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Chapter 1 An Introduction to History

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					Chapter 1 An Introduction to History

    Chapter 2 Reconstructing the Past


    Lesson Outcome
    • Gain an insight into the meaning of History
    • Understand the reasons for studying History


    Essential Understanding
    The study of History enable us to make connections between past
    and present and hence make informed choices of where we go


    Essential Question
    How is the study of past events relevant to us living in the present?
Chapter 1 An Introduction to History


     1) What is History?
     • Studying past events and people in order to learn from
       them
     • The continuum of events occurring in succession
       leading from the past into the present and even into the
       future
     • History is a study of man’s achievements and how these
       achievements contributed to the present and thus the
       future
Chapter 1 An Introduction to History


 The study of history enables
 us to examine sources like
 photographs and draw
 conclusions..............by
 asking questions.
 • What happened?
 • When it happened?
 • To whom it happened?
 • How it happened?
 • Why it happened?
 • What were the results?
Chapter 1 An Introduction to History

   • In studying history, we look for patterns, that is, things that are common to each other or are similar
   in nature.
Chapter 1 An Introduction to History

   • We also look for things which change or continue over time.
Chapter 1 An Introduction to History


     2) Why study History?
     a) Understanding change and how our society came to be
Chapter 1 An Introduction to History


     2) Why study History?
     b) Learning from past successes and failures
Chapter 1 An Introduction to History


     2) Why study History?
     c) Understanding and respecting one another
Chapter 2 Reconstructing the Past

    1) How do we find out about the Past?

                                  • Historians study things that
                                  have survived from the past and
                                  try to explain what happened
                                  • A historian:
                                  - gathers information
                                  - selects the more important
                                  pieces of information
                                  - writes an account of what he
                                  thinks had happened
                                  • Historians call these pieces of
                                  information sources
Chapter 2 Reconstructing the Past

    2) Types of Sources

     • Primary Sources
      are materials on a topic upon which subsequent interpretations or
     studies are based, anything from firsthand documents such as poems,
     diaries, court records, and interviews to research results generated by
     experiments and surveys and so on


     • Secondary Sources
      are often referred to as analysis or a restatement of primary sources.
     They often attempt to describe or explain primary sources. Some
     secondary sources not only analyze primary sources, but use them to
     argue a contention or to persuade the reader to hold a certain opinion
Chapter 2 Reconstructing the Past

    3) Evaluating Evidence

     • Credibility

     Historians have to first determine if the source is trustworthy by
     examining the purpose of the author
Chapter 2 Reconstructing the Past

    3) Evaluating Evidence

     • Consistency

     Historians also determine if the source is consistent by examining
     if the contents have similar meanings
     For example:
     “The people respected the King for his policies brought much
     wealth to the country.
     The King brought much sufferings to his people through his
     policies.”
Chapter 2 Reconstructing the Past

    3) Evaluating Evidence

     • Corroboration

     Historians also examine sources to determine if it is supported by
     other sources so as to provide a more accurate account of the
     event.
Chapter 2 Reconstructing the Past

    4) The Living Past

     • Discovery of new evidence
     • Evidence provide new insights into existing written records
     • Use of critical skills to evaluate History

				
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