and Workforce Connections National Center for

Document Sample
and Workforce Connections National Center for Powered By Docstoc
					         K-12 AND P-20
WORKFORCE CONNECTIONS
                 Carol Jenner
  Washington Education Research & Data Center

     National Forum on Education Statistics
            Winter Forum Meeting
               February 21, 2011
               EDUCATION RESEARCH & DATA CENTER
 Partners                                                                 Outputs
                               DATA MANAGEMENT,                      PROVIDE DATA TO
   EARLY
 LEARNING                         GOVERNANCE                         PARTNER AGENCIES

                              Standards, confidentiality, security   TRACK OUTCOMES
                                                                     LONGITUDINALLY
   K-12                           CRITICAL QUESTIONS                 COLLABORATE ON P-20
               DATA                                                  RESEARCH
                                  DATA                               RESPOND TO AD-HOC
 COLLEGES                     DICTIONARY,                            REQUESTS (DATA AND
                                                      P-20 / W
                             LONGITUDINAL                            RESEARCH) FROM
                                                      DATASETS
                             LINKING, CROSS-                         PARTNERS, LEGISLATURE
               MONITORING,
UNIVERSITIES   GOVERNANCE    SECTOR DERIVED                          ENSURE THAT LEGISLATIVE
                               ELEMENTS                              INTERESTS ARE SERVED
                                                                     FEEDBACK REPORTS (ON
WORKFORCE
                                         RESEARCH                    BEHALF OF AGENCIES)

                                             OFM                     RESPOND TO EXTERNAL
                                                                     REQUESTS FOR DATA
                                             OFM
               P-20 LONGITUDINAL DATA ELEMENTS
                                                                                                SBCTC
                                       OSPI
                                                                                   COMMUNITY &
                               PUBLIC K-12                                       TECHNICAL COLLEGES
                                  1999-current
                                                                                           2003-current




           DEL                                        Washington                                                      UW, WSU,
                                                                                                                CWU, EWU, TESC, WWU
  State-Funded                                            P-20                                                         PUBLIC
EARLY CHILDHOOD                                   Education/Workforce                                          BACCALAUREATES
     1995-current
                                                       Core Data                                                     1999-current



                                       ESD
                               WORKFORCE                                          NATIONAL STUDENT
                             (Unemployment
                                                                                   CLEARINGHOUSE
                               Insurance)

                                        Current Data Linkage                      Future Data Linkage
 OSPI = Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction    UW = University of Washington          EWU = Eastern Washington University
 DEL = Department of Early Learning                       WSU = Washington State University      TESC = The Evergreen State College
 ESD = Employment Security Department                     CWU = Central Washington University    WWU = Western Washington University   3
 SBCTC = State Board for Community & Technical Colleges
     WHY LINK TO WORKFORCE INFORMATION?
EMPLOYMENT STATUS of students (high school and
    postsecondary):
   How many students are employed during the
    school year?
   How many hours per week do they work?
   How much do they earn?
   How does workforce participation relate to
    grades, postsecondary enrollment, persistence in
    postsecondary enrollment?

                                                  4
   WHY LINK TO WORKFORCE INFORMATION?
Employment as an OUTCOME:
 Do graduates enter the workforce immediately
  upon graduation?
 How many college graduates remain in the state
  for work?
 How do employment and enrollment after high
  school relate to employment patterns established
  during high school?
 What are the workforce outcomes for completers
  of a particular program in my school?
  (Career/Technical Education, for example)

                                                5
         WHERE ARE THE WORKFORCE DATA?

   Education data sources include K-12 student
    information systems and P-20 data from other
    sectors (SSN required for linking to workforce)
   Workforce data from the state agency
    administering the Unemployment Insurance
    program (wage and claimant data)
   Labor Market Information (LMI) directors are
    helpful in arranging for linking.
    www.bls.gov/bls/ofolist.htm

                                                      6
  TIMING OF UI EARNINGS DATA AVAILABILITY
            UI Earnings data is processed on a quarterly schedule.

                                     Current Year
 Jan     Feb   Mar     Apr     May       Jun   Jul     Aug       Sep   Oct     Nov       Dec
       Quarter 1             Quarter 2               Quarter 3               Quarter 4
                          Current year         Current year               Current year
Prior year Quarter
                        Quarter 1 data       Quarter 2 data             Quarter 3 data
4 data submitted
                         submitted by         submitted by               submitted by
 by employer and
                         employer and         employer and               employer and
processed by ESD
                       processed by ESD     processed by ESD           processed by ESD
                                               Current year              Current year
Prior year Quarter     Prior year Quarter
                                             Quarter 1 data             Quarter 2 data
3 data available for   4 data available for
                                               available for              available for
     research               research
                                                 research                   research

                                                                                               7
                                 THE LINKING PROCESS
                                         WASHINGTON STATE VERSION

ERDC prepares a file for matching that contains required IDs
only and loads the file to the ERDC secure file transfer (SFT)
utility.


       ERDC staff member, with SFT password, visits LMI office
       and retrieves matching file. LMI staff member runs the
       match process.


                 ERDC staffer moves the matching file, which now contains
                 UI data, to the ERDC SFT server and confirms that all ERDC
                 files are removed from LMI Office computers.


                          ERDC staff attach P-20 ID to UI records and remove original
                          ID prior to using the UI data files for analysis.


  ERDC policy is to use SFT process (encryption in transit and encryption at rest) for all data transfers involving personally
  identifying information. Mobile storage devices of any type are never used for data storage or transfer.                       8
      WORKFORCE ELEMENTS: UI EARNINGS

UI WAGE RECORD contains:
 Year and quarter of earnings

 Employer account number

 Employee social security number

 Name (variable)

 Wages paid (earnings)

 Hours worked (reported in few states)


EMPLOYER CHARACTERISTICS can be added to the wage record:
 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code

 Ownership (Federal, State, Local, International, Private)

 Size of firm




                                                          9
    AVAILABILITY OF KEY                                           Total
                                                                                 Available

                                                                                        45,077
                                                                                                           Not Available

                                                                                                                      16,608

    LINKING IDENTIFIER                                            Male
                                                                Female
                                                                                        21,097                        8,756
          2009 High School graduates                                                     23,980                         7,852


                                         American Indian/Alaska Native                   881                          374
                                                  Asian/Pacific Islander                  4,423                         1,358

       P-20 SOURCES                             Black/African-American
                                                        Hispanic/Latino
                                                                                        1,934
                                                                                    3,733
                                                                                                                      942
                                                                                                                  2,504
                                                                 White                   33,540                       11,186

   Student Information                              Two or more races                    484                           188


    System                                                 Low-income
                                                       Not low-income
                                                                                      9,719
                                                                                         35,358
                                                                                                                  5,635
                                                                                                                      10,973


   Postsecondary                               High school GPA 3.5-4.0                     11,925                         2,026
                                                High school GPA 3.0-3.5                   11,758                         2,667
    enrollment records                          High school GPA 2.5-3.0                  9,708                        3,766
                                                High school GPA 2.0-2.5               6,485                       4,146
                                                  High school GPA <2.0            3,040                         2,798
   Other
                                       Enrolled WA public baccalaureate                          11,622                            302
    administrative data                                Enrolled WA CTC                          18,236                          1,103
                                                   Enrolled WA private                   1,536                          594
                                                   Enrolled out of state                4,713                         1,947
                                          Not enrolled in postsecondary         8,970                        12,662

                                                                           0%   20%         40%           60%     80%           100%



                                                                                                                                10
           APPLICATION: CTE FOLLOW-UP

5S1 Secondary Placement
 Numerator: Number of CTE concentrators leaving

  secondary education and placed in post-secondary
  education/advanced training, military, or EMPLOYMENT in a
  specific post-exit quarter.
 Denominator: Number of CTE concentrators who left

  secondary education during the reporting year.




                                                          11
                       HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES, 2009
                                              WASHINGTON STATE
                                                                                                                                    PERCENT
                                                                                                                    COUNT
                                                                                                                                    OF TOTAL

Total regular high school graduates, 2009 (most of 2008-09 cohort)                                                   61,685
       Total evaluated for workforce participation (73% of grads)                                                    45,077           100.0%
          Total with earnings                                                                                        34,071              75.6%
             Total with earnings during last two years of high school*                                               28,159              62.4%
               Earnings during school year                                                                           25,638              56.9%
               Earnings during summer 2008 only                                                                        2,521               5.6%
             Earnings post-high school*                                                                              25,505              56.6%
 *These two categories are not mutually exclusive, so totals may add to more than 100%.




 Source: “Workforce Participation: Washington State High School Graduates, 2008-09” Washington Education Research & Data Center, February 2011.
 <http://www.erdc.wa.gov/briefs/> (forthcoming)
                                                                                                                                            12
                                 EMPLOYMENT BY INDUSTRY
               DURING LAST TWO YEARS OF HIGH SCHOOL
                                 WASHINGTON STATE HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES, 2009

                                                                                         PERCENT OF STUDENTS EMPLOYED
                     INDUSTRY SUPERSECTOR                                                                    DURING                SUMMER
                                                                                       TOTAL
                                                                                                         SCHOOL YEAR                  ONLY
Natural resources and mining                                                                  3.4%                     2.7%               10.5%
Construction                                                                                  2.0%                     1.7%                5.0%
Manufacturing                                                                                 1.9%                     1.8%                3.0%
Trade, transportation, and utilities                                                        28.9%                    30.1%                17.3%
Information                                                                                   2.3%                     2.4%                 1.7%
Financial activities                                                                          1.9%                     1.9%                 1.5%
Professional and business services                                                            4.6%                     4.4%                 6.4%
Education and health services                                                               10.2%                    10.0%                12.3%
Leisure and hospitality                                                                     37.5%                    38.3%                29.8%
Other services and public administration                                                      7.3%                     6.8%               12.4%



 Source: “Workforce Participation: Washington State High School Graduates, 2008-09” Washington Education Research & Data Center, February 2011.
 <http://www.erdc.wa.gov/briefs/> (forthcoming)
                                                                                                                                             13
                                                                                          MEDIAN HOURS WORKED
                                                                                      2009 HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES
                                                                      Employed During Quarter, by Post-High School Enrollment Status
Median Hours Worked Per Quarter (Employed Individuals)




                                                         350

                                                         300
                                                                                                                                                NOT ENROLLED IN POSTSECONDARY
                                                         250

                                                         200

                                                         150                                                                                                       ENROLLED IN POSTSECONDARY

                                                         100

                                                                        JUNIOR YEAR                                           SENIOR YEAR                                     POST HIGH SCHOOL YEAR
                                                          50

                                                            0
                                                            20074         20081        20082        20083         20084        20091         20092        20093         20094        20101         20102

                                                                                                                  Year-Quarter (YYYYQ)
                                                         Source: “Workforce Participation: Washington State High School Graduates, 2008-09” Washington Education Research & Data Center, February 2011.
                                                         <http://www.erdc.wa.gov/briefs/> (forthcoming)
                                                                                                                                                                                                    14
                                                                                MEDIAN HOURS WORKED
                                                                             2009 HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES
                                                        Attending Washington Public Higher Education Institutions in Post-High School Year
Median Hours Worked Per Quarter (Employed Students)




                                                      350

                                                      300

                                                                                                                                        ENROLLED
                                                      250
                                                                                                                                    WASHINGTON CTC
                                                      200

                                                      150
                                                                                                                                         ENROLLED
                                                      100                                                                             WA PUBLIC 4-YEAR

                                                       50
                                                               JUNIOR YEAR                           SENIOR YEAR                      POST HIGH SCHOOL YEAR
                                                       0
                                                       20074   20081         20082   20083   20084    20091        20092   20093   20094     20101        20102

                                                                                              Year-Quarter (YYYYQ)


                                                                                                                                                              15
                                                                                   MEDIAN EARNINGS
                                                                       2009 HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES
                                                          Employed During Quarter, by Post-High School Enrollment Status

                                                 $3,000
Median Earnings per Quarter (Employed Students




                                                                                                                                  NOT ENROLLED
                                                 $2,500

                                                                                                                                 ENROLLED WA CTC
                                                 $2,000


                                                 $1,500

                                                                                                                                    ENROLLED WA
                                                 $1,000
                                                                                                                                    PUBLIC 4-YEAR

                                                  $500
                                                             JUNIOR YEAR                           SENIOR YEAR                     POST HIGH SCHOOL YEAR
                                                    $0
                                                     20074   20081         20082   20083   20084     20091       20092   20093   20094    20101       20102

                                                                                             Year-Quarter (YYYYQ)


                                                                                                                                                       16
     APPLICATION: TEACHERS WHO LEAVE TEACHING
                                                                  EMPLOYED
                                        2006                        0%
                                         n=4,291
                                                           NOT
                                                          LOCATED                                  PUBLIC
                                         UI BENEFITS      21.9%                                   EDUCATION
                                            0.4%                      EMPLOYED                     28.4%
Teachers who left
                                                                       47.7%      OUTSIDE PUBLIC
teaching jobs matched                                   RETIRED                     EDUCATION        BOTH PUBLIC &
against administrative                                  30.0%                         14.1%              NON PUBLIC
records from                                                                                             EDUCATION
Unemployment                                                                                                5.2%
Insurance Program                                                   EMPLOYED
and Department of                       2008                          0%
                                         n=3,411
Retirement Systems.                                       NOT
                                                        LOCATED
                                                                                                PUBLIC
                                                                                              EDUCATION
                                                        23.2%
                                       UI BENEFITS                   EMPLOYED                   33.9%
                                          1.8%                        49.5%
                                                                                 OUTSIDE PUBLIC
                                                       RETIRED                     EDUCATION          BOTH PUBLIC &
                                                       25.5%                        10.0%                NON PUBLIC
Source: “Who Leaves Teaching and Where Do They Go?,”                                                     EDUCATION
Washington Education Research & Data Center, January
2011.                                                                                                       5.6%
<http://www.erdc.wa.gov/briefs/>
                                                                                                                   17
APPLICATION: TRAINING PROGRAM OUTCOMES
    UI WAGE FOLLOW-UP 9 MONTHS AFTER COMPLETION
Program type                                                                   Program               Median              Median
    With examples                                                             Completers             Wages               Earnings
Higher-wage programs                                                               8,793              $20.49             $36,948
    Associate Degree Nurse                                                         1,663               $28.11            $50,306
    Information Technology                                                         1,274               $16.02            $27,898
Middle-wage programs                                                               4,978              $14.11             $24,393
    Medical Assisting                                                                892               $13.79            $24,482
    Accounting                                                                       730               $14.90            $24,987
    Auto Diesel                                                                      695               $13.39            $23,703
Lower-wage programs                                                                3,983              $12.23             $19,026
    Administrative Support                                                         1,488               $12.97            $21,790
    Nursing Assistant                                                                794               $11.37            $18,302


  Source: Academic Year Report, 2009-2010, Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges, December 2010.
  <www.sbctc.ctc.edu/college/documents/0entire_report-ayr0910.1.pdf>
                                                                                                                               18
             BACCALAUREATE DEGREE OUTCOMES
                  DEGREE RECIPIENTS, SPRING 2006
                             3,000
                                       EMPLOYMENT AND ENROLLMENT
What do bachelor’s                                                                       Not employed or enrolled
                             2,500
degree recipients do
after graduation?                                                                       Education & health services

 83% are employed in        2,000
                                                                                        Other industries*
  Washington at some point
  during the 3 years after   1,500
  graduation.                                                                           Professional & business services

 89% are either employed    1,000                                                       Enrolled in postsecondary
  or enrolled in further                                                                Trade/transportation/utilities
  education at some point.
                              500                                                       Leisure & Hospitality
 48% are employed in                                                                   Manufacturing

  same industry all three
  years.                        0
                                           2006-07             2007-08            2008-09

                                     *Other industries = Natural resources/mining, Construction, Information,
                                           Financial Activities, Other Services/Public Administration
                                     “Not employed” means no Washington UI earnings during this period.
                                                                                                                19
       DATA-SHARING, DATA GOVERNANCE

What is the governance process for the linked
 data?
  Currently, a case-by-case basis
  An ARRA grant project deliverable
How are requests for the linked data handled?
  Currently, evaluated on a case-by-case basis
  Most requests involve summary data




                                                 20
      FUTURE EDUCATION/WORKFORCE PLANS
DROP-OUTS AND STOP-OUTS
H.S. GRADUATING CLASS COHORTS - Analysis incorporating:
   Full-time/part-time enrollment status
   Financial aid information
POSTSECONDARY
   Routine follow-up of graduates (10 years) into employment and
     further education
   “Swirl” study (outcomes for those who follow non-linear paths
     through postsecondary education)
WORKFORCE
   Explore worker classification from Workers’ Compensation
   Expand data sources
                                                                   21
         ADDITIONAL WORKFORCE DATA SOURCES
   Federal Employment Data Exchange System (FEDES) – contains federal civilian
    employees, U.S. Postal Service employees, and Department of Defense active
    duty personnel. Operated by the Jacob France Institute at the University of
    Baltimore. http://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cestn2.htm
   Wage Record Interchange System (WRIS) – a multistate collaborative that
    facilitates the exchange of wage data among participating states.
    http://www.doleta.gov/performance/WRIS.cfm
   Administrative Data Research and Evaluation (ADARE) – a multi-state alliance
    (currently 9 state partners covering 43 percent of the U.S. civilian labor force)
    that facilitates access to administrative data for authorized research and
    evaluation purposes. Managed by the Jacob France Institute at the University
    of Baltimore. http://www.ubalt.edu/jfi/adare/index.cfm
   Local Employment Dynamics (LED) program – a partnership between states
    and the U.S. Census Bureau that provides summary information on
    employment and earnings at local level.
    http://lehd.did.census.gov/led/led/led.html
                                                                               22
           WASHINGTON
EDUCATION RESEARCH & DATA CENTER
       210 11th Ave SW, Room 318
       P.O. Box 43113
       Olympia, WA 98504-3113
       Phone: (360) 902-0599



       www.erdc.wa.gov




                                   23

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:2
posted:9/24/2012
language:Latin
pages:23