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					   Australia




“The Land Down Under”
                Aborigine Culture




Ancient aborigine trade routes

                                 Aborigine river fish traps made of stone walls
   Then the Europeans came…
• Possible that Portuguese
  might have sighted first
  but not known for sure
   – Aborigine rock paintings
     may support this claim of
     Portuguese ships off shore
• First landing was by
  Dutch explorers in 1606
   – Found on way to Dutch
     East Indies, AKA Indonesia
• They called it “New
  Holland”
       The British (of course)
• Captain James Cook given job of
  mapping far east for British.
  – Sends back favorable reports to London
    about Australia and claims all of East
    Australia for Britain in 1779.
• This was right around the time that Britain
  was losing its American colonies in the
  revolution
  – Creates an “opportunity” to use Australia
Cook’s Voyages
             Crime in England
• British traditionally had
  very strict law code
   – Debts could get you life
     in prison
   – Stealing an animal could
     earn you death via
     hanging
• During Industrial
  Revolution of 16-
  1700’s cities grew
  rapidly in England
   – Results in rapid spike in
     crime
   Punishment: Transportation
• Many English criminals
  were actually kept on
  ships converted into cells
  on the Thames River in
  London
• Sentence was
  “transported” to a
  colony
  – Georgia was founded as
    colony of debtors
  – America needed additional
    workers
• After war, Britain decided
  to make penal colony of
  New South Wales
          First Prisoner Fleet
• Left England in 1787 and took
  over a year to get to Australia
  – Provisioned in Rio de Janeiro, South
    Africa, and various islands
  – Ship “fresh” water often fouled
  – Hundreds of convicts and marines
    died on journey or shortly after
    landfall
• First settlement at Botany Bay,
  where Sydney now sits
          Later transportations
• In the next 60 years over 150,000
  convicts transported to Australia.
  Many more sent to other islands.
• Convicts sentenced to 7 years, 14
  years, or life. Were not allowed to
  ever return to Britain.
• Some escaped into the interior and
  became outlaws known as
  “bushrangers”
• In the 1850’s gold was discovered
  bringing much immigration and
  investments.
• 1901 country of Australia gains
  independence
      Australian culture today
• Very similar to US and British culture
• Very egalitarian: idea that everyone should
  be equal in many ways
• Culture emphasizes masculinity
  – Probably due to penal colony period
  – Seen in favorite activities
• Food traditionally English with many Asian
  influences
  – A traditional favorite is Vegemite
Vegemite = spread made from yeast extract left
           over from making beer
       Main sports of region
• Cricket (main summer
  sport)
• Rugby
• Soccer
• Australian Rules
  Football
Aussie Rules Video
   Sport Promo
    Highlights

				
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posted:9/26/2012
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