NEWS p.4 Climatology, 2004, the year of the hurricane/ Foundation, interview with Philippe Streiff, member of the jury for the 2005
Award/ Techno-shopping, a ski jacket that will warm your heart HIGH-TECH p.11 Aeronautics, innovation is in the air
PEOPLE p.19 Methodologies to innovate and resolve technological problems/ Interview with Bill Gates
February 2005 No 6
IS IN THE AIR
A NEW AND
VIBRANT 2004 was an important milestone in the life of Altran,
particularly toward the end of the year. The Group's fourth-
quarter sales have never been higher and we have entered a
PHASE new and vibrant phase of our history.
This phase is the result of the technological expertise of our consultants. More
than ever before, we're using our skills to power innovation and design life as
we'll know it in the future.
> 06 THE CARIBBEAN > 08 ALTRAN FOUNDATION > 10 TECHNO-SHOPPING
HURRICANES Interview with Philippe Streiff, A self-heating ski jacket for
This has been made possible by our participation in a number of major
More than 25 billion dollars in member of the jury for the riding the slopes in comfort.
international projects that run the gamut of technological innovation - from
damages in Florida last summer. 2005 Altran Foundation Award.
telecommunications to electronics to ground transportation to environment
to space to aeronautics. The dossier of this sixth issue of Altitude explores
the future of aeroplanes, which our Group experts are helping to define.
HIGH-TEC H 11
In addition, our knack for attracting talent has also contributed to this
new phase. According to a recent survey published in Le Figaro
Entreprises newspaper, students rated Altran the 25th most ideal
employer in France, alongside prestigious names such as EADS,
Renault, PSA, L'Oréal, France Télécom, Total, and Danone. This is in
part due to the special relationships we have built with elite schools
It is during this dynamic phase that I am working to put together a
new management team and I am extremely pleased to announce > 11 INNOVATION IS IN THE AIR
251, boulevard Pereire,
the appointment of Christophe Aulnette, as Group CEO, effective Technical and industrial technologies are meeting the needs of civil aviation, tackling the
March 21, 2005. Christophe Aulnette is chairman and CEO of www.altran.net challenges of growing air traffic, safety, and environmental awareness.
Microsoft France since 2001 and Vice President Microsoft EMEA
(Europe, Middle East and Africa). February 2005
Together we will work to strengthen Altran's success in the
Editors in Chief:
David Abrioux, Nathalie Mailharro
PEOP LE 19
Hervé Audouin, Benoît Repoux,
Alexis Kniazeff Design and page layout:
CEO of Altran Citizen Press, 01 53 00 10 30
Fabienne Laurent, > 20 NEW METHODOLOGIES FOR INNOVATING > 23 BILL GATES
Two Group specialists reveal their methods for innovating and Interview with the man
Véronique Boismartel, resolving their clients' technological problems. who had the idea to put
Isabelle René a computer on each desk.
Printed by: If you would like
Maury to subscribe to Altitude,
Copyright: visit our web site at
February 2005 altran.net
N ° ISSN : 1767-9974
02 Altitude n°6 / February 2005 Altitude (Paris 2003) Altitude n°6 / February 2005 03
ALTRAN FORMULA 1
ALTRAN AND THE BUZZ
THE RENAULT F1 TEAM
ARE MORE UNITED ABOUT BIODIESEL
ALTRAN ROUND TABLE At the beginning of this year, Altran In mid-October, the company Blue
and the Renault F1 Team signed Sun Biodiesel opened a factory in
ALTRAN AT a two-year technological partnership Alamosa, Colorado (United States),
agreement that will affect the chassis which will produce 680,000 litres of
SEA TECH and transmission of the team's biodiesel per day. Made from
WEEK 2004 racing cars, developed in Enstone
(close to Oxford). For over three
soybeans or canola seed, this unique
fuel is being touted by partners like
IN BREST years now, Altran has been a partner
of the Renault F1 Team at their
DaimlerChrysler and Volkswagen and
can be used for diesel vehicles
As part of the International engine-building headquarters near without further processing. A number
Marine Science and Paris in Viry-Châtillon, helping with of manufacturers are interested, and
Technology (Sea Tech) research and engineering projects a soybean-based Brazilian biodiesel
Week in October 2004, the for new materials, dynamic was successfully tested on PSA
Altran Group company modelling, scientific IT, Peugeot Citroën cars.
Renault F1 Team
Atlantide led a round table and industrial organisation.
ALTRAN ENVIRONMENT discussion on marine
crisis management and the
PUTTING A STOP TO OIL SPILLS role of information and
The recent Erika and Prestige oil spills have authorities, angry fishermen, and concerned in it. Themes included RESEARCH
re-ignited the debate on transporting ecologists sometimes tend to aggravate the crisis management players,
hydrocarbons. The danger is real and situation. They recommend an improved the exchange of
present: as you read this article, eight environmental crisis management program information between these AN ELECTRONIC BILLION
million tons of fuel are crossing the world's that incorporates law making, new chemical players, and achieving the SPINACH CUBIC
oceans on 250 tankers. Consultants from processes and prospective studies. most from dialogue. METERS
Arthur D. Little, an Altran Group company, Shelving the more vulnerable single-hull
conducted a study of 37 cases of oil ships, they argue, is not the cure-all some Researchers at the THAT'S HOW MUCH
pollution and concluded that anxious local believe. Massachusetts Institute of CONCRETE IS USED EACH
Technology have concocted the YEAR IN FRANCE - ENOUGH
mobile phone batteries of the TO BUILD A ONE
future using a microchip and KILOMETRE-SIDED CUBE!
spinach. Photosystem I (PSI), a HIGH-PERFORMANCE
10- to 20-nanometer vegetable CONCRETE VARIETIES HAVE
protein that powers BEEN MAKING THEIR WAY
NOSTALGIA photosynthesis, was packed into a ONTO THE MARKET OVER
chip and exposed to artificial light. THE PAST FEW YEARS. THEY
THE ALLURE OF OLD TECHNOLOGY
Wrapped in a membrane, it CAN BE USED TO BUILD
American students are rebelling against today's increasingly tiny mobile survived for three weeks in a dry ENORMOUS, EXTREMELY
phones, turning toward the older but charming models of yesteryear. The environment. Twelve percent of the RESISTANT STRUCTURES LIKE
mythic Motorola Dyna Tac, which became the first portable cellular phone on energy produced by THE RECENT VIADUC DE
the market in 1983, is making an unexpected comeback - despite its somewhat photosynthesis was converted into MILLAU (FRANCE), WHICH
outdated dimensions (20 x 5 x 8 cm). Of course, it's more at home in a electric energy. The next SPANS 2,460 METRES
knapsack than in a suit pocket. Some retro-technology fans go so far as to hook goal is to achieve a 20% OVER THE RIVER TARN.
up their mobiles to 1970s-style handsets. Why? It's less impersonal. output by adding more layers
04 Altitude n°6 / February 2005 Altitude n°6 / February 2005 05
2004: THE YEAR OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER
FROM BOOM TO VROOM
30 YEARS AGO
THE HURRICANE Picture a new kind of automobile
suspension system in which your car
wheel's movements and programs the
motor to shift in compensation,
stays smoothly on the ground, parallel to implementing one of Bose's flagship
the road while going round bends, innovations: the cancellation of a
absorbing every little bump… and all this bothersome noise by an opposite sound THE
without the body of the car moving. This wave. The trickiest part of the new DISPOSABLE
concept has been made reality not by a suspension system was developing a RAZOR
motor vehicle equipment manufacturer very fast and reactive motor that can In 1975, Bic®
but by the high-fidelity speaker system support the vehicle's weight; it took Bose launched its new
specialist Bose. Instead of using springs 24 years to accomplish this task. The disposal (a.k.a. “one-
or shock absorbers, the suspension sits next step is to bring the concept in line piece”) razor. Easy to
on an electromagnetic motor. A sensor with industry standards and to assess its use and reasonably
records each and every one of the economic viability. priced, it changed the
shaving habits of
the world. Baron
Bich's ballpoint pen
company came up
with the simple idea
DETECTING GROUND CHANGES to use just half a
One after another, hurricanes Charley, Meteorological assessments are movement deviates the winds that set off WITH A SPECIAL TEXTILE blade and to
Frances, Ivan and Jeanne battered the constantly carried out to avoid risks. the whirling movement. manufacture a handle
Caribbean and Florida in late summer Hurricane formation requires two It should be noted that the tsunami which A new synthetic textile made with fibre-optics is showing promise for the with the money
2004. According to Risk Management conditions: a sea temperature above took the lives of 200,000 people in Asia prevention of surface collapse. Placed, for example, under a railway track, saved. Eleven million
Solutions, a California-based company 26 °C at a minimum depth of 50 meters was caused not by a meteorological this geotextile cloth provides information on ground changes. A warp in the of these razors are
that specialises in the financial evaluation (the evaporation creates the initial cloud) glitch but by an underwater earthquake surface alters the characteristic wavelength of the light passing through the sold every day.
of catastrophes, damages in Florida may and a distance of a least 550 kilometres that stirred up a massive amount of fibre-optics; an alert mechanism goes off when a threshold is reached.
cost over 25 billion dollars. from the equator, so that the earth's water. Furthermore, the material is impervious to electromagnetic interference and
resistant to corrosion.
ALTRAN HADRONTHERAPY ALTRAN ALTRAN AWARDS
USING NUCLEAR ON CANCER CELEBRATING EXCELLENCE, LEADERSHIP, AND INNOVATION
The Altran Awards recognize our top consultants in their respective areas of expertise. The first-place
THAT'S HOW MANY To treat cancerous tumours, radiotherapy and chemotherapy use particle winners were announced during a ceremony at the Palais du Luxembourg, in France, on February 22:
SECONDS IT TOOK FOR A beams - X-rays and electrons - that attack both infected cells and any healthy Laurent Staub (Ariane, France) in the Strategy and Management category; Yves Gigase (Altran Europe, Belgium) in Physical
38-YEAR-OLD GERMAN TO cells that lie in their path. Hadrontherapy may be the answer to this major Sciences; Arnaud Meurant (Alplog, France) in Information and Communication Technologies; Marc Moons (Altran Europe, Belgium)
COME UP WITH THE 13TH paradox. The brainchild of particle physics researchers, this technology uses in Electronics; Saso Jezernik (Berata AG, Switzerland) in Life Sciences; Christian Tasso (Altran Technologies, France) in Systems
ROOT OF A 100-DIGIT light ion beams that only release their energy upon reaching their target. and Process Engineering; Olivier Klotz (Altran Technologies, France) in Project Management; Richard Martin (Altran Corporation,
NUMBER. THE PREVIOUS Hadrontherapy accurately tackles deep tumours, which are often resistant to United States) in Transfer of Know-How; Marco Valentini (RSI Sistemi, Italy) in Capacity to Lead; Arnaud Peltier (Altran
RECORD, HELD BY A classic radiotherapy, whilst preserving healthy tissue to the greatest possible Technologies, France) in Innovative Technology; Michiel Jak (Altran Tech Netherlands, Netherlands) in Innovative Offer;
FRENCHMAN, WAS 13.55 extent. This treatment is especially promising for eye and brain cancer. Altran Thierry Lelievre (Altran Technologies, France) in Creating Value. All the winners will soon be putting their Excellence Plans
SECONDS. Technologies took part in this innovation, in particular by calculating the beams' into action. Altitude will keep you up to date on their progress.
penetration of the tissue.
06 Altitude n°6 / February 2005 Altitude n°6 / February 2005 07
NEWS Altran Foundation
PHILIPPE STREIFF IS ON THE JURY FOR THE 2005 ALTRAN FOUNDATION AWARD JEAN-LUC
DEHAENE WHERE ARE THEY NOW?
Questions for a fervent defender of handicapped people, keen
is overseeing the 2005 Altran
on overcoming their social exclusion. Foundation Award jury. We had Flashback on three past winners of the Atran
a word with this member of Foundation Award, who all benefited from Altran's
Altitude: A few words on passive security and prevention. I'm also interested in technological assistance with their product.
how you got to where the “post-accident” phase: life after the accident, getting the European Parliament and
you are today? better compensation, etc. I also help handicapped former Belgian Prime Minister.
Philippe Streiff: I've lived children take place in society through sports. 2000 Award:
two lives, one before being food safety
handicapped and one Alt.: That idea is at the heart of the 2005 Award. In 2000, the Foundation rewarded
afterward… I started out in How did you find out about the Foundation? Dominique Grégoire for Tracilog,
motor sports (karting) in P.S.: I've been involved with the Altran Foundation for an electronic intelligence system
1969, at the age of 14. I several years, and Michel Friedlander, who runs it, is a that, when placed in isothermal
kept moving up in friend of mine. I was on the jury for the 1998 Award, on containers, can detect any break in
competitions until 1984, the theme “Technological innovation: Pain and physical the cold chain. Since then,
when I took part in my first handicaps”. Technigreg, the company
Formula 1 Grand Prix. My Dominique Grégoire created, has obtained a number of related
career came to a crashing halt in 1989, when I became Alt.: This year, too, you're on the jury for a subject patents and caught the eye of many corporations. Air France, for
a quadriplegic in an accident in Rio de Janeiro. that's important to you. example, will be equipping its planes with the device.
P.S.: Yes. It's also the theme for the French handicap Altitude: Why did you agree to
Alt.: So you started a new career… law project. This law would improve the daily lives of preside over the jury for the 2005
P.S.: After the accident, my main wish was to stay in handicapped people, giving them more technical, Altran Foundation Award? 2001 Award:
the automobile milieu. It's my life, my passion. I started financial, and care-related resources, better access to Jean-Luc Dehaene: I think it's an urban life
out as an event organiser. Finally, in 1995, my dream public spaces and buildings, and creating a county- original kind of prize. The Foundation's Things are going well for Biobasic
came true: I drove again. wide handicap centre to facilitate the administrative great willingness to work toward the Environnement, the start-up
process after the accident. evolution and transformation of our company created in 2000 by
Alt.: In what kind of vehicle? society is particularly interesting to me. Julien Troquet who won the 2001
P.S.: A modified stock-car - a Renault Espace without a Alt.: What kind of selection criteria do you look out I have always felt this desire while Foundation Award. Its process for
steering wheel or pedals. I tested it on the circuit for as a member of the jury? developing and implementing policies decontaminating soil in situ through
myself. It's the first device developed to help people P.S.: I'll focus on my pet topics - cars and helping in the positions I've held. It seems to bio-remediation has been wildly
with severe motor handicaps get their driving licenses. handicapped people - and my colleagues will offer me that the Altran Foundation fits in successful and is now moving to the international level. Biobasic
It's been approved by the French Transportation opinions in their own areas of expertise. One thing I'm with the work I've been trying to do for Environnement is currently conducting a pilot decontamination
Minister and the Road Safety Department. With it, I've sure of: technological innovations that help people with years, and that's the main reason I project on heavy petroleum products at a Romanian oil refinery. An
been able to get a lot of my autonomy back. motor handicaps have always been useful to non- agreed to preside over the jury for the important stride for Julien Troquet, whose company increased its
handicapped people. The infra-red television remote 2005 Award. sales ten-fold in 2004.
Alt.: And now? control was invented thirty years ago for paraplegics.
P.S.: I'm the technical consultant for the inter-ministry It was then used by the elderly, and then by Alt.: Why did the theme of the 2005
delegate for handicapped people. I work on improving the general population. Award (overcoming social exclusion 2002 Award:
through scientific and technological developing countries
innovation) grab your attention? Guy Reinaud, president of Pro-
J-L. D.: This year's theme has several Natura, won a Foundation Award for
facets, making it a particularly rich a machine that produces biomass
A MEMBER OF THE FOUNDATION'S BOARD choice. One immediately thinks of charcoal. The first device was set
OF DIRECTORS IS HONOURED overcoming the social exclusion of up in South Africa in the beginning
Koïchiro Matsuura, Director-General of UNESCO, granted the 2004 handicapped people through scientific of 2004. Depending on its success,
Kalinga Prize for the Popularisation of Science to the astrophysicist and technological innovation, but there other machines will be installed in
Jean Audouze, Director of Research at CNRS and a member of the Altran are other forms of exclusion to Algeria, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, and Chad. Biomass charcoal is a
Foundation's Board of Directors. Mr. Audouze joins the prestigious list of French overcome that vary from one culture to cheap fuel made from carbonised agricultural waste. It replaces wood
Kalinga Prize winners: Jean Rostand in 1959, Paul Couderc in 1966, the next. I'm curious to see the kind of and slows down deforestation in developing countries.
and Yves Coppens in 1984. projects we receive. I really hope to be
surprised by the unexpected ideas this
08 Altitude n°6 / February 2005 Altitude n°6 / February 2005 09
A SKI JACKET THAT WILL
WARM YOUR HEART
Say goodbye to mulled wine your jacket.
breaks and layers upon layers Of course, the jacket also
of clothes! Oakley is proud to boasts “windcheating” fleece
present a ski jacket with sleeves, Gore-Tex® (the
meticulously designed thermal waterproof, laminated material
insulation: the removable, that fights perspiration), chest
inflatable AirvantageTM insulation vents, and the sporty style we
system. This is a high-tech expect from Oakley. See you on
name for being able to create the slopes!
an insulating layer of air inside Suggested price: 895 euros.
WALKING ON SUNSHINE
It enjoys a sunny day as much as the next
gadget! Lexon's LA51 Hubble (8.5 x 5.2 x
1.8 cm) is packed with photoelectric
cells in a chic little case made of
aluminium and orange or blue injected
ABS plastic. This solar-powered FM radio
charges in four hours for three hours of
continuous use. Complete with earphones
and a scanner to search for stations.
Suggested price: 47 euros.
HAS GONE BILINGUAL
Finally; a truly interactive robot!
Nec's robot PaPeRo can now translate
TWO IN ONE sentences spoken into a microphone
Elegant, discreet, and sleek, Fossil's square- from Japanese into English and vice
shaped ring-watch was designed by Philippe versa. When he made his debut
Starck. Its petite size (the face is just 2 x 1.2 in 2001, he could already
cm) and stainless steel make it a decisively recognise human
innovative yet timeless piece. faces with his CCD
Suggested price: 89 euros. (Charge Couples
Device) camera eyes.
In 2004, he went
This high-end toy
is only available
10 Altitude n°6 / February 2005
IS IN THE AIR
12 / BOARDING IMMEDIATELY /
14 / FOCUS: A380, A NEW WAY TO FLY /
17 / AN EVOLVING AERONAUTICS MARKET /
IMMEDIATELY Innovation can help companies meet the new
challenges of civil aviation. New technologies and
industries come into play at each stage of development,
from aeroplane design and manufacture to flight According to many industry
management. They can help companies deal with new professionals, wide-body
challenges linked to increased air traffic, safety, and aeroplanes, which are more
environmental concerns. Innovation is in the air. profitable for airlines, represent
the future of civil aviation. The
A380 will have a capacity
equivalent to a Boeing 747 (level
1) and an Airbus A340 (level 2)
combined. The two levels of the
aeroplane will be linked by this
satellite data transmission technologies, for in- best flight routes and to ensuring that aeroplanes
stance, have helped improve the exchange of in- stay on them. This challenge has been met by a
formation between pilots and air traffic controllers new generation of flight management systems ca-
to avoid any misunderstanding. pable of integrating the time factor in flight mana-
gement. Finally, control infrastructures are crucial.
NAVIGATION AND CONTROL The spotlight is on GPS systems and new gene-
Another key innovation lies in navigation infra- rations of radar systems that can pinpoint the ae-
structures. The idea is to optimise flight manage- roplane's position in order to eliminate any risk of
The wings of an A380 undergoing a fatigue test at Broughton (UK) in September 2004.
ment, a goal that applies both to choosing the collision.
continued on page 17 • • •
Profile of an A380 in flight.
A new business class
Sascha, a consultant for an updated interior design
005 will be the year of the A380, which is re crowded. Yet, according to experts, air traffic is the Altran Group with new materials and
programmed to start flight testing in the set to increase by more than 5% yearly for the company Eurospace, colours to boost your
spring before taking its maiden commer- next twenty years. The A380, with its record 555- contributed to the comfort to greater heights.
cial flight with Singapore Airlines in the first quar- passenger capacity, represents one step towards development and More than anything else,
ter of 2006. This generation of wide-body aeropla- better managing this growth. integration of a new ESA Sascha enjoys the
nes, launched by Airbus, will undoubtedly be one business class cabin for interdisciplinary character
of the major developments in 21st century aero- COMMUNICATIONS the German airline of this project. It constantly
nautics. It brings with it many technological and Other civil aeronautics solutions aim, among other Lufthansa. calls for a wide range
industrial innovations in response to the sector's things, to squeeze more aeroplanes into the al- He is overseeing the of knowledge and skills
latest demands. Speed is no longer the name of ready congested airways. Technological develop- project for 30 aeroplanes in the team - technical
the game: the new goals are elsewhere and inclu- ments are being made on new onboard systems that are part of a 73-plane and logistical know-how,
de managing the growth of this means of mass and ground aids to help guarantee safety, ob- intercontinental fleet. New of course, but also interior
transport. With 1.5 billion passengers transiting viously a paramount issue. features include seats that design, marketing,
through the world's airports These developments are three- convert into two-metre- communications, financial
each year, runways and the Civil aviation faces fold. Firstly, in terms of com- long beds, an on-demand control, market analysis,
skies are getting more and mo- new challenges munications infrastructure: entertainment system, and and more.
12 Altitude n°6 / february 2005 Altitude n°6 / february 2005 13
HIGH -TECH Focus
A380: A NEW WAY TO FLY Glare in the air
A new material called Glare,
THE A380 IS A PERFECT EXAMPLE OF WHAT made from layers of aluminium
and fibreglass, is used on parts
TOMORROW'S PLANES WILL LOOK LIKE. of the fin. Glare is 10% less
A cleaner dense than traditional materials and is
Airbus's upcoming wide-bodied aircraft features
network resistant to both corrosion and fire.
a number of technical solutions designed to means more
transport more passengers in a wider plane information transfer inside the
that is neither too heavy nor too large, with a plane. To ease and improve this
type of exchange, network
more powerful yet less noisy engine. What's architecture based on TCP/IP
more, it will be cheaper to build and will help technology (just like the Internet)
create jobs in several European countries. is included.
And now for a close-up…
technology Shh! We're flying
A new keyboard and cursor The A380 offers a choice
control unit (KCCU) has been between two possible engines:
developed to enhance human-machine the Trent 900, produced by the
relations. Much like a desktop computer British engine manufacturer
mouse, this device provides access to the Rolls-Royce, and the GP7200, made by the
navigation screens. American company Engine Alliance. Both
are designed with future environmental
protection standards in mind. To meet the
challenge of noise reduction, engineers
enlarged the diameter of the fan at the
The rule of 80
The A380 was designed to fit
within an 80-metre-sided
square. It is 80 feet tall
(approximately 24 metres). With these
dimensions, it will be able to use the existing
runways and taxiways found in the world's
airports, not to mention fit in a hangar.
Several components of the
A well-wheeled fuselage primary structure use
plane innovative composite materials
The bulk of the A380 is like carbon fibre reinforced
supported by underwing landing plastic (CFRP), which replace aluminium
gear with 20 wheels, along with six-wheel and lighten the plane's load.
interior sets. To put on the brakes, the
pressure of its hydraulic system will climb by
60% more than on other planes!
14 Altitude n°6 / February 2005 Thanks to Thierry, an expert at Altran Technologies, for his precious help. Altitude n°6 / February 2005 15
planes fly again?
AN EVOLVING AERONAUTICS MARKET
Supersonic flight for commercial
airliners is not over for good. Indeed,
Dealing with growing air traffic An interview with Joachim Lau
business flying seems to be on the airspace of Africa and increase the number of Managing director at Askon (Altran group)
verge of taking up where the Oceania by the different flight levels,
Concorde generation left off. During a International Civil Aviation which would help improve maximum capacity of 555 their expertise most use hydrogen as a fuel. The
recent conference on aviation, the Organisation and the air traffic management; passengers, is one answer to this established? challenge lies in finding ways of
American company Aerion unveiled its International Air Transport and two, to do whatever it future challenge. Boeing, on the J.L.: As in all sectors, airlines shortening the excessively long
plans for the SBJ, a supersonic twin- Association. We're in takes to confront the other hand, has taken a different often require expertise in new development cycles through the
engine jet. With a twelve-passenger charge of analysing the surge in air traffic in these approach: the increase of fossil fuel areas. For example, passengers use of simulation devices. Current
capacity, it will be able to fly 4,000 safety of putting a new rapidly expanding prices has led it to focus on now demand new levels of in-flight fuel consumption is also largely
nautical miles (or 7,408 kilometres) at concept in place to regions. This is the first efficiency. entertainment, including films, linked to aircraft weight. The use of
cruising speeds up to Mach 1.6 reduce the minimum time Altran has been The 7E7 Dreamliner includes a music, the use of a mobile modern materials, such as
(1,960 km/h). Other projects are also Thierry, head of the vertical interval in a given involved in governing number of systems such as ultra- telephone, and Internet access. This composites, can contribute greatly
taking shape, including Supersonic CNS/ATM1 department space. Today, planes must international civil aviation modern motors and an innovative is the kind of “cross-industry” to solving this problem. Another
Aeorospace International's QSST. at Altran Technologies be separated by 2,000 at such a high level.” tyre concept aimed at optimising expertise that Altran's consultants area of innovation is that of safety.
According to its creators, the original Toulouse, gives us the feet in these spaces and Altitude: What are the fuel consumption. Moreover, can offer aircraft manufacturers As I said earlier, air traffic is on the
design and delta wing shape should low-down: we'd like to change that to market's latest demands? passengers are becoming more and today. rise. New airspace management
1. CNS/ATM: communication,
allow it to fly 1.6 times faster than the “We've just been given a 1,000 feet. We have two navigation, and surveillance for Joachim Lau: We see several more demanding: they want to be concepts are as important as
speed of sound without producing an huge project on the objectives: one, to air traffic management. trends. For instance, the number of able to travel easily and Alt.: What innovations do collision avoidance technologies.
audible sonic boom. passengers and cargo loads is comfortably. And aeroplane tickets you think will become In conclusion, following the
always growing, leading to traffic must also be affordable! generalised in the years example of the first private aircraft
jams in the skies, particularly in or decades to come? to reach outer space within the X-
Europe and around major Alt.: What added value do J.L.: With the decline of fossil Prize programme, high-altitude
international airports. technology consultants fuels, new motor concepts must be flight and hypersonic aeroplanes
The Airbus A380, with its bring? In what area is developed. One option may be to will surely make a comeback.
PLANES, TRAINS, AND TRUCKS:
MULTI-MODAL TRANSPORT FOR THE A380
The A380 is produced in several European
locations, and bringing together all its
components on the assembly lines in ••• continuation of page 13
Toulouse is no easy task. The Bélouga, the RECOGNITION THROUGH
Airbus cargo plane normally used for ENVIRONMENT AND THE ENERGY CRISIS
transferring parts from one factory to While security and managing the growing pas-
another, is just too small for this mammoth senger flow are both key in today's aeronautics, The September 11th attacks have led to
of a project! So Airbus had to come up other issues, such as economics and the environ- increased investments in airport security.
with a new tactic that uses other modes of ment, cannot be ignored. The prospect of an Access to staff-only areas is now being regulated with
transportation. A specially designed boat, energy crisis has led manufacturers to develop new identification methods. Aéroports de Paris (Paris
the Ville de Bordeaux, shuttles materials aeroplanes that consume less fuel. The A380 will airports), for example, use digital fingerprint recognition
between Hamburg, Mostyn, Saint Nazaire, consume 20% less than the Boeing 747, thanks to technology. Each employee's digital fingerprint is
Cadiz, and Pauillac in the Gironde estuary. a variety of innovations. First of all, all excess recorded on a chip which is then placed on the back of
Barges are used for river transport. And weight has been trimmed from the aeroplane. his or her badge. At each security check, the badge is
finally, the freight will travel down a new Composite materials have replaced parts of the scanned by a device that matches it up to the central database.
wide-gauge motorway to reach the Jean- fuselage that were traditionally made of alumi- The employee then places the passenger's finger on the device to
Luc Lagardère factory. compare the fingerprint to the chip. Other biometrics-based solutions,
continued on page 18 ••• such as hand shape recognition, are in development.
16 Altitude n°6 / February 2005 Altitude n°6 / February 2005 17
E-reservation takes off
customers: airlines (Air
France, Qantas, etc.), on-
line travel agencies, and
companies that are
reservation systems for their
employees (Oracle, Daimler
Chrysler, etc.). Tailored
reservation products are
available for each category.
The strength of Amadeus additional programs, and easily adapted to any
Development Director E-travel lies in its customers simply link up to company. Fifteen different
Denis Lacroix fills us in on community-based bookings the Amadeus E-travel server projects are now in the works
Amadeus E-travel's e- system, located in a data via the Internet. Extremely for new customers and to
commerce solutions for processing centre on the effective, with 200 million improve the existing system. »
travel reservations. Amadeus premises near dynamic web pages viewed Amadeus E-travel, an on-line
« Amadeus E-travel mainly Munich, Germany. Rather and a million tickets issued, reservation business unit,
works with three types of than having to install the system can be quickly operates since April 2002.
INTEGRATED MODULAR AVIONICS: THE STREAMLINING SPECIALIST
The concept of integrated modular avionics (IMA) is revolutionary from both a technical and an industrial standpoint.
It combines various software applications that were previously associated with different computers into standard
processing modules using the same operating system. IMA streamlines logistics while cutting costs and the amount
of equipment needed, offering greater flexibility in terms of maintenance. For example, it allows for the enhanced
treatment of electronic obsolescence.
••• continuation of page 17
nium. The A380's hydraulic systems have also ment in the air transport industry. Ground opera-
been lightened, while the introduction of a new tions play an ever greater, though often hidden,
network architecture has reduced the number of role. Thus the availability of an electricity grid du-
cables required. ring stopovers helps meet an aeroplane's energy
The A380's motors themselves consume less fuel requirements while limiting its gas emissions. The
and are cleaner than those of previous genera- sorting and reclamation of cabin waste may also
tions. They even anticipate future pollutant and be organised.
greenhouse gas emissions standards. Similarly, Communications, navigation, and the environ-
in an effort to minimise sound pollution, the pla- ment: these various sectors of civil aeronautics all
ne's propulsion systems were entirely rethought. call for major technological innovation. Countless
But the airlines and the manufacturers are not the projects are under development, of which many
only parties involved in environmental manage- should soon take flight.
18 Altitude n°6 / february 2005
Next dossier : As China awakens
Two consultants with parallel careers
RIGOR AND CONTROL 1988 > DEA (specialised
in electrical engineering,
> Christian, a consultant for Altran Technologies Toulouse, took home the 2004 Altran Award in the Systems and Process
Engineering category. His quirky career path has taken him from the defence industry to aeronautics and naval technology 1989- 1991 > Project for
to automobiles, setting him apart from the five other Spanish, American, and French consultants short listed for the award. Dassault.
1992 > Joins Altran
Christian, 39, saw the the jury tends to seek out your strong points and Group - works on the
Altran Awards as an weaknesses.” Christian looks back on the
opportunity to take stock experience fondly. “It pushes you to look long 1993 > Receives
of his fruitful career. and hard at yourself, especially at the way you degree from the Institut
“Putting together the operate as a consultant, at the way you've drawn d'Administration des
dossier is quite a project: on your experience to prepare for the future. It Entreprises (Business
you have to sum up the also puts you into contact with other consultants
1996- 1998 > Updating
path you've taken while who have similar or complementary profiles, and of the Brazilian frigate
emphasizing whatever you can share your experiences with them.” With combat system.
components are this prestigious distinction under his belt, 2000-2002 > Project in
important in this type of competition. Even more Christian will be undertaking the Excellence Germany for Cargolifter.
Projet 2002 >
daunting, you then have to cram the last 15 Plan he's been working on for quite some time.
years of your professional life into a 15-minute Stay tuned for an update in a coming issue of engineering project for
presentation. It's a really intense exercise, but Altitude! Volkswagen.
Altran Awards: make the most of your talent
The Altran Awards identify and acknowledge the most talented Altran Group consultants. Excellence, innovation, and leadership… These three assets are
spotlighted in 12 award categories that reflect the diversity of the Group's consultants and careers. The 12 winners act as ambassadors for Altran, and get
the chance to put their Excellence Plan into action. You'll get to know them in the pages of Altitude throughout the year.
UNDER PRESSURE 1990 > Engineering
> Georges, a consultant for Logiqual (Altran Group), was a contender for the degree from ESNMM
2004 Altran Award in the Systems and Process Engineering category. His
experience in automobile equipment manufacturing got him to the final
Mécanique et de
round, where he joined 55 consultants from seven countries. Microtechnique).
1994 > PhD in
Just like Altran itself, Georges has a nose for innovation and energetics from the
École des Mines de
creativity. He's already filed 20 patents, some of which are in use
and yield a real competitive edge. Over the last four years, he filed
1998 > Independent
10 through his job as a systems manager for Siemens consultant - Project
Automotive, where he works on tyre pressure monitoring manager, climate
systems. “These products are used on the Renault Mégane, the systems engineering.
1999 > Siemens
Peugeot 407, the Mazda RX7, the VW Golf, some Jaguars, and the
Automotive - Test
Land Rover… all market leaders.” The Altran Awards gave Georges an ideal laboratory manager.
opportunity to get the word out on his project. Despite seven years of 2000 > Joins Altran
experience at Aisin Seiki, the subsidiary of a world-class Japanese automobile equipment Group - Systems
manufacturer, Georges is no stranger to uncertainty and stress. “The evaluation criteria are manager for Siemens
qualitative, and we have no idea what other projects and consultants we're up against. I got the
2004 > Begins work
chance to recap and assess my career path. I measured the quality of service I offer against that of on applying system
my Altran colleagues. I also formalised my future objectives to put together my Excellence Plan. It's a engineering in R&D.
great way to step into the future with a solid base under your feet.”
Altitude n°6 / February 2005 19
Solving technological problems methodically in order to
improve innovation: several companies within the Altran
CHIEF TECHNOLOGY OFFICER,
Group offer such methodologies. PHILIPS SOUND SOLUTIONS1
Close-up on two specialists. (DE VALCK CONSULTANTS CLIENT)
SYSTEMATIC INNOVATION METHODOLOGY: Altitude: Was exactly is your role?
TURBO-CHARGE YOUR THINKING I am Chief Technology Officer, which means that I am
De Valck Consultants, an Altran company based in Brussels, has earned its fame on its very much involved in the policy and strategy of
innovation strategy. Philips Sound Solutions, from a technical angle. My
strategic goals have to do with structural innovation,
Philippe, a manager at De Valck gical trends. “Our systematic approach to projects has road-mapping technologies, competency building
Consultants, explains: “Our services focus enabled us to become highly efficient and produce very and mapping, business launching, etc.
on product and process innovation or on high-quality innovative results.” A multidisciplinary team
solving strategic product problems. In 2004, lies at the heart of this approach. Philippe adds: “Our Alt.: What methodologies do you use
De Valck Consultants completed some thirty systematic innovation methodology acts as a turbo char- to better innovate?
innovative projects for clients in various sec- ger for the team,” with nearly 135 experienced consul- A.V.: We have experimented with various well-known
tors and industries. Our success resides in tants, including some forty experts specialised in nume- methodologies. Currently, we rely on structured
three inextricable aspects of our approach: rous areas. This methodology has also helped De Valck brainstorming sessions as our main tool for
an efficient methodology, a solid, experien- Consultants position itself vis-à-vis its current and poten- innovation. The challenge is always to get the team to
ced team, and a specific approach to project tial clients and enabled its consultants to develop pro- think outside the box.
management that gets the client involved. As fessionally. De Valck Consultants has an international
far as methodology is concerned, we developed our own approach that meets the needs of its multinational Alt.: What are the main constraints of
approach after intensive research that included looking clients. Thus, it has developed a network of partners with methodologies such as TRIZ?
closely at Genrich Altshuller's TRIZ methodology.” TRIZ other companies within the group, specifically in the A.V.: You must understand that TRIZ can only work if
offers the means of analysing a vast amount of data Netherlands and Spain. “With our experience and refe- the methodology is fully integrated into the corporate
(three million patents covering all sectors of business rences, we can help them launch innovative projects.” culture and viewed as a strategic tool to help
and fields of knowledge) and of inferring new technolo- Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org generate innovative ideas and concepts. This is
Alt.: In the future, do you think that
CREATIVITY AND INNOVATION such methodologies will be used more
widely to promote innovation?
Founded in 1960, Synectics (Altran group) helps its clients develop and A.V.: We recently decided to create a new group
generate innovative solutions in the areas of new product and market devoted to innovation, and I intend to create a
development, sales engineering, and the dissemination of innovations structured culture of innovation within that group.
within organisations… From this perspective, I think that TRIZ can be a very
useful methodology. I will focus on promoting a
Jeff, a manager at Synectics, describes his job: “We act thought patterns that stifle strong team culture, in order to make TRIZ as
as facilitators and catalysts to help our clients develop your innate creative abilities. efficient a methodology as possible.
new solutions. We coach them in integrating their orga- Synectics has studied mo-
nisational skills and advise them in designing and ap- dels that help redevelop co- 1. Based in Dendermonde, Belgium, Philips Sound Solutions (PSS)
is a business unit of Philips. PSS develops, manufactures, and sells
plying means of innovation and creation. We have also gnitive functions and we ha- innovative products for three major markets: automobile, consumer
developed a series of methodologies that help promote ve created hundreds of hands-on exercises that help electronics, and personal computers.
creativity in each of the fields in which we work.” generate innovative thought repeatedly and almost at
He adds, “With age, people lose the ability to do things will.” Over the last fifteen years, Synectics has worked
as smoothly as when they were very young. Working in with Unilever on numerous projects and coached thou-
a company, you acquire specific working habits and sands of people in creative problem-solving.
20 Altitude n°6 / February 2005 Altitude n°6 / February 2005 21
Venkatesh Narayanamurti is Dean FIRST STEPS WITH FORMULA 1
of the Division of Engineering and
Applied Sciences (DEAS) at Harvard VENKATESH No, Mark Caldwell is not the new driver for the Renault F1 Team in 2005. He is the winner of the first edition of the Altran
Engineering Academy, which means he’s helped the team get ready for this decisive season. Working alongside the team
University. With the support of Altran
and Arthur D. Little (Altran Group), NARAYANAMURTI : and supported by his Altran mentor, Mark is perfectly poised to make the most out of the imagination and vivacity hat
wowed us during the competition. As part of the research and development department, he is seeing his dreams become
he has set up the first course of its kind reality: he already has one car launch under his belt. For Mark, the upcoming Grand Prix will mark the end of this great
to focus on technological innovation, “DEVELOP OUTSIDE-THE-BOX adventure - and hopefully the start of a brilliant career.
developed by the Altran Group,
in collaboration with the university. THINKING”
that question, and bridge the gap between theo-
ry and practice. Someone who understands both
DREAMS CAN COME TRUE
how a business operates and the technology Although the first edition of the Altran Engineering Academy was limited to
behind an invention is well placed to manage a the United Kingdom, thousands of requests for information came in from the
company that develops and sells products that world over, and several hundred applications were submitted by non-UK
use that technology. Our university strives to pre- residents. Given this unexpected response, and to incorporate the
pare its students to meet such challenges. international ambitions shared by Altran and the Renault FI Team, the 2005
Altran Engineering Academy will be open to the entire world, in partnership
Alt.: How was this collaboration set up? with Monster and the International Herald Tribune. Participants will compete
V.N.: Two years ago, we created a course on for the opportunity to have a six-month stint on one of the top teams in the
Innovation in Science and Engineering. We were most challenging branch of the automotive industry. Many dream of such a
struck by how much the consultants and resear- chance, but 2004 winner Mark Caldwell knows that the reality is even better.
chers had in common. There is a true need for And so, beginning on the first of March, check out www.altran.academy.com
our students to develop an overall vision, from and live in the fastlane! ROBERT MASON,
approaching a problem to choosing the strate- JUNIOR SENIOR
gies best adapted to solving it. The course was More than a year into by the Group: “Altran is
so successful that we decided to look for ways to his tenure as president a partner with many
extend its scope. Altran, as a staunch supporter of Westminster different faces. It's
Altitude: What is your division's mission? of innovation, seemed the perfect partner; they Business Consultants, helped us join JADE
Venkatesh Narayanamurti: Harvard sees itself as have committed themselves for five years. the Junior Enterprise of (the European
an interface between engineering, applied the University of Confederation of
sciences, and technology. Our goal is to foster a Alt.: What are your hopes for this unique pro- Westminster, Robert Junior Enterprises) and
culture of discovery and invention, while suppor- gramme? Mason is a very busy provides support for
ting research. Nevertheless, teaching and edu- V.N.: With Altran's support, we will be able to young man. In addition our events. It's been an
cation are as essential as research. We want the extend this course and fuel others in the discipli- to signing a essential resource for
next generation of students to be able to think nes taught at Harvard. Today the university is a partnership agreement improving our visibility
outside the box to solve practical problems. research interface. With the TECH, and thanks to with Altran UK and and attracting more
There's no use in having brilliant ideas if you Altran, it will become a must for anyone interes- Ireland and building a students.” Where does
can't put them to work. This is why programmes ted in innovation and entrepreneurship. All par- Junior Enterprise he see himself in ten
such as the Technology and Entrepreneurship ties involved in the programme have gained from movement in the years? “I'll be running
Renault F1 Team
Centre at Harvard (TECH), which allow our stu- it; it is a wonderful example of the symbiosis that British Isles, he has his my own company,
dents to combine technology and entrepreneur- can develop between a university like Harvard studies to think about thanks to the jumpstart
ship, are so important. and the business world. (he'll soon be adding a I got with the Junior
degree in finance to a Enterprises. Also, I
Alt.: How does Altran's involvement help you? list that includes plan to stay involved
V.N.: The question is: How does one take an idea international relations with the movement;
and apply it? Altran has played a crucial role in and diplomacy). This entrepreneurs are a
helping to develop TECH courses that answer
AN HISTORIC PARTNERSHIP FOR ALTRAN UK & IRELAND ambitious go-getter
spoke highly of the
rare breed, and we
need to help each other
As in Italy, Altran hopes to build an historic Scottish, and Irish Junior Enterprises. In the opportunities offered out.”
partnership with the Junior Enterprise same spirit, a partnership agreement has been
movement in the United Kingdom. Along with signed with Westminster Business
companies like Microsoft, Ernst & Young, and Consultants, the Junior Enterprise of the five-
Accenture, it took part in a conference on campus, 20,000-student University of
putting together a confederation of English, Westminster. It's also a first in England.
22 Altitude n°6 / February 2005 Altitude n°6 / February 2005 23
BIO BILL GATES – OCTOBER 28TH 1955: Born in Seattle 1973: Enters Harvard University, where he meets Steve Ballmer, the current CEO of
Microsoft. As a student, he creates the programming language BASIC for the MIT Altair, the world's first microcomputer 1975: Founds Microsoft
with Paul Allen, convinced that the personal computer will soon be an indispensable part of all offices and households. 1995: Writes The Road
Ahead, a best-selling book on his vision for the future of information technology and its role in society.
in 8 questions
Bill Gates is the face of Microsoft,
the very incarnation of the company
he created… and so, four years ago,
he handed over the controls to Steve
Ballmer. We fired some questions at
the man who had the ingenious idea to put
a computer on each desk.
optimism and a sense
What in your life is most important to you? superior, never really translated into business success.
My family. Who, in your opinion, is the next Bill Gates ?
Your two best qualities? Definitely not someone I know! He has to have a radical idea
Optimism and a sense for engineering. in his head, one that could only come from a young person's
Your two biggest weaknesses? brain.
Before running a huge corporation, I spent a long time What was the last book you read?
developing a number of programmes on my own… And it's To tell you the truth, the last book I read was on… malar-
hard to make that transition. I'm always tempted to be more ia! The one I read before is much more famous: the biog-
hands-on, to get involved in all the details, because I still raphy of Bill Clinton. I've always found him interesting.
remember the days when I wrote code. What music are you listening to these days?
Who is your entrepreneur model? The last U2 album and the soundtrack from “Shall We
It's hard to say. In his own way, Henry Ford was a great Dance,” which is very good, as is the film.
entrepreneur. Edison too. There's also the Wright brothers, The last film you went to see?
even though, of course, their intelligence, which I would call I just saw “The Motorcycle Diaries,” which I really liked.
Interview conducted at the last meeting of Club Junior Entreprises, an event that is regularly organised by the French Confederation of Junior Entreprises
(CNJE) in partnership with Altran.