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Figurative Language

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					Figurative Language
                  The Reading Detective
     C. Block; C. Beckwith; M. Hockett; D. White
       Figurative vs. Literal
Figurative         Literal language
 language uses      describes how
 words to mean      something
 something other    actually looks,
 than their         feels or sounds.
 dictionary
 meaning.
                     You try….
   Martin looked strong.
   The muscles in Martin’s
    arms looked like bowling
    balls.
   Areli is a bird riding
    gently on the breeze.
   Areli is flying through
    the air on her hang
    glider.
             Simile

A simile uses
 the word
 “like” or “as”
 to compare
 two things.
Metaphor
     A metaphor makes
      a comparison by
      suggesting that
      one thing is the
      other.
   Which one is a simile? Why?
 His  lined face
 was a map of his
 life.

 She  floated in the
 air like a feather.
Let’s try another one….
            New green leaves appear on the
              trees. The leaves slowly
              unfold like the tiny fingers on
              a newborn baby’s hands.
              Pink and white blossoms
              open like popcorn popping
              on the branches. Each tree is
              a lovely lady dressed in her
              finest gown. Spring is here!
              Idiom

An accepted phrase or expression
 contrary to the usual
 meaning…not literal
You try….
     My father blew his
      stack last night.
                Try this one….
Mom was fit to be tied
 when she heard I was
 going to be late for
 dinner. I tried to explain,
 but she wouldn’t listen.
               Personification
When an object or abstract
 idea is presented in
 human terms.
You try…
     I watch the daffodils poke
        their sleepy heads
        through the soil. In a
        matter of days, bright
        yellow daffodils are
        nodding cheerfully in the
        in the garden. Clusters
        of purple hyacinth stand
        at attention between
        them.
            Analogy
Comparing two things that are normally
 quite different in order to make you
 see them in a new way.
You try…
    She said he had a rock for a
      heart, cold and hard. She
      said it would take a
      strong chisel to open it
      up and see what was
      inside.

				
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posted:9/23/2012
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