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					      International Cooperation and
     the Role of Academic Societies
for the Peaceful Use of Nuclear Power

              2010 International Cooperation
         for the Peaceful Use of Nuclear Power
                  October 20, 2010, Jeju
                 Takashi Sawada
      Vice president, Atomic Energy Society of Japan

                                                       1
              Contents
 Types of International Cooperation
 Examples of Japanese International
  Cooperation in Asia Region
 The Role of Academic Society




                                       2
        Types of International
    Collaboration :Japanese Case
   International
    IAEA, OECD/NEA, UNSCEAR etc.
   Regional
FNCA(Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia),
ANSN (Asian Nuclear Safety Network),
RCA(Regional Cooperative Agreement for Research,
 Development and Training to Nuclear Science and
 Technology) etc.
   Bilateral
    Japan- Korea, China, USA, France, Germany, Sweden,
    Great Britain, Italy etc.
                                                     3
                              ANSN
 Japan has supported Asian countries to
  enhance their infrastructure of emergency
  countermeasures and response for nuclear
  installations in an operation of the ANSN, which
  is a part of the IAEA cooperation business to
  Asia.
 Participating countries and organization
     Japan: NISA/JNES          Vietnam: VAEC
    Korea: KINS/KAERI etc.     Thailand: OAP
    China: CAEA/BINE           France: EdF
    Indonesia: BAPTEN/BATAN    Germany: GRS
    Malaysia: AELB             Australia: ANSTO
    Philippines: PNRI          USA: ANL
     Singapore: NEA
                                                  4
      Developing Stage and
   International Cooperation(1)
             Developing      Developed
             Countries       Countries


Developing   International   International /
Countries    Regional        Regional /
                             Bilateral
Developed                    Bilateral
Countries

                                           5
      Developing Stage and
   International Cooperation(2)
             Developing    Developed
             Countries     Countries


Developing   Information   Technical
Countries    Exchange/     Transfer/Training/
             Technical     Plant Export
             Cooperation
Developed                  Cooperation to
Countries                  Ensure
                           Safety/Advance
                           Reactor Develop.
                                          6
               Recommendation(1)
 Networking and international/regional/bilateral cooperation be
  considered as an essential element in nuclear energy program
 Learning experiences/lessons learned from countries already
  engaged in nuclear power program through International
  organizations (IAEA, WANO) and regional cooperation
 Guidelines from international organizations such as IAEA
  (infrastructure building over 19 topical issues including legal,
  regulatory, human resources, industrial involvement etc.)
 Regional sharing of resources would benefit not only in
  infrastructure building but also in operation & maintenance of NPP
  Examples : ANSN, FNRBA (Forum of Nuclear Regulatory Bodies in
  Africa), FNCA, RCA, African regulators, GCC(Gulf Cooperative
  Council), Baltic countries




                                                                       7
  TECDOC 1522 “Sharing nuclear power infrastructure”
  (2006 October)

Potential exists for;
• Grid system
• Human resources development
   by establishing regional training centre
   by utilizing under-utilized Research
    Reactors
• Localization of industrial capacity
• Maintenance and In-service inspection
• Models for national legal framework
• Research and development
Further
• Waste management and disposal etc.
                                                       8
                                                           8
          Examples of Japanese International
             Cooperation in Asia Region
1)   Active implementation of information exchange meetings and safety-
     related seminars with Asian Countries
      –   Japan-China-South Korea Top Regulators Meeting On Nuclear Safety(2008-)
      –   Japan-China Nuclear Safety Seminar (1996-)
      –   Japan-South Korea Safety Information Exchange Meeting(1991-2007)
      –   Japan-China Information Exchange Meeting (1995-2007)

2) Training projects are implemented for China and Vietnam to nurture
   human resources for nuclear safety
      – Training project for operation supervisors (1992-, Total of 201 experts as of
        2009)
      – Training projects for regulatory body officers (1996-, Total of 138 experts as of
        2009)
3) Consultation for “Foundation for Regional Cooperation Framework
   of Nuclear Safety” in North East Asia region
      – Opening of Japan, China and South Korea Workshop for operation safety
        (June 2005 )
      – Opening of “Japan, China and South Korea Symposium for Nuclear Safety
        Regional Cooperation”
        (November 2005)



                                                                                        9
       Role of Academic Society
           Example of AESJ
・Ivory Tower at the beginning
・Recognition of Importance of Relation between
  Industries, Regulation, and Research
  Organization→Standards(1999~), R&D Road
  Maps(2005~)
・ Recognition of Importance of Relation between
  General Society→Ethics Committee(2001~),
  Social and Environmental Division(1999~),
  Position Statement(2008), Team 110(2010~)

                                              10
               Structure of Japanese Nuclear
                 Regulatory Organizations
                                                                  Nuclear Safety Commission (NSC)
                                                                    Double check, regulatory investigation,
                                                                  improvement of safety review guidelines, etc.

                                                                      Report                   Consultation
                                                              Present opinion                  Periodical report



                                               Information supply,
                                                 proposal of self-                                                  Participation in
                                              controlled regulatory
                                                                                  Nuclear and                        international
Japan Nuclear Technology                            activities                  Industrial Safety               cooperation activities,
        Institute                                                                                                proposal of activities           International
                                                                                 Agency (NISA)                                                 organizations (IAEA,
 As an independent regulatory
 entity in private sector, collects           Information supply,                  Planning and                     Presentation of           OECD/NEA), national
                                             promotion of scientific             implementation of              technical information,         regulatory bodies in
 and analyses safety information             and rational operation                nuclear safety               international technical
  and supports improvement of                         rules                    regulations, planning                standards, etc.          each country (NRC, etc.)
         private standards.                                                   of safety-related study,
                                             Needs for formulating                      etc.
                                                 standards

      Needs for          Presentation of
     formulating          academic and                               Presentation of                                       Achievement of safety-
      standards         industrial society                          middle-term target,     Support to safety                  related study
                            standards                                 instruction for         regulations
                                                                     conformance to
                                                  Presentation of
                                                                    safety regulations                 Consignment of
                                                   academic and
                                                                         including                   safety-related study
                                                 industrial society
                                                                       inspections
                                                     standards
 Academic and industrial                     Presentation of            Japan Nuclear Energy
    association (ASME,                   information necessary                                                  Achievement of
                                             for formulating              Safety Organization                    safety-related    Japan Atomic Energy Agency
      Japan Electric                         guidelines and                     (JNES)                               study           (Safety Research Center)
  Association, the Atomic                      standards               Implementation of some parts of                                    Implementation of safety study
 Energy Society of Japan)                                                 nuclear safety regulations                                   Technical cooperation to safety
                                              Presentation of
 Formulation of guidelines and                 academic and            Operation and management of                 Consignment                    regulations     11
           standards                         industrial society             safety-related study                     of safety-
                                                 standards                                                         related study
 Trust of
   the
                  Improvement of
                  National welfare                                            Merit of
 public
                                                                             Performing
                                        Safety             Increase of
                                                                            Safety R&Ds
                                     improvement
                                                          Gross power
                                                           generation



         Rationalization of                Introduction of         Manufacturers         Utilities profit
                                          New technologies
        maintenance, repair &                                     Profit                 improvement
                                          and the facilities
             operation                                            improvement




                                     Promotion of R&D                      Increase in
    Scientific and                                                         R&D budget
      Rational
     regulation
Standardization

                                     Annual meeting,
                                       symposium,
                                        publishing,
        Rolls of                       awarding etc
       Academic                       R&D Roadmap
       societies                                                                                     12
         Recommendation(2)
・Developing Countries should set up the Academic
  Societies (and Industry Trade Group such as Atomic
  Industrial Forum) to Introduce, Develop and Operate
  Nuclear Power Smoothly.
・The Academic Societies (and Industry Trade Group) of
  Developed Countries Should help setting up those
  Academic Societies (and Industry Trade Group) in the
  Developing Countries.
・Also, Existing Framework, such as PNC/PBNC, INSC,
  should be Fully Utilized.


                                                         13
    Future Role of Academic Societies
   AESJ, JSME etc have set up many Codes and
    Standards.→Elaborate them with Cooperation in
    Asia and Dispatch them to the World as the Asian
    Standard.
   All Japan has Contributed Education and Training of
    Nuclear Personnel Domestically and Internationally.
    Further Text Books on Nuclear Engineering are
    being Prepared by the University of Tokyo and AESJ.
   All the Academic Societies of the Asian Countries
    should Cooperate for the Peaceful Use of Nuclear
    Power Making Use of the Characteristics of Each
    Country.

                                                    14
Thank you for your attention.




                           15

				
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