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Short Stories Writing Assignment

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					                               Short Stories: Writing Assignment
TASK: You must write a one page analysis of one of the major themes in either Lamb to the Slaughter by
Roald Dahl, or Story of an Hour by Kate Chopin. Your paragraph requires a topic sentences that clearly
introduces your main point, at least three direct references to the story for evidence (at least one of which
must be a quotation), some explanation/analysis of each piece of evidence, and a concluding statement
that summarizes your point.

POSSIBLE TOPIC SENTENCES:
  1) Throughout Lamb to the Slaughter, Roald Dahl explores the theme of betrayal by showing that
     betrayal is a destructive force that can damage people and relationships.
  2) Throughout The Story of an Hour, Kate Chopin explores the theme of freedom by showing that 19th
     Century women had very little freedom, but desperately wanted more.

PROCESS:
Step One: choose one of the two statements above and brainstorm some examples that you remember
from the story that would help you to prove the statement you have chosen. List as many examples of the
theme as you can.

Step Two: go through the story very carefully and find different examples in the text that would help you
prove your point. Find some important quotes that will help you prove your point and write them down
along with a page number. Find important events that relate to your point and write them down along
with a page number.

Step Three: write an outline of your paragraph in point form. Use the following structure:

   1. Topic sentence
   2. Evidence (either quote with page number, or reference to text with page number)
   3. Explanation/Analysis (explain why your quote or reference is significant. E.g. “This shows
      that …”)
   4. Evidence
   5. Explanation
   6. Evidence
   7. Explanation
   8. Conclusion

Step Four: show Mr. Williams your outline for approval
Step Five: write a rough copy of your paragraph and hand it in for approval.
Step Six: revise your first draft. Fix ALL spelling mistakes, awkward sentences, etc.
Step Seven: write and submit your good copy.

              SEE OTHER SIDE FOR A SAMPLE FINAL PRODUCT AND MARKING SCHEME
                                        SAMPLE LEVEL FOUR PLUS:
                                         *Based on Lord of the Flies

Throughout The Lord of the Flies Piggy’s glasses represent the power and importance of science and
technology in society. Piggy is the smartest boy on the island, a fact that Ralph realizes when he
considers that “Piggy, for all his ludicrous body, had brains” (Golding 97). This ties Piggy, and his
trademark glasses, to the idea of science and intelligence. Later, Piggy’s glasses become the tool used by
the boys to set the signal fire (Golding 52). The event highlights the importance of science and
knowledge, because without Piggy’s glasses the boys would have no way of lighting a fire and being
rescued. Piggy’s glasses are also damaged when he is hit by Jack (Golding 89), an action that symbolizes
Jack’s contempt for and rejection of civilized society. Finally, when Jack and his tribe steal Piggy’s glasses
(Golding 207), their theft is symbolic of their total takeover of the island. Jack and his tribe then control
the island’s most important piece of technology and the key to warmth, safety and rescue. In conclusion,
piggy’s glasses are symbolic of science, technology, and their important role in civilization.

                                 SAMPLE BROKEN DOWN BY PARTS
*Topic and conclusion sentences are in bold. Evidence is underlined. Explanation is in italics.

Throughout The Lord of the Flies Piggy’s glasses represent the power and importance of science
and technology in society. Piggy is the smartest boy on the island, a fact that Ralph realizes when he
considers that “Piggy, for all his ludicrous body, had brains” (Golding 97). This ties Piggy, and his
trademark glasses, to the idea of science and intelligence. Later, Piggy’s glasses become the tool used by
the boys to set the signal fire (Golding 52). The event highlights the importance of science and knowledge,
because without Piggy’s glasses the boys would have no way of lighting a fire and being rescued. Piggy’s
glasses are also damaged when he is hit by Jack (Golding 89), an action that symbolizes Jack’s contempt for
and rejection of civilized society. Finally, when Jack and his tribe steal Piggy’s glasses (Golding 207), their
theft is symbolic of their total takeover of the island. Jack and his tribe then control the island’s most
important piece of technology and the key to warmth, safety and rescue. In conclusion, piggy’s glasses
are symbolic of science, technology, and their important role in civilization.


                                             MARKING SCHEME

Knowledge/Understanding: Student demonstrates knowledge of the character, setting, conflict, and
theme of the short story. /10

Thinking/Inquiry: Student uses processing skills to clearly and effectively organize paragraph./10

Communication: Student’s prose is clear and effective, and free of spelling and grammar errors. /10

Application: Student transfers knowledge of theme into paragraph format by selecting significant details
that connect directly to the topic sentence and prove the paragraph’s central point. /10

				
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posted:9/24/2012
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