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General Shop Safety

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					General Shop Safety
      RULES
Prevention is the key to success!
           No Horseplay

►   Absolutely NO
    "horseplay"
    will be tolerated
    at anytime.
           Report Injuries
►   Report ANY injury immediately to the
    teacher.
    NOT to Leave Classroom

►   Students must not leave the classroom
    without teacher permission.
  Safety in the Work Place
► Tasks in the shop involve the use of various
 tools and machinery. Each tools and
 machinery poses different hazards; so
 special precautions need to be taken to
 avoid accidents.
Safety Comes First!!
► Always  wear safety glasses.
► When working with heated objects,
  always wear gloves.
► No running or horseplay.
► Learn to do a job the right way.
► Report all injuries to the instructor.
► Observe all warning signs or tags.
► Turn off machines when not in use or
  during repair.
Safety Comes First!!
► Unless you have been taught to run a
  machine, don’t use it.
► Always use the proper tool for the job.
► Avoid wearing loose or overly baggy
  clothing when working with machinery.
► Be aware of people around you at all
  times.
► Know where fire escapes and fire
  extinguishers are.
   SAFETY COLORS
Red          Orange      Yellow


Blue         Green       Black and
                         Yellow Stripes
Black and     White      Gray
White Stripes

These colors are used to alert people of
certain objects and danger or hazards.
Safety Colors
     SAFETY COLORS
► Red:  Danger (Red is used to identify areas
  or items of danger or emergency such as
  safety switches and fire equipment).
► Orange: Warning (Orange is used to
  designate machines hazards such as edges
  and openings).
SAFETY COLORS
► Yellow:   Caution (Yellow is used is used
  to identify parts of machines, such as
  wheels, levers and knobs that adjust
  the machine.
► Blue: Information (Blue is used as
  signs of warning or caution): Out Of
  Order
► Green: Safety (Safety equipment,
  safety areas, first aid and medical
  practice).
SAFETY COLORS
► Blackand Yellow Stripes:
 Designated for Radiations Hazards

► White:  Traffic Areas-Arrows show
 direction of traffic

► Whiteand Black Stripes: Traffic
 markings, Barricades
► Gray:   Floors- Floors of the work area
        Personal Safety Rules
►Wear   appropriate clothing for the
 activity
        Personal Safety Rules
► Confinelong hair
 before operating
 equipment.

►Do   not wear
  loose or floppy
  clothing.
      Personal Safety Rules

►Conduct  yourself in a manner
 appropriate to safety.
  (no horse playing or fooling around)

►Always “think” before acting or
 doing anything.
  PERSONAL SAFETY
► Personalsafety is the most important aspect
 in shop safety. Several different safety
 devices are available to provide safety.
 They will only work when properly used.
    ►Eye Protection
    ►Hearing Protection
    ►Protective Clothing
P
E   S
R   A
S   F
O   T
N   E
A   Y
L
            Safety glasses
► Safety  glasses are to be
  worn at all times while in
  the designated shop area.
► Safety glasses should cover
  both the front and sides of
  your eyes.
► They protect against flying
  objects (pieces of materials,
  particles and dust)
► Must be OSHA Approved
  z87+ or greater
  PERSONAL SAFETY
► Safety    Glasses: Offers minimum
  protection to the face. However, they are
  first line of defense for the eyes.
► For welding you will be using chipping
  goggles and a welding helmet

  Safety Glasses must be worn at all
        times in the shop!!!!!!
HEARING PROTECTION
► Many tools and machinery create loud
 noises.

► Earmuffs or plugs should be used to
 protect your hearing.

     OSHA has established that the
► Cal-
 maximum noise level is 90 (dB) for eight
 hours
HEARING PROTECTION
 Duration Per Day in Hours   Sound Level in dB

   8                                   90
   6                                   95
   3                                   97
   2                                   100
   1 ½                           102
   1                                   105
   ½                             110
    ¼ or less                    115

   None                           Over 115
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
 ► The amount and type of clothing varies
   depending on the work being done.
 ► Clothingshould fit properly with no frays or
   ragged areas.
 ► Clothing   should be clean and free from oils or
   grease.
 ► Clothing:    aprons, shop-coats, coveralls, etc.

     No shorts, skirts, dresses or
     ragged clothing are allowed
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
 ► Footwear-  leather shoes are recommended;
  closed toed shoes with backs are the least
  requirement.
 ► Donot wear loose clothing, shirt tails, and
  unbuttoned sleeves around power equipment.
 ► Donot wear clothes that you do not want to
  get dirty.

 Absolutely, NO open toed shoes, flip flops,
    or high heels will be worn in the shop
 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
► Gloves:    provide protection to the hands
  from heat and cold.
► Hard Hats: are needed when objects are
  being moved overhead or flying objects can
  be encountered.
► Masks and Respirators: Should be worn
  to filter out dust, fumes and particles from
  the air.
      Clothing
► Loose  and bulky clothing
  must be removed before
  entering the classroom.
► Roll up long sleeves up
  above the elbow. This will
  keep your clothes clean and
  prevent the material from
  getting caught in the tool
  you are working with.
Long hair

   ► Long dangling hair must be
    tied back securely.
              Foot Protection
►   Appropriate footwear should be
    worn.
►   If you don't have the right shoes or
    boots, you could jam or stub your
    toe on equipment. Your toes could
    also get crushed or cut by falling
    objects.
►   To prevent these injuries NEVER
    wear shoes with open toes (like
    sandals of any kind) while working
    in the shop.
       Jewelry
► Dangling  jewelry must be
  tucked in or removed.
► Necklaces: Either tuck it into
  your shirt or take it off and
  put safe (pocket, bag…etc.)
► Rings: Put them in your
  pocket to prevent your
  fingers from getting caught
  in the moving equipment.
           Compressed Air
►   NEVER direct or blow compressed air at
    yourself or any other person.
                Machines
►   Shut off machines when not in use.
              Equipment
►   Report unsafe or broken equipment to the
    teacher immediately.
          Shop Safety Rules
►Keep  all hand tools sharp, clean
 and in safe working order.
►Report  any defective tools,
 machines or other equipment to
 the instructor.
►Operate a hazardous machine only
 after receiving proper safety
 instruction.
          Shop Safety Rules
►Report  all accidents to the
 instructor regardless of the nature
 or severity.
►Turn off the power before leaving a
 machine tool.
►Disconnect power from machine
 tools before performing maintenance
 or making adjustments.
        Shop Safety Rules
►Use  solvents and cleaning
 materials only after learning about
 their properties and correct method
 of use.

►Use  correctly, properly fitted hand
 tools.
         Shop Safety Rules
►Use   tools only for the use intended
►Keep   the shop floor clean of scraps
 and litter.

►Store oily rags in an approved
 safety container.
         Shop Safety Rules
►Cleanup spilled liquids
 IMMEDIATELY!
►Keep tools picked up and stored
 properly when not in use.

►Onlythe operator should start the
 machine.
         Shop Safety Rules
►Do  not stand in line of a revolving
 tool or flywheel.
►Keep you mind on the job when
 using power tools; avoid
 conversation with other students.
►Know the location of fire
 extinguishers and how to operate
 them.
       Shop Safety Rules
►Do  not use defective electrical
 equipment, extension cords, plugs
 etc..
       No Throwing Objects
►   NO object(s) are to be thrown.
            Instructions
► Receiveproper operating instructions before
 using any machine.
   A Clean and Orderly Shop
►Keep   machinery and equipment
 arranged to permit safe and
 efficient work practices and ease of
 cleaning.
►Keep  projects arranged orderly to
 permit clean walkways and
 eliminate safety hazards.
   A Clean and Orderly Shop
►Keep  materials and supplies safely
 stacked or stored in proper places.

►Keep  work benches and working
 areas free of debris and other
 hazards.
    A Clean and Orderly Shop
►Keep  the floor clean and free from
 obstructions and slippery
 substances.

►Keep   aisles, traffic areas and exits
 free from materials and other
 debris.
    A Clean and Orderly Shop
►Properly dispose of combustible
 materials or store in approved
 safety containers.

►Oily rags should be stored in self-
 closing containers.
    A Clean and Orderly Shop
►Students should receive instruction
 in and understand the proper
 procedures to follow in keeping the
 shop clean and orderly.
►Sufficientbrooms, brushes and
 other housekeeping equipment
 should be readily available.
 Components of a Fire Triangle

►Fuel– any
 combustible
 material

►Heat   – enough to ►Oxygen –
 raise the fuel to   necessary to
 its ignition        sustain
 temperature         combustion
             Combustible Fuels
► Class A - Wood, paper, cloth, trash, plastics
     Solid combustible materials that are not
     metals.

      B - Flammable liquids: gasoline, oil,
► Class
 grease
    Any non-metal in a liquid state, on fire.

► Class   C – Electrical
     Commercial and Residential Building

► Class   D – Combustible Metal
     Metals that burn. Only class D will put out metal fires.
Fire Triangle
Fire Triangle
 Components of a Fire Triangle
►Note  – to produce fire these three
 elements are necessary and must
 all be present at the same time.
 The removal of any of them will
 extinguish the fire
   FIRE PREVENTION
► Basic   Steps in Fire Prevention:
  Store fuels in approved containers
  Store fuels away from other materials that burn
   easily
  Use fire only in safe surrounding
  Remove one of the fire triangle elements
               Types of Burns
►   Superficial (1st degree)
    burns- only top layer of
    skin
►   Partial-thickness (2nd
    degree)-blistering,
    redness, down to
    dermis, and significant
    epidermis
►   Full-thickness (3rd
    degree)-through all
    layers of skin, may
    involve subcutaneous
    layers, bone, muscle,
    organs
    Emergencies Or Accidents

1)Notify the Teacher
2)Keep Everyone Calm
3)Set Off the Fire Alarm
4)Call the Fire Department
5)Clear the Area
6)Use Fire Extinguishers if instructed to.
           Safety comes first!
► Always  wear safety glasses.
► When 5 with heated objects, always wear
  gloves.
► No running or horseplay.
► Learn to do a job the right way.
► Report all injuries to the instructor.
► Observe all warning signs or tags.
► Turn  off machines when not in use or during
  repair.
► Unless you have been taught to run a machine,
  don’t use it.
► Always use the proper tool for the job.
► Avoid wearing loose or overly baggy clothing
  when working with machinery.
► Be aware of people around you at all times.
► Use correct shaded lens when welding.
► Know where fire escapes and fire extinguishers
  are.
AT ALL TIMES – IF IN
 DOUBT, SEE YOUR
     TEACHER

				
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posted:9/27/2012
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