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Introduction The project of Low Cost Housing Prototypes in MIT

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Introduction The project of Low Cost Housing Prototypes in MIT Powered By Docstoc
					 Prof. Dr. Nasamat Abd El Kader                  Prof. Dr. Sayed Mohammed Ettouney                      Prof. Dr. Rowaida Reda Kamel                  Ass’t Dr. Reeman Mohammed Rehan
 Professor of Housing                            Professor of Urban Design                              Professor of Architecture and Housing          Department of architecture
 Department of Architecture                      Department of Architecture                             Department of architecture                    Faculty of Engineering
 Faculty of Engineering                          Faculty of Engineering                                 Faculty of Engineering                        Helwan University
 Cairo University                                Cairo University                                       Cairo University
 nasamat@hotmail.com                             smettouney@hotmail.com                                 rowaidakamel@yahoo.com                        reeman_rehan@yahoo.com




 Introduction:
 The project of Low-Cost Housing Prototypes in Egypt (1987) is one of the governmental trials to solve the
 Egyptian housing problem to reach a greater number of lower – income families. The concept offered internal
 flexibility of the housing unit, permitting the participation of the user in the design decisions of his own house
 that matches his needs and affordability.
 The partially completed housing prototypes comprised seven types of five stories apartment walk-ups, providing
 a variety of flat areas, namely: 45, 60, 75 and 90 square meters. Each flat was conceived as a minimal shelter,
 comprising: a finished bathroom, structure elements, all sanitary connections and electrical installations.
 Internal partitions as well as walls and floor finishing were left, to be gradually completed by the user according
 to his needs and affordability.



                                                                                                                                                         Key Elements:
                                                                                                                                                         Time:
                                                                                                                                                           The start was in 1987.
                                                                                                                                                           Stage 1: 1987 Initial phase with supports, bath room, and
                                                                                                                                                         outer skin.
                                                                                                                                                           Stage 2: 1987-1989 second phase with bath room, final
                                                                                                                                                         finishing of internal wall and floors, kitchen, 1 bedroom,
                                                                                                                                                         and 1 living room.
                                                                                                                                                           Stage 3: 1989-1997 third phase with bath room, kitchen, 2
                                                                                                                                                         bedrooms, and 1 living room.
                                                                                                                                                           Stage 4: 1997-2010 fourth phase with bath room, kitchen,
                                                                                                                                                         3 bedrooms, and 1 living room.
                                                                                                                                                           Stage 5: 2010… fifth phase with bath room, kitchen, 2
                                                                                                                                                         bedrooms, and 1 living room.

                                                                                                                                                         Family size:
                                                                                                                                                           1987-1989: New small family consists of 2 persons.
                                                                                                                                                           1989-1992: Small family consists of 3 persons.
                                                                                                                                                           1992-1997: Family consists of 4 persons.
                                                                                                                                                           1997-2010: Big family consists of 5 persons.
                                                                                                                                                           2010…….: Family consists of 4 persons.

                                                                                                                                                         Household income:
                                                                                                                                                         The proved income:
                                                                                                                                                           1987-1992: 300LE/month.
                                                                                                                                                           1992-1997: 500LE/month.
                    STAGE 1                    STAGE 2                       STAGE 3                  STAGE 4                     STAGE 5                  1997-2001: 800LE/month.
EXPANSION User received a unit with It is a housing unit with 1 bedroom was added,            1 bedroom was added,        1 bedroom removed and            2001-2010: 1500LE/moth.
STAGES     a finished bathroom,         finished bathroom,           for a total of 2         for a total of 3            area combined with
           structure elements, all      kitchen, 1 bedroom, and                                                           living room                    Actual income:
           sanitary connections and 1 living room.                                                                                                         It is not a fixed income, it comes from overtime work and
           electrical installations.                                                                                                                     family assistant and it is not supported by documents.
TIME    IN 1987                         1987-1989                    1989-1997                1997-2010                   2010
YEAR
WHY     IN To solve the problem of accommodating the great number of lower – income categories.                                                          Number of rooms:
THAT TIME                                                                                                                                                  1987: Initial phase with 0 room, supports, bath room, and
CONCEPT    It is to be a key factor in decreasing the initial cost of dwellings. While developing architectural designs for the housing prototypes,      the outer skin.
           allowing the incremental development of the dwellings within a scenario of flexibility and adaptability.                                        1987-1989: 2 rooms (1 bedroom + 1 living room), bath
           The concept was welcomed as it combined the external appearance of a complete project and allowed the users to gradually                      room, and kitchen.
           complete and finish the interiors of their dwellings.                                                                                           1989-1997: 3 rooms (2 bedrooms + 1 living room), bath
HOW BUILT The government built the outer skin of the building.                                                                                           room, and kitchen.
           The user completes his housing unit with the help of the contractor
                                                                                                                                                           1997-2010: 4 rooms (3 bedrooms + 1 living room), bath
WHO BUILT User built the internal walls and he finished floors according to his needs and affordability.
                                                                                                                                                         room, and kitchen.
ISSUES   The issue of users’ participation in the gradual completion and finishing of their dwellings.
                                                                                                                                                           2010…….: 3 rooms (2 bedrooms + 1 living room), bath
         The issue of affordability and the impact of the family income on the process of gradual completion.
         The issue of the organizational procedure related to the provision of tools, materials and technical assistance for the gradual                 room, and kitchen.
         completion.
FAMILY   The state has drawn some constrains on the beneficiaries, such as:                                                                              Inflection point:
CIRCUMST Employment: users should be governmental employers , or have a proved income                                                                      It is concentrated around the political decision.
ANCE     Income: between (200-400 LE)/month (1987 Requirements) as the residential unit take a loan repaid over 30 or 40 years at a rate                 According to the civil Law No, 148, 2001, that outlining the
         of 4%, so the user should pay 25% of his monthly income .                                                                                       boundaries of income category, the Egyptian low-income
SERVICES The external appearance of a complete project, finished bathroom, structure elements of a housing unit, and all sanitary connections
                                                                                                                                                         person is one ho gets 1500 LE /month.
         and electrical installations were supplied by the government.
COSTS    2170 LE = (Monthly           2900 LE = (Monthly        3200 LE = one bedroom 4500 LE = one bedroom -
         installment + 4% + wall installment+ 4% +              finishing cost              finishing cost                                               References:
         and floor finishing cost) bedroom, living room                                                                                                  [1] Ettouney, S.M. & Abdel-Kader, Nasamat (1987) Formal Low
         75 LE/month +95 LE/          and kitchen finishing                                                                                              Cost Housing Prototypes, Ministry of Development and New
         month +2000 LE               cost 75 LE/month +56                                                                                               Communities, Cairo, Egypt ,(Arabic).
                                      LE/month +5000 LE                                                                                                  [2] Ettouney, S.M. & Abdel-Kader, Nasamat, (2003) Users’
SKETCHES                                                                                                                                                 Participation in Low Cost Housing Projects Post
                                                                                                                                                         Occupancy Evaluation, World Congress on Housing Housing
                                                                                                                                                         Process & Product, Montreal, Canada.
                                                                                                                                                         [3] Rehan ,Reeman Mohammed (2002) Review & Evaluation
                                                                                                                                                         of low-cost housing prototypes referring to 6th October
                                                                                                                                                         city, unpublished master thesis, Department of architecture,
PHOTOGRA                                                                                                                                                 Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Cairo.
PHS

				
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