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The Theories of Robert Gagne • Megan Kane • Amanda Martini • Rose Morrissey • Nikki Oboikovitz Robert Gagne (1916-2002) Education Career Highlights •Yale, A.B. 1937 •Professor, Connecticut College (1940-49) •Brown, Ph.D. 1940 •Professor, Penn State Major Contributions to University (1945-46) Instructional •Director of Perceptual Development and Motor Skills Laboratory, U.S. Air •Co-developer of Force (1949-58) “Instructional Systems •Professor, Florida State Design” University (1969-1985) •Wrote The Conditions of Learning, 1965 •Co-wrote Principles of Design Five Categories of Learning Verbal Information- Stating previously learned concepts, principles, and procedures Intellectual Skills- Discriminations, Concrete Concepts, Defined Concepts, Rules, Higher Order Rules Cognitive Strategies- Employing personal ways to guide learning, thinking, acting, and feeling Motor Skills- Executing performances involving the use of muscles Attitudes- Choosing personal actions based on internal states of understanding and feeling Nine Events of Instruction and Corresponding Cognitive Processes • Gaining Attention • Eliciting Performance (reception) (responding) • Informing the Learner of the • Giving Feedback Objective (expectancy) (reinforcement) • Stimulating Recall of Prior • Assessing Performance Learning (retrieval) (retrieval) • Presenting the Stimulus • Enhancing Retention and (selective perception) Transfer (generalization) • Providing Learner Guidance (semantic encoding) "Learning is something that takes place inside a person's head- in the brain" THE END!
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