Launching a New Republic
The President and Congress begin
to set up the new government.
Why it Matters Now:
The strength of the U.S. today is due
to the decisions of the founders about
how to organize the government.
Creating the Court System
Federal Judiciary Act: (1789) The act gave
the Supreme Court 6 members. ( Chief
Justice and 5 Judges)
Our current supreme court has 9 members.
The act also established the lower, less
powerful, federal courts.
The President’s Cabinet
Helps the president lead the nation.
Congress created 3 departments –
Secretary of War, Secretary of State, and
Secretary of Treasury.
Attorney General- advises government on
Presidential cabinets have increased to 14
Each president uses their cabinets
Economic Problems of the New Government
National debt total $52 million dollars
The money was borrowed from foreign
nations and private citizens to finance the
It was in the national interest to repay the
debts in order to gain the respect of
foreign nations and citizens.
Hamilton’s Financial Plan
1. Paying off all war debts.
2. Raising government revenue.
3. Creating a national bank.
Hamilton and Jefferson argued over how
to solve the nations economic troubles,
eventually the national bank was
Interpreting the Constitution
The writers made it general enough so
that it would be flexible.
Strict construction – strict/narrow
Loose construction- broad/flexible
How do you view the constitution?