# الصفة أو النعت

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```					                         Adjective

what do we mean by the term Adjective?

! " #\$ %" &            .
.        ' (             )*+           ) ,     ,              & -'. #\$ %
)*4 0%5        6                3 ,/                         01'2 "
89    -'< = * )*>                   ?%@        37 89 :        , ' ;
:/" A 1 BC      modifier )*> E                   E 1' #        D 1 .
&     1' ,            IF        G/ #' H!        89       a- an – the
'6 ; J

G M        ?!              M   ,          N < OKL /18          9
&' P " # ' /          G . ..

:

F :         1' , Q
Inflectional forms

< L: @ , > Q
Derivational forms

R
H L:)R" )*+ 0,S T /                          Q            .
1' , Q       UF
Inflectional forms

@ , > Q      U <L
Derivational forms

R
)R" )*+     0,S T /           Q      U H L.

K133 1V GW'S<     ' <+ X " #8W ?! C. <       Y 2 ..

*******

1' , Q       UF
Inflectional forms

=' ,      ,    & B \\ 1' , [[ G *+                      /ZWF
A      X + A 9,       ' M,         @ X/            .

OKL G #8W               D Q           N / C&           ]WK< ^@
A    ` 7C&           a 8 ,*+ : ?       ?! _            ,       A
, Y ', X " & LKH ' M,                      b\$               :

F / Positive ?H          (+ D 8         9           `                B rich B
/P .
< L/ Comparative <\$           G ), , B                ;,                        &
#'.c       (d # " D 1 N / C&                                         e   er
?H      `      '.f P richer DK                   X/P B .
H L/Superlative D B 3    ?;, M                        g      &
=
e     h    <\$          M    X " ? W BC         & N / CG
#'.c        ;< /& 3      `        " ?      X"                 est
?H 3        ;`         %L>          1 G< X + richest X/P` .

i' ]WK< D S" #8W               b         N < OKH X " A H = S<                 :

Nora is a rich woman, but Samia is richer than Nora ,
and Maha is the richest woman in town.

#8 %      # ' + X/P     & G     #\$ <        X/P       *       /P # ' + #\$ <.

j'S<         :

F      & N <A       / 8 ,*+ Positive /P # ' + #\$ < / @ k 9
Nora is a rich woman.
X"        (+ B 8b F :< ]WK< g+ rich 1' , # l T %*
a & )*> <8b                  8       woman .        1' #     g+
+)*> E <\$              N < B 8b 1F :<`             (+ D 8          .

& N < < L / 8 ,*+ < L Comparative    X/P * /@k9
#\$ <
Samia is richer than Nora .
X"      (+8b :< ]WK< g+ rich / ( k 9 er 1 G< X
7C&             er       *             /& <\$      T< !        /L+        <\$            &
a 8 ,*+ /ZWF #\$ <               X/P T< !            * k 9 #\$ <
than #\$ < &            <\$                 < H ='m )L               /         ,
. (d            E <\$                   A ` ='m g+ er)L than+ < H ='m
<\$    .

& N < k L / 8 ,*+ H L Superlative # ' d-/P & G / @ k 9
#8 %   .
Maha is the richest woman in town ..
X"      (+8b :< ]WK< g+ rich / ( k 9 est 1 G< X
7C&            est /& <\$               T< !      /L+        'H!         <\$            &
#8W X/P T< ! G k 9 D 5 ^ b                                   #8 % - ,5 X "
a 8 ,*+ /ZWF the G                  ;            E              ?%@
est )*> E           /L+      'H!           <\$          /    ,     .

6              ,       Q                  b\$ OKH D+                " ]WK<
a 5@ OKL X + )5 A 8b e & X " 8"                          Y,!        &8 < .

1'* ZWK :
='9 G,/         J n /& y
?H heavy -fancy-happy

M              & Do                    7C& Positive ..X + G 9< %<                     Y2
Comparative Superlative ='W =C9< y : 8                   ;< i )L
* 9         ;< er est.

H /

Happy p%          happier happiest.

fancy p%         fancier          fanciest

heavy p%         heavier          heaviest.

***************

Q      OKH         " H :

F / Positive

Huda is a great girl .

Z" < 5<+ -8& .

1' , #     /ZWF g+ a              )L great )*> )L girl

salem is a wise man.

1' , #     /ZWF g+ a     )L wise )*> )L man
!g ?b\$ ) * .

< L/ Comparative

& N / C& ?H D`     /L+           <\$        G ? <        5     H`
<\$        ..

Huda is greater than Salwa.
- *    )Z" -8& .

,       1'm / % + - * -8&        /& <\$   ]WK< g+ :
(d      E\-8&[ <\$        A ` ='m
er)L than+- *[ <\$        < H ='m ) .

8W    X!g ) * .

,    1'm / % + 8 W ) *   /& <\$  ]WK< g+ :
(d             E\) *[ <\$     A ` ='m r D    q e D`

G K           rK. e )L than+8 W[ <\$           < H ='m ) .

```
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