Packaging_0f_Mango by ajizai


									Packaging of Mango
               Packaging of Mango


• India is the largest producer of mangoes in the world
• Huge post harvest losses (25-30%) occur in mango in the period
   between harvesting and consumption
• Due to heavy post harvest losses, a considerable gap between
   production and availability of fruits and vegetables to consumers
• Thus, there is an urgent need to adopt proper post harvest
   management practices by adopting improved packaging,
   handling and efficient transportation methods
                Packaging of Mango

Introduction cont…..

•   Packaging is required to keep the mangoes in good condition
    until these are sold and consumed
•   Packaging serves as an efficient handling unit to carry produce
    from field to consumer
•   The package should also protect the produce from rotting
•   Packages must also protect the produce from possible
                 Packaging of Mango

Functions of Packaging Material

 Two main functions of packaging are:
 1. To assemble the produce into convenient units for handling.
 2. To protect the produce during distribution, storage and
                   Packaging of Mango

    Packaging materials serve the following purposes:

•    As an efficient handling unit
•    Protects the produce from mechanical damage
•    Protects the produce from moisture loss
•    Provides clean and sanitary storage
•    Prevents pilferage
•    Provides sales and service motivation
•    Reduces the cost of transport and marketing
                Packaging of Mango

Packaging Materials for Fresh Produce
1. Basket made of woven strips of leaves, bamboo, plastic etc.
2. Sacks: flexible, made of plastic or jute.
         i)       Bags: small size sacks
         ii)      Nets: sacks made of open mesh
3. Wooden crates
4. Fibreboard boxes
         i)       Solid fibreboard boxes
         ii)      Corrugated fibreboard boxes
5. Plastic crates
6. Biodegradable plastics
7. New innovations in packaging of fruits, vegetables and root crops
8. Pallet boxes and shipping containers
                 Packaging of Mango

Packaging Materials for Processed Products

 Packaging for processed products is of several types:
 1. Glass containers
 2. Metal cans
 3. Aluminium foil
 4. Plastic materials
 5. Collapsible containers
 6. Composite containers
                   Packaging of Mango

    Cushioning Materials and Wrap

•    Dry grass, paddy straw, leaves, saw dust, paper shreds etc. are
     used as cushioning material for packaging fruits and vegetables
•    It should dissipate the heat of respiration of the produce
•    It should be free from infection and should be physiologically
•    Moulded pulp tray, honeycomb portion, cell pack are used
     replacing the cushioning material
                Packaging of Mango

Cushioning Materials and Wrap

•   Shrink-wrapping is a new technique and
    trend for packaging mangoes
•   Shrink-wrapping with an engineered
    plastic wrap can reduce
    • shrinkage,
    • protect the produce from disease,
    • reduce mechanical damage and
    • provide a good surface for stick-on
                  Packaging of Mango

Precautions during packing

•   Containers should not be filled either too loosely or too tightly
    because loose products may vibrate against each other and
    cause bruising
•   While over-packing results in compression bruising
•   Proper filling along with cushioning material can minimize
    bruising damage
                 Packaging of Mango

  Packaging of Mango

• Baskets made of bamboo with paddy as cushioning materials are
  used as packaging for mangoes in India, yet it results in very high
• Now-a-days, corrugated fibre boxes are used for packaging
• Cushioning materials like paddy straw, wood wool, vinylite and
  pliofilms wrappers, paper cuttings, newsprint, tissue paper and
  polyethylene films etc are used
• Sometimes honey comb fibre boxes are also used in local market
• Plastic crates are also used for local markets
                Packaging of Mango

  Special Care in Packaging

• Mangoes should be packaged in a single layer in fruit crates and
• Due to their great sensitivity to pressure, the fruit should be
  wrapped in paper or padded with wood
• Recommended ventilation conditions: circulating air, 60 - 80
  circulations/hour with continuous supply of fresh air, to prevent
  excessive concentrations of CO2, ethylene and other gases
                   Packaging of Mango

    Packaging & Labeling/Marking for export

•    Each graded mango should be placed into soft, white expandable
     polystyrene, netted sleeves to prevent bruising before placing it in
     compressed fiberboard cartons
•    The sleeved mangoes should be packed in a single layer in
     compressed fiberboard cartons of interlocking type preferably
     having a water-proof coating to prevent damage due to high
     humidity during cold storage
•    All the holes or vents are covered with insect-proof screen of a
     minimum of 30 meshes per linear inch
                   Packaging of Mango

    Packaging & Labeling/Marking for export ...

•    Only packing material of food grade should be used for packing
     mangoes in the pack house
•    For export, standard size of packages (370 X 275 X 90 mm)
     should be used
•    All the sides of each package should then be sealed with
     adhesive tape to prevent entry of target or non-target quarantine
•    All the packages should be affixed with labels as per requirement
            Packaging of Mango

Mangoes packed in corrugated   Packed mangoes being
     fibre board boxes          loaded on a container
               Packaging of Mango

Mango Transport in Carton

 Fiberboard Box Developed
 at CISH, Lucknow with
 Proper Vents at top, Sides
 and Bottom for Mango
    Packaging of Mango

Double Fruit Foam Net (Packing Mango)

  Source: http://www.made-in-
                 Packaging of Mango

Let Us Sum Up

• Food packaging is a system by which the fresh or processed
   produce will reach from the production centre to the ultimate
   consumer in safe and sound condition at an affordable cost
• It serves two basic objectives, i.e., marketing and logistics
• Adopting improved packaging, handling and transportation
   methods during distribution and marketing can successfully
   reduce huge post harvest losses

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