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					                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading




         Poem

         Computer-related Vocabulary
                    Detailed Reading




         Introduction of the virtual world

         News Report

         Warm-up Questions
                                                                        Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                        Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading      Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading



     Introduction of the Virtual World

            Some Famous Websites
                                  Detailed Reading


            SOHO — Small-Office/Home-Office

            Virtual College
                                                                        Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                        Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading      Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading


                                              Poem
  Directions: Listen to the poem Surfing the Internet
  and answer the following questions.
                                  Detailed Reading

1. What was the hero doing when his boss came in?
      Surfing the Internet.
2. How did he act in front of his boss?
      He pretended to be surprised at the computer which
      had crashed “unexpectedly”.
3. What would you do if you were in such a situation?
      Open ended.
                                                                        Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                        Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading      Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading




                                  Detailed Reading
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading


                      Computer-related Vocabulary

     The most dynamic combining forms/prefixes for new
 computer- and Internet-related vocabulary in English are
                      Detailed Reading
 cyber-, virtual, Net- (net), Web- (web-), and E- (e-).

 1. combining forms/prefixes + noun

          virtual life (虚拟世界),virtual office(虚拟办公室),
          cyber-interaction(网络互动), cyber nut(网虫), cyber
          pet(电子宠物),Web page(网页), website(网站), e-
          card(电子贺卡),e-business(电子商务)
                                                                        Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                        Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading      Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading



 2. combining forms/prefixes + verb
          cyber surf(网上冲浪), netsurf(网上冲浪), email(发送
          电子邮件)
                                  Detailed Reading

 3. words like cyber, net, etc. + suffix
          cyberian(网络用户), netter(网民), cyberize(使联网)

 4. clipped words
          cyberdoc(网络医生), Netcast(网络播放), Netizen(网
          民), e-zine(电子杂志)
                                                                        Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                        Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading      Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading



                          Some famous websites


                          www.sohu.com
                                  Detailed Reading



                          www.sina.com.cn


                          www.elong.com
                                                                        Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                        Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading      Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading




                                  Detailed Reading
                                                                        Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                        Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading      Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading




                                  Detailed Reading
                                                                        Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                        Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading      Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading




                                  Detailed Reading
                                                                        Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                        Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading      Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading


                 SOHO — Small-Office/Home-Office
1. What do you guess is the meaning of SOHO in information
   technology?
                                  Detailed Reading
      In information technology, SOHO is a term for the small
      office or home office environment and business culture.
      A number of organizations, businesses, and publications
      now exist to support people who work or have
      businesses in this environment. These people needn’t
      go to the office everyday. They work at home without
      worrying about their dress and the strict rules of the
      company. The term “virtual office” is sometimes used
      as a synonym.
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading




2. What kind of people do you think belong to the group of
   SOHO?
      Writers, program designers, ad-agent, etc., all belong
                      Detailed Reading

      to the group of SOHO. Obviously, the author of Text A
      is a member of them.
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading


                                  Virtual College
     Virtual College affords individuals the opportunity to
advance in their chosen careers through on-line education.
                      their education without leaving their
People can completeDetailed Reading
home or office. However, they will have the college
campus experience through a virtual classroom
environment. The virtual classroom will allow them to
interact with their instructors and other students in the
class. Through the virtual classroom students will share
information with their “classmates” from all over the
world. The virtual classroom is available 24 hours a day,
allowing people to complete the courses at their
convenience regardless of their work schedule.
                                                                        Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                        Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading      Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading


Some virtual colleges are: APCO Virtual College, Virtual
College of Elizabeth City State University

                                  Detailed Reading
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

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Questions and Answers to Virtual College:
1. Do you think virtual college will be popular in the
   future, why or why not?Reading
                     Detailed


      Open ended.
2. What do you think are the advantages and
   disadvantages of virtual college?
      Open ended.
                                                                        Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                        Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading      Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading


                                   News Report

Direction: Listen to the following news and answer
the questions.
                                  Detailed Reading



1. Why were e-communications booming when the
   deadly SARS virus was plaguing?
      Because people want to reduce their face-to-face
      contacts with others, or hide at home.
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                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading



2. What did people surf the Net for during the period
   of SARS plaguing?
      They surf the Net for information about SARS and
                       Detailed Reading
      use e-mail to keep in touch with friends and family;
      share the information and downloading medical
      advice.
3. What did you do when SARS was plaguing?
      Open-ended.
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Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading



      The deadly SARS virus plaguing China appears to
 have been a god-send for the nation’s Internet service
 providers. As people reduce their face-to-face contacts
                     Detailed Reading
 with others, or hide at home from the disease, e-
 communications are booming.
      Many people are surfing the Net for information
 about the mysterious, and highly contagious virus and
 using e-mail to keep in touch with friends and family.
 Many Internet users are downloading medical advice to
 relieve their SARS-caused anxieties. And they are using
 e-mail to share the information.
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                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

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     Sina.com’s news channels have received an
increasing number of hits in recent days, due in part to
the epidemic, said Daniel Mao, Sina.com’s chief executive
                     Detailed Reading
officer.
     The remote office, which allows people to work via
the Internet when they are out of their offices, has
become increasingly popular since the SARS outbreak.
Countless people nervous about shopping in high-traffic
stores and malls are making purchases online.
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

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                             Warm-up Questions
1. What are the antonyms of “virtual world” and “virtual
   life”?
                        Detailed
      real world; real life Reading
2. What are the synonyms for “virtual world”?
      cyberspace; cyberia; virtual reality; Internet world;
      net world; etc.
3. What can people do on the Internet?
      communicating with people; shopping; reading;
      learning; working; publishing; listening to the music;
      watching films; playing games; hacking; etc.
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4. What do you usually do on the Internet, and what
   websites do you usually log on?
                                  Detailed Reading
      Open-ended.
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                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

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          Part Division of the Text


          Questions about the Text


          Word Scanning


          Further Understanding
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

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   Further Understanding
            Questions and Answers

            Multiple Choice

            True or False
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                         Part Division of the Text

 Parts           Para(s).                                Main Ideas

     1            1~16                Description of the author’s virtual
                                      life

     2            17~53               Her feeling about the virtual life

     3            54~66               Her effort of returning to the
                                      real world and her feeling about
                                      the real world
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 Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading


                    Questions and Answers
1. What is the main idea of Text A?
      Despite the many negative effects of virtual life, the
      author prefers it to real life.
2. What are the roles of the first paragraph and the last?
      The first paragraph tells about the consequences of living
      a virtual life and the last tells about the author’s return
      to it. Together, they show us the dilemma people are in
      at present: Because of modern technology, we have a
      choice between a virtual life and real life, but we find
      both unsatisfactory. The author, however, finally has to
      choose the latter despite its negative effects.
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
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                              Word Scanning
Direction: Scan Text A to find out vocabulary items
related to computer and the Internet.

    Title virtual life                               link L19
    L1 on the net                                    cyber-interaction L25
    L8 telecommuter                                  on line L39
    L9 email                                         system crash L47
    LL9-10 Internet mailing lists                    click on the modem L64
    LL10-11 computer-assisted                        connection L64
    L18 data                                         password L65
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

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                     Questions and Answers
1. What did the author do three years ago and what is she
   doing now?
      She had worked as a television producer, and now she
      submit articles and edit them via email and
      communicate with colleagues on Internet mailing lists.
2. How does the author manage her daily life?
      She can order food, manage her money, love and work
      on net.
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

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                                  Multiple Choice
 Direction: Read Part 2 carefully and choose ONE best
 answer to complete the sentence.
 1. How does the author feel when she is suddenly
    confronted with people in the real world? _____
         A. She feels shy.
         B. She feels angry.
         C. She feels cautious.
         D. She feels overexcited.
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading


                                  Multiple Choice
 Direction: Read Part 2 carefully and choose ONE best
 answer to complete the sentence.
 1. How does the author feel when she is suddenly
                                                A
    confronted with people in the real world? _____
         A. She feels shy.
         B. She feels angry.
         C. She feels cautious.
         D. She feels overexcited.
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading


                                  Multiple Choice
 Direction: Read Part 2 carefully and choose ONE best
 answer to complete the sentence.
 1. How does the author feel when she is suddenly
                                                B
    confronted with people in the real world? _____
         A. She feels shy.
         B. She feels angry.
         C. She feels cautious.
         D. She feels overexcited.
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading


                                  Multiple Choice
 Direction: Read Part 2 carefully and choose ONE best
 answer to complete the sentence.
 1. How does the author feel when she is suddenly
    confronted with people in the real world? _____
                                                C
         A. She feels shy.
         B. She feels angry.
         C. She feels cautious.
         D. She feels overexcited.
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading


                                  Multiple Choice
 Direction: Read Part 2 carefully and choose ONE best
 answer to complete the sentence.
 1. How does the author feel when she is suddenly
                                                D
    confronted with people in the real world? _____
         A. She feels shy.
         B. She feels angry.
         C. She feels cautious.
         D. She feels overexcited.
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 2. How does the author behave on line? _______
      A. She is friendly.
      B. She is humorous.
      C. She is bad-tempered.
      D. She is talkative.
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                                          A
 2. How does the author behave on line? _________.
      A. She is friendly.
      B. She is humorous.
      C. She is bad-tempered.
      D. She is talkative.
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
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                                          B
 2. How does the author behave on line? _________.
      A. She is friendly.
      B. She is humorous.
      C. She is bad-tempered.
      D. She is talkative.
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                                          C
 2. How does the author behave on line? _________.
      A. She is friendly.
      B. She is humorous.
      C. She is bad-tempered.
      D. She is talkative.
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
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                                          D
 2. How does the author behave on line? _________.
      A. She is friendly.
      B. She is humorous.
      C. She is bad-tempered.
      D. She is talkative.
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 3. Why does the author fight her boyfriend on net
    sometimes? _______
      A. Because they haven’t seen each other for a long time.
      B. Because their typed dialogue lack emotional cues
         and she misinterprets it.
      C. Because he doesn’t love her any longer.
      D. Because he doesn’t send e-mails to her frequently.
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 3. Why does the author fight her boyfriend on net
                  A
    sometimes? _______
      A. Because they haven’t seen each other for a long time.
      B. Because their typed dialogue lack emotional cues
         and she misinterprets it.
      C. Because he doesn’t love her any longer.
      D. Because he doesn’t send e-mails to her frequently.
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 3. Why does the author fight her boyfriend on net
                  B
    sometimes? _______
      A. Because they haven’t seen each other for a long time.
      B. Because their typed dialogue lack emotional cues
         and she misinterprets it.
      C. Because he doesn’t love her any longer.
      D. Because he doesn’t send e-mails to her frequently.
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
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 3. Why does the author fight her boyfriend on net
                  C
    sometimes? _______
      A. Because they haven’t seen each other for a long time.
      B. Because their typed dialogue lack emotional cues
         and she misinterprets it.
      C. Because he doesn’t love her any longer.
      D. Because he doesn’t send e-mails to her frequently.
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
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 3. Why does the author fight her boyfriend on net
                  D
    sometimes? _______
      A. Because they haven’t seen each other for a long time.
      B. Because their typed dialogue lack emotional cues
         and she misinterprets it.
      C. Because he doesn’t love her any longer.
      D. Because he doesn’t send e-mails to her frequently.
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 4. What does the author think the daily routine is? ______
      A. Dressing for work.
      B. Work with colleagues at the office.
      C. Sleeping normal hours.
      D. All the above.
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                                                      A
 4. What does the author think the daily routine is? ______
      A. Dressing for work.
      B. Work with colleagues at the office.
      C. Sleeping normal hours.
      D. All the above.
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                                                      B
 4. What does the author think the daily routine is? ______
      A. Dressing for work.
      B. Work with colleagues at the office.
      C. Sleeping normal hours.
      D. All the above.
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                                                      C
 4. What does the author think the daily routine is? ______
      A. Dressing for work.
      B. Work with colleagues at the office.
      C. Sleeping normal hours.
      D. All the above.
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                                                      D
 4. What does the author think the daily routine is? ______
      A. Dressing for work.
      B. Work with colleagues at the office.
      C. Sleeping normal hours.
      D. All the above.
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                                   True or False

1. The author tries to at least get to the gym in order
   to keep fit. ( F )
      The author tries to at least get to the gym, so that
      she may set apart the weekend from the rest of her
      week.
2. The author can get used to the real world very well. ( F )

      She finds that sometimes being face to face is too
      much.
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3. The author can’t bear her friend’s laughter and the
   noise in the restaurant. ( T )



4. The author can’t make a choice between the real world
   and the virtual one. ( F )
      She finally chooses the virtual world.
                                                                      Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                      Unit 4 The Virtual World

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                                  A VIRTUAL LIFE
                                                                      Mala Szalavitz
     After too long on the Net, even a
phone call can be a shock.            My
boyfriend’s Liverpool accent suddenly
becomes impossible to interpret after his
easily understood words on screen; a
secretary’s clipped tone seems more rejecting than I’d
imagined it would be. Time itself becomes fluid — hours
become minutes, or seconds stretch into days. Weekends,
once a highlight of my week, are now just two ordinary
days.
                                                                      Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                      Unit 4 The Virtual World

 Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading

    For the last three years, since I stopped working as a
television producer, I have done much of my work as a
telecommuter. I submit articles and edit them via email and
communicate with colleagues on Internet mailing lists. My
boyfriend lives in England, so much of our relationship is
also computer-assisted.
     If I desired, I could stay inside for
weeks without wanting anything. I can
order food, and manage my money, love
and work.
    In fact, at times I have spent as long as three weeks
alone at home, going out only to get mail and buy
newspapers and groceries. I watched most of the endless
snowstorm of ’96 on TV.
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     But after a while, life itself begins to feel unreal. I
start to feel as though I’ve become one with my machines,
taking data in, spitting them back out, just another link in
the Net. Others on line report the same symptoms. We
start to feel an aversion to outside forms of socializing.
   We have become the Net critics’ worst nightmare.
      What first seemed like a luxury, crawling from bed to
computer, not worrying about hair, and clothes and face,
has become a form of escape, a lack of discipline. And
once you start replacing real human contact with cyber-
interaction, coming back out of the cave can be quite
difficult.
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     I find myself shyer, more cautious,
more anxious. Or, conversely, when
suddenly confronted with real live
humans, I get overexcited, speak too
much, interrupt. I constantly worry if I
am dressed appropriately, that perhaps I’ve actually
forgotten to put on a skirt and walked outside in the T-
shirt and underwear I sleep and live in.
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        At times, I turn on the television and just leave it
to talk away in the background, something that I’d never
done previously. The voices of the programs are
comforting, but then I’m jarred by the commercials. I
find myself sucked in by soap operas, or needing to keep
up with the latest news and the weather.        “Dateline,”
“Frontline,” “Nightline,” CNN, New York 1, every possible
angle of every story over and over and over, even when
they are of no possible use to me.     Work moves into the
background. I decide to check my email.
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     On line, I find myself attacking everyone in sight. I
am bad-tempered, and easily angered. I find everyone on
my mailing list insensitive, believing that they’ve
forgotten that there are people actually reading their
wounding remarks. I don’t realize that I’m projecting until
after I’ve been embarrassed by someone who politely
points out that I’ve attacked her for agreeing with me.
        When I’m in this state, I fight my boyfriend as well,
misinterpreting his intentions because of the lack of
emotional cues given by our typed dialogue. The fight
takes hours, because the system keeps crashing. I say a
line, then he does, then crash! And yet we keep on,
doggedly.
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     I’d never realized how important daily routine is:
dressing for work, sleeping normal hours. I’d never
thought I relied so much on co-workers for company. I
began to understand why long-term unemployment can be
so damaging, why life without an externally supported
daily plan can lead to higher rates of drug abuse, crime,
suicide.
     To restore balance to my life, I force myself back into
the real world. I call people, arrange to meet with the
few remaining friends who haven’t fled New York City. I
try to at least get to the gym, so as to set apart the
weekend from the rest of my week.        I arrange interviews
for stories, doctor’s appointments — anything to get me
out of the house and connected with others.
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     But sometimes being face to face is too much. I see a
friend and her ringing laughter is intolerable — the noise
of conversation in the restaurant, unbearable. I make my
excuses and flee. I re-enter my apartment and run to the
computer as though it were a place of safety.
     I click on the modem, the once-
annoying sound of the connection now
as pleasant as my favorite tune. I enter
my password. The real world disappears.
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My boyfriend’s Liverpool accent suddenly becomes
impossible to interpret after his easily understood words
on screen: a secretary’s clipped tone seems more
rejecting than I’d imagined it would be.
 What does the sentence imply?

        I have become more familiar with the virtual
        world than the real world.
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 We have become the Net critics’ worst nightmare.

   Paraphrase the sentence.
        We have got into a situation that critics of the Net
        describe as most dreadful.
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And once you start replacing real human contact with
cyber-interaction, coming back out of the cave can be
quite difficult.
 What does “cyber-interaction” mean?
   “Cyber-” is a prefix which means “of the
   computer”. “Cyber-interaction” means the contact
   with the computer.
 What does “cave” here refer to?
       “Cave” here refers figuratively to the isolated life
       of the virtual world.
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 Paraphrase the second part of the sentence.

       Returning to normal society from the isolated life
       of the virtual world can be quite a problem.
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At times, I turn on the television and just leave it to talk
away in the background, something that I’d never done
previously.
 Translate the sentence into Chinese.
      有时我把电视机开着,让它作为背景声音一直响
      着,以前我从不这样做。
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“Dateline,” “Frontline,” “Nightline,” CNN, New York1,
every possible angle of every story over and over and
over, even when they are of no possible use to me.

 Give the Chinese equivalents for “Dateline”,
 “Frontline”, “Nightline”, “CNN”, “New York1”.

      “每日新闻”、“一线新闻”、“夜间新闻”、“有
      线新闻电视网”、“纽约一套”。
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Work moves into the background.

 What does this sentence mean?
      It means work becomes less important.

 Why does work become less important?
      Because in my mind’s eye, communicating with
      the real world has become more important at that
      time.
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When I’m in this state, I fight my boyfriend as well,
misinterpreting his intention because of the lack of
emotional cues given by our typed dialogue.
  Why do I misinterpret my boyfriend’s intention?
       Because the typed dialogue lacks the emotion that is
       expressed and implied in the real dialogue.
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I arrange interview for stories, doctor’s appointments —
anything to get me out of the house and connected with
others.
What does “story” here refer to?
      “Story” here refers to any descriptive article in a
      newspaper or an event, a situation, etc. suitable for
      such an article.
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virtual: adj.
1. created and existing only in a computer
        I can visit a virtual store and put what I
        want in my basket at the click of a
        mouse button.

        Some people spend too much time escaping from
        reality into the virtual world conjured up on their
        computer screens.
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2. almost what is stated; in fact though not in name

     The officials hear this kind of talk in virtual silence.

     国王处处都受王后的影响,以至于王后成了国家实际
     上的统治者。

     The king was so much under the influence of his
     wife that she was the virtual ruler of the country.
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interpret: v.
1. understand (sth. said, ordered, or done)
     The gift is generally interpreted as a bribe.
     She made a gesture, which he chose to interpret as an
     invitation.
2. give or provide the meaning of, explain
     诗有助于阐述人生的意义。
     Poetry helps to interpret life.
     The evidence is difficult to interpret.
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3. translate what is said in one language into another
          No one in the tour group spoke Spanish so we had to
          ask the guide to interpret.
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stretch: v.
(cause to) become longer, wider, etc. without breaking
     My wool coat stretched when I washed it.
     The child stretched the rubber band to its
     full extent.
     你已经使我忍无可忍了。
     You are stretching my patience to limit.
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submit: vt.
1. give (sth.) to sb. so that it may be formally considered
     I am going to submit an application for that job in
     Microsoft.
     Peter submitted his application to the local government.
2. yield (oneself); agree to obey
     Should a wife submit herself to her husband?
     We should submit ourselves to discipline.
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Collocation:
    submit oneself to                甘受,服从
    submit to                        服从于;把…提交给…
    submit willingly                 心悦诚服
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edit: vt.
revise or correct
        Scholars often edit Shakespeare’s plays.
        John didn’t finish editing the annual report until the
        end of last month.
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communicate:
1. vi. contact sb. in any way, eap. by speaking to them,
   writing to them or calling them (followed by with)
        We can communicate with people in most
        parts of the world by telephone.
        年轻人有时抱怨无法与父母沟通思想。
        Young people sometimes complain of not being
        able to communicate with their parents.
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2. vt. make (news, opinions, feelings, etc.) known
        The radio stations communicate the storm warnings
        to the islanders.
        She communicated her ideas to her subordinates.
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at times: sometimes
        At times, I feel that I want to leave this job.
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take in:
 1. receive, admit
 2. include
 3. make (clothes) narrower
 4. understand
 5. deceive
 6. see at a glance; see at once
Match the above definitions with the sentences below.
     The dress was too big, so I took it in.                         3
     I didn’t take in what you were saying.                              4

     She took in every details of the other woman’s clothes.
                  6
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 1.   receive, admit
 2.   include
 3.   make (clothes) narrower
 4.   understand
 5.   deceive
 6.   see at a glance; see at once
      Do you mean we should get rid of the stale and take
      in the fresh?  1
      Don’t be taken in by her promises.                       5
      This is the total cost of the trip, taking in everything.
            2
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Collocation:
    take after                          仿效,跟随;相象,在相貌、
                                        脾气或性格上相似
    take apart                          拆开
    take back                           收回(所说的或所写的事)
    take down                           拿下,放下
    take for                            把…视作;误认为
    take off                            脱掉(衣服等);起飞
    take on                             从事;开始对付
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Collocation:

    take out                         取出;弄走
    take over                        接管
    take up                          举起;再次开始
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spit: vt. send (liquid, food, etc.) out from the mouth
          (used in the pattern: spit sth.(out) (at/on/onto
          sb./sth.))

        He’s very ill and spitting (up) blood.
        The baby spat its food out on the table.
        他气呼呼地作了答复。
        He angrily spat out her answer.
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symptom: n.
1. sign of the existence of sth. bad
        The Government must not ignore these symptoms of
        discontent among their own supporters.
          High interest rates are a symptom of a weak
          economy.
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2. change in the body that indicates an illness
        A cold, fever and headache are the usual symptoms
        of flu.
        持续地咳嗽可能是非典型性肺炎的症状。
        A persistent cough may be a symptom of atypical
        pneumonia.
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nightmare: n. a terrible dream


      Driving through that snowstorm was
      a nightmare.
      I had a nightmare about falling off the skyscraper.
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conversely: adv. in a way that is opposite to sth.


     $1 will buy 100 yen worth of Japanese goods.
     Conversely, 100 yen will buy $1 worth of American
     goods.

     You can add the fluid to the powder or, conversely,
     the powder to the fluid.
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but then: yet at the same time


        The failure of China’s soccer team looks inevitable.
        But then, anything can happen in football.
        这个马戏团并不出色,不过观众的要求也并不高。
        The circus was not a very good one, but then, the
        audience was not demanding.
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jar: v. have a harsh or an unpleasant effect (used in the
        pattern: jar sth., jar on sb./sth.)


        The fall jarred every bone in my body.

          The way he laughs jars on me.
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suck in: (usu. passive) involve (sb.) in an activity, an
         argument, etc., usu. against their will


        Some teenagers don’t want to get involved with
        gangs, but they find themselves getting sucked in.
        我不想卷入有关学校改革的辩论。
        I don’t want to get sucked into the debate about
        school reform.
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keep up with:
1. learn about or be aware of ( the news, etc.)
        Carrie likes to keep up with the latest
        fashions.
        He didn’t bother to keep up with the
        latest news. His only concern was to
        study.
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2. move at the same rate as

        My salary doesn’t keep up with inflation.
        他请了位家庭教师,因为他的功课跟不上班上其他同学。
        He hired a tutor because he wasn’t able to keep
        up with the rest of the class.
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in sight:
1. visible
     No vehicle is in sight.
        哪儿也见不到他。
        He is nowhere in sight.
2. likely to come soon
          Peace was in sight at last after four years of war.
        An immediate agreement is nowhere in sight.
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Collocation:
    lose sight of                 看不见;失去联系;忘记;没有考虑到
    out of sight                  看不到,不被看到
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remark:
1. n. things said or written as a comment
     He closed the discussion with the remark that “he
     who plays with fire gets burnt”.
          Mr. Smith approached us and made a couple of
          remarks about the weather.
2. v. say, esp. something which one has just noticed; give
      as an opinion
        A local newspaper remarked that inflation was not
        to be checked for the time being.
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        His fluency with the Chinese language was remarked
        upon by all his Chinese colleagues.

 CF: remark & comment
      这两个词都是名词,都有“谈论”、“评论”之意。
 remark 是常用词,指议论、评价,常含有一种随便的意
         味。例如:
     I should be pleased to have your remark.
        我将很高兴听到你的意见。
        Her absence of hair could hardly escape
        remark.
        她没有头发,免不了被人议论。
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   comment 通常强调批判性的评述。例如:
        Some scathing comments were heard from visitors.
        从来宾那听到了一些尖刻的批评。
        It became a matter of cynical comment among the
        neighbors.
        她成了邻居们冷嘲热讽的话题。
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emotional: adj.
1. of the emotions
      She is grateful to him for his emotional support while
      she was in trouble.
      It’s quite difficult to handle emotional problems.
2. having emotions that are easily excited.
      It’s said that the Italians are more emotional than we
      are.
      他非常易动感情,我离开时他哭了
      He was very emotional; he cried when I left.
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cue: n. anything that serves as a signal about what to do
        or say
      When he started to talk about the finance, which was
      our cue to get up quietly and leave.
      The time had come to say good night. At mother’s cue,
      we all ascended.
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routine: n. fixed and regular way of doing things


      These two babies have different daily routines.
      请按常规办事。
      Please do it according to routine.
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rely: vi. depend confidently on, put trust in
      He can always be relied upon for help.
      你放心好了,我会早到的。
      You may rely on my early arrival.

Collocation:
    rely on/upon                     依靠;信任,信赖
    rely upon it                     放心
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  CF: rely, trust & depend
      这些词都有“信任”、“相信”的意思。
  rely 指完全的信任。例如:
        You are the only woman I can rely on.
        你是我唯一能指望的女人。
        He can be relied on to keep secret.
        相信他能保密。
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  trust 常强调基于没有说服力的证据的信仰产生的信心。
        例如:
        We must try to trust one another. Stay and cooperate.
        我们必须试图相互信任。留下来并且相互合作。
        I don’t think I could trust myself to speak to him
        about it.
        我认为我不能对他谈论这件事。
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 depend 意味着对另一个人的帮助或支持有信心。
         例如:
    It is foolhardy to depend on Middle Eastern countries
    for our oil supplies.

        把我们的石油供应都依赖于中东国家是鲁莽的。

        It all depends on how you tackle the problem.

        那要看你如何应付这问题而定。
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abuse:
1. n. 1) wrong or excessive use
     the abuse of power
     alcohol abuse
2) cruel treatment
     The abuse of the helpless prisoner made him bitter.
     human rights abuses
2. vt. 1) put to wrong use; use badly
     He abused his privileges in activities outside his official
     capacity.
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     他辜负了我对他的信任。
     He has abused my confidence in him.
2) do cruel things to (a person or animal)
          I won’t allow you to abuse that dog.
     The arrested men have been physically abused.
 CF: abuse, misuse & mistreat
     这些词都是动词,都有“不公正对待”、“伤害”或
     “滥用”之一。
abuse 最普通,指各种故意的或非故意的、言语上的
      辱骂或行为上的伤害。例如:
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        He was always abusing people when he was drunk.
        他酒醉后总爱骂人。
        The serf-owners had the right to beat, abuse or even
        kill the serfs at will.
        农奴主有权任意打马甚至杀掉农奴。
 misuse 指不适当的使用,即“误用”、“滥用”,
        并不一定有目的性。例如:
        He misused the idiom.
        他把这个成语用错了。
        He misused his knife at the table by lifting food with it.
        吃饭时他误用刀子拿食物。
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mistreat 多用于美国英语,表示苛刻或残暴对待。
         例如:
     The dog’s owner mistreated him terribly.
        这条狗遭到主人的虐待。
        The magistrate administered a public thrashing to the
        landlord who had mistreated his brother.
        法官对那虐待兄弟的地主施以公众鞭苔。
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restore: vt. bring back to a former condition (used in the
             pattern: restore sth.; restore sb. to sth.)
     Winning three games restored their confidence.
          Doing sports every day restored the old man to good
          health.
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arrange: vt.
1. prepare or plan
        A marriage has been arranged between Mr. Brown and
        Miss White.
        观光局为我们到罗马去的旅行筹备一切。
        The Tourist Bureau arranged everything
        for our journey to Rome.
2. put in order
        I arranged the books on the shelves.
        Before going away, he arranged his business affairs.
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Collocation:
    arrange for                                         安排,准备
    arrange with sb. about sth.                         与某人商定某事
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flee: v. run away (from)

     They all fled (from) the burning ship.
          He killed his enemy and fled the country.
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interview:
1. n. 1) meeting at which a journalist asks sb.
   questions in order to find out their news
     In an exclusive interview with our reporter, the
     film star revealed some of his personal affairs.
     Radio interviews are generally more relaxed than
     television ones.
2) formal meeting at which sb. applying for a job is
   asked questions, as a way of judging how suitable
   they are
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     I have been asked to go for an interview for a
     project I applied for at Harvard University.
     She has had a couple of job interviews,
     but no offers.
2. vt. ask questions of (somebody) in an
   interview
     As a journalist, he interviewed many government
     officials.
     I will be interviewed next week for the chief
     Executive’s job.
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Collocation:
  give an interview to sb.                     接见某人
  have an interview with sb.                   会见某人
  job interviews                               (对申请工作者的)口头审查
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appointment: n.
1. agreement to meet or visit sb. at a particular time
   (followed by with)
     You can’t see the president of the university
     unless you make an appointment.
     我已约定下午三时去看牙医。
     I have an appointment with my dentist at 3 pm.
2. choosing of someone for a position or job
     John took the appointment as director.
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          Useful Expressions
          Pair Work
          Word Completion
          Spot Dictation
          Debate
          Sentence Translation
          Writing Practice
          Talk about the Pictures
          Proverbs and Quotations
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    Writing Practice

             A Brief Introduction

             An Example

             Homework
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                        Useful Expressions

   1. 一周中的最好时光                                highlight of the week
   2. 投稿                                      submit articles
   3. 有时                                      at times
   4. 对…感到厌恶                                  feel an aversion to
   5. 社交方式                                    forms of socializing

   6. 缺乏自律                                    a lack of discipline
   7. 网络交际                                    cyber-interaction
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  8. 面对                                be confronted with
  9. 穿着得体                              be dressed appropriately
  10. 广告令…心烦                           be jarred by the commercials
  11. 工作成了次要的。                         Work moves into the background.
  12. 坏脾气                              be bad-tempered
  13. 在此状态下                            in this state
  14. 日常事务                             daily routine
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    15. 依赖                              rely on
    16. 长期失业                            long-term unemployment
    17. 吸毒                              drug abuse
    18. 恢复平衡                            restore balance
    19. 将…与…区分开                         set apart … from …
    20. 面对面                             face to face
    21. 找借口                             make an excuse
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                                   Pair Work

    Read Paras. 4~10 and work in pairs to find out
consequences of “my” virtual life. Use the “find oneself
+ adj./past participle/present participle” structure
when summing up the consequences.
Models:          I find myself shyer, more cautious, more
                 anxious.
                 I find myself sucked in by soap operas.
                 I find myself attacking everyone in sight.
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                              Word Completion

Directions: Complete the words with the help of the
definitions given.

1.   s _____
       tretch                     become longer, wider, etc.
2.   e ndless
       _____                      having or seeming to have no end
3.   a version
       ______                     a strong feeling of dislike
4.   a ngle
       ____                       a particular way of considering an issue
5.   m isinterpret
        _________                 understand wrongly
6.   r ely
       ___                        depend confidently, put trust in
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7.   a buse
       ____             wrong or excessive use
8.   r estore
       _____            bring back to a former condition
9.   i ntolerable
       ________         too bad to be endured
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                                  Spot Dictation
Directions: Listen to the following passage and fill in the
missing words.


     2000 SK Telecom Internet Survival Contest for Physically
Challenged Youth was held on October 30, 2000. Myself, and
all the other physically              youth
                              _________ who successfully
                              challenged
finished the 72 hours of the Internet Survival Contest
overcame our handicaps well, and              adapted
                                               ourselves
                                              _______
proudly to a life lived only by using the Internet.
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       award                     meaningful
In the _____ session was more __________ to everybody
because all of the award prizes were made by __________.
                                                participants
 Through this opportunity, I learned valuable knowledge,
and real life __________ in Internet using. It gave me self-
              experience
assurance of the real world of information era. I also
              enormous
experienced ________ amounts of encouragement and
cheers from net-citizens. This is also one of the most
precious gift for me as well as this contest presented to
_______
everybody to pay more attention to physically challenged
youth.
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                                      Debate
      Suppose your parents think that you and your
 brother/sister are spending too much time on the
 Internet, neglecting your schoolwork and normal daily
 life, and isolating yourselves from the real world. You
 want to convince them that your time on the Internet is
 not wasted, and the Internet has in no way isolated you
 from the real world. A debate is therefore called for
 between you and your parents.
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      Now prepare and go about the debate by taking the
 following steps:
 Step 1          Form teams

           Make groups of four people. Two of them will be the
           “parents” and the other two will be their “children”.
 Step 2          Have a pre-debate discussion

           The “parents” and the “children” prepare their
           arguments and supporting facts respectively.
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 Step 3          Carry on the debate

           The debate will be carried on within each team,
           that is, the “parents” and the “children” in the
           team will present their arguments to each other.
           The debate will go on until one side fails to respond.
           One or two groups may be invited to give examples
           in class.
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                           Sentence Translation
1. I start to feel as though I’ve become one with my
   machine, taking data in, spitting them back out, just
   another link in the Net.
        我开始觉得自己似乎与机器融为一体了,我接收信息,
        再发送出去,就如同互联网的一个连接点。
2. And once you start replacing real human contact with
   cyber-interaction, coming back out of the cave can be
   quite difficult.
        你一旦开始用网络交际取代人与人的真实接触,要走
        出这种“穴居”状态就会相当困难。
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3. I began to understand why long-term unemployment can
   be so damaging, why life without an externally supported
   daily plan can lead to higher rates of drug abuse, crime,
   suicide.
        我开始理解为什么长时间的失业会那么伤人,为什么
        一个人的生活缺少了外部支持的日常计划就会导致吸
        毒、犯罪、自杀率的增长。
4. When I’m in this state, I fight my boyfriend as well,
   misinterpreting his intentions because of the lack of
   emotional cues given by our typed dialogue.
        在这种精神状态下,我也和男朋友吵架,常因键出的
        对话缺乏情感暗示而误解他的本意。
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5.电视节目中的说话声让人感到宽慰,可那些广告又叫我
  心烦。
        The voices of the programs are comforting, but
        then I’m jarred by the commercials.

6. 此外,近来她每天花两个小时时间与电脑厮守在一起。
        On top of that she has lately started spending some
        two hours in intense communication with a computer.
7. 她们深知你的弱点,知道如何乘虚而入。
        They always know where your weak points are, just
        where to slip in under your guard.
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8. 我脑子里虚构出来的最可怕的场景一幕接着一幕,就像一
   部恐怖片。

        The worst scenes my mind dreams up play like a
        horror movie.
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                        Inductive Generalization
                             A Brief Introduction
     In developing a paragraph by means of the inductive
generalization, the writer presents particular instances of
a like kind and leads them into valid generalization which
serves as his topic sentences. Thus, in the inductive
pattern, the topic sentence is likely to appear late in the
paragraph, often at the end. The result may be referred
to as a periodic paragraph, which, like a periodic
sentence, cannot be considered structurally complete at
any point before the end.
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                        Inductive Generalization
                                   An Example
     As an early-morning pastime, Susie, my tortoise-
colored kitten, would frequent the utility room, swing
open the small metal door on the gas heater, and peer at
the mechanism inside. During the daytime her favorite
toy was not the usual ball of the yarn, but a small musical
top. And late at night, when there was sometimes a
gentle tapping in the study next of my bedroom, the
cause proved the same: in the darkness a soft little paw
was playing feline rhythms on the keys of my typewriter.
For a kitten, Susie had an unusual interest in mechanical
things.
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                        Inductive Generalization
                                   Homework
Directions: You are required to write a paragraph with
the method of Inductive Generalization. You can
describe a person or a device. You can arrange the
topic sentence at the end of your writing after you offer
some details of the subject you describe.
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     Wu Yan is a student of Southeast University. She is
the monitor of our class. Every morning, she gets up at
about 6:30. Then she goes to do some running on the
playground. She is always the first person in the
classroom. In class, she listens to the lecture carefully
and takes an active part in all the activities by teachers.
After class, she often reviews and previews the lessons
and finishes her homework on time. Besides, she is too
ready to help others. Whenever her classmates ask her
some academic questions, she is always willing to help
them until they understand. Furthermore, she often takes
part in some social activities. That’s why all the students
and teachers regard her as an excellent student.
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                        Talk about the Pictures
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                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

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                           Proverbs and Quotations

    1. Nowadays, anyone who cannot speak English and is
       incapable of using the Internet is regarded as
       backward.
                    — Alwaleed Bin Talal Alsaud, Saudi Prince

             现在,任何一个不会讲英语、不能使用互联网的人
             都被认为是愚钝、落伍的人了。
                       —— 沙特王子 阿尔瓦立德
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    2. When I took office, only high energy physicists had
       ever heard of what is called the Worldwide Web ...
       Now even my cat has its own page.
                          — Bill Clinton, American President

             在我当总统时,只有那些高能物理学家知道被称作
             互联网的东西。而现在,连我家的猫也有它的主页。
                       —— 美国总统 比尔•克林顿
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    3. The Internet is becoming the town square for the
       global village of tomorrow.
           — Bill Gates, American computer programmer and
                                               businessman


             互联网正在变成明日地球村的市民广场。
                 —— 美国软件设计师、企业家 比尔•盖茨
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    4. The new information technology, Internet and e-mail,
       have practically eliminated the physical costs of
       communications.
                        — Peter Drucker, American economist


             新的信息技术、互联网和电子邮件几乎使实际通讯
             费用为零。
                     —— 美国经济学家 彼得•德鲁克
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    5. I think it’s fair to say that personal computers have
       become the most empowering tool we’ve ever
       created. They’re tools of communication, they’re
       tools of creativity, and they can be shaped by their
       user.
            — Bill Gates, American computer programmer and
                                                  businessman

             我认为,称个人电脑为人类所创造的最具影响力的
             工具是很公正的。它们是人们交流的工具、创造的
             工具,而且它们是可以受使用者掌控的工具。
                 —— 美国软件设计师、企业家 比尔•盖茨
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    6. Like almost everyone who uses e-mail, I receive a
       ton of spam every day. Much of it offers to help me
       get out of debt or get rich quick. It would be funny if
       it weren’t so exciting.
           — Bill Gates, American computer programmer and
                                                  businessman

             几乎像每个使用电子邮件的人那样,我每天要收到
             大量的垃圾邮件。其中很多表示愿意帮我告别债务
             或使我快速致富。要是垃圾邮件不吹嘘得天花乱坠
             的话,那倒是显得可笑了。
                 —— 美国软件设计师、企业家 比尔•盖茨
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         Culture Notes


         Reading


         Comprehension Tasks
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  Directions: You are required to read the words while
  listening to the following passage and then have a
  dialogue about the pros and cons of Internet.

             Advantages and Disadvantages of Internet

     Ten years ago, the term internet was practically
 anonymous to most of the people. And today internet
 has become the most ever powerful tool for man
 throughout the world. However, like every single
 innovation in science and technology, internet has its
 own advantages and disadvantages.
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 Advantages
 Communication
 The foremost target of internet has always been the
 communication. By the advent of the internet, our
 earth has reduced and has attained the form of a global
 village. Nowadays, with the help of email, MSN, Skype
 and other services, it has become very easy to establish
 a kind of global friendship where you can share your
 thoughts and explore other cultures of different nations.
 Information
 Easy access to information is probably the biggest
 advantage internet is offering. Any kind of information
 on any topic under the sun is available on the Internet.
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 The search engines like Google, yahoo are at your
 service on the Internet. You can almost find any type of
 data on almost any kind of subject that you are looking
 for. Students and children are among the top users who
 surf the Internet for research. Today, it is almost
 required that students should use the Internet for
 research for the purpose of gathering resources.
 Teachers have started giving assignments that require
 research on the Internet.
 Entertainment
 Easy access to entertainment is another popular reason
 why many people prefer to surf the Internet. People
 can download games, visit chat rooms or just surf the
 Web
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 Web for fun. There are numerous games that may be
 downloaded from the Internet for free. Chat rooms are
 popular because users can meet new and interesting
 people. When people surf the Web, there are numerous
 things that can be found. Music, hobbies, news and
 more can be found and shared on the Internet.
 Services
 Many services are now provided on the internet such as
 online banking, job seeking, purchasing tickets for your
 favorite movies, hotel reservations, guidance services
 on topics engulfing every aspect of life. Often these
 services are not available off-line and can cost you
 more.
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 Disadvantages
 Theft of Personal information
 If you use the Internet, you may be facing grave danger
 as your personal information such as name, address,
 credit card number etc. can be accessed by hackers, or
 even cyber criminals to make your problems worse.
 Spamming
 Spamming refers to sending unwanted e-mails in bulk,
 which needlessly obstruct the entire system. Such
 illegal activities can be very damaging, so instead of
 just ignoring it, you should make an effort to try and
 stop these activities so that using the Internet can
 become that much safer.
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 Virus threat
 Virus is nothing but a program which disrupts the
 normal functioning of your computer systems.
 Computers attached to internet are more prone to virus
 attacks and they can end up into crashing your whole
 hard disk, causing you considerable headache.
 Pornography
 This is perhaps the biggest threat related to your
 children’s healthy mental life. There are thousands of
 pornographic sites on the Internet that can be easily
 found and can be a harmful factor to letting children
 use the Internet.
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     Thought you were safe sharing secrets with Internet
friends? Wait for the doorbell?
                 Mother’s Mad About the Internuts
                                                                     Carol Sarler
     Tap tap tappa tap-tap. It is the last sound to be
heard before sleep. On especially bad days, it is the first
sound to be heard in the morning. It is the sound of the
only lasting disagreement in a household that is
otherwise peaceful. My daughter is hooked on the
Internet and I think that it is mad, bad and dangerous.
     She is in every other respect a sensible young woman.
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  She graduated in the summer, she goes to work each day,
she and her friends are on the phone all evening and she
goes out with them at weekends. But on top of that she has
lately started spending some two hours in intense
communication with a computer. And I hate it.
     This is not just fear of new technology. Of course,
there is value in instant access to information banks
worldwide and, of course, email is revolutionizing the way
we correspond with each other. My mistrust is based on the
fact that this use of the Internet is such a pale copy of the
time-honoured way in which people communicate with
each other.       It leads to intimacy before acquaintance; it
scatters secrets outwards, not inwards; and, most worrying
of all, it is a vehicle for liars.
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     What frightens me is that my daughter rejects all this.
The denial is there in the language she uses. “I ‘met’ Janet
in January,” she says, “and we’ve been ‘friends’ ever since.”
At other times, I was ‘talking’ to Alex the other day and he
‘said’ … “No, he didn’t,” I argue; friends are friends when,
and only when, you have seen the whites of their eyes. She
just rolls hers, skywards.
      Imagine this. When I was planning to go away for a
few days last month, this intelligent 22-year-old announced
a plan for a party, the guests to include a variety of
Internuts who, coming as they would from all corners,
would need to stay overnight.
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         Overnight? In my home, my home that contains
    everything I care about, rather high on the list being
    my daughter herself.
         She said: “Don’t be silly.” She said it would be
    quite all right, because the people she was planning to
    invite were those whom she had “known” for at least a
    year and whom she “knows” as well as any of her other
    friends that, on the whole, I tend to like.     I said,
    trying to be reasonable but not altogether succeeding,
    that in and among the things they “tell” each other on
    the tap-tap, a tendency to murder might just have
    been overlooked, might it not?
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     The party did not happen. The row most certainly did.
     When I say that if they are not nutters they are nerds,
she tries to reason. Do I think she is a nerd? Absolutely not.
Well, then, why should they be? Do I think she is a liar?
Just as absolutely not.     Seizing the initiative she moves
over to the attack.
      “You remember that favourite story of yours, the one
about how the army captain and the woman whose book
he discovered got to know one another solely through
writing letters? And how she refused to send him a
photograph because she felt that if he really cared, it
wouldn’t matter what she looked like? Well, they hadn’t
seen each other either.” She smiles her self-satisfied smile.
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 Arguing with a daughter is always like that, so annoying.
 They always know where your weak points are, just where
 to slip in under your guard.
       But I cannot clear it from my head, the worries refuse
 to go away. It is not that, as individuals, I have reason to
 believe they would lie. But they could. They could lie
 about their age, their state of mind or even their sex.
 Indeed, apparently in America it is common for men to
 tap-tap pretending to be women on the basis that they
 then get other women to communicate with far greater
 intimacy.
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     A thought occurs. The worst scenes my mind dreams
up play like a horror movie. So I call a friend in Hollywood:
has anyone thought of this for a movie plot? He laughs.
There are five, to his knowledge alone, in development
and one heading into production.        Needless to say, it is
a new version of the old tale of innocents calling forth evil
forces they cannot control, this time in the form of a
visitor with the ever-handy axe packed in his luggage.
     So now, I say to my daughter, we just wait for life to
imitate art and we’re home and dry. And murdered in our
beds.
      She laughs. “See you in the morning, Mum. I’m just
going upstairs to talk to my friends. Goodnight.” Tap tappa
tap-tap …
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household: n. all the people living together in a house
     American swimmer Michael Phelps has become a
     household name across the world after breaking the
     Olympic record for most gold medals in a single Games.
     在美国拥有汽车是很普遍的,大多数家庭拥有一辆或一
     辆以上的私人汽车。
     Automobile ownership in the United States is
     widespread, with most households owning one or more
     private auto.
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be hooked on: be very keen on and absorbed in
   The Outdoors Magazine describes close-to-home
   destinations for those hooked on outdoor adventures.

     新的研究发现那些试着抽烟的孩子在生理上迷上烟草的
     速度比人们想象得要快。

     A new study finds that children who experiment with
     cigarettes can become physically hooked on tobacco
     faster than people think.
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on top of: in addition to
     The last few years were rough. Heart surgery, stomach
     cancer, and on top of that he lost everything when his
     house burned down.

     他除了向我借了50英镑外,还向我借汽车。
     On top of borrowing 50 pounds, he asked me to lend him
     my car.
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intense: adj. serious and concentrated


     Members of the United Nations Security Council were
     holding an intense dialogue on the lifting of economic
     sanctions on Iraq.
     随着伊拉克战争的加速,美军医疗人员正在接受紧张的
     训练。
     As the war in Iraq stepped up, the U.S. Army medics
     were receiving intense training.
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worldwide:
1. adj. around the world
     This travel agency offers worldwide booking of airlines,
     hotels, cars, cruises, and vacations.
     全球个人电脑市场依然强劲,2004年第四季度的增长
     率为13.7%。
     The worldwide PC market remained strong in the
     fourth quarter of 2004 with a growth rate of 13.7%.
2. adv.
     Their products are selling well worldwide.
     她以顾问的身份在世界各地旅游。
     she travels worldwide as a consultant.
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scatter: vt. throw in different direction

     The book is a collection of my musings and scattered
     thoughts.
     他把妻子的骨灰撒在自己家的农场中。
     He scattered his wife's ashes at the family farm.
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outwards: adv. toward the outside


     Most people’s properties can be expanded either
     outwards or upwards, so you don’t have to think about
     moving to a more expensive house to have an extra
     room or two.
     现在,很多大学都希望从校外得到新的资金来源。
     Many universities nowadays look outwards for new
     sources of financing.
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vehicle: n. means by which thoughts, feelings, people,
            or goods can be conveyed
     Use this guide to choose the cleanest and most fuel-
     efficient vehicle that meets your needs.
     在欧洲,文化遗产被公认为一种文化特性的载体。
     Cultural heritage is widely recognized across Europe
     as a vehicle of cultural identity.
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overnight:
1. adv. during or for the night
   Most anti-virus companies issued updates overnight to
   allow their programs to detect the virus when it is
   uploaded from the Internet to a victim’s PC.
   在战争环境中,孩子们在一夜之间就可能会变成大人。
   Under war conditions children may be transformed
   overnight into adults.
2. adj. happening during the night
   Overnight mail services are available in this part of the
   country.
   她乘夜车去纽约。
   She took the overnight train to New York.
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on the whole: all things considered, in general

     On the whole, those countries experience a decrease in
     lung cancer that can probably be linked with tobacco
     control.
     总的来看,该项目对俄罗斯的国家安全构成了某些威胁。
     On the whole, the project poses a certain threat to
     Russia’s national security.
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reasonable: adj. (of a person or their behavior) showing
                 fairness and good sense


     I’m sure he’ll understand what happened — he’s a
     reasonable man.
     在这个超市里,你能以合理的价格买到优质食品。
     In this supermarket you can get quality food at a
     reasonable price.
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tendency: n. inclination, leaning
     The car has a tendency to drift towards the left; we
     need to have it checked.
     欧洲人口已显示出不断减少的发展趋势。
     Europe’s population has developed a tendency to shrink.
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overlook: vt. fail to take notice; miss

     Everyone here in the community is important, and no
     one will be overlooked.
     他似乎忽略了一个重要的事实。
     He seems to have overlooked one important fact.
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slip: vi. go or move quietly or quickly, esp. without
          attracting attention
     A new year slips into the valley with spring-like
     temperatures.
     她快速挣脱了手铐,抓起枪,杀死了她的绑架者。
     She slipped out of her handcuffs, grabbed a gun and
     killed her captors.
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horror: n. a feeling of great fear or shock
     The sight of his pale, ugly face filled me with horror.
     当飞机撞上大楼时,人群恐惧地尖叫着。
     The crowd cried out in horror as the plane hit right into
     the building.
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plot: n. a plan or an outline of the events in a play or
         novel
     The plot of a story will extend beyond the bounds of the
     story itself.
     那部新小说的情节在作者的头脑中逐渐形成。
     The plot of the new novel gradually developed in the
     author’s mind.
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to one’s knowledge: as far as one knows personally

     To her knowledge, she was the only one in her
     department to interview for the position.
     据我所知,本星期大剧院没有演出。
     To my knowledge there are no shows at the Grand
     Theater this week.
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needless to say: as you already know or would expect

     Needless to say, there are other solutions. But this one
     is the most cost-effective.
     约翰摔伤了他的左臀部。不用说,他将有一段时间不能
     工作。
     John has broken his left hip. Needless to say, he’ll be off
     work for a while.
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call forth: bring into action or existence
     Physical deformity calls forth our charity. But the
     infinite misfortune of moral deformity calls forth
     nothing but hatred.
     她的所作所为引起了夫妻间的争吵。
     Her behavior called forth a quarrel between the couple.
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                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading




imitate: copy the behavior, speech, etc. of (sth./sb.)
     Some of the younger singers try to imitate their musical
     heroes from the past.
     你喜欢那些用豆腐和其他蛋白质为原料模仿成肉制品的
     素菜吗?
     Do you like vegetarian dishes that use tofu or other
     sources of protein to imitate meat?
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading




   It is the sound of the only lasting disagreement in a
   household that is otherwise peaceful.
   Translate the sentence into Chinese.
        这是一个原本安宁的家庭中唯一挥之不去的不和谐音。
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading




   It leads to intimacy before acquaintance; it scatters
   secrets outwards, not inwards; and, most worrying of
   all, it is a vehicle for liars.
   Translate the sentence into Chinese.

        它使人们还未相识就已亲近;它不能保守秘密反而扩散
        秘密;而最令人担心的是,它是撒谎人传播谎言的工具。
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading




   I said, trying to be reasonable but not altogether
   succeeding, that in and among the things they “tell”
   each other on the tap-tap, a tendency to murder
   might just have been overlooked, might it not?

   Translate the sentence into Chinese.

        我说,他们啪哒啪哒“讲”给互相听的事情中,杀人的
        倾向或许就被忽略了,难道这不可能吗?我说这话时尽
        量想做到通情达理,但不完全成功。
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading




   Seizing the initiative she moves over to the attack.
   Paraphrase the sentence.

        When she proved my ideas wrong she started to attack,
        forcing me to be on the defense.
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading




   Needless to say, it is a new version of the old tale of
   innocents calling forth evil forces they cannot control,
   this time in the form of a visitor with the ever-handy
   axe packed in his luggage.

   Translate the sentence into Chinese.

        不用说,这又是一些无辜的人引出了邪恶的力量却又不
        能控制的老故事的翻版,这一次的邪恶力量是以一位来
        客的面貌出现,但行囊中却藏着斧头,随时可以拿出来
        杀人。
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading


                          Comprehension Task

  Since the topic of Text B has something to do with
  Internet, now here is a passage about educational
  technology in American schools. You are required to
  accomplish two tasks based on the passage.

  Task One: Questions and Answers

  Task Two: Spot Dictation
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading


                         Questions and Answers
Directions: In this section, you will listen to a passage
about the educational technology in American schools.
After you listen to it, you are required to answer the
following questions


  1. What is the question? And who asked it?
  2. In order to answer this question, what elements
     should we consider?
  3. Do all schools in USA have access to Internet? Do
     they use it in the same way?
  4. Why do some schools use video conferencing?
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading



  5. What is Smart Board? Can you say something about it?
  6. What kind of devices do some teachers use in their
     teaching?
  7. According to the educators, which is more important,
     device or content?
                                                                      Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                      Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading    Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading


                                  Spot Dictation
 Directions: Listen to the passage again and fill in blanks
 with the words you heard.

  This is the VOA Special English Education Report .
                                  ______________
  A question from the West Bank: Zuheir Khlaif wants
                                     educational technology
  to know how American schools use ___________________ .

  There is not a simple answer. It depends on the
  subject and level of students, of course. But it also
  depends on the interest and training of the teachers,
  and the goals and budgets of the schools.
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading




  Schools are almost all connected to the Internet. But
  some have more technology, and use it more, than
  others. For example, some schools use computers for
  activities like video conferencing, to bring the world
  into the classroom.

  And some classrooms are equipped with things like a
  Smart Board, a kind of interactive whiteboard.
  Interactive whiteboards are large displays for
  presentations. They connect to a computer and can
  operate by touch. They can be used for documents or
  writing or to project video.
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading



  Some teachers are trying creative new ways to teach
  with devices like iPods and mobile phones. But
  educators say the most important thing, as always, is
  the content.

  This is the VOA Special English Education Report .
                                  ______________

  A question from the West Bank: Zuheir Khlaif wants to
  know how American schools use educational technology .
                                 ___________________
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading


  There is not a simple answer. It depends on the
  subject and level of students, of course. But it also
  ______________
  depends on the interest and training of the teachers,
  and the goals and budgets of the schools .
           ___________________________

  Schools are almost all connected to the Internet. But
                          _________
  some have more technology, and use it more, than
  others. For example, some schools use computers for
  activities like video conferencing , to bring the world
                  ________________
  into the classroom.
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World
                                                                     Unit 4 The Virtual World

Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading    Supplementary Reading


  And some classrooms are equipped with things like a
                            ____________
  Smart Board, a kind of interactive whiteboard.
  Interactive whiteboards are large displays for
  presentations. They connect to a computer and can
  operate by touch .They can be used for documents or
  ______________
  writing or to project video .
                ___________

  Some teachers are trying creative new ways to teach
                            _______________
  with devices like iPods and mobile phones. But
  educators say the most important thing, as always, is
  ________
  the content .
      _______

				
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