Meeting Basic Human needs

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					  Meeting Basic Human

Things we need to live successfully, we
 cannot get along without them. When
 admitted to hospital needs come too.
Growth and development
 Growth- changes that take place in the body.
  Usually measured in weight and height
  changes, also system maturation.
 Development – changes that take place on
  social, emotional, and psychological levels
Basic principals of progression
 Continuous movement from simple to complex
 Development and growth move from head to feet and
  from torso to limbs
 Each stage of development has a set of tasks that
  need to be master before can move on to next stage
 Progression moves forward in an orderly fashion, but
  rate varies for each person
 Growth patterns progress at own rate
Stages of Growth & Development
 Neonate           Adolescence
 Infancy           Adulthood
 Toddler           Middle age
 Preschool         Later maturity
 School age        Old age
 Preadolescence
Neonatal and infant period
 Learns to sit, crawl, stand, take first steps
 Emotional attachments move from self-
  awareness and parental to others
 Systems become more stabilized
 Alertness and activity increase
 Teeth appear
 Food intake progresses from milk to solid
 Verbal skills begin to develop
Toddler period
 Learns to control elimination
 Begins to become aware of right and wrong
 Reacts with frustration and negative
  responses to attempts at socialization and
  discipline as becomes aware separate person
 Mother remains source of security and
 No interaction while playing in company of
  other children
Preschool years
 Less reliant on mother
 Develops rivalries
 Improves language skills and asks many
 Develops more active imagination
 Becomes more sexually curious
School-aged children
 Able to communicate
 Developed fine motor skills
 Increased sense of self
 Peer relationships
 Reinforces proper social behavior through
 Sex differentiated friends
 Joins groups like scouts
 Begins to show concern for other living things
 Transitional stage
 Hormonal changes stimulate secondary sex
 Feels on threshold of tremendous change
 Mood swings and feeling of insecurity
 Growing awareness and interest in the
  opposite sex
 Arms and legs seem out of proportion to rest
  of body
 Gradual development of sexual maturity
 Greater appreciation of own identity as male
  or female
 Conflicting desires for freedom of
  independence and security of dependence
 Establishment of personal coping systems
  and ability to make independent judgments
  and decisions
 Gradual success in mastering developmental
 Independence and personal decision making
 Choice of mate
 Establishment of career and family life
 Optimal health
 Choice of friends to form support group
Middle age
 Final career advancement, retirement
 Children leaving home
 Health usually still good, some slowing may be seen
 More time can be spent on leisure activities
 More time and money to pursue personal interests
 Revitalizing relationship with mate
 Enjoying grandchildren
 Member of “sandwich” generation
Later maturity
 Gradual loss of vitality and stamina
 Physical changes that signal the aging
 Chronic conditions develop and persist
 Period of gradual losses
 Examination of lifetime
 More time to pursue personal interests
 Fewer responsibilities
 Increased wisdom
Old age
 Failing physical health and growing
 Need to deal with illness, loneliness, loss of
  friends and loved ones, and the realization of
Basic Human Needs
 Common to all humans to successfully live
  their lives
 Abraham Maslow and Eric Erikson two
  leaders in area of human behavior
 Personality – sum of the ways we react to
  events in our lives
Erikson’s stages of personality
 Oral-sensory -- trust
 Muscular-anal -- autonomy
 Locomotor -– initiative
 Latency -- industry
 Adolescence -- identity
 Young adulthood -- intimacy
 Adulthood – live a satisfying and productive
 Maturity – ego integrity
Maslow hierarchy
continuum of physical needs
 Physical needs – nutrition, rest, oxygen,
  shelter, elimination, activity, sexuality
 Security and safety needs –
 Love and affection
 Self-esteem
 Self-actualization

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