Docstoc

NGO

Document Sample
NGO Powered By Docstoc
					CASS-Nottingham
Environmental Infrastructure
Workshop, 22 – 24 June, 2005


   The Role of Environmental NGOs
     in Sustainable Development
               in China

                               CHEN Ying
           Research Centre for Sustainable Development (RCSD)
                Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS)
                      Content
   The Development of Environmental NGOs in China
   Driving Forces for the Development of Env. NGOs
   Roles of Env. NGO in Sustainable Development
   Debate between Env. Activists and Scientists
   Promoting Public Participation to Sustainable
    Development in China
1. The Development of Env. NGOs in
              China
   Civil societies:
       Institutions, academic and industrial associations
        (mainly funded by government)
       Real NGO: Self-established organizations without
        government support (manpower and finance)
   Current situation:
       2000 env. civil societies in China including 50-60
        grass root organizations
       Millions of participants, over 100 thousand members
        for the largest one
       Regional offices by international NGOs
  Env. NGOs and Activists in China
                                             Green Earth
                                             Volunteers
                                              founded in 1996
  FON, the first env.
 NGO, founded in 1994

                            Liang Congjie




Global Village of Beijing
(GVB), founded in 1996         Liao Xiaoyi     Wang Yongchen
Oversea Env. NGOs Disembarkation



   Germany                 Belgium                  Australia




     India                 China                      Japan
Greenpeace International’s global activities to celebrate Kyoto
        Protocol entry into forces on Feb.26, 2005
2. Driving Forces for the Development
            of Env. NGOs
   Compatibility of the aims for
    government and env. NGOs in
    sustainable development
   Open minded env. management
    authorities
   Activists devoted themselves to
    environmental protection
2. Driving Forces for the Development
            of Env. NGOs
   International Assistance
       Global Village of Beijing (GVB) : received 3.2million
        RMB (0.4 million $) from Fort Foundation, WWF etc.
        during 1996-1999.
       Friends of Nature (FON): 1.32 of total 2.53million
        RMB (over 50%) came from international donation
        during March 1995 – Sept. 1999.
2. Driving Forces for the Development
            of Env. NGOs
   Women and the youth non-
    professional env. NGOs
    participation
       “Protection Mother River- Green
        Hope Project”
   Understanding and support from
    the public
       Particularly from university students
    3. Env. NGOs’ Role in Sustainable
              Development
   Public awareness raising
     through the media, such as
      “Time for Environment”, a
      popular TV program on
      China Central Television
     through lectures to school
      students
     at community level
3. Env. NGOs’ Role in Sustainable
          Development
   Campaigns to protect environment
       Saving the birds
       planting trees
       collecting litters
       community-based activities, such as recycling program
    3. Env. NGOs’ Role in Sustainable
              Development
   Concern on environmental quality to enhance
    enforcement of industrial pollution control and
    conservation projects at the local level
   Participation in decision-making processes of
    sustainable development as stakeholders to
    change environmental policies
       Alliance with National Environmental
        Protection Administration (NEPA)
Example 1: Nujiang Hydropower
    Development Project
Example 1: Nujiang Hydropower
    Development Project
Example 2: Yuanminyuan Inheritance
    Park Water-saving Project
                   Other examples
   Debate and discussion on new location of Beijing
    Zoo
   “Environmental Protection Storm 2005”
       NEPA investigated 30 projects of 13 provinces under
        construction without “env. impacts assessment report”,
   Beijing Olympic Organization Committee employed
    env. activists as env. consultants
4. Debate Between Env. Activists and
             Scientists
 Are they real representatives of public
  interests?
 Can they insist on independence, allying with
  the government?
 Is their attitude to environment rational or
  extreme?
Example: Nujiang Hydropower
    Development Project
    5. Promoting Public Participation to
     Sustainable Development in China
   Barriers
     Registration: non-profit organization
     Funding: government, corporation, individuals
     Legal status:
    “Law of Environmental Impacts Assessment”
    5. Promoting Public Participation to
     Sustainable Development in China
   Support Policies & Measures
      Awareness of the government
      Legislation
      Institutional innovation to promote cooperation
       between the government and env. NGOs
      Cooperation and union among env. NGOs
      Entry of International env. NGOs and their
       adaptation to domestic circumstances
      Capacity building of env. NGOs
All-China Environment Federation
    All-China Environment Federation
   Newly founded on April 22, 2005 (Earth Day)
   Driven by NEPA under designation of two Vise-Primers
   Chairman: Vise President of the People’s Political
    Consultative Conference (PPCC)
   Cochairmen: include both of the Director of NEPA and the
    leader of FON, the largest grass root env. NGO
    316 Directors include 101 former ministry-level officials at
    their capacities
   To unite and integrate all env. NGOs to promote public
    participation in sustainable development
Email: cycass@163bj.com

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:24
posted:9/24/2012
language:English
pages:22