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Reading Comprehension


									                         2012 年 12 月英语三级模拟试题 2

Part II Reading Comprehension (30%)
      Directions: There are 4 reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some
questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and
D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet
with a single line through the center.
      Passage I
      Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passages:
      For an increasing number of students at American universities, Old is suddenly in. The reason
is obvious: the graying of America means jobs. Coupled with the aging of the baby-boom (生育高
峰) generation, a longer life span means that the nation’s elderly population is bound to expand
significantly over the next 50 years. By 2050, 25 percent of all Americans will be older than 65,
up from 14 percent in 1995. The change poses profound questions for government and society, of
course. But it also creates career opportunities in medicine and health professions, and in law and
business as well. “In addition to the doctors, we’re going to need more sociologists, biologists,
urban planners and specialized lawyers,” says Professor Edward Schneider of the University of
Southern California’s (USC) School of Gerontology (老年学).
      Lawyers can specialize in “elder law,” which covers everything from trusts and estates to
nursing-home abuse and age discrimination (歧视). Businessmen see huge opportunities in the
elder market because the baby boomers, 74 million strong, are likely to be the wealthiest group of
retirees in human history. “Any student who combines an expert knowledge in gerontology with,
say, an MBA or law degree will have a license to print money,” one professor says.
      Margarite Santos is a 21-year-old senior at USC. She began college as a biology major but
found she was “really bored with bacteria.” So she took a class in gerontology and discovered that
she liked it. She says, “I did volunteer work in retirement homes and it was very satisfying.”
      1. “… Old is suddenly in” (Line 1, Para. 1) most probably means”______”.
      A) America has suddenly become a nation of old people
      B) gerontology has suddenly become popular
      C) more elderly professors are found on American campuses
      D) American colleges have realized the need of enrolling older students
      2. With the aging of America, lawyers can benefit ______.
      A) from the adoption of the “elder law”
      B) from rendering special services to the elderly
      C) by enriching their professional knowledge
      D) by winning the trust of the elderly to promote their own interests
      3. Why can businessmen make money in the emerging elder market?
      A) Retirees are more generous in spending money.
      B) They can employ more gerontologists.
      C) The elderly possess an enormous purchasing power.
      D) There are more elderly people working than before.
      4. Who can make big money in the new century according to the passage?
      A) Retirees who are business-minded.
     B) The volunteer workers in retirement homes.
     C) College graduates with an MBA or law degree.
     D) Professionals with a good knowledge of gerontology.
     5. It can be seen from the passage that the expansion of America’s elderly population
     A) will provide good job opportunities in many areas
     B) will impose an unbearable burden on society
     C) may lead to nursing home abuse and age discrimination
     D) will create new fields of study in universities
     Passage II
     Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:
     Favors: Westerners are told that “Always repay a favor” is a common saying among Asians.
A favor or debt should never be forgotten. If a Western businessman gets a favor from an Asian, he
should expect to repay this favor, no matter how much time passes. Asians are thus serious about
the saying, “If you’ll scratch my back, I’ll scratch yours.” In other words, Asian societies are
reciprocal societies.
     Friends: If Westerners have no relatives in Asia, they are told that the next best thing to have
when doing business in Asia is to have gone to school with someone from there. Asians want to
deal with people that they know well, or with people to whom they have been introduced by
people they know well. One successful American business executive working in Asia tells people
that he spent most of his time developing and maintaining GUANXI, which he explains as a
Chinese word meaning ties, relationships, or connections. The Japanese equivalent is KONE. How
can Western businessmen make the right connections in Asian countries? Hiring a consultant is
one way, but the best way is to make friendships and to keep them. How can a Westerner do this?
The answer for those people working in Korea, Thailand and Japan is “golf”. Successful
businessmen agree that it’s the best way to get to know important people in society, the way to
meet royalty, top government officials, and corporate chiefs. A lifetime golf membership in Tokyo
can cost an incredible one million dollars, but some Western businessmen or their corporations
have been willing to pay this because of the connections it will bring.
     6. By “favors”, the author means that ___________________.
     A) Asians value mutuality in their relationships
     B) Asians like to ask for favors from others
     C) Asians expect favors to be returned
     D) Asians like to do favors to others
     7. The word “reciprocal” in line 5 means _______________.
     A) mutual B) repayable C) recirculating D) conservative
     8. What is the tone of the passage?
     A) Humorous. B) Persuasive. C) Convincing. D) Sarcastic.
     Passage III
     Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:
     For years it has been possible to set up cameras to take pictures of cars as they speed along
highways, jump lights or drive too fast down the street.
     However even if the pictures are taken automatically, someone still has to do all the
paperwork of issuing fines. But now a British company called EEV has come up with a
computerized video system that can do it all automatically.
      They suggest that all number plates have a bar code as well as the usual number. The bar
codes are just strips of lines like those you see on food packets but bigger. EEV’s high speed video
camera system can read a bar coded number plate even if the car is doing over 100 miles per hour.
The computer controlling the system could then use the information from the bar code to find out
the name and address of the driver (from vehicle records), print out the fine and send it off
automatically. The inventors also suggest that the system could watch traffic to help catch stolen
      The new electronic system could be watching everyone that passes the cameras! Many
people find the idea that “big brother is watching you” is more of a worry than a few motorists
getting away with driving too fast. Moreover, some people will be very unhappy to realize that
with new system the police could find out where a particular car has been.
      9. The best title for the article could be ______.
      A) People Who Drive Too Fast
      B) Stop People from Driving Too Fast
      C) EEV and the Police System
      D) Implications of Computerized Systems for Motoring Offense
      10. A traditional function of the camera as used by the traffic police system is to ______.
      A) take snapshots of cars on highways
      B) catch cars violating traffic rules
      C) send fines to fast motorists
      D) make the traffic system fully automatic
      11. The newly-invented system functions more efficiently with the aid of __________.
      A) car number plates
      B) vehicle speeding records
      C) bar coded numbers on number plates
      D) print-out fines
      12. All of the following can be used to describe EEV’s device except _______.
      A) a computerized video system B) “Big Brother”
      C) an automatic fine printer D) an electronic system
      Passage IV
      Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage:
      Population tends to grow at an exponential rate. This means that they progressively double.
As an example of this type of growth rate, take one penny and double it every day for one month.
After the first week, you would have only 64 cents, but after the fourth week you would have over
a million dollars.
      This helps explain why the population has come on “all of a sudden”. It took form the
beginning of human life to the year 1830 for the population of the earth to reach one billion. That
represents a time span of at least two million years. Then it took from 1830 to 1930 for world
population to reach 2 billion. The next billion was added by 1960, only thirty years, and in 1975
world population reached 4 billion, which is another billion people in only fifteen years.
      World population is increasing at a rate of 9,000 per hour, 220,000 per day, 80 million per
year. This is not only due to higher birth rates, but to lower death rates as well. The number of
births has not declined at the same rate as the number of deaths.
      Some countries, such as Columbia, Thailand, Morocco, Costa Rica, and the Philippines, are
doubling their populations about every twenty-one years, with a growth rate of 3.3 percent a year
or more. The United States is doubling its population about every eighty-seven years, with a rate
of 0.8 percent per year. Every time a population double, the country involved needs twice as much
of everything, including hospitals, schools, resources, food and medicines to care for its people. It
is easy to see that this is very difficult to achieve for the more rapidly growing countries.
      13. This passage chiefly discussed_____.
      A) the growth of world population
      B) one type of the exponential rate
      C) the population problem of more rapidly growing countries
      D) the possible ways of dealing with the rapid population growth
      14. According to the passage, what helps to explain why the population problem has come on
“all of a sudden”?
      A) The penny which doubles itself every day for one month.
      B) The time span of at least two million years in human history.
      C) An illustration of the exponential growth rate given by the author.
      D) The large amount of money you would luckily make after the fourth week.
      15. It took _______ for the world to increase its population form 1 billion to 4 billion.
      A) 100 years B) 145 years C) 1975 years D) over two million years
      16. Which of the following statements is NOT true? (C)
      A) World population is increasing at a rate of 150 per minutes.
      B) Lower death rate also contributes to world population growth.
      C) The population of Columbia has been doubling every year for 21 years.
      D) The United States is usuall6y doubling its population about every 87 years.
      17. When a population doubles, the country involved needs twice as much of everything,
including ______. (A)
      A) hospitals and medicines B) schools and students
      C) food and manpower resources D) all of the above
   Part III Vocabulary and Structure (20%)
      Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four
choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then mark
the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
      1. He _____ me of his sister.
      A) remembers B) reminds C) recalls D) recollects
      2. I’ve made an ________ for you to see the dentist at 5 o’clock tomorrow afternoon.
      A) interview B) assignment C) opportunity D) appointment
      3. Johnson spoke to me optimistically ________ his future in the big oil company.
      A) regarding B) respecting to C) referring D) relating
      4. These books were very dear to him and he bought them at ________ expense when he was
studying abroad.
      A) considerate B) considered C) considerable D) considering
      5. He was asked to show them the same respect _____ they would to him.
      A) like B) which C) as D) when
      6. Many English teachers are interested in a new ______ to language teaching.
      A) way B) method C) means D) approach
      7. ________ from space, our earth, with water covering 70% of its surface, appears as a ‘blue
      A) Seeing B) Seen C) To be seen D) Being seen
      8. The desks and chairs can be ______ to the height of each child.
      A) adjusted B) adopted C) measured D) objected
      9. As preparations were not completed in time, the conference had to be _____ till the next
      A) put away B) cancelled C) put aside D) postponed
      10. The matter _____ you were arguing about last night had been settled.
      A) as B) that C) for which D) what
      11. The company has an extensive international _____ network.
      A) contribution B) attribution C) distribution D) accumulation
      12. It is necessary that the plan ____ before Thursday.
      A) were fulfilled B) was fulfilled C) be fulfilled D) would be fulfilled
      13. He climbed up into the tree and picked all the fruit _______ reach.
      A) within B) beyond C) off D) inside
      14. According to _____ they have told me, they should return in about three weeks.
      A) that B) what C) any D) which
      15. Britain has the highest __________ of road traffic in the world -- over 60 cars for every
mile of the road.
      A) popularity B) density C) intensity D) prosperity
      16. The manager lost his ____ just because his secretary was ten minutes later.
      A) mood B) temper C) mind D) passion
      17. There are signs ________ restaurants are becoming more popular with families.
      A) that B) which C) in which D) whose
      18 If you _____ yourself to the job in hand, you’ll soon finish it.
      A) request B) appeal C) apply D) claim
      19. The trumpet player was certainly loud; but I wasn’t bothered by his loudness ______ by
his lack of talent.
      A) than B) more than C) as D) so much as
      20. ________ as it was at such a time, his work attracted much attention.
      A) Being published B) Published
      C) Publishing D) To be published
      21. The two computer systems are ______ with each other.
      A) incomparable B) incompetent C) incompatible D) incomplete
      22. Science has a very strong _____ on the everyday life of non-scientists as well as scientists.
      A) motivation B) perspective C) impression D) impact
      23. It is interesting that many language teachers are ______ to talk too much at home as well
as in class.
      A) inclined B) tended C) liked D) intended
      24. Nuclear science should be developed to benefit the people ______ harm them.
      A) more than B) other than C) rather than D) better than
      25. When you fill in the application form, please use your _______ address so that we can
contact you easily later.
      A) permanent B) plain C) policy D) principal
       26. The manager spoke highly of such ______ as loyalty, courage and
truthfulness shown by his employees.
      A) virtues B) features        C) properties D) characteristics
      27. The captain scanned the ____ for the approaching ship.
      A) vertical B) horizontal C) horrible D) hooked
      28. I didn’t have enough money in hand at that time to pay for my daughter’s tuition, I had to
_____ my savings.
      A) draw up B) draw upon C) draw out D) draw over
      29. These books were very dear to him and he bought them at _____ expense when he was
studying abroad.
      A) considerate B) considered C) considerable D) considering
      30. We must _____ a new chair for the broken one, because there is a meeting this afternoon
in this conference room.
      A) replace B) return C) substitute D) change
      31. I appreciate _______ to your home.
      A) to be invited B) to have invited C) having invited          D) being invited
      32. You ______ all those calculations! We have a computer to do that sort of thing.
      A) needn’t have done             B) must not have done
      C) shouldn’t have done             D) can not have done
      33. When I was very young, I was terribly frightened of school, but I soon ______ it.
      A) got off           B) got across         C) got away          D) got over
      34. Although many people view conflict as bad, conflict is sometimes useful ______it forces
people to test the relative merits of their attitudes and behaviors.
      A) by which B) to which C) in that D) so that
      35. What _____ would happen if the director knew you felt that way?
      A) do you suppose             B) you suppose
      C) will you suppose D) you would suppose
      36. Things might have been much worse if the mother _______ on her right to keep the baby.
      A) has been insisting                         B) would insist
      C) had insisted D) insisted
      37. The author of the report is well ________ with the problems in the hospital because he
has been working there for many years.
      A) informed                                   B) enlightened
      C) acquainted                                 D) acknowledged
      38. There is no _______ to the house from the main road.
      A) access                                    B) exposure
      C) avenue D) edge
      39. None of us expected the chairman to ________at the party. We thought he was still in
      A) turn in                                    B) turn up
      C) turn over                                 D) turn down
      40. We take our skin for granted until it is burned ________ repair.
      A) beyond B) without          C) for D) under
   Part IV Translation (10%)
      Section A (5%)
      Directions: In this part, there are five items, each consisting of one or two sentences for you
to translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the READING PASSAGES you have
learned in BOOK THREE. Please write your translation on the Answer Sheet.
       1. A friend is someone who draws out your own best qualities, with whom you sparkle and
become more of whatever the friendship draws upon. (Unit 9, Para. 6)
       2. Adolescents, boys and girls, form deeply sentimental attachments, walk and talk together
– not so much to polish their wits as to share their hopes and fears and dreams, to form a common
front against the world of school and family and to join in a kind of mutual discovery of each
other’s and their own inner life. (Unit 9, Para. 8)
      3. For the friendships I have and the friendships I see are conducted at many levels of
intensity, serve many different functions, meet different needs and range from those as all-the-way
as the friendship of the soul sisters mentioned above to that of the most casual playmates. (ACR,
      4. In our case, it is an opportunity to pursue business opportunities that use creativity and
technology to substitute for tress, for resources of any kind. (Unit 10, Para. 3)
      5. What is valuable about the rain forest is not the trees, which we can take out. What is
valuable is the design, the relationships, from which comes the real value of the forest. (Unit 10,
       Section B (5%)
       Directions: In this part, there are five items, each consisting of one or two sentences for you
to translate into English. These sentences are all related to the sentence patterns or structures you
have learned in BOOK THREE. Please write your translation on the Answer Sheet.
      1. 这可能在短期会省钱,但从长远看会得不偿失。
      2. 大公司接受了我们的条款后,小公司也紧随其后。
      3. 立即给我们以深刻印象的与其说是衣服不如说是这个人本身。
      4. 在我的主管缺席的情况下,我自发主动地行动。
      5. 通常的观点认为一个企业的最高使命是获取最大的利润、并返还给股东们。
   Part V. Writing (10%)
      Directions: For this part, you are asked to write an article entitled “Surprising Facts about
Sleep” in about 120 words. Your article must include the following points:
      1) 描述图表的变化趋势;
      2) 分析引起睡觉时间减少的原因;
      3) 你的建议。
      Your developing must be logical and convincing and please remember to write neatly
Part II Reading Comprehension (40%)
      Passage 1 1-5 BBCCA
      Passage 2 6-8 CAB
      Passage 3 9-12 DBCC
      Passage 4 16-20 ACB
      Part III Vocabulary and Structure (15%)
      1 - 5 BDACC 6-10 DBADB 11-15 CCABC 16-20 BACDB
      21-25 CDACA 26-30 ABBCC 31-35 DADCA 36-40CCABA
      Part 4 翻译:(10%)
      1. 朋友是这样的人:他会充分发挥你的最佳品质,跟他在一起使你生气勃勃,更能为
      2. 青年男女相互间建立深情厚意,走在一起互相交谈 - 与其说是为了激发大家的聪
      3. 因为我所经历的和我所看到的友谊表现出亲密程度各不相同,作用多种多样,满足
      4. 雨林的宝贵之处不在于那些我们可以索取的树木。宝贵的是它的构造,相互之间的
      5. 就我们公司而言,这就是一种机会,借此可以去寻求用创造力和技术来替代树木以
      1. “This may save money in the short run, but it’s going to be expensive in the long run.
      2. After the big companies agreed to accept our terms, the smaller ones immediately fell into
      3. It wasn’t so much the clothes as the man himself who/ that impressed us immediately.
      4. In the absence of my commanding officer, I acted on my own initiative.
      5. Conventional wisdom is that the highest mission of a corporation is to maximize profits
and return them to shareholders. (表语从句,不定式作表语)
      Part 5 Writing
      Surprising Facts about Sleep
      The graph indicates that today’s people get less sleep than 3 centuries ago. People averaged
between 9.5 and 10 hours of sleep in the 18th and 19th century. By the 1960s, the sleep schedule
had been reduced dramatically to 7.5 hours and the tendency of decline remained till this century.
      The beginning of our sleep deficit crisis can be traced back to the invention of the television a
century ago. Nowadays, television is available all night long. So instead of going to sleep, people
stay up late to watch late-night programs.
      Perhaps the worst robber of sleep is the complexity of the day. People squeeze more tasks
into days and nights. Most people hold the misunderstanding that the less you sleep, the more
vigorous and dynamic you are.
      As the result of sleep loss,

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