Critical Reasoning Topics To Be Discussed • Deductions • Linear sequencing / Seating Arrangements • Double line up • Ordering • Selections / Conditionality and Grouping Topics To Be Discussed • Family tree • Codes • Series • Direction Sense • Statement Logic Deductions Introduction Deduction means reducing two or more statements into one. Types: •Reduce two statements into one •Reduce more than two statements into one - DISTRIBUTED X - UNDISTRIBUTED SUBJECT PREDICATE UNIVERSAL √ X AFFIRMATIVE UNIVERSAL √ √ NEGATIVE PARTICULAR X X AFFIRMATIVE PARTICULAR X √ NEGATIVE Rules For Deductions • Only three distinct terms. • The middle term must be distributed at least once. • Middle term should not come in the Conclusion. • Two Particular, No Conclusion. • Two Negative, No Conclusion. • One Statement Particular, Conclusion Particular. • One Statement Negative, Conclusion Negative. Rules For Deductions Stat. 1 All No Some All All Some Stat. 2 All No Many Some No No No No Some Concl All Some No concl concl , Not Shortcuts Stat. 1 UA UN PA PN UA UA UN Stat. 2 UA UN PA PN PN PA PA No Con UA No Con No Con PN PA PN Con Problem 1 All pens are pots All pots are jacks. Deduction Answer: “All pens are jacks” Problem 2 No dogs are hens No hens are cats Deduction Answer: No Conclusion Problem 3 All hands are legs Some legs are ears. Deduction Answer: “NO CONCLUSION ” Problem 4 All bills are rates. All rates are flat. No flat is token. Deduction Answer: No bills are token (or) No token is bill. Problem 5 All boats are rivers All mangoes are apples. All rivers are mangoes. Deduction Answer: All boats are apples. Problem 6 All clocks are fans. Some fans are walls Deduction Answer: No Conclusion Problem 7 All shawls are carpets No carpet is pullover. Deduction Answer: No shawl is pullover (or) No Pullover is Shawl Problem 8 All tables are cars. Some dusters are tables Deduction Answer: Some dusters are cars (or) Some cars are dusters Problem 9 Some birds are hens Some hens are trees Deduction Answer: No Conclusion Problem 10 No scientist is teacher Some teachers are researchers. Deduction Answer: Some researchers are not scientists Problem 11 All fingers are legs Some legs are hands All hands are ears Deduction Answer: No conclusion Problem 12 No shirt is pant. No pant is a shoe. All shoe are books. Deduction Answer: No conclusion Problem 13 No month is a year All months are hours Some hours are weeks Deduction Answer: No Conclusion Problem 14 All huts are bungalows Some bungalows are kitchens All Kitchens are drawing Room Deduction Answer: No Conclusion Problem 15 Shoes are socks Shoes are laces All laces are pages Deduction Answer: No Conclusion Linear Sequencing / Seating Arrangement Introduction • Linear fashion means arrangement in a row. • Analyze the problem and arrange it. • Find the direct condition and start to solve, because the remaining conditions are based on the direct condition. • No condition for the particular item, shows their is possibility in answer. • Draw a Shape which is given in the question and arrange them according to the conditions given. Problem 1 There are five persons(A,B,C,D,E) in a room seated in a single row in the following manner: A does not sit immediately next to E. E and D sit immediately next to each other. C is at the extreme right end of the row. A is to the immediate left of C. Who must sit in the middle seat of the row? Linear Sequencing / Seating Arrangement Answer: Middle Seat : B or D Problem 2 M,N,O,P,Q,R,S,T,U,V,W are 11 persons in a team. O is their captain who makes them sit in a row. P and R sit together and so do V and W . Whereas there are exactly four seats in between these pairs. T and U sit together with T to the immediate right of S, who is next to Q. M and N sit in the same order at one extreme with no one to the left of_P. Cont… Problem 2 1.Who sits at fourth place? 2.How many persons sit in between S and N? 3.How many ways of arrangements are possible? 4. Show the arrangements possible? Linear Sequencing / Seating Arrangement Answers: 1. The fourth term is S 2. There are 6 persons between S and N 3. There are 2 ways of arranging. 4. The arrangement possible, P R Q S T U V W O M N (or) P R Q S T U W V O M N Problem 3 Eight varsity baseball players (G, H, J, K, L, M, N, O) are to be honored at a special ceremony. Three of these players (H, M, and O) are also varsity football players. Two of them (K and N) are also basketball players in the varsity team. In arranging the seats it was decided that no athlete in two sports should be seated next to another two-sport athlete. Cont… Problem 3 1. Which of the following combinations is possible in order to have the arrangement of seat assignments as planned? (a) H G KJ (b) H K J L (c) J K MN (d) J L H K (e) L K N 2. Which of the following cannot sit next to M? (a) A (b) J (c) G and J (d) K (e) L Cont… Problem 3 3. Before all athletes are seated there are two vacant seats on either side of N. Which two athletes may occupy these seats? (a) G and K (b) G and L (c) J and H (d) L and O (e) M and J 4. To have the proper seating arrangement, K should sit between (a)G and H (b) J and M (c) L and N (d) J and N (e) J and L Linear Sequencing / Seating Arrangement Answer: 1. a) H G KJ 2. b) J 3. b) G and L 4. e) J and L Problem 4 Six persons A, B, C, D, E and F are sitting in two rows, three in each. E is not at the end of any row. D is second to the left of F. C, the neighbour of E, is sitting diagonally opposite to D. B is the neighbour of F. 1.Which of the following are sitting diagonally opposite to each other? a) F and C b) D and A c) A and C d) A and F e) A and B 2.Who is facing B? 3.After interchanging seat with E, who will be the neighbours of D in the new position? a) A and C b) F and B c) Only B d) Only A e) Only C Linear Sequencing / Seating Arrangement Answer: 1. d) A and F 2. E 3. a) A and C Problem 5 Five persons A, B, C, D and E are sitting in a row facing you such D is on the left of C and B is on the right of E. A is on the right of C and B is on the left of D. if E occupies a corner position, then who is sitting in the centre? Linear Sequencing / Seating Arrangement Answer: D Problem 6 A, B, C, D, E, F and G are sitting on a wall and all of them are facing east. C is on the immediate right of D. B is at an extreme end and has E as his neighbour. G is between E and F. D is sitting third from the south end. 1.Who is sitting to the right of E? 2.Name the person who should change places with C such that he gets the third place from the north end? Problem 6 3. Which of the following pairs of people are sitting at the extreme ends? a) AB b) AE c) CB d) FB 4. Immediately between which of the following pairs of people is D sitting? a) AC b) AF c) CE d) CF Linear Sequencing / Seating Arrangement Answer: 1. G 2. G 3. a) AB 4. d) CF Problem 7 In the Olympic Games, the flags of six nations were flown on the masts in the following way; The flag of America was to the left of Indian tricolour and to the right of the flag of France. The flag of Australia was on the right of the Indian flag but was to the left of the flag Japan, which was to the left of the flag of china. Find the two flags which are in the centre. a)India and Australia b) America and India c) Japan and Australia d) America ad Australia Linear Sequencing / Seating Arrangement Answer: a) India and Australia Problem 8 In a car exhibition, seven cars of seven different companies viz. Cardilac, Ambassador, Fiat, Maruti, Mercedes, Bedford and Fargo were displayed in a row, facing east such that: 1.Cardialc car was to the immediate right of Fargo. 2.Fargo was fourth to the right of Fiat 3.Maruti car was between Ambassador and Bedford 4.Fiat, which was third to the left of Ambassador car, was at one of the ends. Cont… Problem 8 1. Which of the following was the correct position of the Mercedes? a) Immediate right of Fargo b) Immediate left of Bedford c) Between Bedford and Fargo d) Fourth to the right of Maruti 2. Which cars are on the immediate either sides of the Cardilac car? Linear Sequencing / Seating Arrangement Answer: 1. Fourth to the right of Maruti 2. On either side of the Cardilac are the Fargo and the Mercedes. Problem 9 A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J are ten persons sitting in waiting hall. J is sitting two table right of F, who is right side of H. In between E and B two persons are sitting where B is sitting left of G. In between E and J eight persons are sitting. C is sitting immediate right of E and left of B. G is sitting four seats left of J. G and F have two persons in between where one person is I. I is sitting immediate right of G. H is sitting in seventh seat. Show the arrangement possible. Linear Sequencing / Seating Arrangement Answer: E C A/D B G I H F D/ A J Problem 10 P,Q,R,S,T are 5 people who sit in a round table. P sits two tables to the left of R and Q sits two tables to the right of R. 1.If S is in between Q and R what is the arrangement? 2.How many different arrangements are possible? 3.If S is not sitting between Q and R then who is sitting between Q and S? Linear Sequencing / Seating Arrangement Answer: Either P is sitting when viewed anticlockwise or T and R when viewed clockwise. Problem 11 6 people A,B,C,D,E and F sit around a table for dinner. Since A does not like C, he doesn't sit either opposite or beside C. B and F always like to sit opposite each other. 1. If A is beside F then who are the two neighbors of B? 2. If D is adjacent to F then who is adjacent to C? Linear Sequencing / Seating Arrangement Answer: 1. D and E 2. E and B (or) D and B Problem 12 Six friends A, B, C, D, E and F are sitting along the sides of a hexagonal table for playing a game, thought not necessarily in the same order. F, who is sitting exactly opposite of A, is to the immediate right of B. D is between A and B and is exactly opposite to C. 1.A is sitting between whom? 2.Who is sitting opposite B? Linear Sequencing / Seating Arrangement Answer: 1. D and E 2. E Problem 13 Mr. A, Miss B, Mr. C and Miss D are sitting around a table and discussing their trades. i) Mr. A sit opposite to cook ii) Miss. B sits right to the barber iii) The washer man is on the left of the tailor iv) Miss. D sits opposite Mr. C. 1. What are the trades of A and B? a) Tailor and Barber b) Tailor and Cook c) Barber and Cook d) Washer man and Cook Linear Sequencing / Seating Arrangement Answer: b) Tailor and Cook Problem 14 Eight persons E, F, G, H, I, J, K and L are seated around a square table – two on each side. There are three lady members and they are not seated next to each other. J is between L and F. G is between I and F. H, a lady member, is second to the left of J. F, a male member is seated opposite E, a lady member. There is a lady member between E and H? 1.Who is seated between E and H? 2.How many persons are seated between K and F? 3.Who is sitting immediate left of F? Cont… Problem 14 4. Who among the following are the three lady members? a) E, G and J b) E, H and G c) G, H and J 5. Which of the following is true about J? a) J is a male member b) J is a female member Linear Sequencing / Seating Arrangement Answer: 1. K 2. Three 3. J 4. E, H and G 5. J is a male member Problem 15 Eight friends A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H are sitting in a circle facing centre. B is sitting between G and D. H is third to the left of B and second to the right of A. C is sitting between A and G and B and E are not sitting opposite to each other. Which of the following statement is not correct? a) C is third to the right of D b) A is sitting between C and F c) E is sitting between F and D. Linear Sequencing / Seating Arrangement Answer: 1. c) E is sitting between F and D Double Line Up Introduction • Consists of at least two different variables. • Form a table. • More than one Question per passage. • Check the Option for Elimination. Problem 1 P,Q,R,S,T,U,V,W are 8 employees allocated eight different lockers numbered 1-8. The lockers are arranged in four rows with two lockers in each row. Lockers 1 and 2 in top row from left to right and lockers 7 and 8 in bottom row from left to right. Lockers 3 and 4 are in the second row from top arranged from right to left and so do 5 and 6. P has been given locker 1 while V has been allocated locker 8. T has locker just above that of Q which is just above that of R whereas W locker is in bottom row. Cont… Problem 1 1. Draw the table? 2. Which locker is allocated to employee Q? 3. How many arrangements are possible? 4. If W and P are interchanged how does the table look like? 5. If S is given locker 4 how many solutions are possible? Table LEFT RIGHT P 1 2 T S/U 4 3 Q S/U 6 5 R W 7 8 V cont… Double Line Up Answers: • Employee Q is allocated locker 3 • There are 2 arrangements possible • W would take the top row and P would take the bottom row • If S is given locker 4 there is only 1 solution possible. Problem 2 X,Y,Z are three supervisors and P,Q,R are three bearers in a restaurant . Each of the three places A,B,C is to be attended by two people a bearer and a supervisor.Y does not attend A but R is at B. X is never at B, Q is at C. P and X work together . So form the table for the data given? Double Line Up SUPERVISOR PLACE BEARER X A P Z/Y B R Z/Y C Q Problem 3 There is a family of six persons P,Q,R,S,T and U. They are Lawyer, Doctor, Teacher, Salesman, Engineer and Accountant. There are two married couples in the family. S, the salesman is married to the Lady Teacher. The Doctor is married to the Lawyer. U, the Accountant is the son of Q and brother of T. R, the Lawyer is the daughter- in-law of P. T is the unmarried Engineer. P is the Grandmother of U. What is P’s profession? (Wipro 2008) Double Line Up Answer : Profession of P is lady teacher Problem 4 Six picture cards P, Q, R, S, T and U are frames in six different colours – blue, red, green, grey, yellow and brown and are arranged from left to right (not necessarily in the same order. The Picture are of King, Princess, Queen, Palace, Joker and Prince. The picture of palace is in blue colour frame but it is not on card S and card P which is of the queen, is in the brown frame and is placed at extreme right. The picture of the princess is neither on card S nor on card T and is not in either the green or the yellow frame. Card R has a picture of the king in a grey frame and it is fifth from right and next to cards Q having the picture of the Prince. Problem 4(Cont…) 1. The Picture of the joker is in which colour frame? 2. The picture of the palace is printed on which card? 3. If the princess’s card is immediately between the cards of the palace and the prince, then at what number is the joker’s card placed from left? Double Line Up Answer: 1. Data inadequate 2. T 3. First Problem 5 The members of a bank are Mr. A, Mr. B, Mrs. C, Ms. D, Mr. E and Ms. F. The positions they occupy are Manager, Assistant Manager, Cashier, Stenographer, Teller and a Clerk, though not necessarily in that order. The Assistant Manager is the Manager’s grandson, Cashier is Stenographer’s son in law, Mr. A is a bachelor, Mr. B is 22 years old, Ms. D is Teller’s step sister and Mr. E is Manager’s neighbour. Cont… Problem 5 1. Who is the manager? 2. Who is the assistant manager? 3. Who is cashier? 4. Who is the stenographer? 5. Who is the teller? 6. Who is the clerk? Double Lineup Answer: 1. Mrs. C 2. Mr. A. 3. Mr. B. 4. Mr. E. 5. Ms. F. 6. Ms. D Problem 6 Five executives of European Corporation hold a Conference in Rome Mr. A converses in Spanish & Italian Mr. B, a Spaniard, knows English also Mr. C knows English and belongs to Italy Mr. D converses in French and Spanish Mr. E , a native of Italy knows French Cont… Problem 6 1. Who can act as interpreter if Mr. C & Mr. D wish to converse a) only Mr. A b) Only Mr. B c) Mr. A & Mr. B d) Any of the other three 2. If a 6th executive is brought in, to be understood by maximum number of original five he should be fluent in a) English & French b) Italian & Spanish c) English & French d) French & Italian Cont… Double Lineup Answer: 1. d) Any of the other three. 2. b) Italian & Spanish Problem 7 Spelunkers International offers exploring tours in eight caves: Abbott, Benny, Caeser, Dangerfield, Ewell, Fields, Guinness and Hope. (1) Class 1 spelunkers may not attempt cave Ewell, Fields or Hope (2) Class 2 spelunkers may not attempt Hope (3) Class 3 spelunkers may attempt any cave (4) Cave Caesar may be attempted only by spelunkers who have previously explored cave Benny (5) Cave Fields may be attempted only by spelunkers who have previously explored cave Ewell (6) Only two of the caves Benny, Caeser, Ewell, Fields, and Hope may be attempted by any explorer in a single tour. Cont… Problem 7 1. A class 2 spelunker who has previously explored cave Ewell may be restricted in choosing a tour by which rule's? (I) Rule(4) (II) Rule(5) (III) Rule(6) (a) I only (b) II only (c) I and III only (d) II and III only (e) I, II and III Problem 7 2. In how many different ways may a class 1 spelunker who has never explored any of the eight caves before set up a tour of three caves, if she wishes to explore caves Abbott and Caesar? (a) 2 (b) 3 (c) 4 (d) 5 (e) 6 Double lineup Answer: 1. c) I and III only 2. b) 3 Problem 8 There are six cities A, B, C, D, E and F. A is not a hill station. B and e are not historical places. D is not an industrial city. A and D are not historical cities. A and B are not alike. 1. Which two cities are industrial centres? a) A and B b) E and F c) C and D d) B and F Problem 8 2. Which two cities are historical places? a) A and C b) B and F c) C and F d) B and E 3. Which two cities are neither historical places nor industrial centres? a) A and B b) D and E c) F and C d) B and D 4. Which city is a hill station and an industrial centre but not a historical place? a) E b) F c) A d) B e) C Double lineup Answer: 1. b) E and F 2. c) C and F 3. d) B and D 4. a) E Problem 9 Five friends P, Q, R, S and T traveled to five different cities of Chennai, Delhi, Bangalore and Hyderabad by five different modes of transport of Bus, Train, Aero plane, Car and Boat from Mumbai. i) The person who traveled to Delhi did not travel by boat. ii)R went to Bangalore by car and Q went to Calcutta by aero plane. iii)S traveled by boat whereas T traveled by Train. iv)Mumbai is not connected by bus to Delhi and Chennai. Cont… Problem 9 1. Which of the following combinations of person and mode is not correct? a) P – Bus b) R – car c) T – Aero plane d) S - Boat 2. Which of the following combinations is true for S? a) Delhi – Bus b) Chennai- Bus c) Chennai - Boat 3. Who is that person traveled to Delhi? 4. The person went to Delhi traveled by? Double lineup Answer: 1. c) T – Aero plane 2. c) Chennai – Boat 3. T 4. Train Problem 10 In a school, there were five teachers. A and B were teaching Hindi and English. C and B were teaching English and Geography. D and A were teaching Mathematics and Hindi. E and B were teaching History and French. 1.Who is teaching maximum number of Subjects? 2.More than two teachers were teaching which subjects? 3.Which subject were handle by D, B and A? Double Lineup Answer: 1. B 2. English and Hindi 3. Hindi Problem 11 Six students A, B, C, D, E and F are sitting in the field. A and B are from Nehru house while the rest belong to Gandhi house. D and F are tall while the others are short. A, C and D are wearing glasses while the others are not. 1. Which of the two student, who are not wearing glasses are short? 2. Which short student of Gandhi house is not wearing glasses? 3. Which tall student of Gandhi house is not wearing glasses? Double Lineup Answer: 1. B and E 2. E 3. F Problem 12 Jayant, Kamal, Namita, Asha and Tanmay are five members of a family. They have their birth dates from January to May, each member in one of these months. Each one likes one particular item for his/her birthday out of Bengali sweets, Chocolates, Pastries, Ice cream and Dry fruits. The one who likes Pastries is born in the month which is exactly middle in the months given. Asha does not like Ice cream but brings Chocolates for Jayant in February. Tanmay who is fond of Bengali sweets is born the next month immediately after Namita. Namita does not like Dry fruits or Ice cream. Cont… Problem 12 1. What is the choice of Asha? 2. Which combination of month and item is true for Jayant? 3. What is the choice of Kamal? 4. In which month was Kamal born? Double Lineup Answer: 1. Dry fruits 2. February – Chocolates 3. Ice cream 4. January or May Problem 13 In a group of six women, there are four dancers, four vocal musicians, one actress and three violinists. Girija and Vanaja are among the violinists while Jalaja and Shailja do not know how to play on the violin. Shailja and Tanuja are among the dancers. Jalaja, Vanaja, Shailja and Tanuja are all vocal musicians and two of them are also violinists. If pooja is an actress, who among the following is both a dancer and a violinist? a) Jalaja b) Shailja c) Tanuja d) Pooja Double Lineup Answer: C) Tanuja Problem 14 There are six friends A, B, C, D, E and F. each one is proficient in one of the games, namely Badminton, Volleyball, Cricket, Hockey, Tennis and polo. Each owns a different colored car, namely yellow, green, black, white, blue and red. D plays polo and owns a yellow colored car. C does not play either Tennis or Hockey and owns neither blue nor yellow colored car. E owns a white car and plays Badminton. B does not play Tennis, he owns a red colored car. A plays Cricket and owns a black car. Problem 14 1. Who plays volleyball? 2. Which colored car F owns? 3. Which of the following combinations of color of car and game played is not correct? a) Yellow – Polo b) Green – Tennis c) Black – Cricket d) Red – Hockey Double lineup Answer: 1. C 2. Blue 3. b) Green - Tennis Problem 15 P, Q, R, S, T and U are six students procuring their Master’s degree in six different subjects – English, History, Philosophy, Physics, Statistics and Mathematics. Two of them stay in hostel, two stay as paying guest (PG) and remaining two stay at their home. R does not stay as PG and studies philosophy. The students staying Statistics and History do not stay as PG. T studies Mathematics and S studies Physics. U and S stay in hostel. T stay as PG and Q stays at home. Cont… Problem 15 1. Who studies English? 2. Which of the following combinations of subject and place of stay is not correct? a) English – Hostel b) Mathematics – PG c) Philosophy – Home d) Physics - Hostel 3. Which subject does Q study? 4. Which of the following pairs of students stay at home? a) PQ b) QR c) RS d) ST Double Lineup Answer: 1. P 2. a) English – Hostel 3. History or Statistics 4. b) QR Ordering Types • Ordering Questions Related to the rank • Elimination Questions related to the extremes More than one Variable use ordering . Only one variable use elimination or ordering. Problem 1 K,L,M,N,O,P are 6 men. Neither M nor N is the tallest.L is taller than P but shorter than K.O is as tall as P but taller than M. which is the tallest. Ordering Answer: K is tallest. Problem 2 P,Q,R,S,T are 5 cars. It is further known that T is faster and more powerful than R,which is costlier than T. P is costlier than R and faster than Q, which is more powerful than T. S is the slowest and the cheapest of all cars, but is the most powerful. R is more powerful and faster than P but is the third costliest. Cont… Problem 2 1.Which of the cars is the fastest? 2.Which of the cars has as many cars more powerful and less powerful than it? 3.Which is the costliest? 4.Which of the cars are cheaper than R? Ordering Answers: 1.T is the fastest car. 2.T is the car which has as many cars more powerful and less powerful than it. 3.Either of P/Q is the costliest. 4.T and S are cheaper than R. Problem 3 There are 6 volumes of books on a rack kept in order(i.e vol.1, vol.2 and so on). Give the position after the following changes were noticed.Vol.5 was directly to the right of Vol.2.Vol.4 has Vol.6 to its left and both weren't at Vol.3's place.Vol.1 has Vol.3 on right and Vol.5 on left. An even numbered volume is at Vol.5's place. Find the order in which the books are kept now ? (Wipro 2008). Ordering Answer : Vol2, Vol5, Vol1,Vol3,Vol6,Vol4. Problem 4 A is twice as old as his sister B, but three years younger to his brother C. C will be 16 in three years. How old is B? Ordering Answer: 5 years Problem 5 A is six months younger to B, while C is three months younger to D: when E was born, C was two months old. D belongs to the age group of five, while A belongs to the age group of six. Who is the oldest among them? Ordering Answer: B Problem 6 There are six steps that lead from the first to the second floor. No two people can be on the same step. Mr. A is two steps below Mr. C. Mr. B is a step next to Mr. D Only one step is vacant (No one standing on that step) Denote the first step by step 1 and second step by step 2etc. Cont…. Problem 6 1. If Mr. A is on the first step, Which of the following is true? (a) Mr. B is on the second step (b) Mr. C is on the fourth step. (c) A person Mr. E, could be on the third step (d) Mr. D is on higher step than Mr. C. 2. If Mr. E was on the third step & Mr. B was on a higher step than Mr. E which step must be vacant (a) step 1 (b) step 2 (c) step 4 (d) step 5 e) step 6 Problem 6 3. If Mr. B was on step 1, which step could A be on? (a) 2&e only (b) 3&5 only (c) 3&4 only (d) 4&5 only (e) 2&4 only 4. If there were two steps between the step that A was standing and the step that B was standing on, and A was on a higher step than D , A must be on step (a) 2 (b) 3 (c) 4 (d) 5 (e) 6 Cont… Ordering Answer: 1. (d) Mr. D is on higher step than Mr. C. 2. (a) step 1 3. (c) 3&4 only 4. (c) 4 Problem 7 A series of drama is to be arranged on all the five days of the week Monday to Friday. Drama contains Fiction, Romance, Horror, Comedy And Tragedy. Horror cannot immediately precede Romance, Fiction should be scheduled earlier than Romance, Comedy should come after tragedy. If Horror is arranged on Friday then what should be the sequence of the dramas. Ordering Answer: Fiction, Romance, Tragedy, Comedy , Horror Problem 8 Miss Dean wants to renovate her house. She hires a plumber, a carpenter, a painter, an electrician and an interior decorator. The work is to be finished in one stretch (Monday-Friday). Each worker will take full day to do his job. Miss Dean permits only one person to work each day. I. The painter can work only after the plumber and the carpenter have finished their jobs II. The interior decorator must do his job before the electrician. III. The carpenter cannot work on Monday or Tuesday Cont… Problem 8 1. If the painter work on Thursday, which one of the following alternatives is possible? (a) The electrician works on Tuesday. (b) The electrician works on Friday. (c) The interior decorator works after the painter does. (d) The painter works on consecutive days. (e) Miss Dean cannot fit all of the workers in the schedule Cont… Problem 8 2. If the painter works on Friday which of the following must be false? (a) The carpenter may work on Wednesday (b) The carpenter and the electrician may work on consecutive days (c) If the carpenter works on Thursday, the electrician has to work on Wednesday (d) The plumber may work before the electrician does (e) The electrician may work on Tuesday Ordering Answer: 1.(b). The electrician works on Friday. 2.(c). If the carpenter works on Thursday, the electrician has to work on Wednesday Problem 9 The cricket ball is lighter than the hockey ball, and the volleyball is lighter than the football. The hockey ball is lighter than the football but heavier than the tennis ball. Which is the heaviest? Ordering Answer: Football Problem 10 Six students A, B, C, D, E, and F participated in a self- evaluation test of Quants and Data Interpretation (D.I). The total marks of A in Quants was just above C and in D.I. just above F. B was just above C in D.I. but he scored less than D in Quants. F got more marks than D and E in D.I. but did not perform as well in Quants as D.I. No one is in between C and D in Quants and C and A in D.I. 1. Who got the highest marks in D.I.? 2. Who was just below D in Quants? Ordering Answer: 1. B 2. Data Inadequate Problem 11 Six plays A, B, C, D, E and F are to be staged, one on each day from Monday to Saturday. The schedule of the plays is to be in accordance with the following. i) A must be staged a day before E. ii) C must not be stages on Tuesday iii) B must be staged on the day following the day on which F is staged. iv) D must be staged on Friday only and should not be immediately preceded by B. v) E must not be staged on the last day of the schedule. Cont… Problem 11 1. Which of the following plays immediately follows B? a) A b) C c) D d) E e) F 2. Which of the following plays is on Monday? a) E b) F c) C d) B e) A 3. Play D is between which of the following pairs of plays? a) B and E b) E and F c) A and E d) E and C e) C and F Ordering Answer: a) A b) F d) E and C Problem 12 At the end of a cricket series, when five players were arranged in the ascending order of runs scored by them, O was fourth while N was first. When they were arranged in descending order for wickets taken by them, K replaces O while O replaces L. M’s position remains uncharged. K has scored more runs than M. L is having first rank in one ranking and fifth in another. 1.Who has scored the highest runs in the series? 2.Who has taken the lowest number of wickets? Ordering Answer: 1. L 2. O Problem 13 A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and H are eight friends. Three of them play cricket and table tennis and two of them play football. Each one of them has a different height. The tallest does not play football and the shortest does not play cricket. F is taller than A and D but Shorter than H and B. E who does not play cricket, is taller than B and is second to the tallest. G is shorter than D but taller than A. H, who is fourth from top, plays table tennis with D. G does not play either cricket or football. B does not play football. Cont… Problem 13 1. Who is the tallest? 2. Who is the Shortest? 3. What is F’s position from the top when they are arranged in descending order of their height? 4. Which of the following group of friends play cricket? a) CAE b) CBF c) CBA d) None of these Ordering Answer: 1. C 2. A 3. Fifth 4. b) CBF Problem 14 i) A, B, C, D, E and F are six students in a class ii) B and C are shorter than F but heavier than A iii) D is heavier than B and taller than C iv) E is shorter than D but taller than F v) F is heavier than D vi) A is shorter than E but taller than F. 1. Who is the tallest? 2. Who is third from the top when they are arranged in descending order of height? Cont… Problem 14 3. Who among them is the lightest? 4. Which of the following groups of friends is shorter than A? a) B, C only b) D, B, C only c) E, B, C only d) F, B, C only e) None of these Ordering Answer: 1. D 2. A 3. Data inadequate 4. F, B, C only Problem 15 A sales representative plans to visit each of six companies M, N, P, Q, R and S exactly once during the course of one day. She is setting up her schedule for the day according to the following conditions. i)She must visit M before N and R. ii)She must visit N before Q iii)The third company she visits must be P. 1.If the sales representative visits S first, which company must she visit second? Cont… Problem 15 2. The sales representative could visit any of the following companies immediately after P except: a) S b) R c) Q d) N e) M 3. Find the order in which the sales representative visits the six companies? 4. If sales representative visits Q immediately before R and immediately after S, she must visit Q: a) First b) second c) fourth d) fifth e) sixth Ordering Answer: 1. M 2. e) M 3. M, S, P, N, R, Q 4. d) fifth Selections / Conditionality And Grouping Introduction • Selecting a part out of whole. • Infer from the statements without Assumptions • Apply condition and select, • Conditions are given based on which the action takes place. • There are four basic conditions. Based on them the decisions are made. • Based on this conditions the groups are formed. Conditions • If A occurs then B also will occur • If A occurs then B will not occur • If A has not occurred then B will occur • If A has not occurred then B also will not occur Shortcuts Write the condition by shortcut manner like, A and B together means A = B If A come B will not come A ≠ B If B is selected A,C will not select B ≠ A,C Problem 1 Three students J, B, S have to select 3 subjects out of 6 subjects P,Y,M,C,H,L. if L is selected then P cannot be selected. If S selects C then J does not select L. if B selects Y then S cannot select C and if J selects P then S selects H and L. If S selects L and B selects Y then which are the subjects that S cannot select? Selections / Conditionality And Grouping Answer : S cannot select P and C Problem 2 A team consists of 5 members which has to be selected from 5 boys P,Q,R,S,T and 3 girls U,V,W. The team must consist of 3 boys and at least 1 girl. If P is selected R cannot be selected If S is selected V cannot be selected. Cont… Problem 2 1. If 4 boys are selected then which girl can never be a part of the team? 2. If P and S are 2 boys selected then in how many ways can the team be formed? Selections / Conditionality And Grouping 1. 4 boys are selected which means that S is selected for sure. So S becomes a part of the team so V cannot be in the team. 2. If P and S form a team then the team can consist of PSQTU, PSQTW, PSQUW, PSTUW. So it can be formed in 4 ways. Problem 3 Asha and Charu are good in mathematics and Athletics. Deepa and Asha are good in athletics and studies, Charu and Beena are good in General Knowledge and Mathematics. Deepa, Beena and Ela are good in studies and General Knowledge. Ela and Deepa are good in studies and Art. Cont…. Problem 3 1. Who is good in studies, general Knowledge, athletics and Arts? 2. Who is good in studies, General Knowledge and Mathematics? 3. Who is good in Athletics, General Knowledge and Mathematics? 4. Who is good in studies and General knowledge and Arts but not Athletics? 5. Who is good in studies, Mathematics and athletics? Selections / Conditionality And Grouping Answer: 1. Deepa 2. Beena 3. Charu 4. Ela 5. Asha Problem 4 A scientist is trying to prepare a medicine using four ingredients. He can choose from the stable chemicals A, B and C and the unstable chemicals W, X, Y and Z. in order to see that the medicine does not explode, there must be two stable chemicals in it. Also certain chemicals cannot be mixed because of their reaction together. Cont…. Problem 4 • Chemical B cannot be mixed with chemical W. • Chemical C cannot be mixed with chemical Y. • Chemical Y cannot be mixed with chemical Z. 1. If Y is the most important chemical and must be used in the formula, which other ingredients must be used? 2. If chemical B is rejected because of its possible side – effects but it is decided to use chemical Z, which is a possible combination of the four ingredients in the formula? Selections / Conditionality And Grouping Answer: 1. A, B and X. 2. A, C, W and Z / A, C, X, Z. Problem 5 The office staff of XYZ corporation presently consists of three bookkeepers--A, B, C and 5 secretaries D, E, F, G, H. The management is planning to open a new office in another city using 2 bookkeepers and 3 secretaries of the present staff . To do so they plan to separate certain individuals who don't function well together. The following guidelines were established to set up the new office Cont…. Problem 5 I. Bookkeepers A and C are constantly finding fault with one another and should not be sent together to the new office as a team. II. C and E function well alone but not as a team, they should be separated. III. D and G have not been on speaking terms and shouldn't go together. IV. Since D and F have been competing for promotion they shouldn't form a team. Cont… Problem 5 1. If A is to be moved as one of the bookkeepers, which of the following cannot be a possible working unit. a) ABDEH b) ABDGH c) ABEFH d) ABEGH 2. If C and F are moved to the new office, how many combinations are possible a) 1 b) 2 c) 3 d) 4 3. If C is sent to the new office, which member of the staff cannot go with C Cont… a) B b) D c) F d) G Problem 5 4. Under the guidelines developed, which of the following must go to the new office a) B b) D c) E d) G 5. If D goes to the new office, which of the following is/are true I. C cannot go II. A cannot go III. H must also go a) I only b) II only c) I and II only d) I and III only Selections / Conditionality And Grouping Answers: 1. a) ABDEH 2. a) 1 3. b) D 4. a) B 5. d) I and III only Problem 6 From a group of six boys M, N, O, P, Q, R and five girls G, H, I, J, K a team of six is to be selected. Some of the criteria of selection are as follows: M and J go together O cannot be placed with N I cannot go with J N goes with H P and Q have to be together K and R go together Cont… Problem 6 1. If the team consists of two girls and I is one of them, the other members are? a) GMRPQ b) HNOPQ c) KOPQR d) KRMNP 2. If four members are boys, which of the following cannot constitute the team? a) GJMOPQ b) HJMNPQ c) JKMNOR d) JKMPQR 3. If the team has three girls including J and K, the members of the team are? a) GHNR b) MNOG c) MORG d) NHOR Selections / Conditionality And Grouping Answer: 1. c) KOPQR 2. c) JKMNOR 3. c) MORG Problem 7 Final year students plan to go for project which consist of 5 members ( 3 from A group and 2 from B group) based on the condition. There are two groups, group A consist of 6 members M N O P Q R and group B consist of 5 members V W X Y Z. conditions for selection are, i) M does not come , Z & O should come ii) X and Y remains together iii) R and V cannot go together iv) N is always go with Z v) Q always go with W Cont…. Problem 7 vi) O can go with V vii) O and P are together 1. If M is not there in the team, the team consist of? 2. If Q is there, who cannot be there in that team? a) X & Y b) R & V c) V & W Selections / Conditionality And Grouping Answer: 1. OPNZV 2. a) X & Y Problem 8 From a group of 6 boys A,B,C,D,E,F and 5 girls L,M,N,O,P a group of 6 is to be selected based on the following conditions: 1.O and P have to be together 2.C cannot go with O 3.A and D have to be together 4.D cannot go with L 5.C and M have to be together 6.Band N have to be together 7.B and E cannot be together Contd.. Problem 8 1. If the team consists of four girls the members of the team are: i) BELNOP ii) EFLNOP iii) BFLNOP 2. If the team consist of 5 boys and 1 girl that girl would be: i) L ii) M iii) N iv) O Selections / Conditionality And Grouping Answer: • D and A cannot be there. So (iii)BFLNOP • If B is selected, you cannot select E, without E you cannot form 5 boys team. So reject B, then you have A, C, D, E, F. If C is selected M will be there in that team. ii) M. Problem 9 Coach balkishan is trying to put together a team of four players for a tennis tournament. He has seven players available: males A, B, C and females M,N, O and P. All players are of equal ability, and there must be at least two males in the team. For a team of four, all players must be able to play with each other player. Cont… Problem 9 Player B cannot play with player M, player C cannot play with player P, player M cannot play with player O. 1.If player O is selected and player B is rejected, the team will consist of which foursome? 2.If player M is in the team, which other players must be in the team as well? Selections / Conditionality And Grouping Answer: 1. A, C, O and N. 2. A, C and N. Problem 10 1. If Q is selected, then the other members are? a) APRS b) ADRS c) BCPT d) ABCDR 2. If three members are girls the team is? a) ABCRT b) ACDRS c) BCDRS d) BCDPS 3. If the four members are to be boys and one member is A, then the remaining members of the team are? Selections / Conditionality And Grouping Answer: 1. a) APRS 2. d) BCDPS 3. PQRS Problem 10 From amongst 5 boys P, Q, R, S,T and 4 girls A, B, C, D a team of five should be selected. Conditions given: a)P and S are to remain together. b)Q cannot remain together with B or C c)R and A have to remain together. d)T cannot remain with A or D. Cont… Problem 11 2 collectors, Frank and Gloria are each selecting a group of three wildlife prints from a group of 7 prints T, U, V, W, X, Y and Z. No print can be in both groups. The selections made by Frank and Gloria are subject to the following restrictions. a)If U is in Frank’s group, W must be in Gloria’s group b)If X is in Frank’s group, Z must be in Gloria’s group. c)T and Z cannot be in the same group. d)W and Y cannot be in the same group. Cont… Problem 11 1. If X is in Frank’s group, of the following could be in Gloria’s group except a) T b) U c) V d) W e) Z 2. Which of the following pairs of groups selected by Frank and Gloria conform to the restrictions? a) Fr – TUV Gl - WXY b) Fr - TUZ Gl – VWX c) Fr – UXZ Gl – TWY d) Fr – VWX Gl – UYZ 3. If U is in Frank’s group, which of the following is true? a) T must be in Frank’s group b) Y must be in Frank’s group c) Y cannot be in Frank’s group Selections / Conditionality And Grouping Answer: 1. a) T 2. d) Fl – VWX Gl – UYZ 3. b) Y must be in Frank’s group. Problem 12 Mr. Pict must accommodate seven tour group passengers in two four – person cabins on the S.S. Gallia. Each passenger in a cabin must be able to converse with at least one passenger, though not necessarily in the same language •A, an Etruscan, also speaks Gothic and Hittite •B and F are Hittites and speak only that language •C, an Etruscan also speaks Gothic •D and G are Goths and speak only Gothic •E, an Etruscan also speaks Hittite •Hittites refuse to share rooms with Goths Cont… Problem 12 1. Which combinations of passengers in one of the cabins will result in a rooming arrangement that satisfies all conditions for both cabins? a. B, C, F b. D, E, G c. C, D, E, G d. B, D, F, G 2. How many different combinations of cabin mates satisfy all conditions? a. 2 b. 3 c. 4 d. 5 e. 6 Selections / Conditionality And Grouping Answer: 1. c. C, D, E, G 2. a. 2 Problem 13 From amongst six boys A, B, C, D, E and F and five girls P, Q, R, S and T, a team of six is to be selected under the following conditions: i) A and D have to be together. ii) C cannot go with S. iii) S and T have to be together. iv) B cannot be teamed with E. v) D cannot go with P. vi) B and R have to be together. vii) C and Q have to be together. Cont…. Problem 13 1. If there be five boys in the team, the lone girl member is? 2. If including P, the team has three girls, the member are? 3. If four members have to be girls, the members of the team are? 4. If the team including C consist of four boys, the members of the team other than C are? Selections / Conditionality And Grouping Answer: 1. Q 2. B C F Q R 3. B F P R S T 4. A B D Q R Problem 14 There are five men A, B, C, D and E and six women P, Q, R, S, T and U. A, B and R are advocates; C, D, P, Q and S are doctors and the rest are teachers. Some teams are to be selected from amongst these eleven persons subject to the following conditions; i) A, P and U have to be together ii) B cannot go with D or R. iii) E and Q have to be together iv) C and T have to be together v) D and P cannot go together vi) C cannot go with Q. Cont… Problem 14 1. If the team is to consist of two male advocates, two lady doctors and one teacher, the members of the team are? 2. If the team is to consist of one advocate, two doctors, three teachers and C may not go with T, the members of the team are? a) A E P Q S U b) A E P Q T U c) B E Q S T U 3. If the team is to consist of one advocate, three doctors and one male teacher, the member of the team are? Selections / Conditionality And Grouping Answer: 1. A B P U S 2. b) A E P Q T U 3. D E Q R S Problem 15 Company plan to do a new project which is consist of 2 engineers, 3 managers and 1 executives from 4 engineers ( A B C D), 5 managers ( P Q R S T ), 3 executive ( X Y Z). i)Engineer A does not work with P and X ii)Manager S and Executive Y work together iii)Engineer B does not work with manager T iv)Manager Q does not work with manager S v)R does not work with Z, X works with Q vi)B and D remains together vii)D does not work with Q and T Cont…. Problem 15 1. State the possibilities of forming team? 2. Who must be there in the team what ever may be the possibilities? Selections / Conditionality And Grouping Answer: 1. i) A C R S T Y ii) B D P R S Y 2. R, S & Y Family Tree / Blood Relations Introduction • Hierarchical structure of a family. • It is called as Blood relations problems. • Identify genders by different notation. Problem 1 There are six members in a family A,B,C,D,E,F who are related to each other. B is F’s daughter- in-law. D is A’s only grand child. C is D’s only uncle. A has only 2 children F and C, one male and one female. E is father of C? 1.Who is the grand mother of D? 2.How many males and females are present? Family Tree / Blood Relations • A is the grand mother of D • There are 3 males and 3 females in the family. Problem 2 A is B’s sister. C is the father of B and D is the mother of A. F is B’s child. F’s father is G. How is G related to A? Family Tree / Blood Relations Answer: • As A and B are sisters and G is the husband of B we can easily find the solution. • G is A’s brother in law. Problem 3 A,B,C,D,E,F. out of these we have 2 married couples. E is a teacher married to a doctor who is mother of C and F. B is a lawyer married to A. A has one son and one grand son. Of the two married ladies, one is housewife. We have one student and one male engineer. How is A related to C? Who is a housewife? Family Tree / Blood Relations Answer: •A is C’s Grandmother. •Housewife in a family is also A. Problem 4 Showing a photograph Asha said “He is the brother of only daughter of my mother" and asked how is she related to him. Family Tree / Blood Relations Answer: She is pointing at her brother. Problem 5 A family has 7 members – 4 men and 3 women. They are L, M, N, O, P, Q, R. M is businessman and father of P. Q is doctor and paternal grandfather of P. N is Housewife and daughter in law of O. R is P’s uncle and an advocate. N is not P’s mother. O is not married to M. We have 3 married couples in the family, one architect, one pilot and a journalist too. i. If Q is the grandfather of pilot. What is his daughter in law’s profession? ii. If O is the pilot and the journalist is not a female then what is P’s profession? iii.Find the male members in that family? Family Tree / Blood Relations Answer: i) Cannot find ii) Journalist iii) QMRP Problem 6 A man shows his friend a woman sitting in a park and says “She is the daughter of my grandmother's only son”. What is the relation between the two members? (Infosys) Family Tree / Blood Relations Answer: Man and Woman are Brother and Sister Problem 7 Ram is the brother of shyam and Mahesh is the father of Ram. Jagat is the brother of Priya and Priya is the daughter of Shaym. Who is the uncle of Jagat? Family Tree / Blood Relations Answer: Ram Problem 8 A, B, C, D, E and F is a group of six persons of a family. The number of gents is the same as the number of ladies. A and E are sons of F. D is the mother of Two children of whom one is a boy and the other is a girl. B is the son of A. in this group there is only one pair of married persons. Problem 8 1. Find females in the family? 2. Who is the uncle of C? 3. Who is the husband of D? 4. Who are all the children of D? 5. Who is the grand daughter of F? Family Tree / Blood Relations Answer: 1.CDF 2. E 3. A 4. BC 5. C. Problem 9 A family consists of five members A, B, C, D and E. E has two sons and unmarried daughter and a daughter – in – law. The daughter in law is an officer and her brother in law A is an engineer. C is a doctor. The sister of B is a violinist who has learned to play violin from B’s wife? Who is the daughter of E? How is A related to D? Who is the wife of B? Family Tree / Blood Relations Answer: 1. C 2. A is the brother in law of D 3. D. Problem 10 Looking at a portrait of a man, Harsh said, “His mother is the wife of my father’s son. Brothers and sisters I have none”. At whose portrait was Harsh looking? Family Tree / Blood Relations Answer: His Son Problem 11 Rahul told Anand, ‘Yesterday I defeated the only brother of the daughter of my grandmother’. Whom did Rahul defeat? Family Tree / Blood Relations Answer: Father Problem 12 Deepak said to Nitin, “that boy playing with the football is the younger of the two brothers of the daughter of my father’s wife”. How is the boy playing football related to Deepak? Family Tree / Blood Relations Answer: Brother Problem 13 Neelam, who is Deepak’s daughter, says to Deepika, “your mother Rekha is the younger sister of my father who is the third child of Ramlal”. How is Ramlal related to Deepika? Family Tree / Blood Relations Answer: Grandfather Problem 14 A is the son of B. C, B’s sister has a son D and a daughter E. F is the maternal uncle of D. 1.How is A related to D? 2.How is E related to F? 3.How many nephews does F have? Family Tree / Blood Relations Answer: 1. Cousin 2. Niece 3. Two (A&D) Problem 15 Shobha is the niece of Ashish. Ashish’s mother is Priya. Kamala is Priya’s mother. Kamala’s husband is Hari. Krishna is the mother – in – law of Hari. How is Shobha related to Hari? Family Tree / Blood Relations Answer: Great Granddaughter Codes Introduction • Codes may be numerical or alphabets. • To decode – find the format of arrangement. • The arrangement can be any one of the following 1. Reversed order 2. Gaps in between 3. +1and-1 format 4. Tree format Problem 1 The term FIRE is coded as DGPC, then how will SNOW be coded as? Codes Answer: SNOW can be coded as QLMU. Problem 2 SIKKIM is coded as THLJJL. Then how will TRAIN be coded as? Codes Answer: TRAIN can be coded as UQBHO Problem 3 In a certain code ‘Hit Bit Mit’ means ‘Git Rim Nit’ ‘Sit Pit Mit’ means ‘Lit Git Tit’ and ‘Fit Zit Pit’ means ‘Dit Vit Tit’. What does Sit stand for in that code language? Codes Answer: Sit coded as Lit Problem 4 If DIAMOND is “ VQYMKLV”, FEMALE is _____ Codes Answer: FEMALE will be coded as TUMYNU. Problem 5 If the word VIOLENCE is coded as EVCINOEL. Find the code for SEPARATE? (Wipro 2008) Codes Answer: : ESTEAPRA Problem 6 If the word "CODING" is represented as DPEJOH , then the word "CURFEW" can be represented? (MBT) Codes Answer: dvsgfx Problem 7 If "segment" is coded as rffndou, what is the code for “ritual”. (Wipro) Codes Answer QJSVZM Problem 8 ? : BGLQ : : YDIN : VAFK (Wipro) Codes Answer: EJOT Problem 9 In a certain code each letter is coded as A = D, B=E, C=F What is the code for SHOOT? (BAAN) Codes Answer: VKRRW Problem 10 If DBMDVUUB = CALCUTTA Then BOMBAY = ? (BAAN) Codes Answer: ANLAZX Problem 11 In a certain code, TRIPPLE is written as SQHOOKD. How DISPOSE can be written in that code? Codes Answer: CHRONRD Problem 12 If the word PEARL is written as MBXOI, then how the word DIAMOND would be written in that code? Codes Answer: AFXJLKA Problem 13 In a certain code, SOLVED is written as LOSVDE. How WEIGHT will be written in that code? Codes Answer: IEWGTH Problem 14 If in a language INDIA is coded as JMEHB then in that language SOURAV will be coded as ? Codes Answer: TNVQBU Problem 15 In a certain code DUPLICATE is written as MRVFJFVBE. How is CARTOUCHE written in that code? Codes Answer: UTBEPFJDW Number Coding •The one done before was alphabet coding now it is number coding. •The usual format of coding is we follow the some steps as given below; 1. Coding starts from certain digit. 2. Coding in some series 3. Coding in the same numbers Problem 1 If Z=52 and ACT=48 what is BAT=? Number Coding Answer: A=2 B=4 C=6……Z=52 A+C+T=2+6+40=48 B+A+T=4+2+40=46 Problem 2 FEED is coded as 6554, what will BREAD be coded as? Number Coding Answer: FEED = 6554 BREAD = 218514 Problem 3 In certain code ‘Do not touch’ is 75 46 20, and Please do come is ’64 8 75’. What is the code for touch? Number Coding Answer: Do = 75 Not =46 Touch = 20 Please = 64 Do = 8 Come = 75 So touch = 20. Problem 4 If in a certain code BEAUTIFUL is coded as 573041208, BUTTER as 504479, how is FUTURE coded in that code? Number Coding Answer: 204097 Problem 5 ENGLAND is written as 1234526 and FRANCE as 785291. How will GREECE be written? (Infosys) Number Coding Answer: 381191 Problem 6 If in a certain code "RANGE" is coded as 12345 and "RANDOM" is coded as 123678, then the code for the word "MANGO" would be? (MBT & Wipro) Number Coding Answer: 82347 Problem 7 If the word FADENCOMT equals 345687921 then 1. What is FEAT? 2. Find representation of 2998? (Wipro) Number Coding Answer: 1. 3641 2. MOON Problem 8 If Raman is written as 12345 and Dinesh as 675894, how will Mahaan be written? Number Coding Answer: 324225 Number Coding Answer : HEN = 27 Problem 9 If H = 8, HE = 13, then “Hen” will be equal to? Problem 10 If “Rose” is coded as 6821, “Chair” is coded as 73456 and “Preach” is coded as 961473, what will be the code for “search” ? Number Coding Answer: 214673 Problem 11 In certain code RAIL is written as 5796 and TAPE is written as 3748. how is PAIR written in that code? Number Coding Answer: 4795 Problem 12 In a certain code language, GRAPE is written as 27354 and FOUR is written as 1687. How is GROUP written in that code? Number Coding Answer: 27685 Problem 13 If FEED is coded as 4, what will be the code for BREAD? Number Coding Answer: 30/5 = 6 Problem 14 If MACHINE is coded as 19-7-9-14- 15-20-11, how will you code DANGER? Number Coding Answer: 10 -7-20-13-11-24 Problem 15 If MASTER is coded as 411259, then POWDER will be coded as? Number Coding Answer: A=1, B=2, C=3, D=4, E=5, F=6, G=7, H=7, I=9, J=1, K=2, L=3, M=4, N=5, O=6, P=7, Q=8, R=9, S=1… 765459 Series Introduction • Series involves the numbers or alphabetic, that are arranged in a particular sequence. • The sequence can be any of the following; 1.ascending 2.descending 3.gap 4.squares and cubes 5.+/- order series Problem 1 Fill in the series 13,32,24,43,35, __, 46, 65,57,76 Series Answer: 54 Problem 2 Fill in the series 4,6,12,14,28,30 ___? Series Answer: 60 Problem 3 Fill in the series 9,12,11,14,13,_,15 Series Answer: 16 Problem 4 NLO : RPS : : ? : ZXA (Wipro) Series Answer: VTW Problem 5 90,180,12,50,100,200,___ 3,50,4,25,2,6,30,3 Series Answer : 150 Problem 6 5, 20, 24, 6, 2, 8, __ (Infosys) Series Answer: 12 (5*4=20, 20+4=24, 24/4=6, 6-4=2, 2*4=8, 8+4=12). Problem 7 0, 2, 3, 5, 8, 10, 15, 17, 24, 26,__ (MBT) Series Answer: 35 Problem 8 ___, ayw, gec, mki, sqo (MBT) Series Answer: usq Series Answer: 75 Problem 9 2, 5, 9, 19, 37,__ (MBT) Problem 10 4, 11, 30, 67, __ (TCS) Series Answer: 128 Problem 11 4832, 5840, 6848…… Series Answer: Add 1008 = 6848 + 1008 = 7856 Problem 12 Find the number which is not matched properly in the above series? 1, 3, 5, 10, 17, 26….. a) 10 b) 17 c) 3 d) 26 Series Answer: C) 3 Problem 13 13, 32, 24,43,35, ?, 46, 65 Series Answer: 13, 24, 35, 46….( added with 11) 32, 43, 54, 65…..( added with 11) = 54 Problem 14 8, 9, 8, 7, 10, 9, 6, 11, 10, ?, 12…. Series Answer: 8 9 8 7 10 9 6 11 10 ? 12 = 5 ( add 1 in each) Problem 15 2/ √5, 3/5, 4/5√5….. Series Answer: = 1/5 Direction Sense Introduction • This gives the path followed to reach the required destination. • The basic thing necessary here is the NORTH,SOUTH,EAST,WEST directions to find the path. N W E S Problem 1 A travels a distance of 5km north and then he travels 8km east then he travels 6km north and then he travels 2km south. So where is he from the start? Direction Sense Answer: The direction is NE. Problem 2 If Ram travels 5km by walk towards north and 6 km west by cycle and 11km south by bike and 22km east by car. Where is he from start? Direction Sense Answer: He is in SE direction. Problem 3 The door of my house faces east. I walk from my back door 100 m, then right and walk 100 m and turn left and walk 50m and reach a point X. In which direction am I from the starting point? Direction sense Answer: North West Problem 4 A child is looking for his father. He went 90m in the east before turning to his right. He went 20m before turning to his right again to look for his father at his uncle’s place 30m from his point. His father was not there. Form there, he went 100m to his north before meeting his father in a street. How far did the son meet his father from starting point? Direction sense Answer : 100 metres Problem 5 In a room 4 persons are there like A,B,C,D. A is to the east of B, B is to the north of C, C is to the west of D, and D is to the south of A. Then how C is directed to A? (Accenture 2007) Direction Sense Answer : Northeast Problem 6 A man walks east and turns right and then from there to his left and then 45 degrees to his right. In which direction did he go? (Infosys) Direction Sense Answer: North west Problem 7 A person travels 6km towards west, then travels 5km towards north, then finally travels 6km towards west. Where is he with respect to his starting position? Direction Sense Answer: 13km northwest Problem 8 A starts from his office and walks 3 km towards north. He then turns right and walks 2km and then turns right and walks 5km then turns right and walks 2 km and then again turns right and walks 2 km. In which direction is he from the starting point? Direction Sense Answer: South Problem 9 A’s office is situated 5 km North from B’s office. B starts from his office and walks 2 km towards A’s office. He then turns right and walks 3 km and then turns left and walks 3 km. To which direction will he turn to reach A’s office? Direction Sense Answer: West Direction Problem 10 Pradeep walks 10 metres westward, then turns left and walks 10 mtrs. He then again turns left and walks 10 mtrs. He takes a 45 degree turn rightwards and walks straight. In which direction is he walking now? Direction Sense Answer: West Problem 11 I am facing east. I turn 100 degree in the clockwise direction and then 145 degree in the anticlockwise direction. Which direction am I facing now? Direction Sense Answer: North - East Problem 12 Radha moves towards South east a distance of 7 m, then she moves towards west and travels a distance of 14 m. From here, she moves towards North west a distance of 7 m and finally she moves a distance of 4 m towards East and stood at that point. How far is the starting point from where she stood? Direction Sense Answer: = 10 metres Problem 13 One evening before sunset two friends Sumit and Mohit were talking to each other face to face. If Mohit’s shadow was exactly to his right side, which direction was sumit facing? Direction Sense Answer: South Problem 14 If south – east becomes North, North – east becomes West and so on, what will West become? Direction Sense Answer: South - east Problem 15 Lokesh’s school bus is facing North when it reaches his school. After starting from Lokesh’s house, it turns right twice and then left before reaching the school. What direction was the bus facing when it left the bus stop in front of Lokesh’s house? Direction Sense Answer: West Statement logics Analysis and interpretation of data in the statements are necessary This helps in inferring the answers Types: 1) Conclusions 2) Assumptions 3) Arguments Statement-Conclusions In question has a statement and two conclusions. Analyse the conclusions and give answers. a) if conclusion 1 follows b) if conclusion 2 follows c) if neither 1 nor 2 follows. d) both 1 and 2 follows Example 1 Statement: Quality has a price tag. India is allocating lot of funds for education Conclusions: 1)Quality of education in India would improve soon 2) Funding alone can enhance Quality of education Example 2 Statement: No new taxes are proposed in the revised budget. Conclusions: 1)The country has a balanced economy. 2) The country has a surplus Example 3 Statement: No country is self-sufficient in absolute terms in the present era. Conclusions: 1) It is not possible to grow and produce all the things that a country needs. 2) Efficiency of people has decreased worldwide. Example 4 Creating employment opportunities is the best way to make people out of poverty in India. Conclusions: 1)Unemployment is a cause of poverty in India 2) Employment opportunities are few and far in India Example 5 It cannot be done Conclusions: 1) It is impossible 2) We can do nothing Statement- Arguments Each questions given below has 1 statement and two arguments.we should decide which of the arguments is strong Give answer: a)If only 1 is strong b)If only 2 is strong c)If neither 1 or 2 is strong d)If both 1 and 2 is strong Example 1 Should Private sector be permitted to operate telephone services? Arguments: 1)Yes, they are operated in advanced western countries 2) No, It is risky to put them in private hands Example 2 Should the political parties be banned? Arguments: 1) Yes, it is necessary to teach a lesson to the politicians 2) No, it will lead to an end of democracy Example 3 Traditional culture is better than the new culture. Arguments: 1) Both have their good points as well as weak points. 2) The new culture is ruining society. Example 4 Every institution should be state – owned. Arguments: 1) It will kill private enthusiasm. 2) People will not be serious to work hard. Example 5 Should there be one government for the whole world? Arguments: 1) Yes, it will lead to a better control of wars in the world. 2) No, because the weaker nations will be devoured by the strong nations. Statement- Assumptions Each question contains 1 statement and 2 assumptions. Check the data and answer. Give answer: a) If only 1 implicit b) If only 2 implicit c) Both 1 and 2 implicit d) Neither 1 nor 2 implicit Example 1 Statement: The pen is mightier than the sword Assumptions: 1) The pen is made up of stronger metal than the sword 2) The power of the mind is much stronger than brute physical power Example 2 Statement: Go and get the file, an officer orders his subordinate Assumptions: 1) The file is confidential 2) The subordinate knows where the file is Example 3 Statement: One can't get to the top overnight. Perseverance and patience are required. Assumptions: 1) People aim to get to the top. 2) Sustained efforts can get one to the top. Example 4 Statement: If you are beautiful we will catch your beauty. If you are not beautiful, we will make you look beautiful. -Advertisement of a photo- studio Assumptions: 1) People like to be considered beautiful. 2) A photograph can make one look beautiful even if the person is not so. Example 5 Statement: Happiness is to be shared. Unhappy people suffer. Assumptions: 1) Unhappy people share sufferings. 2) Happy people do not suffer.
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