الصفة أو النعت

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					                         Adjective


                          Adjective
          what do we mean by the term Adjective?

                                                    ! " #$ %" &            .
.        ' (             )*+           ) ,     ,              & -'. #$ %
     )*4 0%5        6                3 ,/                         01'2 "
    89    -'< = * )*>                   ?%@        37 89 :        , ' ;
    :/" A 1 BC      modifier )*> E                   E 1' #        D 1 .
    &     1' ,            IF        G/ #' H!        89       a- an – the
                                   '6 ; J



    G M        ?!              M   ,          N < OKL /18          9
                        &' P " # ' /          G . ..

                                 :
               The three forms of ADJ:

                          F :         1' , Q
                         Inflectional forms

                      < L: @ , > Q
                     Derivational forms

                 R
           H L:)R" )*+ 0,S T /                          Q            .
                      Proper Adjectives
                             1' , Q       UF
                           Inflectional forms

                           @ , > Q      U <L
                          Derivational forms

                 R
               )R" )*+     0,S T /           Q      U H L.
                           Proper Adjectives

           K133 1V GW'S<     ' <+ X " #8W ?! C. <       Y 2 ..

                               *******

                           1' , Q       UF
                         Inflectional forms

     =' ,      ,    & B \\ 1' , [[ G *+                      /ZWF
              A      X + A 9,       ' M,         @ X/            .

 OKL G #8W               D Q           N / C&           ]WK< ^@
      A    ` 7C&           a 8 ,*+ : ?       ?! _            ,       A
             , Y ', X " & LKH ' M,                      b$               :

F / Positive ?H          (+ D 8         9           `                B rich B
                                 /P .
  < L/ Comparative <$           G ), , B                ;,                        &
    #'.c       (d # " D 1 N / C&                                         e   er
           ?H      `      '.f P richer DK                   X/P B .
       H L/Superlative D B 3    ?;, M                        g      &
                             =
              e     h    <$          M    X " ? W BC         & N / CG
       #'.c        ;< /& 3      `        " ?      X"                 est
        ?H 3        ;`         %L>          1 G< X + richest X/P` .


i' ]WK< D S" #8W               b         N < OKH X " A H = S<                 :

  Nora is a rich woman, but Samia is richer than Nora ,
               and Maha is the richest woman in town.


#8 %      # ' + X/P     & G     #$ <        X/P       *       /P # ' + #$ <.

                                     j'S<         :

   F      & N <A       / 8 ,*+ Positive /P # ' + #$ < / @ k 9
                       Nora is a rich woman.
         X"        (+ B 8b F :< ]WK< g+ rich 1' , # l T %*
        a & )*> <8b                  8       woman .        1' #     g+
       +)*> E <$              N < B 8b 1F :<`             (+ D 8          .


  & N < < L / 8 ,*+ < L Comparative    X/P * /@k9
                           #$ <
               Samia is richer than Nora .
      X"      (+8b :< ]WK< g+ rich / ( k 9 er 1 G< X
7C&             er       *             /& <$      T< !        /L+        <$            &
           a 8 ,*+ /ZWF #$ <               X/P T< !            * k 9 #$ <
      than #$ < &            <$                 < H ='m )L               /         ,
. (d            E <$                   A ` ='m g+ er)L than+ < H ='m
                                        <$    .


& N < k L / 8 ,*+ H L Superlative # ' d-/P & G / @ k 9
                        #8 %   .
        Maha is the richest woman in town ..
    X"      (+8b :< ]WK< g+ rich / ( k 9 est 1 G< X
 7C&            est /& <$               T< !      /L+        'H!         <$            &
      #8W X/P T< ! G k 9 D 5 ^ b                                   #8 % - ,5 X "
             a 8 ,*+ /ZWF the G                  ;            E              ?%@
             est )*> E           /L+      'H!           <$          /    ,     .


      6              ,       Q                  b$ OKH D+                " ]WK<
          a 5@ OKL X + )5 A 8b e & X " 8"                          Y,!        &8 < .



                             1'* ZWK :
                     ='9 G,/         J n /& y
                       ?H heavy -fancy-happy

 M              & Do                    7C& Positive ..X + G 9< %<                     Y2
Comparative Superlative ='W =C9< y : 8                   ;< i )L
             * 9         ;< er est.

                              H /

          Happy p%          happier happiest.

           fancy p%         fancier          fanciest

          heavy p%         heavier          heaviest.

                   ***************

                    Q      OKH         " H :

                        F / Positive

                  Huda is a great girl .

                          Z" < 5<+ -8& .

      1' , #     /ZWF g+ a              )L great )*> )L girl

                  salem is a wise man.

      1' , #     /ZWF g+ a     )L wise )*> )L man
                      !g ?b$ ) * .

                     < L/ Comparative

 & N / C& ?H D`     /L+           <$        G ? <        5     H`
                             <$        ..

               Huda is greater than Salwa.
                      - *    )Z" -8& .

     ,       1'm / % + - * -8&        /& <$   ]WK< g+ :
               (d      E\-8&[ <$        A ` ='m
             er)L than+- *[ <$        < H ='m ) .


                 Salem is wiser than Hamad.

                       8W    X!g ) * .

         ,    1'm / % + 8 W ) *   /& <$  ]WK< g+ :
(d             E\) *[ <$     A ` ='m r D    q e D`


G K           rK. e )L than+8 W[ <$           < H ='m ) .

				
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