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A stroke occurs when blood and oxygen cannot go to the brain. It is the third leading cause of death among adults in the U.S.
A Stroke is an Attack on Your Brain A stroke occurs when blood and oxygen cannot go to the brain. It is the third leading cause of death among adults in the U.S. Stroke: There are two types of stroke: Ischemic stroke (is-KEM'ik stroke) - when blood vessels Prevent It in the brain are blocked, and blood and oxygen cannot go to the brain. Blood vessels can be blocked by blood & clots or by build-up of plaque and other fatty substances. Know the Signs Hemorrhagic stroke (hem"o-RAJ'ik stroke) - when a blood vessel in the brain breaks, causing blood to leak into the brain. During a stroke, many brain cells die which can lead to brain damage, paralysis, problems with thinking and speak- ing, or death. Knowing what the signs of a stroke are and acting fast to get medical attention can save someone’s life and prevent further brain damage. A stroke is an emergency! It can happen at any time. If you have any stroke symptoms or see them in someone else -- call 911 right away! Most strokes can be prevented. You can prevent a stroke! This booklet will show you how to recognize stroke symptoms, and give you tips on how to prevent a stroke. 1 Are You at Risk for Stroke? Are You at Risk for Stroke? Everyone is at risk for stroke at some level. But if you have There are a few risk factors for stroke that you cannot heart disease or had a stroke before, you are at higher risk. control such as: Also, if you smoke or are overweight, you are at higher risk. Check the list of risk factors for stroke below. You are over age 55 You are male You have a history of stroke in your Medical stroke risk factors: family You had a stroke before If you said “yes” to one or more of these You had a mini stroke, also risk factors, you are at risk. It is important called a transient ischemic that you learn more about what you can do to prevent a attack (TIA) stroke. Talk to your doctor about what you can do to You have high cholesterol lower your risk for stroke. You have high blood pressure You have heart disease You have diabetes If you said “yes” to one or more of these risk factors, you are at risk. These medical risk factors can be managed by medicines. Talk to your doctor about what works best for you. Lifestyle stroke risk factors: You are a smoker You are overweight You drink too much alcohol You don’t get enough exercise If you said “yes” to one or more of these risk factors, you are at risk. You can lower your risk by making healthy lifestyle choices such as quitting smoking, exercising regularly, and watching what and how much you eat. Stroke is the third leading cause of death among adults in the U.S. Learn to recognize the signs of a stroke. 2 3 Know the Signs and Symptoms of a Stroke Tips on Stroke Prevention Stroke symptoms are unique because they occur suddenly. 1. Lower your blood pressure High blood pressure is a major cause of stroke. If you The most common symptoms of a stroke: have high blood pressure, work with your doctor to keep ► Numbness, weakness, or you can’t move your face, it under control. See your doctor regularly and if you are arm, or leg -- especially on one side of the body. on medicine to control it, take your medicine according to what your doctor tells you. ► Sudden blurred or decreased vision in one or both eyes. 2. Find out if you have atrial fibrillation (AF) (A'tre-al ► Problems speaking or understanding simple sentences. fib"rih-LA'shun) AF is a medical condition where your heart does not beat ► Dizziness, loss of balance or coordination, especially normally. AF can increase your risk for stroke. Your when combined with another symptom. doctor will perform a test called an electrocardiogram (ECG) to see if you have AF. If you have AF, work with your doctor to manage it. Other important but less common symptoms: ► Sudden and intense headache 3. Stop smoking. Smoking doubles your risk for stroke. Stop smoking and ► Sudden nausea, fever and vomiting your risk for stroke will decrease. ► Brief loss of consciousness or decreased consciousness 4. Drink alcohol in moderation (fainting, uncontrolled shaking of the body, or person Having one drink a day may lower your risk for stroke. may become very confused or fall into a coma) But alcohol is harmful if taken in large amounts. If you have any stroke symptoms or see them in someone else, call 911 or Medical conditions such as high blood emergency services right away! pressure or atrial fibrillation can increase your risk for stroke. Your doctor may prescribe medicines to help you manage these conditions. 4 5 How to Call 911 Getting medical attention right away can save a life. Learn how to call 911 and get medical help. If you don’t speak English, you can get Following a healthy, low salt diet can help lower your language help. Tell the operator what language you speak risk for stroke. For example, fresh fruits and (Cantonese, Mandarin, Vietnamese, etc.) and a translator vegetables are better for you than preserved because will be available. There might be a short wait, but stay on they have less salt. line. Don’t hang up. If you are home alone and you have signs of a stroke, call 911 right away. Tips on Stroke Prevention ► It’s best to use a home phone if you have one ► Try to stay calm 5. Lower your cholesterol. ► Tell the operator that you think you have a stroke If it is high, work with your doctor to lower it. Lowering ► Tell the operator where you are such as house number, your cholesterol may reduce your risk for stroke. street address, floor or apartment number ► Stay on the line. Do not hang up the phone until the 6. Control your diabetes. ambulance or police arrive at your home If you are diabetic, follow your doctor’s recommendations carefully. If you think someone is having a stroke, call 911 right away. 7. Exercise ► Tell the operator that you think someone is having a A brisk walk, swim or physical activity for 30 minutes a stroke day can improve your health, and reduce your risk for ► Say clearly where the victim is at such as address, stroke. house number, apartment number, landmarks, etc. especially if you are calling from a cell phone 8. Eat a healthy low sodium (or salt) and low fat diet ► Try to stay calm. Answer questions as best as you can By cutting down on salt and fat in your diet, you may be ► Stay with the victim and follow the operator’s instructions able to lower your blood pressure and lower your risk for ► If there is someone else present, send him or her to stroke. meet emergency services and direct them to where the victim is at. 9. See a doctor if you have any conditions affecting your heart and blood vessels Remember: Stay on the line and do not hang up. They can increase your risk for stroke and other Talking to the operator will not slow down emergency problems. services. Help is on the way. 6 7 CHARLES B. WANG COMMUNITY HEALTH CENTER 王 嘉 廉 社 區 醫 療 中 心 Website / 網址: www.cbwchc.org 268 Canal Street, 136-26 37th Avenue, 2 & 4/F 125 Walker Street, 2/F New York, NY 10013 Flushing, NY 11354 New York, NY 10013 Internal Medicine / 內科部 Internal Medicine / 內科部 Pediatrics & Adolescent (212) 379-6998 OB/GYN / 婦產科部 Health / 兒科及青少年部 Women’s Health / 婦女健康部 (718) 886-1200 (212) 226-3888 (212) 966-0228 Pediatrics / 兒科部 Dental / 牙科部 (718) 886-1222 (212) 226-9339 Health Education Department / 健康教育部 (212) 966-0461 The Charles B. Wang Community Health Center encourages the distribution and reproduction of this educational material with acknowledgement of the Health Center and the sources cited. The content of this brochure has been reviewed by our clinical staff . The content is not a substitute for professional medical advice. See your doctor if you have questions about a medical condition. 王嘉廉社區醫療中心鼓勵你複製和分發這份資料，但使用這份材料時需提及本中心以及 資料的出處。 這份資料的內容已由本中心的醫療人員審閱，資料的內容不能取代專業人員的醫療建議。 如有任何關於醫療的問題，請與醫生聯系。 © 5/08 8
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