Critical Reasoning by careerapti

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									Critical   Reasoning
       Topics To Be Discussed

• Deductions

• Linear sequencing / Seating Arrangements

• Double line up

• Ordering

• Selections / Conditionality and Grouping
      Topics To Be Discussed

• Family tree

• Codes

• Series

• Direction Sense

• Statement Logic
Deduction    means     reducing   two   or   more
statements into one.


•Reduce two statements into one

•Reduce more than two statements into one

              SUBJECT        PREDICATE

 UNIVERSAL        √             X
 UNIVERSAL        √              √
PARTICULAR        X             X
 PARTICULAR       X              √
         Rules For Deductions
• Only three distinct terms.

• The middle term must be distributed at least once.

• Middle term should not come in the Conclusion.

• Two Particular, No Conclusion.

• Two Negative, No Conclusion.

• One Statement Particular, Conclusion Particular.

• One Statement Negative, Conclusion Negative.
          Rules For Deductions

Stat. 1   All   No   Some   All    All   Some

Stat. 2   All   No   Many Some     No     No

                No    No                 Some
Concl     All               Some   No
                concl concl              , Not

Stat. 1   UA   UN     PA     PN      UA   UA   UN

Stat. 2   UA   UN     PA     PN      PN   PA   PA

 Con      UA         No Con No Con   PN   PA   PN
 Problem 1

All pens are pots
All pots are jacks.

          “All pens are jacks”
Problem 2

No dogs are hens
No hens are cats


          No Conclusion
 Problem 3

All hands are legs
Some legs are ears.


Problem 4

All bills are rates.
All rates are flat.
No flat is token.

          No bills are token (or) No token is bill.
  Problem 5

  All boats are rivers
All mangoes are apples.
All rivers are mangoes.

          All boats are apples.
Problem 6

All clocks are fans.
Some fans are walls

          No Conclusion
 Problem 7

All shawls are carpets
No carpet is pullover.

          No shawl is pullover (or)
           No Pullover is Shawl
 Problem 8

  All tables are cars.
Some dusters are tables

          Some dusters are cars (or)
            Some cars are dusters
Problem 9

Some birds are hens
Some hens are trees

           No Conclusion
    Problem 10

   No scientist is teacher
Some teachers are researchers.

          Some researchers are not scientists
Problem 11

All fingers are legs
Some legs are hands
 All hands are ears

           No conclusion
Problem 12

 No shirt is pant.
No pant is a shoe.
All shoe are books.

           No conclusion
 Problem 13

 No month is a year
All months are hours
Some hours are weeks

           No Conclusion
     Problem 14

    All huts are bungalows
 Some bungalows are kitchens
All Kitchens are drawing Room

           No Conclusion
Problem 15

 Shoes are socks
 Shoes are laces
All laces are pages

           No Conclusion
Linear Sequencing / Seating
• Linear fashion means arrangement in a row.
• Analyze the problem and arrange it.
• Find the direct condition and start to solve, because the
  remaining conditions are based on the direct condition.
• No condition for the particular item, shows their is possibility
  in answer.
• Draw a Shape which is given in the question and arrange them
  according to the conditions given.
                    Problem 1
      There are five persons(A,B,C,D,E) in a room

seated in a single row in the following manner: A does

not sit immediately next to E. E and D sit immediately

next to each other. C is at the extreme right end of the

row. A is to the immediate left of C. Who must sit in the

middle seat of the row?
   Linear Sequencing / Seating

          Middle Seat : B or D
                   Problem 2
        M,N,O,P,Q,R,S,T,U,V,W are 11 persons in a team.

O is their captain who makes them sit in a row. P and R sit

together and so do V and W . Whereas there are exactly

four seats in between these pairs. T and U sit together with

T to the immediate right of S, who is next to Q. M and N

sit in the same order at one extreme with no one to the left


                  Problem 2

1.Who sits at fourth place?

2.How many persons sit in between S and N?

3.How many ways of arrangements are possible?

4. Show the arrangements possible?
     Linear Sequencing / Seating

1. The fourth term is S

2. There are 6 persons between S and N

3. There are 2 ways of arranging.

4. The arrangement possible,

P R Q S T U V W O M N (or)

                  Problem 3
      Eight varsity baseball players (G, H, J, K, L, M,
N, O) are to be honored at a special ceremony. Three of
these players (H, M, and O) are also varsity football
players. Two of them (K and N) are also basketball
players in the varsity team. In arranging the seats it was
decided that no athlete in two sports should be seated
next to another two-sport athlete.
                    Problem 3
1. Which of the following combinations is possible in order
  to have the arrangement of seat assignments as planned?
(a) H G KJ (b) H K J L (c) J K MN (d) J L H K (e) L K N

2. Which of the following cannot sit next to M?
(a) A       (b) J        (c) G and J     (d) K    (e) L

                    Problem 3
3. Before all athletes are seated there are two vacant seats
on either side of N. Which two athletes may occupy these
(a) G and K        (b) G and L         (c) J and H
(d) L and O        (e) M and J
4. To have the proper seating arrangement, K should sit
(a)G and H         (b) J and M         (c) L and N
(d) J and N        (e) J and L
       Linear Sequencing / Seating

1.   a) H G KJ
2.   b) J
3.   b) G and L
4.   e) J and L
                     Problem 4
        Six persons A, B, C, D, E and F are sitting in two rows,
three in each. E is not at the end of any row. D is second to the
left of F. C, the neighbour of E, is sitting diagonally opposite to
D. B is the neighbour of F.
1.Which of the following are sitting diagonally opposite to each
a) F and C b) D and A c) A and C d) A and F e) A and B
2.Who is facing B?
3.After interchanging seat with E, who will be the neighbours of
D in the new position?
a) A and C b) F and B c) Only B d) Only A e) Only C
      Linear Sequencing / Seating

1. d) A and F
2. E
3. a) A and C
                  Problem 5
      Five persons A, B, C, D and E are sitting in a row
facing you such D is on the left of C and B is on the
right of E. A is on the right of C and B is on the left of
D. if E occupies a corner position, then who is sitting in
the centre?
     Linear Sequencing / Seating

                   Problem 6
       A, B, C, D, E, F and G are sitting on a wall and
all of them are facing east. C is on the immediate right
of D. B is at an extreme end and has E as his neighbour.
G is between E and F. D is sitting third from the south

1.Who is sitting to the right of E?

2.Name the person who should change places with C
such that he gets the third place from the north end?
                  Problem 6
3. Which of the following pairs of people are sitting at
    the extreme ends?
a) AB b) AE c) CB d) FB
4. Immediately between which of the following pairs
    of people is D sitting?
a) AC b) AF c) CE d) CF
       Linear Sequencing / Seating

1.   G
2.   G
3.   a) AB
4.   d) CF
                   Problem 7
       In the Olympic Games, the flags of six nations
were flown on the masts in the following way;
       The flag of America was to the left of Indian
tricolour and to the right of the flag of France. The flag
of Australia was on the right of the Indian flag but was
to the left of the flag Japan, which was to the left of the
flag of china. Find the two flags which are in the centre.
a)India and Australia b) America and India
c) Japan and Australia d) America ad Australia
     Linear Sequencing / Seating

           a) India and Australia
                  Problem 8
       In a car exhibition, seven cars of seven different
companies viz. Cardilac, Ambassador, Fiat, Maruti,
Mercedes, Bedford and Fargo were displayed in a row,
facing east such that:
1.Cardialc car was to the immediate right of Fargo.
2.Fargo was fourth to the right of Fiat
3.Maruti car was between Ambassador and Bedford
4.Fiat, which was third to the left of Ambassador car,
was at one of the ends.
                 Problem 8
1. Which of the following was the correct position of
   the Mercedes?
   a) Immediate right of Fargo b) Immediate left of
   Bedford c) Between Bedford and Fargo d) Fourth
   to the right of Maruti
2. Which cars are on the immediate either sides of the
   Cardilac car?
      Linear Sequencing / Seating
1. Fourth to the right of Maruti
2. On either side of the Cardilac are the Fargo and the
                   Problem 9
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J are ten persons sitting in
waiting hall. J is sitting two table right of F, who is right
side of H. In between E and B two persons are sitting
where B is sitting left of G. In between E and J eight
persons are sitting.
C is sitting immediate right of E and left of B. G is
sitting four seats left of J. G and F have two persons in
between where one person is I. I is sitting immediate
right of G. H is sitting in seventh seat. Show the
arrangement possible.
     Linear Sequencing / Seating

          E C A/D B G I H F D/ A J
                   Problem 10
P,Q,R,S,T are 5 people who sit in a round table.

P sits two tables to the left of R and Q sits two tables to the
right of R.

1.If S is in between Q and R what is the arrangement?

2.How many different arrangements are possible?

3.If S is not sitting between Q and R then who is sitting
  between Q and S?
     Linear Sequencing / Seating

 Either P is sitting when viewed anticlockwise or T
 and R when viewed clockwise.
                  Problem 11
      6 people A,B,C,D,E and F sit around a table for

dinner. Since A does not like C, he doesn't sit either

opposite or beside C. B and F always like to sit

opposite each other.

1. If A is beside F then who are the two neighbors of B?

2. If D is adjacent to F then who is adjacent to C?
      Linear Sequencing / Seating

1. D and E

2. E and B (or) D and B
                    Problem 12
 Six friends A, B, C, D, E and F are sitting along the sides of a
hexagonal table for playing a game, thought not necessarily in the
same order.

 F, who is sitting exactly opposite of A, is to the immediate right
of B. D is between A and B and is exactly opposite to C.

1.A is sitting between whom?

2.Who is sitting opposite B?
     Linear Sequencing / Seating

              1. D and E
                 2. E
                 Problem 13
     Mr. A, Miss B, Mr. C and Miss D are sitting around
     a table and discussing their trades.
i) Mr. A sit opposite to cook
ii) Miss. B sits right to the barber
iii) The washer man is on the left of the tailor
iv) Miss. D sits opposite Mr. C.
1. What are the trades of A and B?
a) Tailor and Barber b) Tailor and Cook
c) Barber and Cook d) Washer man and Cook
      Linear Sequencing / Seating

b) Tailor and Cook
                 Problem 14
       Eight persons E, F, G, H, I, J, K and L are seated
around a square table – two on each side. There are
three lady members and they are not seated next to each
other. J is between L and F. G is between I and F.
       H, a lady member, is second to the left of J. F, a
male member is seated opposite E, a lady member.
There is a lady member between E and H?
1.Who is seated between E and H?
2.How many persons are seated between K and F?
3.Who is sitting immediate left of F?
                Problem 14
4. Who among the following are the three lady
a) E, G and J b) E, H and G c) G, H and J

5. Which of the following is true about J?
a) J is a male member b) J is a female member
      Linear Sequencing / Seating
1. K
2. Three
3. J
4. E, H and G
5. J is a male member
                  Problem 15
        Eight friends A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H are sitting
in a circle facing centre. B is sitting between G and D.
H is third to the left of B and second to the right of A. C
is sitting between A and G and B and E are not sitting
opposite to each other.
Which of the following statement is not correct?
a) C is third to the right of D b) A is sitting between C
and F c) E is sitting between F and D.
      Linear Sequencing / Seating

1. c) E is sitting between F and D
Double Line Up

• Consists of at least two different variables.

• Form a table.

• More than one Question per passage.

• Check the Option for Elimination.
                    Problem 1
P,Q,R,S,T,U,V,W are 8 employees allocated eight
different lockers numbered 1-8. The lockers are arranged
in four rows with two lockers in each row.
Lockers 1 and 2 in top row from left to right and lockers 7
and 8 in bottom row from left to right. Lockers 3 and 4 are
in the second row from top arranged from right to left and
so do 5 and 6.
P has been given locker 1 while V has been allocated
locker 8. T has locker just above that of Q which is just
above that of R whereas W locker is in bottom row.
                     Problem 1

1. Draw the table?
2. Which locker is allocated to employee Q?
3. How many arrangements are possible?
4. If W and P are interchanged how does the table look
5. If S is given locker 4 how many solutions are
      LEFT     RIGHT

P      1           2     T

S/U    4           3     Q

S/U    6           5     R

W      7           8     V

              Double Line Up

• Employee Q is allocated locker 3

• There are 2 arrangements possible

• W would take the top row and P would take the
  bottom row

• If S is given locker 4 there is only 1 solution
                    Problem 2
X,Y,Z are three supervisors and P,Q,R are three bearers in

a restaurant . Each of the three places A,B,C is to be

attended by two people a bearer and a supervisor.Y does

not attend A but R is at B. X is never at B, Q is at C. P and

X work together . So form the table for the data given?
         Double Line Up

    X          A            P

   Z/Y         B            R

   Z/Y         C            Q
                  Problem 3
There is a family of six persons P,Q,R,S,T and U. They
are Lawyer, Doctor, Teacher, Salesman, Engineer and
Accountant. There are two married couples in the family.
S, the salesman is married to the Lady Teacher. The
Doctor is married to the Lawyer. U, the Accountant is the
son of Q and brother of T. R, the Lawyer is the daughter-
in-law of P. T is the unmarried Engineer. P is the
Grandmother of U. What is P’s profession?

                                    (Wipro 2008)
             Double Line Up
Answer :

           Profession of P is lady teacher
                   Problem 4
Six picture cards P, Q, R, S, T and U are frames in six
different colours – blue, red, green, grey, yellow and
brown and are arranged from left to right (not
necessarily in the same order.
The Picture are of King, Princess, Queen, Palace, Joker
and Prince.
The picture of palace is in blue colour frame but it is not
on card S and card P which is of the queen, is in the
brown frame and is placed at extreme right.
The picture of the princess is neither on card S nor on
card T and is not in either the green or the yellow frame.
Card R has a picture of the king in a grey frame and it is
fifth from right and next to cards Q having the picture of
the Prince.
         Problem 4(Cont…)
1. The Picture of the joker is in which colour frame?

2. The picture of the palace is printed on which card?

3. If the princess’s card is immediately between the
    cards of the palace and the prince, then at what
    number is the joker’s card placed from left?
            Double Line Up

1. Data inadequate
2. T
3. First
                  Problem 5
The members of a bank are Mr. A, Mr. B, Mrs. C, Ms.
D, Mr. E and Ms. F. The positions they occupy are
Manager, Assistant Manager, Cashier, Stenographer,
Teller and a Clerk, though not necessarily in that order.
The Assistant Manager is the Manager’s grandson,
Cashier is Stenographer’s son in law, Mr. A is a
bachelor, Mr. B is 22 years old, Ms. D is Teller’s step
sister and Mr. E is Manager’s neighbour.
                 Problem 5
1. Who is the manager?
2. Who is the assistant manager?
3. Who is cashier?
4. Who is the stenographer?
5. Who is the teller?
6. Who is the clerk?
              Double Lineup

1.   Mrs. C
2.   Mr. A.
3.   Mr. B.
4.   Mr. E.
5.   Ms. F.
6.   Ms. D
                  Problem 6
Five executives of European Corporation hold a
Conference in Rome

Mr. A converses in Spanish & Italian
Mr. B, a Spaniard, knows English also
Mr. C knows English and belongs to Italy
Mr. D converses in French and Spanish
Mr. E , a native of Italy knows French

                   Problem 6
1. Who can act as interpreter if Mr. C & Mr. D wish to
   a) only Mr. A                b) Only Mr. B
   c) Mr. A & Mr. B            d) Any of the other three

2. If a 6th executive is brought in, to be understood by
   maximum number of original five he should be fluent
   a) English & French          b) Italian & Spanish
   c) English & French          d) French & Italian

              Double Lineup

1. d) Any of the other three.
2. b) Italian & Spanish
                  Problem 7
Spelunkers International offers exploring tours in eight
    caves: Abbott, Benny, Caeser, Dangerfield, Ewell,
    Fields, Guinness and Hope.
(1) Class 1 spelunkers may not attempt cave Ewell, Fields
    or Hope
(2) Class 2 spelunkers may not attempt Hope
(3) Class 3 spelunkers may attempt any cave
(4) Cave Caesar may be attempted only by spelunkers who
     have previously explored cave Benny
(5) Cave Fields may be attempted only by spelunkers who
     have previously explored cave Ewell
(6) Only two of the caves Benny, Caeser, Ewell, Fields,
    and Hope may be attempted by any explorer in a single
    tour.                                   Cont…
                      Problem 7
1. A class 2 spelunker who has previously explored cave
   Ewell may be restricted in choosing a tour by which

    (I) Rule(4) (II) Rule(5)        (III) Rule(6)

(a) I only             (b) II only          (c) I and III only
(d) II and III only    (e) I, II and III
                    Problem 7
2. In how many different ways may a class 1 spelunker
   who has never explored any of the eight caves before
   set up a tour of three caves, if she wishes to explore
   caves Abbott and Caesar?

  (a) 2     (b) 3        (c) 4        (d) 5        (e) 6
               Double lineup

1. c) I and III only
2. b) 3
                Problem 8
There are six cities A, B, C, D, E and F.
A is not a hill station.
B and e are not historical places.
D is not an industrial city.
A and D are not historical cities.
A and B are not alike.
1. Which two cities are industrial centres?
a) A and B b) E and F c) C and D d) B and F
                  Problem 8
2. Which two cities are historical places?
a) A and C b) B and F c) C and F d) B and E

3. Which two cities are neither historical places nor
   industrial centres?
a) A and B b) D and E c) F and C d) B and D
4. Which city is a hill station and an industrial centre
   but not a historical place?
a) E b) F c) A d) B e) C
                  Double lineup

1.   b) E and F
2.   c) C and F
3.   d) B and D
4.   a) E
                  Problem 9
Five friends P, Q, R, S and T traveled to five different
 cities of Chennai, Delhi, Bangalore and Hyderabad by
 five different modes of transport of Bus, Train, Aero
 plane, Car and Boat from Mumbai.
i) The person who traveled to Delhi did not travel by
ii)R went to Bangalore by car and Q went to Calcutta by
 aero plane.
iii)S traveled by boat whereas T traveled by Train.
iv)Mumbai is not connected by bus to Delhi and
                 Problem 9
1. Which of the following combinations of person and
    mode is not correct?
a) P – Bus b) R – car c) T – Aero plane d) S - Boat
2. Which of the following combinations is true for S?
a) Delhi – Bus b) Chennai- Bus c) Chennai - Boat
3. Who is that person traveled to Delhi?
4. The person went to Delhi traveled by?
              Double lineup
1. c) T – Aero plane
2. c) Chennai – Boat
3. T
4. Train
                Problem 10
In a school, there were five teachers. A and B were
teaching Hindi and English. C and B were teaching
English and Geography. D and A were teaching
Mathematics and Hindi. E and B were teaching History
and French.
1.Who is teaching maximum number of Subjects?
2.More than two teachers were teaching which subjects?
3.Which subject were handle by D, B and A?
             Double Lineup
1. B
2. English and Hindi
3. Hindi
                  Problem 11
Six students A, B, C, D, E and F are sitting in the field.
    A and B are from Nehru house while the rest belong
    to Gandhi house. D and F are tall while the others
    are short. A, C and D are wearing glasses while the
    others are not.
1. Which of the two student, who are not wearing
    glasses are short?
2. Which short student of Gandhi house is not wearing
3. Which tall student of Gandhi house is not wearing
             Double Lineup
1. B and E
2. E
3. F
                Problem 12
    Jayant, Kamal, Namita, Asha and Tanmay are five
members of a family. They have their birth dates from
January to May, each member in one of these months.
   Each one likes one particular item for his/her
birthday out of Bengali sweets, Chocolates, Pastries,
Ice cream and Dry fruits.
  The one who likes Pastries is born in the month
which is exactly middle in the months given. Asha does
not like Ice cream but brings Chocolates for Jayant in
February. Tanmay who is fond of Bengali sweets is
born the next month immediately after Namita. Namita
does not like Dry fruits or Ice cream.    Cont…
               Problem 12
1. What is the choice of Asha?
2. Which combination of month and item is true for
3. What is the choice of Kamal?
4. In which month was Kamal born?
             Double Lineup
1. Dry fruits
2. February – Chocolates
3. Ice cream
4. January or May
                 Problem 13
    In a group of six women, there are four dancers,
four vocal musicians, one actress and three violinists.
Girija and Vanaja are among the violinists while Jalaja
and Shailja do not know how to play on the violin.
Shailja and Tanuja are among the dancers. Jalaja,
Vanaja, Shailja and Tanuja are all vocal musicians and
two of them are also violinists. If pooja is an actress,
who among the following is both a dancer and a
a) Jalaja b) Shailja c) Tanuja d) Pooja
          Double Lineup

              C) Tanuja
                 Problem 14
      There are six friends A, B, C, D, E and F. each
one is proficient in one of the games, namely
Badminton, Volleyball, Cricket, Hockey, Tennis and
polo. Each owns a different colored car, namely yellow,
green, black, white, blue and red. D plays polo and
owns a yellow colored car. C does not play either
Tennis or Hockey and owns neither blue nor yellow
colored car. E owns a white car and plays Badminton. B
does not play Tennis, he owns a red colored car. A plays
Cricket and owns a black car.
                Problem 14
1. Who plays volleyball?
2. Which colored car F owns?
3. Which of the following combinations of color of car
    and game played is not correct?
a) Yellow – Polo b) Green – Tennis
c) Black – Cricket d) Red – Hockey
              Double lineup

1. C
2. Blue
3. b) Green - Tennis
                  Problem 15
       P, Q, R, S, T and U are six students procuring
their Master’s degree in six different subjects – English,
History,    Philosophy,     Physics,     Statistics   and
       Two of them stay in hostel, two stay as paying
guest (PG) and remaining two stay at their home. R
does not stay as PG and studies philosophy.
       The students staying Statistics and History do not
stay as PG. T studies Mathematics and S studies
Physics. U and S stay in hostel. T stay as PG and Q
stays at home.
                Problem 15
1. Who studies English?
2. Which of the following combinations of subject and
    place of stay is not correct?
a) English – Hostel b) Mathematics – PG
c) Philosophy – Home d) Physics - Hostel
3. Which subject does Q study?
4. Which of the following pairs of students stay at
a) PQ b) QR c) RS d) ST
              Double Lineup
1. P
2. a) English – Hostel
3. History or Statistics
4. b) QR
• Ordering
      Questions Related to the rank
• Elimination
      Questions related to the extremes

 More than one Variable use ordering .
 Only one variable use elimination or ordering.
                   Problem 1

K,L,M,N,O,P are 6 men. Neither M nor N is the

tallest.L is taller than P but shorter than K.O is as tall

as P but taller than M. which is the tallest.


             K is tallest.
                     Problem 2
P,Q,R,S,T are 5 cars. It is further known that T is faster and

more powerful than R,which is costlier than T. P is costlier

than R and faster than Q, which is more powerful than T. S

is the slowest and the cheapest of all cars, but is the most

powerful. R is more powerful and faster than P but is the

third costliest.

                   Problem 2
1.Which of the cars is the fastest?

2.Which of the cars has as many cars more powerful

  and less powerful than it?

3.Which is the costliest?

4.Which of the cars are cheaper than R?

1.T is the fastest car.

2.T is the car which has as many cars more powerful
  and less powerful than it.

3.Either of P/Q is the costliest.

4.T and S are cheaper than R.
                  Problem 3
There are 6 volumes of books on a rack kept in order(i.e
vol.1, vol.2 and so on). Give the position after the
following changes were noticed.Vol.5 was directly to
the right of Vol.2.Vol.4 has Vol.6 to its left and both
weren't at Vol.3's place.Vol.1 has Vol.3 on right and
Vol.5 on left. An even numbered volume is at Vol.5's
place. Find the order in which the books are kept now ?

                                      (Wipro 2008).
Answer :

           Vol2, Vol5, Vol1,Vol3,Vol6,Vol4.
                    Problem 4

A is twice as old as his sister B, but three years younger to

his brother C. C will be 16 in three years. How old is B?

             5 years
                 Problem 5

A is six months younger to B, while C is three months

younger to D: when E was born, C was two months old.

D belongs to the age group of five, while A belongs to

the age group of six. Who is the oldest among them?

                     Problem 6
There are six steps that lead from the first to the second
floor. No two people can be on the same step. Mr. A is
two steps below Mr. C. Mr. B is a step next to Mr. D
Only one step is vacant (No one standing on that step)
Denote the first step by step 1 and second
step by step 2etc.

                   Problem 6
1. If Mr. A is on the first step, Which of the following is
   (a)    Mr.     B     is      on  the     second     step
   (b)    Mr.     C     is      on   the    fourth    step.
   (c) A person Mr. E, could be on the third step
   (d) Mr. D is on higher step than Mr. C.

2. If Mr. E was on the third step & Mr. B was on a
   higher step than Mr. E which step must be vacant
   (a) step 1 (b) step 2 (c) step 4 (d) step 5 e) step 6
                 Problem 6
3. If Mr. B was on step 1, which step could A be on?
   (a) 2&e only   (b) 3&5 only      (c) 3&4 only
   (d) 4&5 only   (e) 2&4 only

4. If there were two steps between the step that A was
   standing and the step that B was standing on, and A
   was on a higher step than D , A must be on step
   (a) 2     (b) 3        (c) 4       (d) 5       (e) 6


1.   (d) Mr. D is on higher step than Mr. C.
2.   (a) step 1
3.   (c) 3&4 only
4.   (c) 4
                  Problem 7
A series of drama is to be arranged on all the five days
of the week Monday to Friday. Drama contains Fiction,
Romance, Horror, Comedy And Tragedy. Horror cannot
immediately precede Romance, Fiction should be
scheduled earlier than Romance, Comedy should come
after tragedy. If Horror is arranged on Friday then what
should be the sequence of the dramas.

     Fiction, Romance, Tragedy, Comedy , Horror
                  Problem 8
    Miss Dean wants to renovate her house. She hires a
plumber, a carpenter, a painter, an electrician and an
interior decorator. The work is to be finished in one
stretch (Monday-Friday). Each worker will take full day
to do his job. Miss Dean permits only one person to
work each day.
I. The painter can work only after the plumber and the
    carpenter       have      finished    their     jobs
II. The interior decorator must do his job before the
III. The carpenter cannot work on Monday or
     Tuesday                                  Cont…
                  Problem 8
1. If the painter work on Thursday, which one of the
following alternatives is possible?
(a) The electrician works on Tuesday.
(b) The electrician works on Friday.
(c) The interior decorator works after the painter does.
(d) The painter works on consecutive days.
(e) Miss Dean cannot fit all of the workers in the
                  Problem 8
2. If the painter works on Friday which of the following
   must be false?
(a) The carpenter may work on Wednesday
(b) The carpenter and the electrician may work on
    consecutive days
(c) If the carpenter works on Thursday, the electrician
    has to work on Wednesday
(d) The plumber may work before the electrician does
(e) The electrician may work on Tuesday

1.(b). The electrician works on Friday.

2.(c). If the carpenter works on Thursday, the electrician
   has to work on Wednesday
                   Problem 9
The cricket ball is lighter than the hockey ball, and the

volleyball is lighter than the football. The hockey ball is

lighter than the football but heavier than the tennis ball.

Which is the heaviest?

                 Problem 10
Six students A, B, C, D, E, and F participated in a self-
    evaluation test of Quants and Data Interpretation
    (D.I). The total marks of A in Quants was just above
    C and in D.I. just above F.
B was just above C in D.I. but he scored less than D in
    Quants. F got more marks than D and E in D.I. but
    did not perform as well in Quants as D.I. No one is
    in between C and D in Quants and C and A in D.I.
1. Who got the highest marks in D.I.?
2. Who was just below D in Quants?


1. B
2. Data Inadequate
                 Problem 11
Six plays A, B, C, D, E and F are to be staged, one on
each day from Monday to Saturday. The schedule of the
plays is to be in accordance with the following.
i) A must be staged a day before E.
ii) C must not be stages on Tuesday
iii) B must be staged on the day following the day on
which F is staged.
iv) D must be staged on Friday only and should not be
immediately preceded by B.
v) E must not be staged on the last day of the schedule.
                Problem 11
1. Which of the following plays immediately follows
a) A b) C c) D d) E e) F
2. Which of the following plays is on Monday?
a) E b) F c) C d) B e) A
3. Play D is between which of the following pairs of
a) B and E b) E and F c) A and E d) E and C e) C
    and F

            a) A
            b) F
            d) E and C
                 Problem 12
At the end of a cricket series, when five players were
arranged in the ascending order of runs scored by them,
O was fourth while N was first. When they were
arranged in descending order for wickets taken by them,
K replaces O while O replaces L. M’s position remains
uncharged. K has scored more runs than M. L is having
first rank in one ranking and fifth in another.
1.Who has scored the highest runs in the series?
2.Who has taken the lowest number of wickets?

            1. L
            2. O
                 Problem 13
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and H are eight friends. Three of
    them play cricket and table tennis and two of them
    play football. Each one of them has a different
The tallest does not play football and the shortest does
    not play cricket.
F is taller than A and D but Shorter than H and B. E
    who does not play cricket, is taller than B and is
    second to the tallest. G is shorter than D but taller
    than A. H, who is fourth from top, plays table tennis
    with D. G does not play either cricket or football. B
    does not play football.
               Problem 13

1. Who is the tallest?
2. Who is the Shortest?
3. What is F’s position from the top when they are
   arranged in descending order of their height?
4. Which of the following group of friends play
   a) CAE b) CBF c) CBA d) None of these

1.   C
2.   A
3.   Fifth
4.   b) CBF
                    Problem 14
i)     A, B, C, D, E and F are six students in a class
ii)    B and C are shorter than F but heavier than A
iii)   D is heavier than B and taller than C
iv)    E is shorter than D but taller than F
v)     F is heavier than D
vi)    A is shorter than E but taller than F.

1. Who is the tallest?
2. Who is third from the top when they are arranged in
   descending order of height?
                Problem 14
3. Who among them is the lightest?
4. Which of the following groups of friends is shorter
   than A?
a) B, C only b) D, B, C only c) E, B, C only d) F,
   B, C only e) None of these

1.   D
2.   A
3.   Data inadequate
4.   F, B, C only
                 Problem 15
       A sales representative plans to visit each of six
companies M, N, P, Q, R and S exactly once during the
course of one day. She is setting up her schedule for the
day according to the following conditions.
i)She must visit M before N and R.
ii)She must visit N before Q
iii)The third company she visits must be P.
1.If the sales representative visits S first, which
company must she visit second?
                  Problem 15
2. The sales representative could visit any of the
    following companies immediately after P except:
a) S b) R c) Q d) N e) M
3. Find the order in which the sales representative visits
    the six companies?
4. If sales representative visits Q immediately before R
    and immediately after S, she must visit Q:
a) First b) second c) fourth d) fifth e) sixth
1. M
2. e) M
3. M, S, P, N, R, Q
4. d) fifth
Selections / Conditionality And
• Selecting a part out of whole.
• Infer from the statements without Assumptions
• Apply condition and select,
• Conditions are given based on which the
  action takes place.
• There are four basic conditions. Based on them
  the decisions are made.
• Based on this conditions the groups are
• If A occurs then B also will occur

• If A occurs then B will not occur

• If A has not occurred then B will occur

• If A has not occurred then B also will not occur

Write the condition by shortcut manner like,

A and B together means A = B

If A come B will not come A ≠ B

If B is selected A,C will not select B ≠ A,C
                  Problem 1
      Three students J, B, S have to select 3 subjects

out of 6 subjects P,Y,M,C,H,L. if L is selected then P

cannot be selected. If S selects C then J does not select

L. if B selects Y then S cannot select C and if J selects

P then S selects H and L. If S selects L and B selects Y

then which are the subjects that S cannot select?
   Selections / Conditionality And
Answer :

           S cannot select P and C
                  Problem 2
A team consists of 5 members which has to be selected

from 5 boys P,Q,R,S,T and 3 girls U,V,W. The team

must consist of 3 boys and at least 1 girl.

If P is selected R cannot be selected

If S is selected V cannot be selected.

                  Problem 2

1. If 4 boys are selected then which girl can never be a

    part of the team?

2. If P and S are 2 boys selected then in how many

    ways can the team be formed?
    Selections / Conditionality And
1. 4 boys are selected which means that S is selected for
  sure. So S becomes a part of the team so V cannot be
  in the team.

2. If P and S form a team then the team can consist of
  PSQTU, PSQTW, PSQUW, PSTUW. So it can be
  formed in 4 ways.
                  Problem 3
      Asha and Charu are good in mathematics and
Athletics. Deepa and Asha are good in athletics and
studies, Charu and Beena are good in General
Knowledge and Mathematics. Deepa, Beena and Ela are
good in studies and General Knowledge. Ela and Deepa
are good in studies and Art.
                  Problem 3
1. Who is good in studies, general Knowledge,
   athletics and Arts?
2. Who is good in studies, General Knowledge and
3. Who is good in Athletics, General Knowledge and
4. Who is good in studies and General knowledge and
   Arts but not Athletics?
5. Who is good in studies, Mathematics and athletics?
     Selections / Conditionality And

1.   Deepa
2.   Beena
3.   Charu
4.   Ela
5.   Asha
                     Problem 4
      A scientist is trying to prepare a medicine using
four ingredients. He can choose from the stable
chemicals A, B and C and the unstable chemicals W, X,
Y and Z. in order to see that the medicine does not
explode, there must be two stable chemicals in it. Also
certain chemicals cannot be mixed because of their
reaction together.
                   Problem 4
•   Chemical B cannot be mixed with chemical W.
•   Chemical C cannot be mixed with chemical Y.
•   Chemical Y cannot be mixed with chemical Z.
1. If Y is the most important chemical and must be used in
   the formula, which other ingredients must be used?
2. If chemical B is rejected because of its possible side –
   effects but it is decided to use chemical Z, which is a
   possible combination of the four ingredients in the
   Selections / Conditionality And

1. A, B and X.

2. A, C, W and Z / A, C, X, Z.
                   Problem 5
The office staff of XYZ corporation presently consists
of three bookkeepers--A, B, C and 5 secretaries D, E, F,
G, H. The management is planning to open a new office
in another city using 2 bookkeepers and 3 secretaries of
the present staff . To do so they plan to separate certain
individuals who don't function well together. The
following guidelines were established to set up the new
                  Problem 5
I.   Bookkeepers A and C are constantly finding fault
     with one another and should not be sent together to
     the new office as a team.
II. C and E function well alone but not as a team, they
     should be separated.
III. D and G have not been on speaking terms and
     shouldn't go together.
IV. Since D and F have been competing for promotion
     they shouldn't form a team.
                   Problem 5
1. If A is to be moved as one of the bookkeepers,
   which of the following cannot be a possible working

2. If C and F are moved to the new office, how many
   combinations are possible

   a) 1      b) 2        c) 3         d) 4
3. If C is sent to the new office, which member of the
   staff cannot go with C
   a) B     b) D        c) F        d) G
                        Problem 5
4. Under the guidelines developed, which of the following must go to
   the new office

  a) B         b) D           c) E               d) G

5. If D goes to the new office, which of the following is/are true
   I. C cannot go
   II. A cannot go
   III. H must also go

  a) I only    b) II only     c) I and II only          d) I and III only
     Selections / Conditionality And

1.   a) ABDEH
2.   a) 1
3.   b) D
4.   a) B
5.   d) I and III only
                   Problem 6
       From a group of six boys M, N, O, P, Q, R and
five girls G, H, I, J, K a team of six is to be selected.
Some of the criteria of selection are as follows:
       M and J go together
       O cannot be placed with N
       I cannot go with J
       N goes with H
       P and Q have to be together
       K and R go together
                  Problem 6
1. If the team consists of two girls and I is one of them,
    the other members are?
2. If four members are boys, which of the following
    cannot constitute the team?
3. If the team has three girls including J and K, the
    members of the team are?
  Selections / Conditionality And
1. c) KOPQR
2. c) JKMNOR
3. c) MORG
                  Problem 7
Final year students plan to go for project which consist
     of 5 members ( 3 from A group and 2 from B
     group) based on the condition. There are two
     groups, group A consist of 6 members M N O P
     Q R and group B consist of 5 members V W X Y
     Z. conditions for selection are,
i) M does not come , Z & O should come
ii) X and Y remains together
iii) R and V cannot go together
iv) N is always go with Z
v) Q always go with W                     Cont….
                  Problem 7
vi) O can go with V
vii) O and P are together

1. If M is not there in the team, the team consist of?
2. If Q is there, who cannot be there in that team?
a) X & Y b) R & V c) V & W
  Selections / Conditionality And
2. a) X & Y
                  Problem 8
From a group of 6 boys A,B,C,D,E,F and 5 girls
L,M,N,O,P a group of 6 is to be selected based on the
following conditions:

1.O and P have to be together
2.C cannot go with O
3.A and D have to be together
4.D cannot go with L
5.C and M have to be together
6.Band N have to be together
7.B and E cannot be together
                       Problem 8
1. If the team consists of four girls the members of the
       team are:

i) BELNOP              ii) EFLNOP     iii) BFLNOP

2. If the team consist of 5 boys and 1 girl that girl
       would be:

i) L           ii) M        iii) N    iv) O
    Selections / Conditionality And

• D and A cannot be there. So (iii)BFLNOP

• If B is selected, you cannot select E, without E you
  cannot form 5 boys team. So reject B, then you have
  A, C, D, E, F. If C is selected M will be there in that
  team. ii) M.
                   Problem 9
Coach balkishan is trying to put together a team of four
players for a tennis tournament. He has seven players
available: males A, B, C and females M,N, O and P. All
players are of equal ability, and there must be at least
two males in the team. For a team of four, all players
must be able to play with each other player.

                   Problem 9
Player B cannot play with player M, player C cannot
play with player P, player M cannot play with player O.

1.If player O is selected and player B is rejected, the
  team will consist of which foursome?

2.If player M is in the team, which other players must
  be in the team as well?
   Selections / Conditionality And

1. A, C, O and N.

2. A, C and N.
                 Problem 10
1. If Q is selected, then the other members are?
    a) APRS        b) ADRS     c) BCPT       d) ABCDR
2. If three members are girls the team is?
    a) ABCRT       b) ACDRS c) BCDRS d) BCDPS
3. If the four members are to be boys and one member
    is A, then the remaining members of the team are?
   Selections / Conditionality And

1. a) APRS
2. d) BCDPS
                 Problem 10
From amongst 5 boys P, Q, R, S,T and 4 girls A, B, C,
D a team of five should be selected. Conditions given:

a)P and S are to remain together.
b)Q cannot remain together with B or C
c)R and A have to remain together.
d)T cannot remain with A or D.

                    Problem 11
2 collectors, Frank and Gloria are each selecting a group
of three wildlife prints from a group of 7 prints T, U, V,
W, X, Y and Z. No print can be in both groups. The
selections made by Frank and Gloria are subject to the
following restrictions.

a)If U is in Frank’s group, W must be in Gloria’s group
b)If X is in Frank’s group, Z must be in Gloria’s group.
c)T and Z cannot be in the same group.
d)W and Y cannot be in the same group.
                    Problem 11
1. If X is in Frank’s group, of the following could be in
     Gloria’s group except
     a) T      b) U c) V d) W e) Z
2. Which of the following pairs of groups selected by Frank
     and Gloria conform to the restrictions?
     a) Fr – TUV Gl - WXY        b) Fr - TUZ Gl – VWX
     c) Fr – UXZ Gl – TWY        d) Fr – VWX Gl – UYZ
3. If U is in Frank’s group, which of the following is true?
     a) T must be in Frank’s group
     b) Y must be in Frank’s group
     c) Y cannot be in Frank’s group
   Selections / Conditionality And

1. a) T

2. d) Fl – VWX Gl – UYZ

3. b) Y must be in Frank’s group.
                 Problem 12
Mr. Pict must accommodate seven tour group
passengers in two four – person cabins on the S.S.
Gallia. Each passenger in a cabin must be able to
converse with at least one passenger, though not
necessarily in the same language
•A, an Etruscan, also speaks Gothic and Hittite
•B and F are Hittites and speak only that language
•C, an Etruscan also speaks Gothic
•D and G are Goths and speak only Gothic
•E, an Etruscan also speaks Hittite
•Hittites refuse to share rooms with Goths
                 Problem 12
1. Which combinations of passengers in one of the
   cabins will result in a rooming arrangement that
   satisfies all conditions for both cabins?
   a. B, C, F            b. D, E, G c. C, D, E, G
   d. B, D, F, G
2. How many different combinations of cabin mates
   satisfy all conditions?
    a. 2 b. 3 c. 4 d. 5 e. 6
  Selections / Conditionality And

1. c. C, D, E, G
2. a. 2
                    Problem 13
From amongst six boys A, B, C, D, E and F and five
     girls P, Q, R, S and T, a team of six is to be selected
     under the following conditions:
i) A and D have to be together.
ii) C cannot go with S.
iii) S and T have to be together.
iv) B cannot be teamed with E.
v) D cannot go with P.
vi) B and R have to be together.
vii) C and Q have to be together.
                 Problem 13
1. If there be five boys in the team, the lone girl
   member is?
2. If including P, the team has three girls, the member
3. If four members have to be girls, the members of the
   team are?
4. If the team including C consist of four boys, the
   members of the team other than C are?
  Selections / Conditionality And
1. Q
2. B C F Q R
3. B F P R S T
4. A B D Q R
                  Problem 14
There are five men A, B, C, D and E and six women P,
     Q, R, S, T and U. A, B and R are advocates; C, D,
     P, Q and S are doctors and the rest are teachers.
     Some teams are to be selected from amongst these
     eleven persons subject to the following conditions;
i) A, P and U have to be together
ii) B cannot go with D or R.
iii) E and Q have to be together
iv) C and T have to be together
v) D and P cannot go together
vi) C cannot go with Q.                          Cont…
                  Problem 14
1. If the team is to consist of two male advocates, two
    lady doctors and one teacher, the members of the
    team are?
2. If the team is to consist of one advocate, two
    doctors, three teachers and C may not go with T, the
    members of the team are?
a) A E P Q S U b) A E P Q T U c) B E Q S T U
3. If the team is to consist of one advocate, three
    doctors and one male teacher, the member of the
    team are?
  Selections / Conditionality And

1. A B P U S
2. b) A E P Q T U
3. D E Q R S
                  Problem 15
Company plan to do a new project which is consist of 2
engineers, 3 managers and 1 executives from 4
engineers ( A B C D), 5 managers ( P Q R S T ), 3
executive ( X Y Z).
i)Engineer A does not work with P and X
ii)Manager S and Executive Y work together
iii)Engineer B does not work with manager T
iv)Manager Q does not work with manager S
v)R does not work with Z, X works with Q
vi)B and D remains together
vii)D does not work with Q and T           Cont….
              Problem 15

1. State the possibilities of forming team?

2. Who must be there in the team what
  ever may be the possibilities?
  Selections / Conditionality And

1. i) A C R S T Y ii) B D P R S Y

2. R, S & Y
Family Tree / Blood Relations

• Hierarchical structure of a family.

• It is called as Blood relations problems.

• Identify genders by different notation.
                 Problem 1

There are six members in a family A,B,C,D,E,F
who are related to each other. B is F’s daughter-
in-law. D is A’s only grand child. C is D’s only
uncle. A has only 2 children F and C, one male
and one female. E is father of C?

1.Who is the grand mother of D?

2.How many males and females are present?
  Family Tree / Blood Relations

• A is the grand mother of D

• There are 3 males and 3 females in the family.
                Problem 2

A is B’s sister. C is the father of B and D is the

mother of A. F is B’s child. F’s father is G. How is G

related to A?
  Family Tree / Blood Relations

• As A and B are sisters and G is the husband of B we
  can easily find the solution.

• G is A’s brother in law.
                  Problem 3
A,B,C,D,E,F. out of these we have 2 married couples.
E is a teacher married to a doctor who is mother of C
and F. B is a lawyer married to A. A has one son and
one grand son. Of the two married ladies, one is
housewife. We have one student and one male

How is A related to C?

Who is a housewife?
  Family Tree / Blood Relations

•A is C’s Grandmother.

•Housewife in a family is also A.
                Problem 4

Showing a photograph Asha said “He is the

brother of only daughter of my mother" and

asked how is she related to him.
 Family Tree / Blood Relations


          She is pointing at her brother.
                     Problem 5
A family has 7 members – 4 men and 3 women. They
are L, M, N, O, P, Q, R. M is businessman and father of
P. Q is doctor and paternal grandfather of P. N is
Housewife and daughter in law of O. R is P’s uncle and
an advocate. N is not P’s mother. O is not married to
M. We have 3 married couples in the family, one
architect, one pilot and a journalist too.
i. If Q is the grandfather of pilot. What is his daughter
           in law’s profession?
ii. If O is the pilot and the journalist is not a female then
    what is P’s profession?
iii.Find the male members in that family?
     Family Tree / Blood Relations

i)    Cannot find

ii) Journalist

iii) QMRP
                  Problem 6

A man shows his friend a woman sitting in a park and

says “She is the daughter of my grandmother's only

son”. What is the relation between the two members?

 Family Tree / Blood Relations


      Man and Woman are Brother and Sister
                  Problem 7

Ram is the brother of shyam and Mahesh is the father of

Ram. Jagat is the brother of Priya and Priya is the

daughter of Shaym. Who is the uncle of Jagat?
  Family Tree / Blood Relations


                   Problem 8
A, B, C, D, E and F is a group of six persons of a

family. The number of gents is the same as the number

of ladies. A and E are sons of F. D is the mother of Two

children of whom one is a boy and the other is a girl. B

is the son of A. in this group there is only one pair of

married persons.
                  Problem 8
1. Find females in the family?

2. Who is the uncle of C?

3. Who is the husband of D?

4. Who are all the children of D?

5. Who is the grand daughter of F?
  Family Tree / Blood Relations

2. E
3. A
4. BC
5. C.
                    Problem 9
A family consists of five members A, B, C, D and E. E
has two sons and unmarried daughter and a daughter –
in – law. The daughter in law is an officer and her
brother in law A is an engineer. C is a doctor. The sister
of B is a violinist who has learned to play violin from
B’s wife?

Who is the daughter of E?
How is A related to D?
Who is the wife of B?
  Family Tree / Blood Relations


1. C

2. A is the brother in law of D

3. D.
             Problem 10

Looking at a portrait of a man, Harsh said,
“His mother is the wife of my father’s son.
Brothers and sisters I have none”. At whose
portrait was Harsh looking?
 Family Tree / Blood Relations

            His Son
             Problem 11

Rahul told Anand, ‘Yesterday I defeated
the only brother of the daughter of my
grandmother’. Whom did Rahul defeat?
 Family Tree / Blood Relations

             Problem 12

Deepak said to Nitin, “that boy playing
with the football is the younger of the two
brothers of the daughter of my father’s
wife”. How is the boy playing football
related to Deepak?
 Family Tree / Blood Relations

              Problem 13

Neelam, who is Deepak’s daughter, says to
Deepika, “your mother Rekha is the
younger sister of my father who is the third
child of Ramlal”. How is Ramlal related to
 Family Tree / Blood Relations

              Problem 14
A is the son of B. C, B’s sister has a son D
and a daughter E. F is the maternal uncle of
1.How is A related to D?
2.How is E related to F?
3.How many nephews does F have?
 Family Tree / Blood Relations

1. Cousin
2. Niece
3. Two (A&D)
             Problem 15

Shobha is the niece of Ashish. Ashish’s
mother is Priya. Kamala is Priya’s mother.
Kamala’s husband is Hari. Krishna is the
mother – in – law of Hari. How is Shobha
related to Hari?
 Family Tree / Blood Relations

          Great Granddaughter
• Codes may be numerical or alphabets.

• To decode – find the format of arrangement.

• The arrangement can be any one of the following

      1. Reversed order

      2. Gaps in between

      3. +1and-1 format

      4. Tree format
             Problem 1

The term FIRE is coded as DGPC, then

how will SNOW be coded as?

          SNOW can be coded as QLMU.
             Problem 2

SIKKIM is coded as THLJJL. Then how

will TRAIN be coded as?

    TRAIN can be coded as UQBHO
                  Problem 3

In a certain code ‘Hit Bit Mit’ means ‘Git Rim Nit’

‘Sit Pit Mit’ means ‘Lit Git Tit’ and ‘Fit Zit Pit’

means ‘Dit Vit Tit’. What does Sit stand for in that

code language?

          Sit coded as Lit
          Problem 4

If DIAMOND is     “   VQYMKLV”,
FEMALE is _____

  FEMALE will be coded as TUMYNU.
                Problem 5

If the word VIOLENCE is coded as EVCINOEL. Find

the code for SEPARATE?

                                (Wipro 2008)
Answer:              :

             Problem 6
If the word "CODING" is represented as

DPEJOH , then the word "CURFEW" can

be represented?


             Problem 7

If "segment" is coded as rffndou, what is
the code for “ritual”.


          Problem 8

? : BGLQ : : YDIN : VAFK (Wipro)

               Problem 9
In a certain code each letter is coded as
A = D, B=E, C=F

What is the code for SHOOT?


         Problem 10



                Problem 11

In a certain code, TRIPPLE is written as

SQHOOKD. How DISPOSE can be written

in that code?


              Problem 12

If the word PEARL is written as MBXOI,

then how the word DIAMOND would be

written in that code?


            Problem 13

In a certain code, SOLVED is written
as LOSVDE. How WEIGHT will be
written in that code?


           Problem 14

If in a language INDIA is coded as

JMEHB    then   in   that   language

SOURAV will be coded as ?


           Problem 15

In a certain code DUPLICATE is
written as MRVFJFVBE. How is
CARTOUCHE written in that code?


             Number Coding
•The one done before was alphabet coding now
it is number coding.

•The usual format of coding is we follow the
some steps as given below;

1. Coding starts from certain digit.
2. Coding in some series
3. Coding in the same numbers
         Problem 1

If Z=52 and ACT=48 what is BAT=?
          Number Coding


A=2 B=4 C=6……Z=52


           Problem 2

FEED is coded as 6554, what will

BREAD be coded as?
          Number Coding

FEED = 6554

BREAD = 218514
             Problem 3

In certain code ‘Do not touch’ is 75 46

20, and Please do come is ’64 8 75’.

What is the code for touch?
            Number Coding

Do = 75
Not =46
Touch = 20
Please = 64
Do = 8
Come = 75
So touch = 20.
            Problem 4

If in a certain code BEAUTIFUL is coded

as 573041208, BUTTER as 504479, how is

FUTURE coded in that code?
          Number Coding

              Problem 5

ENGLAND is written as 1234526 and

FRANCE as 785291. How will GREECE

be written?               (Infosys)
          Number Coding


                Problem 6

If in a certain code "RANGE" is coded as 12345

and "RANDOM" is coded as 123678, then the

code for the word "MANGO" would be?

                          (MBT & Wipro)
          Number Coding


            Problem 7
If the word FADENCOMT equals
   345687921 then

1. What is FEAT?

2. Find representation of 2998?

          Number Coding

1. 3641

             Problem 8

If Raman is written as 12345 and Dinesh

as 675894, how will Mahaan be written?
          Number Coding

           Number Coding
Answer :

              HEN = 27
            Problem 9

If H = 8, HE = 13, then “Hen” will be
equal to?
             Problem 10

If “Rose” is coded as 6821, “Chair” is
coded as 73456 and “Preach” is coded
as 961473, what will be the code for
“search” ?
          Number Coding


            Problem 11

In certain code RAIL is written as
5796 and TAPE is written as 3748.
how is PAIR written in that code?
          Number Coding


             Problem 12

In a certain code language, GRAPE is
written as 27354 and FOUR is written
as 1687. How is GROUP written in
that code?
          Number Coding


            Problem 13

If FEED is coded as 4, what will be the

code for BREAD?
          Number Coding


              30/5 = 6
            Problem 14

If MACHINE is coded as 19-7-9-14-
15-20-11,   how   will   you   code
          Number Coding


          10 -7-20-13-11-24
           Problem 15

If MASTER is coded as 411259, then

POWDER will be coded as?
        Number Coding

A=1, B=2, C=3, D=4, E=5, F=6, G=7,
H=7, I=9, J=1, K=2, L=3, M=4, N=5,
O=6, P=7, Q=8, R=9, S=1…

• Series involves the numbers or alphabetic, that are
  arranged in a particular sequence.

• The sequence can be any of the following;
     4.squares and cubes
     5.+/- order series
               Problem 1

Fill in the series 13,32,24,43,35, __,
46, 65,57,76


            Problem 2

Fill in the series 4,6,12,14,28,30 ___?


           Problem 3

Fill in the series 9,12,11,14,13,_,15

           Problem 4

NLO : RPS : : ? : ZXA



              Problem 5

90,180,12,50,100,200,___ 3,50,4,25,2,6,30,3

Answer :

              Problem 6

5, 20, 24, 6, 2, 8, __


  (5*4=20, 20+4=24, 24/4=6, 6-4=2, 2*4=8,
          Problem 7

0, 2, 3, 5, 8, 10, 15, 17, 24, 26,__



     Problem 8

___, ayw, gec, mki, sqo




             Problem 9

2, 5, 9, 19, 37,__

            Problem 10

4, 11, 30, 67, __



         Problem 11

4832, 5840, 6848……

Add 1008
= 6848 + 1008
= 7856
           Problem 12

Find the number which is not matched
properly in the above series?

1, 3, 5, 10, 17, 26…..
a) 10 b) 17 c) 3 d) 26

           C) 3
         Problem 13

13, 32, 24,43,35, ?, 46, 65

13, 24, 35, 46….( added with 11)
32, 43, 54, 65…..( added with 11)
= 54
             Problem 14

8, 9, 8, 7, 10, 9, 6, 11, 10, ?, 12….


 8    9   8
 7   10   9
 6   11   10
 ?   12           = 5 ( add 1 in each)
              Problem 15

2/ √5, 3/5, 4/5√5…..


 = 1/5
Direction Sense
• This gives the path followed to reach the required
• The basic thing necessary here is the
  NORTH,SOUTH,EAST,WEST directions to find the


                  W             E

                Problem 1

A travels a distance of 5km north and then he

travels 8km east then he travels 6km north and

then he travels 2km south. So where is he from

the start?
          Direction Sense


          The direction is NE.
                    Problem 2

If Ram travels 5km by walk towards north and 6 km

west by cycle and 11km south by bike and 22km east by

car. Where is he from start?
          Direction Sense


          He is in SE direction.
                    Problem 3

The door of my house faces east. I walk from my back

door 100 m, then right and walk 100 m and turn left and

walk 50m and reach a point X. In which direction am I

from the starting point?
          Direction sense

             North West
                    Problem 4
A child is looking for his father. He went 90m in the

east before turning to his right. He went 20m before

turning to his right again to look for his father at his

uncle’s place 30m from his point. His father was not

there. Form there, he went 100m to his north before

meeting his father in a street. How far did the son meet

his father from starting point?
           Direction sense

Answer :

              100 metres
                Problem 5

In   a   room    4     persons   are    there

like A,B,C,D. A is to the east of B, B is to

the north of C, C is to the west of D, and D

is to the south of A. Then how C is directed

to A?                (Accenture 2007)
           Direction Sense
Answer :

               Problem 6

A man walks east and turns right and then

from there to his left and then 45 degrees to

his right. In which direction did he go?

          Direction Sense

             North west
                Problem 7

A person travels 6km towards west, then

travels 5km towards north, then finally

travels 6km towards west. Where is he with

respect to his starting position?
          Direction Sense


          13km northwest
                   Problem 8

A starts from his office and walks 3 km towards north.

He then turns right and walks 2km and then turns right

and walks 5km then turns right and walks 2 km and then

again turns right and walks 2 km. In which direction is

he from the starting point?
          Direction Sense

                   Problem 9

A’s office is situated 5 km North from B’s office. B

starts from his office and walks 2 km towards A’s

office. He then turns right and walks 3 km and then

turns left and walks 3 km. To which direction will he

turn to reach A’s office?
          Direction Sense


           West Direction
                  Problem 10

Pradeep walks 10 metres westward, then turns left and

walks 10 mtrs. He then again turns left and walks 10

mtrs. He takes a 45 degree turn rightwards and walks

straight. In which direction is he walking now?
          Direction Sense


               Problem 11

I am facing east. I turn 100 degree in the

clockwise direction and then 145 degree in the

anticlockwise direction. Which direction am I

facing now?
          Direction Sense


             North - East
                   Problem 12

Radha moves towards South east a distance of 7 m, then
she moves towards west and travels a distance of 14 m.
From here, she moves towards North west a distance of
7 m and finally she moves a distance of 4 m towards
East and stood at that point. How far is the starting point
from where she stood?
          Direction Sense


            = 10 metres
             Problem 13
One evening before sunset two friends

Sumit and Mohit were talking to each

other face to face. If Mohit’s shadow

was exactly to his right side, which

direction was sumit facing?
          Direction Sense


            Problem 14

If south – east becomes North, North –

east becomes West and so on, what

will West become?
          Direction Sense


            South - east
                  Problem 15

Lokesh’s school bus is facing North when it reaches his
school. After starting from Lokesh’s house, it turns right
twice and then left before reaching the school. What
direction was the bus facing when it left the bus stop in
front of Lokesh’s house?
          Direction Sense


                Statement logics
Analysis and interpretation of data in the statements
are necessary

This helps in inferring the answers
         1) Conclusions
         2) Assumptions
         3) Arguments
In question has a statement and two conclusions.
Analyse the conclusions and give answers.

a) if conclusion 1 follows
b) if conclusion 2 follows
c) if neither 1 nor 2 follows.
d) both 1 and 2 follows
                     Example 1
Statement: Quality has a price tag. India is allocating lot
of funds for education


1)Quality of education in India would improve soon

2) Funding alone can enhance Quality of education
                   Example 2
Statement: No new taxes are proposed in the revised


1)The country has a balanced economy.

2) The country has a surplus
                   Example 3
Statement: No country is self-sufficient in absolute
           terms in the present era.


1) It is not possible to grow and produce all the things
   that a country needs.

2) Efficiency of people has decreased worldwide.
                  Example 4
Creating employment opportunities is the best way to
make people out of poverty in India.


1)Unemployment is a cause of poverty in India

2) Employment opportunities are few and far in India
                    Example 5
It cannot be done


1) It is impossible

2) We can do nothing
           Statement- Arguments
Each questions given below has 1 statement and two
arguments.we should decide which of the arguments is

Give answer:
a)If only 1 is strong
b)If only 2 is strong
c)If neither 1 or 2 is strong
d)If both 1 and 2 is strong
                  Example 1
Should Private sector be permitted to operate
telephone services?


1)Yes, they are operated in advanced western

2) No, It is risky to put them in private hands
                 Example 2
Should the political parties be banned?


1) Yes, it is necessary to teach a lesson to the

2) No, it will lead to an end of democracy
                  Example 3
Traditional culture is better than the new culture.


1) Both have their good points as well as weak

2) The new culture is ruining society.
                 Example 4
Every institution should be state – owned.


1) It will kill private enthusiasm.

2) People will not be serious to work hard.
                 Example 5
Should there be one government for the whole

1) Yes, it will lead to a better control of wars in
   the world.

2) No, because the weaker nations will be
   devoured by the strong nations.
      Statement- Assumptions
Each question contains 1 statement and 2
assumptions. Check the data and answer.

Give answer:

 a) If only 1 implicit
 b) If only 2 implicit
 c) Both 1 and 2 implicit
 d) Neither 1 nor 2 implicit
                 Example 1
Statement: The pen is mightier than the sword


1) The pen is made up of stronger metal than the
2) The power of the mind is much stronger than
  brute physical power
                Example 2
Statement: Go and get the file, an officer orders
his subordinate


1) The file is confidential
2) The subordinate knows where the file is
                 Example 3
Statement: One can't get to the top overnight.
  Perseverance and patience are required.


1) People aim to get to the top.
2) Sustained efforts can get one to the top.
                Example 4
Statement: If you are beautiful we will catch
  your beauty. If you are not beautiful, we will
  make you look beautiful.
              -Advertisement of a photo- studio

1) People like to be considered beautiful.
2) A photograph can make one look beautiful
  even if the person is not so.
                  Example 5
Statement: Happiness is to be shared. Unhappy people


1) Unhappy people share sufferings.
2) Happy people do not suffer.

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