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Chapter 4 Using a Web Browser - EMC Publishing

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Chapter 4 Using a Web Browser - EMC Publishing Powered By Docstoc
					     Chapter 4
Using a Web Browser
        Learning Objectives
Define the role and function of Web browsers.
Identify the different Internet Explorer elements.
Differentiate between buttons on the Standard
Buttons toolbar.
Explain how to use the Favorites Center and History
to store and retrieve Web pages.
        Learning Objectives
Contrast the different ways to save Web pages and
print Web pages and Web page content.
Examine how to configure Internet Explorer.
Utilize the Internet Explorer Help feature.
Open and use multiple browser tabs.
           Chapter Focus
Browser Basics
Internet Explorer Elements
Storing and Retrieving Web Pages
Saving Web Pages
Printing Web Pages
Configuring Internet Explorer
Other Internet Explorer Features
           Browser Basics
Browser software program
  Enables user to access and view the World
  Wide Web
Hyperlink or URL in address bar
  User is navigated to another site
Various browsers
  Internet Explorer, Netscape Navigator, Opera,
  Mozilla
            Browser Basics
Various security vulnerabilities in Internet Explorer
have led some users to abandon it for other more
secure browsers
Too early to tell if security improvements in Internet
Explorer 7 will persuade former users to use it again
All main browsers offer similar interfaces
Browser Basics



 Internet Explorer




Netscape Navigator




  Mozilla Firefox
            Browser Basics
               Review
What is a Web browser?

Why has Internet Explorer lost market share
recently?

How difficult is it to switch between different
browsers?
   Internet Explorer Elements
Title Bar
   Displays the name of the Web page that is open
   in the browser window along with the name of the
   browser
   Right side of title bar
       Minimize, Restore Down, and Close buttons
       Restore Down changes to Maximize upon
       click
   Internet Explorer Elements
Menu Bar
  Lets users execute various commands using the
  Windows menu format
     Clicking a command on Menu bar displays a
     list of commands
     Clicking a command on the list with a right-
     pointing arrow will display a submenu with
     more commands
   Internet Explorer Elements
Back and Forward Buttons
                 Active      Inactive




  Used to navigate backwards and forwards
  between previously visited Web pages
  Recent Pages menu arrow to immediate right
  displays list of up to nine previously visited pages;
  clicking a listing displays that page
   Internet Explorer Elements
Address Bar
  When a hyperlink is clicked the URL appears
  automatically once the requested document is
  retrieved and displayed
  Entering an address in the Address bar and then
  pressing Enter will cause the browser to navigate
  to the address
      URLs can be copied and pasted into the
      Address bar also
      Click the down-pointing
      arrow located to the right
      of the Address bar to
      display a list of previously
      entered URLs
   Internet Explorer Elements
Address Bar
     Click a URL from the list to place that URL in
     the Address bar
  A closed padlock icon appears on the right side of
  the Address bar when the browser makes a
  connection to a secure server
     Clicking the padlock icon displays information
     about the certificate for the server hosting the
     Web page
   Internet Explorer Elements
Address Bar
  Refresh button
     Refreshes the browser window display by
     submitting a new Web page download request
     Can ensure that the Web page displays the
     most current information
     Pressing the [F5] key activates the Refresh
     button
  Stop button
     Stops a Web page from downloading
     Pressing the [ESC] key activates the Stop
     button
   Internet Explorer Elements
Instant Search Box
   Typing a word or phrase in the Instant Search
   Box and clicking the magnifying glass icon or
   tapping [ENTER] displays search results from
   MSN Search
   MSN is the default search provider
   Saves time navigating to preferred search engine
   before performing a search
   Clicking the associated arrow menu allows a
   search for text on the current page or change
   preferences to use another search provider
   Internet Explorer Elements
Favorites Center Button and
Add to Favorites Buttons
  Clicking opens the Favorites Center to access
  favorite pages, RSS feeds, and browsing history
  from the Favorites Center
     Clicking a Web page included in the Favorites
     list opens the page in the browser window
     Clicking the Feeds button displays a list of
     subscribed RSS feeds that alert user to new
     content on certain Web pages
     Clicking a feed displays the new content and
     saves a trip to the actual Web site
      Internet Explorer Elements




                    RSS Feeds List




Internet Explorer                    History List
Favorites Center
   Internet Explorer Elements
Favorites Center Button and
Add to Favorites Buttons
  History Button
     Clicking the History button displays a list of
     previously visited Web sites in the History bar
     Clicking the down-pointing arrow at the right of
     the History button displays a drop-down list
     that enables user to change the list sort order
   Internet Explorer Elements
Favorites Center Button and
Add to Favorites Buttons
  Tabs Bar
     Allows user to switch between tabs holding
     open Web pages
     User can type a Web address in the Address
     bar or select a site from favorites to load a
     page
     If more than one Web page is open the Quick
     Tabs and Tab List tabs appear
   Internet Explorer Elements
Favorites Center Button and
Add to Favorites Buttons
  Tabs Bar
     Clicking Quick Tabs displays thumbnails of
     every open page while clicking Tab List
     displays a text list of current tabs
     Clicking a thumbnail or item in the list will
     cause Internet Explorer to switch to that tab
     and display selected page
     Force a link to open in a new tab by pressing
     the [CTRL] key as you click the hyperlink
  Internet Explorer Elements

Quick Tabs   Tab List   Tabs   Close Tab   New Tab




                                           Thumbnails
                                           Of open tabs




                                   Tabs
   Internet Explorer Elements
Standard Buttons Toolbar
  Home Button
     Opens the home page specified in Internet
     Explorer
  Feeds Button
     Clicking the Feeds button displays RSS feeds
     on the current page and allows user to
     subscribe to feeds
  Print Button
     Prints a copy of the page displayed in the
     browser window
   Internet Explorer Elements
Standard Buttons Toolbar
  Page Button
     Grants access to many commands
     Launch a new window complete with tabs
     Elect to e-mail the current Web page, or the
     current URL, to someone if your computer is
     configured for e-mail
     Zoom command allows user to zoom in and
     out of the page
     Text Size which allows user to enlarge or
     reduce the size of text on the current page
   Internet Explorer Elements
Standard Buttons Toolbar
  Tools Button
     Offers commands to configure simple security
     and privacy settings such as deleting your
     browsing history and configuring the built-in
     popup blocker and phishing filter
     Allows user to turn on and off certain toolbars,
     customize the standard toolbar, and access
     advanced Internet options
   Internet Explorer Elements
Standard Buttons Toolbar
  Help Button
     Portal to the Internet Explorer 7 user manual
     and tour browser
     Provides links to the Microsoft support and
     feedback Web pages
   Internet Explorer Elements
Standard Buttons Toolbar
  Research Button
     Displays Research task pane in the Explorer
     bar area
   Internet Explorer Elements
Browser Window and Scroll Bars
  Horizontal or vertical scroll bars will appear when
  page is wider or longer than browser window
  Scroll buttons can be clicked or scroll box can be
  dragged to move throughout page
  Position of scroll box indicates current position in
  document
   Internet Explorer Elements
Status Bar
  Appears at bottom of browser window
  Shows URL for the Web page
  Provides graphic process when page is
  downloading
  Double-click the small globe at the right end of
  the status bar to open the Internet Security
  Properties dialog box
          Internet Explorer Elements
                   Title bar   Address bar and          Integrated         Toolbar
  Back/Forward                 refresh/cancel buttons     search
  buttons

Favorites Center


           Tabs




        Browser
        window




      Status bar


                                                                      Horizontal and
                                                                     Vertical scroll bars
   Internet Explorer Elements
             Review
What are four aspects of the Tabs bar in Internet
Explorer?

What is the Favorites Center used for?

How can you find Web pages that you have
previously visited?
Storing and Retrieving Web Pages
 Favorites Center
   Used to manage lists favorites, RSS feeds, and
   browser history
   Shortcut keys can be assigned to favorites for
   easy launch
Storing and Retrieving Web Pages

               Add a Favorite
                Dialog Box



                                Web Page Properties
                                    Dialog Box

                                     RSS Feed with
                                      New Content
Organize Favorites
   Dialog Box
Storing and Retrieving Web Pages
 RSS Feeds
   Really Simple Syndication (RSS) Feeds offer an
   easy way to stay current with the content of
   favorite Web sites if the site offers an RSS feed
   Navigate to your favorite Web site and if the RSS
   Feed button in the Internet Explorer turns orange,
   an RSS feed is available
   Clicking the orange Feeds button displays the
   first available feed
   Once you click the Feeds button or make a
   selection from the menu arrow, you will have the
   opportunity to subscribe to the feed
Storing and Retrieving Web Pages
 History List
    Automatically maintains a record of previously
    visited Web pages for a user-designated time
    period
    Clicking the History button displays Web pages
    that have been viewed within the time period
    Clicking the Tools button on the toolbar, selecting
    Internet Options, then clicking the Delete button
    in the Browsing History section empties the
    History folder
    A quicker way to delete history is to simply click
    the Tools button, then click the first menu option
    to Delete Browsing History
Storing and Retrieving Web Pages




                         History
                         section
Storing and Retrieving Web Pages
             Review
 What are the similarities and differences between
 the Favorites and History features?

 How can a Web page be saved to the Favorites list?

 How can the History cache be cleared?
           Saving Web Pages
Save Web Page Dialog Box
  As a complete HTML file
     Saves the Web page and all its component
     files in their original formats
  As a Web archive, single file
     Saves Web page and components in a single
     file as a MIME HTML document




    Save format options
         Saving Web Pages
Save Web Page Dialog Box
  As a Web archive, complete
     Each Web archive file is a single file that is
     easy to work with and can be sent via e-mail
  As an HTML only file
     Saves the HTML code in a Web page but
     without the component parts such as images
        Saving Web Pages
Save Web Page Dialog Box
  As a text file
     Saves only the text displayed in the Web page
        Saving Web Pages
Other Methods for Saving Web Pages
  Copy and Paste from Web page into another
  document
  View Source and then save file to obtain HTML
  code for the Web page
        Saving Web Pages




    HTML Code
Displayed in Notepad
         Saving Web Pages
              Review
What is the difference between using the Web
Page, complete and Web Archive, single file file
formats to save a Web page?

How can you save the HTML code for a Web page?

What is the benefit of saving a page in the .mht File
Format?
         Printing Web Pages
Print button on the Standard Buttons toolbar
   Will print a Web page using the current printer
   settings
   Will not print if print function has been disabled by
   the Web page publisher
   Click arrow menu associated with the Print button
   on the toolbar and then click Print
   Will allow changes to the printer settings
        Printing Web Pages
To print only a portion of a Web page
   Select the desired material
   Open the Print dialog box
   Click the Selection option in the Page Range
   section of the Print
   Click Print to print only the selected material
Internet Explorer 7 offers the ability to scale the
document being printed to fit on a single sheet of
paper
                   Printing Web Pages



Select a printer
for use                                 Click the Preferences
                                        button to choose
                                        layout and paper
                                        quality



                                        Specify the number
Select which                            of copies to be
pages to print                          printed
        Printing Web Pages
Many Web pages feature a Print button or link to
allow printing without the advertising included on the
original page
        Printing Web Pages
               Review
What are the different methods that can be used to
print a Web page?

How can a user change the default printer settings?

How can a user print a portion of a Web page?
 Configuring Internet Explorer
To allow users to customize the
browser and tailor it to their needs
Toolbars
   Clicking the Tools button and
   pointing to Toolbars opens a
   submenu of
   toolbar commands
   Clicking on the
   toolbar in the
   submenu toggles
   the toolbar on and off
   Can download and install add-on toolbars to add
   capabilities to Web browser
 Configuring Internet Explorer
Text Size
  The ability to display a default text size is
  dependent on how text fonts are specified in a
  Web page
      Some Web page text may not be affected by a
      change to the Text Size setting
 Configuring Internet Explorer
Default Internet Explorer Home Pages
  Change the default Internet Explorer home page
  by opening desired new home Web page in the
  browser window, click arrow menu associated
  with Home button on toolbar, and choose Add or
  Change Home Page
  Can make the current page only home page or
  add it to the list of Home Tabs
 Configuring Internet Explorer
Default Internet Explorer Home Pages
  When Web pages are added to the list of Home
  Tabs, clicking the Home button on the toolbar
  opens all your home pages—each in their own
  tab
  Convenient way to specify multiple home pages
  that open in individual tabs when Internet
  Explorer is launched
  Configuring Internet Explorer
AutoComplete
  Stores previously entered Web addresses, form
  field information, user names, and passwords
  Can speed up repetitious tasks such as filling out
  forms and typing long URLs in the Address bar
  Also stores user
  names and passwords
  unless you specify that
  AutoComplete not
  provide such
  suggestions or turn
  AutoComplete off
Configuring Internet Explorer
Form data, password histories and Web address
history can be cleared by clicking the Tools
button on the toolbar and selecting Delete
Browsing History
 Configuring Internet Explorer
Screen Resolution
  Used to change
  the size of the
  content appearing
  in the browser
  In Windows Vista,
  the screen resolution
  can be changed using
  the Display Settings
  dialog box
 Configuring Internet Explorer
           Review
What is the difference between a Home Page and a
Home Tab set?

How can a user change the default Web page text
size?

What is the AutoComplete feature’s purpose, and
how can a user change its defaults?
Other Internet Explorer Features
Keyboard Shortcuts
  For common menu commands
Using Help
  Contents tab for a list of instructional categories
  Index tab for all Help topics
  Search tab to search the entire Help contents
  using key terms
Other Internet Explorer Features
Full Screen View
  Provides an alternative to closing toolbars to free
  up browser window space
  Enlarges the browser display to fill the screen
  while removing the toolbars and menu from view
  Restore button or F11 to restore the previous
  browser view
Other Internet Explorer Features
Links Bar
   Provides a quick method for accessing frequently
   viewed Web pages
   User can add or delete links from the Links bar

            Drag Explorer icon
Links bar   to the Links bar
Other Internet Explorer Features
Search Engine
  Search engine used by Instant Search Box can
  be changed by clicking the arrow menu, clicking
  Change Search Defaults hyperlink and then
  clicking the Find More Providers link
Other Internet Explorer Features
Multiple Browser Windows
  User can save time by reading a page in one
  window while waiting for a different page to load
  in another browser window
  User can move back and forth between multiple
  open browser windows to compare information
Other Internet Explorer Features
Internet Explorer File Manager
   Internet Explorer can be used as a file manager
   by typing a
   drive name
   followed
   by a colon in
   the Address
   bar and then
   pressing Enter
   or clicking Go
   button
Other Internet Explorer Features
            Review
How can a user enable the Full Screen view?

List three keyboard shortcuts you can use with
Internet Explorer. Be sure to state the keys you
need to press and the task they perform.

How does the Links bar work?

				
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