Government by ert554898


Read Chapter 2 – reading quiz on Wednesday
  Read Chapter 3 – reading quiz on Friday
                 Chapter 2 Ideas
• Limited Government – ideas seen in the
  Magna Carta, Petition of Rights and the
  English Bill of Rights

• Representative Government – people elect
  delegates to make the laws and conduct the
  – Based on the English Parliament:
     • Upper House – House of Lords which is the
       aristocracy (like our Senate)
     • Lower House – House of Commons which are the
       common people, mostly were merchants and property
       owners (like our House of Representatives)
    Government in the Colonies
• Each colony has it’s own governor, legislature
  and court system. But each colony still owed its
  allegiance to the British crown.

  – Even within the colonies, there were still limitations
    on who could vote and have a say in the government
     • Women and slaves had no vote
     • Property ownership was a prequalification to vote
• Several colonies established official churches which
  meant that there was still some religious discrimination

• These governmental practices continued into the new
   – Written constitutions
   – Legislature of elected representatives
   – Separation of powers

• First example of a written constitution is the Mayflower
   – Pilgrims designed so would have written laws for when they
      • Agreed to choose their own leaders and make their own laws
• In 1636 Massachusetts Bay was added to the Plymouth

• This led to the Great Fundamentals which was the 1st
  basic system of laws in the English colonies

• In 1639, came the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
  which was the 1st FORMAL constitution
   – It was a plan for government that gave people the right to
     elect the governor, judges, representatives to make the laws
• Virginia House of Burgesses – first legislature created in
  1619; set up 12 years after JAMESTOWN was settled

• Religious beliefs played a LARGE part in the northern
  colonies governments

• Puritans believed each congregation should choose
  their own ministers and leaders

• Wanted to organize as they choose, fleeing oppression
  and having decisions made for them
         Separation of Powers
• This means that each branch of the government
  has the ability to “check” the power of the
        Articles of Confederation
• Original plan for government passed by Congress
  setting up the structure and operation of the

• All 13 states needed to ratify the Articles in order for it
  to become fact

• Originally set up a unicameral legislature - one chamber
  of congress which is where the executive positions were
  selected from
• When Congress was not in session, a Committee of
  States managed the government – this was 1 delegate
  from each state that managed the entire government

• There was federal court system

• Congress settled all state disputes between states and
  each state got ONE vote in Congress no matter what
  size or population the state had

• Federal representatives were selected by the state
  legislatures and also paid them and could recall them at
  any time
        Powers given to Congress
•   Make War and Peace
•   Send / Receive Ambassadors
•   Enter into treaties
•   Raise and equip a navy
•   Maintain an army by requesting troops from the states
•   Appoint senior military officers
•   Fix standards of weights and measures
•   Regulate Indian affairs
•   Establish post offices
•   Decide certain disputes between the states

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