Docstoc

Maine gov

Document Sample
Maine gov Powered By Docstoc
					    2008 Maine Crime and
      Justice Data Book
           March, 2009


Muskie School of Public Service
Muskie School of Public Service   Maine Statistical Analysis Center



               Purpose of the Data Book

• Presents a portrait of crime and justice trends
      – using the most recent data available for Maine.


• Produced in collaboration with
      –   Maine Department of Corrections,
      –   Maine Department of Public Safety,
      –   Maine Judicial Branch,
      –   Maine Criminal Justice Commission
Muskie School of Public Service     Maine Statistical Analysis Center



                                  Data Sources
• All reported crime, arrests, and clearance rates
  from the Maine Department of Public Safety’s
  annual Crime in Maine publication;

• Court data provided by the Maine Administrative
  Office of the Courts;

• Corrections data from the Bureau of Justice
  Statistics and the Maine Department of
  Corrections and;

• Recidivism data from the Maine Department of
  Corrections.
Muskie School of Public Service   Maine Statistical Analysis Center



                                  Chapters
•    Index Crimes
•    Arrests and Clearances
•    Courts and Corrections
•    Maine’s Adult and Juvenile
     Recidivism Outcomes*
      * New Chapter
Muskie School of Public Service   Maine Statistical Analysis Center




                   Index Crimes in Maine




Index Crimes = Violent Crimes (murder, including non-negligent manslaughter;
forcible rape; robbery; and aggravated assault) and Property Crimes (burglary;
larceny-theft; motor vehicle theft; arson).
Muskie School of Public Service    Maine Statistical Analysis Center



                                  Limitations
• Crime Data is two years old

• Descriptive in nature, not explanatory

• Cannot answer why certain crimes are
  rising or falling.
Muskie School of Public Service     Maine Statistical Analysis Center




                                  Violent Crimes

• Maine’s violent crime rate continues to be four
  times below the national average.

• For the first time, Maine’s rate of rape matches
  the national average of 30 per 100,000 people.

• The rate of domestic violence assaults in Maine
  increased (3.9% between 2006 and 2007)
  49.7% between 1998 and 2007.
Muskie School of Public Service   Maine Statistical Analysis Center



                             Property Crimes
•        Property crime comprised 94.7% of all
         index crimes in Maine in 2007
     –         the highest proportion in the country.


•        Property crime in Maine declined 11.6%
         between 1998 and 2007.
     –       During this time, all categories of property
             crime except arson declined.
Muskie School of Public Service   Maine Statistical Analysis Center




             Arrests and Clearances in
                       Maine
Muskie School of Public Service   Maine Statistical Analysis Center



                              Arrests: Drugs
•       Over the last decade, arrests for drug
        abuse violations have increased 23.2%.

•       More than three quarters (78.3%) of all
        drug arrests involved possession
        violations
Muskie School of Public Service   Maine Statistical Analysis Center



                         Arrests: Females
• For the 10th consecutive year, there was
  an increase in arrests of females.



• In 2007, females represented 25.2% of all
  arrests of adults in Maine
      – the highest percentage recorded.
Muskie School of Public Service   Maine Statistical Analysis Center




   Courts and Corrections
Muskie School of Public Service      Maine Statistical Analysis Center



                     Adult Incarcerations
            State                 Number of               State          Inmates per
                                   Inmates                                 100,000
     North Dakota                   1,416          Maine                    159


     Wyoming                        2,084          Minnesota                181


     Vermont                        2,145          North Dakota             221


     Maine                          2,222          New Hampshire            222


     New Hampshire                  2,943          Rhode Island             235
Muskie School of Public Service   Maine Statistical Analysis Center



     Increase in Prison Population

• The number of female prisoners increased
  141.3% from 1998 to 2007.

• The overall prison population increased
  31.4% in this time.
Muskie School of Public Service       Maine Statistical Analysis Center



     Lowest State Expenditures 2007
              State               Corrections as            State         Corrections as
                                    Percent of                              Percent of
                                      Total                               Total General
                                  Expenditures                                Fund
       West Virginia                  1.0%            Minnesota               2.6%

       Alabama                        1.5%            Alabama                 2.9%

       New Mexico                     1.8%            Hawaii                  3.7%

       North Dakota                   1.9%            New Mexico              4.0%

       Maine                          2.0%            Connecticut,            4.1%
                                                      Massachusetts
                                                      Maine                   4.6%

       United States                  3.4%            United States           6.7%
Muskie School of Public Service   Maine Statistical Analysis Center




     Maine’s Adult and Juvenile
       Recidivism Outcomes
Muskie School of Public Service         Maine Statistical Analysis Center

         Adult Probation Recidivism
                   Rates
    •The One-Year Recidivism Rate of Maine probationers
    has not increased significantly over the past three
    years.
                 One-Year Recidivism Rates by Risk Category and Cohort

                                        2004                  2005                2006

         Risk Level               N            %         N           %      N            %
         Administrative           85        10.1%        51       10.5%     34           8.6%

         Low                      48        29.3%        45       22.5%     114      20.4%

         Moderate                 574       22.0%       437       23.2%     385      24.1%

         High                     139       33.8%       121       36.7%     187      43.7%

         Maximum                  18        48.6%        25       48.1%     34       53.1%

         Total                    864     21.3%        679       23.0%      754      24.8%
Muskie School of Public Service   Maine Statistical Analysis Center



                         Re-incarceration
• Overall, 58.1% of prisoners released in
  2004 have been re-incarcerated.

• Average time to re-incarceration was less
  than 2 years.
      – The time to re-incarceration was shorter for
        males (462 days) than for females (582 days).
Muskie School of Public Service   Maine Statistical Analysis Center



                     Juvenile Recidivism
• The recidivism rate for the 2005 juvenile
  cohort was 27%.

• Among the eight states that use a similar
  definition of recidivism (i.e. “re-
  adjudication” of a previously adjudicated
  youth), the collective recidivism rate for
  these states was 33% in 2005, 6% higher
  than Maine’s rate (27%).
Muskie School of Public Service   Maine Statistical Analysis Center




• The Maine Crime and Justice Data Book
  was produced to further the SAC’s mission
  to provide criminal justice information to
  the general public and policy makers in
  Maine.

  All data are available on the Maine
  Statistical Analysis Center Website on
  March 31, 2009 at:
http://muskie.usm.maine.edu/justiceresearch

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:1
posted:9/23/2012
language:English
pages:20