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APOSTASY Powered By Docstoc
 Those ignorant of history are
doomed to repeat its mistakes!
       Apostasy Predicted
    Acts 20:28-30; 2 Thess. 2:1-4;
                1 Tim. 4:1-3
 Secular history must be studied to see
     the fulfillment of this prediction
            God’s Pattern
   Elders (bishops, shepherds, overseers,
     pastors) – appointed in every church
       (Tit. 1:5-9; Acts 14:23; Phil. 1:1)
       Oversight limited (Acts 20:28;
                  1 Pet. 5:1-4)
 Departure in Organization
      Chief elder became bishop
 Chief bishop became archbishop (or
 Chief archbishops became patriarchs
(Rome, Alexandria, Antioch, Jerusalem,
     Chief patriarch became pope
            Chief Patriarch
      A.D. 588 – Patriarch John the Faster
(Constantinople) assumed the title of “universal
   bishop.” Gregory the Great (Rome) said he
     should be “inspired with shame for your
   ambition…and that you will not consent to
    ascribe to yourself a title as senseless, as
vainglorious…” (Church History for Busy People)
   He quoted Mt. 23:8,9 and said “May all
    Christians reject this blasphemous title.”
   607 A.D. – Boniface III, of Rome, was
 given the title by Roman Emperor Phocus
 The other Patriarchs never accepted the
   claim. The Greek, or Eastern Orthodox
 Churches have Patriarchs in each country
  but all look to Constantinople (Istanbul).
         East – West Division
       1054 – Pope Leo IX sent bull of
   excommunication to Constantinople for
      “all the heresies of the past.” The
       Patriarchs of the Eastern Church
    excommunicated the Western Church.
 The first 7 Ecumenical Counsels (325-787)
  – 1460 bishops from East; 26 from West.
      The Orthodox Church
             Never Accepted:
   Sprinkling – accepted by the Roman
    Church in 1311 (Council of Ravenna)
  Doctrine of purgatory and indulgences
  The immaculate conception, or bodily
      assumption of Mary into heaven
 Instrumental music (Roman: c. 670, but
  opposed in Council of Trent 1545-1563).
       Three Basis Errors
          Apostolic Succession
   Claim – Pope succeeds Peter; other
      bishops succeed other apostles
 One successor (Acts 1:21-26); Bishops
         never succeeded apostles!
   If you could trace two groups from
Acts 20:28-30, how would you determine
             which was true?
   Second: Apostolic Tradition
            Misuse 2 Thess. 2:15
        Tradition – may be from God,
           or from men (Mt. 15:1-3)
   The further you get from the apostles,
  they more you hear of Catholic traditions!
 Celibacy of priesthood (1123), immaculate
      conception (1854), Papal infallibility
  (1870), bodily assumption of Mary (1950)
 Third: Infallibility of Church
   Means the Pope – when he speaks
“ex cathedra” – from the chair, concerning
        matters of faith and morals
  Bishops were not promised infallibility
              (Acts 20:28-30)
  Did not prevent division in 1054; and
  Catholics are divided on many subjects.
       Departures Are Gradual
    Sprinkling – “clinic baptism,” then
             gradually accepted.
  Instrumental music – first organ, 670;
  Charles Spurgeon (London 1854-) did not
    use instrumental music; many think
              always used them
 Church socials – kitchens/fellowship halls
   gradually accepted (inst. Music again)
At what point did the usurping of authority by
           one elder become wrong?
 Allow one hole in the fence - what happens?
 “We don’t dare to put ourselves in a class or
   compare ourselves with some of those who
   speak highly of themselves, but when they
 measure themselves by their own yardstick and
compare themselves with themselves, they don’t
    show good sense” (2 Cor. 10:12, Beck’s).

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