:                          ______________
             Total Unsafe Acts/Conditions Identified:   ______________
             Number Corrected:                          ______________
             Number Outstanding:                        ______________

4.       Number of Accidents/Incidents/Illness:         ______________
             Damage Only:                               ______________
             Injury Only:                               ______________
             Injury and Damage:                         ______________
             Near Miss:                                 ______________

              Number of Investigations Completed:       ______________
                               Outstanding:             ______________
              Number of Recommendations Made:           ______________
                               Complete:                ______________
                               Outstanding:             ______________

Safety Coordinator

                       YEAR END SAFETY SUMMARY

Date: __________________________________

1.      Total Number Workers Hired:                    ________________
        Total Number of Completed Orientations:        ________________

2.      Total Number Area Team Meetings:               ________________
        Total Number of Safety Meetings                ________________
        Total Number of Safety Committee Meetings:     ________________

3.      Total Number Monthly Inspections Completed: ________________
             Total Unsafe Acts/Conditions Identified: ________________
             Total Number Corrected:                  ________________

4.      Total Number of Accidents/Incidents/Illness:   ________________
             Damage Only                 _________
             Injury Only                 _________
             Injury and Damage           _________
             Lost Time Injury            _________
             Days Lost                   _________
             Medical Referrals           _________
             Near Miss                   _________

5.      Total Number of Investigations Completed:      ________________
             Outstanding:                              ________________
        Total Number of Recommendations Made:          ________________
             Outstanding:                              ________________

Safety Coordinator


A joint health and safety committee is a group of workers and employer representatives
working together to identify and solve health and safety problems at the work site.

The committee is an important communication link between the workers and
management. Getting employees actively involved can create and maintain interest in
health and safety, as well as establish positive attitudes throughout the work force. An
effective joint health and safety committee can assist in the reduction of losses resulting
from injuries and occupational illness.

To be successful, the committee has to operate in an atmosphere of co-operation,
avoiding the adversarial system. Members should bear in mind that their committee is
not a policy making body and the normal divisions of authority at the work site are not
to be violated. Recommendations and suggestions are expected from the committee
and management must give each concern careful consideration.

Many health and safety concerns can be resolved immediately in the course of daily
work. Those not resolved should be dealt with by the joint health and safety
committee. Through the minutes of each meeting, posted at the work site, the
committee can ensure every problem is brought into view and kept in view until a
satisfactory solution has been found.

In the daily exercise of their duties, committee members are frequently exposed to the
problem of determining how things are best done. For example, how should a
committee member who sees a worker taking a risk react, or how should the committee
proceed if a recommendation receives no action?

Training programs are available for health and safety committee members and should
be reviewed each time a new member joins the committee.


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