BRADFORDBIODIVERSITY

Document Sample
BRADFORDBIODIVERSITY Powered By Docstoc
					BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY

  BIO(LOGICAL) DIVERSITY

 BIODIVERSITY is the variety of plants,
 animals, (including man), insects, fungi
 and micro-organisms and the habitats
          upon which they rely
    Diversity within species, between species
                and of ecosystems
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
 WOODLAND




       MIDDLETON WOODS AT ILKELY
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
Less than 5% of the Bradford District is woodland
    compared to a national average of 10%


                         The FOREST OF
                         BRADFORD Project has
                         planted over 270,000
                         trees (135 hectares) of
                         new native woodland
                         and hedgerows since
                         1998
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
MOORLAND
Bradford District has
3636 hectares of upland
HEATHLAND


                           …and 741
                          hectares of
                           BLANKET
                                BOG
 BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY

    WETLANDS AND
    WATERCOURSES
      Bradford’s rivers and
   streams support a variety
           of wildlife               River Aire at Apperley Bridge




Reed Bunting        Flowering Rush                    Otter
 BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
Bradford has over 50 km of main rivers (Aire,
Wharfe and Worth) and 23km of canal running
            through the district

 Salmon are returning to the
 River Aire east of Leeds and
 initiatives to install fish passes
 could help them reach
 Bradford’s watercourses
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
GRASSLANDS
                          HAY MEADOWS
                          These species-rich grasslands are rare both in the
                          Bradford District and nationally (97% decline in 50 years)


                            IN-BYE PASTURE
    Enclosed nutrient-poor pasture below the open
   moorland. Characteristic of the South Pennines.
Important breeding and feeding habitat for declining
                                   species of birds.

                                   ACID GRASSLAND
                                   Influenced by the Millstone Grit
                                   underlying rock. Important for sheep
                                   grazing and upland breeding birds such
                                   as curlew
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
BOUNDARIES
(Hedgerows and Walls)

Bradford District has many
miles of stone walls


                                      Walls provide crevices for
                                      reptiles, birds, mice and
                                      voles, beetles as well as a
                                      variety of plants. Hares and
Birds such as northern WHEATEAR use   stoats will also use walls for
stone walls to perch on and nest in
                                      shelter in exposed areas
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
BOUNDARIES
(Hedgerows and Walls)

Hedgerows are not
common in the Bradford
District. Some good
examples occur at Silsden,
Addingham and Menston.

Hedgerows are a key habitat for
small mammals, weasels, nesting
birds, butterflies and other
invertebrates, as well as foraging
areas for bats.                      Hainsworth Road, Silsden
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
RESERVOIRS
Bradford District has 10 large
reservoirs which provide
valuable habitat for wildfowl
and wading birds, as well as
aquatic species such as fish,
amphibians and water plants.


The rare Great Northern Diver visited
Leeming, Leeshaw and Lower Laithe
Reservoirs for several weeks in early
winter 2002
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
QUARRIES

                        The Bradford District has good
                        reserves of valuable blockstone



Once reserves have
been quarried …
….old rock faces
regenerate to provide
new wildlife habitats
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
URBAN HABITATS

Even urban areas
can support
wildlife



Bradford City Centre
May 2006
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
SPECIES
There are :-
     27 mammals
     230 birds                   Bee orchid
                                                        Roe deer
     995 plants
     24 butterflies

found in the Bradford District
 Green Letter Hairstreak




                                              Curlew
                           Orange Hawkweed     Curlew
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY

            AMERICAN ROBIN

             A RARE VISITOR TO
             BINGLEY IN
             JANUARY 2007
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY

       The BANDED
      DEMOISELLE
         damselfly is
 increasing its range
into Bradford District
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
NATURE RESERVES

Bradford Council’s Countryside and Rights of Way Service
manages nature reserves at:

     Ilkley Moor
     Harden Moor
     Boar’s Well, near Canal Road
     Trench Meadows SSSI, Shipley Glen
     Bingley South Bog SSSI
     Bingley North Bog
     Ryeloaf Meadows, Dowley Gap
     Keighley Tarn
     Toad Holes Beck, South Bradford
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
BINGLEY SOUTH BOG SSSI – Site of Special Scientific
Interest
 Valley mire with a mosaic of damp grassland and wetland plant
 communities; particularly good range of sedges and regionally rare
 Marsh Cinquefoil (Potentilla palustris). Can be seen from Bingley Relief
 Road which crosses the site.




                         Marsh Cinquefoil
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
TRENCH MEADOWS SSSI
Trench Meadows is a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI)
near Shipley Glen
The site contains 4.7 hectares
of lowland meadow – a
nationally rare habitat.
                                                         Black Knapweed
The presence of Black
Knapweed (Centaurea nigra)
and Devil’s Bit Scabious
(Succisa pratensis) indicate
the importance of this species-
rich grassland.

The site is managed by
grazing.                          Devil’s-bit Scabious
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
BOAR’S WELL - an Urban Nature Reserve near Canal Road




Boar’s Well was restored from
derelict land and planted
between 1990-1992. Now it
has a variety of wildlife habitats
for species such as families of
long-tailed tits,
greenfinch and orange-tip
butterflies.
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
KEIGHLEY TARN (aka REDCAR TARN)




Popular area north west
of Keighley which
attracts a variety of
ducks, geese, gulls,
moorhen/coot and other
water birds.
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
Other Council departments also manage
sites which benefit wildlife



                                                           Coppice Bog




  Wetlands at Pitty Beck, Allerton –
  managed by Drainage Services


Parks and Landscapes manage Coppice Bog
        and Pond at St Ives, near BINGLEY
                                            Coppice Pond
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
NATURE RESERVES MANAGED BY
OTHER GROUPS
                         SHIPLEY STATION BUTTERFLY MEADOW
                         Managed by Bradford Urban Wildlife and
                         Butterfly Conservation.
                         12 species of butterfly have been recorded
                         on this small site next to Shipley Railway
                         Station


DENSO MARSTON WILDLIFE PARK at Baildon
Global suppliers of automotive parts
have developed a thriving wildlife
haven as part of their development.
Friends of Denso Marston manage the
reserve.
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
YORKSHIRE WILDLIFE TRUST
Yorkshire Wildlife Trust have been working with
schools along the River Aire to carry out habitat
management and environmental education.


                           Other YWT projects
                           include their reserve at
                           Low Wood, Riddlesden
    Wildlife studies at    where bird boxes for
    Bingley South Bog      pied flycatchers have
                           been erected in trees.
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
LOCAL BIODIVERSITY ACTION PLAN
The following Habitats and Species have Action Plans to
protect and enhance their status in the Bradford District.


HABITATS                       SPECIES
 Upland Oak Woodland              Otter
 River Corridors                  Water Vole
 In Bye Pasture                   Pipistrelle           White Letter Hairstreak
 Hedgerows                        Brown Hare            Green Hairstreak
                                  Crayfish              Blue Butterflies
                                  Grayling (fish)       Twite
                                                        Yellowhammer
                                                        Lapwing
                                                        Lesser Twayblade
                                                        Marsh Fern
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
 HABITAT ACTION PLANS

IN-BYE PASTURE

• Enclosed pasture and
  hay meadow below
  open moorland

• Rushes and wet
  flushes

• Wide variety of
  invertebrates

• Important for wading birds – snipe; curlew; lapwing and redshank
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
SPECIES ACTION PLANS
OTTERS

Otters are returning to the
District after a major
nationwide decline from
the 1950s – 1980s
                              WHITE LETTER HAIRSTREAK
                              BUTTERFLY

                              White letter hairstreak butterflies
                              lay their eggs on elm trees which
                              are uncommon following Dutch Elm
                              Disease
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
DESIGNATED SITES
Over 18% of the Bradford District is designated for nature
conservation:-

   1 Special Protection Area/Special Area of Conservation
   (SPA/SAC) – internationally important sites – 4295 hectares

   3 Sites of Special Scientfic Interest (SSSI) – nationally
   important sites – 4304 hectares (NB includes SPA/SACs)

   22 Sites of Ecological/Geological Importance (SEGI) –
   regionally important sites – 390 hectares + 84km waterways

   152 Bradford Wildlife Areas (BWA) – locally important wildlife
   sites – 2500 hectares
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
PROTECTED SPECIES
Some species are protected by national and international
laws, e.g.


                     BATS
                   BADGERS
                    OTTERS
                 WATER VOLES
            WHITE CLAWED CRAYFISH
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
BATS
8 species of bat are found in the
Bradford District
                  Their roosts are
                  sometimes destroyed by
                  insensitive development,      Brown long-eared
                  house repairs or tree
                  felling

                  This is an offence under
                  the European and national
                  law
 Noctule



                                              Pipistrelle
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
WATER VOLES
Water voles are now rare in the Bradford District due to:-

• Competition from illegally-released mink
• Loss of bankside habitat and disturbance

The Countryside and Rights of
Way Service would welcome
any sightings of water voles in
the Bradford District.

Telephone: 01274 432425
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
                                             Bumble Bee
YOUR OWN GARDEN
Biodiversity is never far away –
some of the species you might
find in your own garden
                         Peacock Butterfly




                                             Common Frog
Long-tailed tit          Bluebells
BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY



           For more information about
          BRADFORD’S BIODIVERSITY
                    contact:

 COUNTRYSIDE AND RIGHTS 0F WAY SERVICE
    5TH Floor, Jacob’s Well,BRADFORD,BD1 5RW

              Tel No: 01274 432425

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:10
posted:9/26/2012
language:English
pages:33