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Launching a New Republic Main Idea: The President and Congress begin to set up the new government. Why it Matters Now: The strength of the U.S. today is due to the decisions of the founders about how to organize the government. Creating the Court System Federal Judiciary Act: (1789) The act gave the Supreme Court 6 members. ( Chief Justice and 5 Judges) Our current supreme court has 9 members. The act also established the lower, less powerful, federal courts. The President’s Cabinet Helps the president lead the nation. Congress created 3 departments – Secretary of War, Secretary of State, and Secretary of Treasury. Attorney General- advises government on legal matters Presidential cabinets have increased to 14 members. Each president uses their cabinets differently. Economic Problems of the New Government National debt total $52 million dollars The money was borrowed from foreign nations and private citizens to finance the war. It was in the national interest to repay the debts in order to gain the respect of foreign nations and citizens. Hamilton’s Financial Plan 1. Paying off all war debts. 2. Raising government revenue. 3. Creating a national bank. Hamilton and Jefferson argued over how to solve the nations economic troubles, eventually the national bank was established. Interpreting the Constitution The writers made it general enough so that it would be flexible. Strict construction – strict/narrow interpretation Loose construction- broad/flexible interpretation How do you view the constitution?
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