Chapter 23: The New Deal
The New Deal permanently altered the role of American government in the economy. It also
fostered changes in people’s attitudes toward government’s responsibilities. Organized labor
acquired new rights, as the New Deal set in place legislation that reshaped modern American
New Deal (Franklin Roosevelt)
This program changed the role of the government to a more active participant in solving
Roosevelt rallied a frightened nation in which one in four workers was unemployed. (“We have
nothing to fear, but fear itself.”)
Relief measures provided direct payment to people for immediate help (Works Progress
Recovery programs were designed to bring the nation out of the depression over time
(Agricultural Adjustment Administration—AAA).
Reform measures corrected unsound banking and investment practices (Federal Deposit
Social Security Act offered safeguards for workers.
The legacy of the New Deal influenced the public’s belief in the responsibility of
government to deliver public services, to intervene in the economy, and to act in ways
that promote the general welfare.
1. How did the New Deal attempt to address the causes and effects of the Great Depression?
2. What impact did the New Deal have on the role of the federal government?
____ 1. Which of the following increased in the 1920s?
A. farmers' debts
B. prices for farm products
C. foreign demand for U.S. farm products
D. domestic demand for U.S. farm products
____ 2. Which was not a cause of the Great Depression?
A. tariffs on foreign goods
B. the availability of easy credit
C. a growing number of homeless people
D. a crisis in the farm sector
____ 3. Which was not a cause of the Dust Bowl?
B. high winds
C. thick layers of prairie grasses
D. overproduction of crops
____ 4. After the stock market crash, how did President Hoover try to help the economy?
A. by closing banks
B. by lowering foreign tariffs
C. by funding handouts of food and clothing
D. by asking businesses not to lay off employees
____ 5. Who made up the Bonus Army that marched on Washington?
A. World War I veterans and their families
B. farmers forced off their land by dust storms
C. unemployed industrial workers and their families
D. business and labor leaders who agreed to work together
____ 6. Which candidates ran for president in 1932?
A. Calvin Coolidge and Herbert Hoover
B. Calvin Coolidge and Franklin D. Roosevelt
C. Herbert Hoover and Alfred E. Smith
D. Herbert Hoover and Franklin D. Roosevelt
____ 7. What does buying a stock on margin mean?
A. purchasing the stock outside the regular stock exchange
B. buying the stock for someone else
C. paying less than the market price of the stock
D. borrowing money to help pay for the stock
____ 8. Which of the following was not an effect of the Great Depression?
A. Many children had a poor diet.
B. Many families became homeless.
C. Many men became unemployed.
D. Many people started farming.
____ 9. What name was given to the men and boys who rode the rails as they searched for work?
A. Bonus Marchers
____ 10. Which of the following describes a government system for giving payments or food to the
A. rugged individualism
B. direct relief
C. Bonus Army
D. price support
Using the exhibit, choose the letter of the best answer.
____ 11. How many states were part of the Dust Bowl?
A. 5 states
B. 10 states
C. 20 states
D. 25 states
____ 12. Which of the following states suffered the most damage during the Dust Bowl period?
A. North Dakota
____ 13. Which map symbol indicates the area covered by the May 1934 dust storm?
A. a striped area
B. a shaded area
C. a solid line
D. a dashed line
____ 14. How far did migrants on Route 66 travel from Oklahoma City to Bakersfield, California?
A. about 300 miles
B. about 600 miles
C. about 1,200 miles
D. about 1,600 miles
____ 15. Going from east to west on Route 66, what states did Dust Bowl migrants pass through?
A. Oklahoma, New Mexico, Texas, Arizona, California
B. Oklahoma, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, California
C. Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, California
D. Oklahoma, Colorado, Utah, Nevada, California
____ 16. What was the first major action Roosevelt took as president?
A. He called the first meeting of the "Brain Trust."
B. He proposed a reorganization of the Supreme Court.
C. He closed all of the nation's banks and ordered inspections.
D. He established the Civil Works Administration to provide job relief.
____ 17. Who was the first woman to serve in the cabinet?
A. Arlene Francis
B. Frances Perkins
C. Eleanor Roosevelt
D. Mary McLeod Bethune
____ 18. Which of the following was a goal of the New Deal?
A. regulate the stock market
B. deregulate the nation's banking system
C. decrease prices of farm goods
D. increase crop production
____ 19. Which of the following was most directly responsible for creating new jobs and putting
A. Social Security Act
B. Fair Labor Standards Act
C. National Labor Relations Act
D. Works Progress Administration
____ 20. Which of the following was the main objective of the Agricultural Adjustment Act?
A. to increase farm production
B. to raise prices of farm products
C. to provide pensions for retired farmers
D. to encourage more people to enter farming
____ 21. Which of the following pieces of New Deal legislation was ruled unconstitutional by the
A. Wagner Act
B. Social Security Act
C. Emergency Banking Relief Act
D. National Industrial Recovery Act
____ 22. What role did Eleanor Roosevelt play in the Roosevelt administration?
A. She served as a cabinet member.
B. She focused on being an excellent hostess.
C. She was an important advisor on foreign policy.
D. She was an important advisor on domestic policy.
____ 23. Which of the following reached a new high during Roosevelt's first term as president?
A. tariff rates
B. employment rates
C. the national debt
D. per capita income
____ 24. Which of the following of Roosevelt's ideas failed to become a law?
A. federally supported loans for housing
B. the reorganization of the Supreme Court
C. the establishment of regional planning authorities
D. the creation of a federally supported pension program
____ 25. Who wrote the novel The Grapes of Wrath about the grim lives of Oklahomans fleeing the
Bowl during the Depression?
A. Grant Wood
B. John Steinbeck
C. Richard Wright
D. Dorothea Lange
Using the exhibit, choose the letter of the best answer.
____ 26. Which of the following rivers appears to have the most dams built on it?
A. Ohio River
B. Tennessee River
C. Cumberland River
D. Clinch River
____ 27. Which is the northernmost dam illustrated on this map?
B. Fort Patrick Henry
____ 28. According to the map, which river in Tennessee does not have any dams built on it?
A. Ohio River
B. Cumberland River
C. Clinch River
D. Duck River
____ 29. If you were traveling east along the Tennessee River, which dam would you encounter next after
passing the Wheeler Dam?
D. Pickwick Landing
____ 30. Approximately how many miles is it, measuring in a straight line, from the Kentucky Dam to the
Pickwick Landing Dam?
A. 50 miles
B. 100 miles
C. 150 miles
D. 200 miles