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      Armor Protection Levels
    Information Briefing for EOS




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                               Purpose
    • EOS Task #14 Provide an information brief that identifies a
      plan that articulates the need for Armor Protection Levels (APL)
      and the importance of balancing the “Iron Triangle” .

    • A “one size fits all” solution does not provide the flexibility
      required by commanders in the field in the execution of their
      widely varied mission sets.

    • Agenda
       • Where we are today
       • Where we want to go…APLs
       • Recommended APLs
       • What activities are underway
       • Way ahead




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                        Where we are today
                       Protection/Weight Trade-offs



    • There are no significant technological advances in
      lightweight armor just around the corner.
    • Dismounted movement challenge = how to balance the
      "Iron Triangle"
    • TTPs, METT-TS evaluation = Protection
    • Armor is scalable, but only to a degree




                              BALANCED
                             FOR MISSION
                            REQUIREMENTS

                              PAYLOAD
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                     Where we are today

    • Combatant Commander, JTF Commander or Component
      Commander prescribe a certain level of PPE (some
      delegate PPE levels).
      • The Modular Tactical Vest (MTV) and Scalable Plate Carrier
        (SPC) have soft armor that protects against fragmentation and
        handguns (9mm).
      • E-SAPI protects against ballistic protection to include 7.62mm
        armor piercing rounds
      • The Light Weight Helmet protects against fragmentation and
        handguns (9mm).
      • In the CENTCOM AOR all Marines must wear Flame Resistant
        Organizational Gear (FROG) as the outer layer.
      • FROG when worn in conjunction with the vest and other approved
        PPE (helmet, goggles, etc.) provides increased protection against
        flame/fire hazards that are associated with IED blasts.




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            Where we want to go…APLs

    • The intent of incorporating APLs is to provide
      guidance to commanders and enable them to
      tailor armor protection based on their estimate of
      the situation.
      • Higher APLs provide increased ballistic protection
        through the addition of modular armor components
        increasing the areas of coverage and/or ballistic
        protection .
      • Higher APLs correspond to greater weight, increased
        thermal loading, and reduced mobility; thus degrading
        individual and unit performance over extended
        periods of time.

               APL effectiveness is directly correlated to weight.



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                                Recommended APLs
                    APL-0                  MTV APL-1                               MTV APL-2




            No body armor at the
            commander’s discretion

                                     -Helmet
                                     -MTV without attachments                -Helmet
                                                                             -MTV with attachments


                MTV APL-3                                          MTV APL-4




                                                     -Helmet
                                                     -MTV with attachments
                                                     -Front SAPI
    -Helmet                                          -Back SAPI
    -MTV with attachments
    -Front & back SAPI                               -Side SAPI


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                                 Recommended APLs
                    APL-0                     SPC APL-1                                  SPC APL-2



               No body armor at the
               commander’s discretion



                                        -Helmet                                 -Helmet
                                        -SPC without attachments                -SPC with attachments


                 SPC APL-3                                            SPC APL-4




                                                        -Helmet
    -Helmet                                             -SPC with attachments
    -SPC with attachments                               -Front SAPI
    -Front & back SAPI                                  -Back SAPI
                                                        -Side SAPI


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            What activities are underway

    • PP&O (POG-21) with input from CDI is
      drafting a policy on the wear of PPE.
      • Will publish one MarAdmin to supplement MarAdmin 262/07
        (provided direction on the wear of PPE) and another MarAdmin
        to publish the policy identifying specific APLs.
      • Will give “Operating force commanders at the Lieutenant Colonel
        (O-5) level or higher, are authorized to determine the required
        level of PPE (or APL when established) for wear by assigned
        personnel. This determination will be informed by mission,
        threat, and environmental factors. “

    • Marine Corps Warfighting Laboratory
      conducting a lighten the load study.


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                        Summary


    • APLs will enable commanders to tailor armor
      protection based on their estimate of the
      situation
    • It is impractical to attempt to protect against
      all conceivable threats.
    • Leadership is fundamental to the effective
      use of APL.




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    Questions




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