Q � In the 4-H Beekeeping I manual 'Starting Right with Bees' is by S60I03


									Indiana 4-H Beekeeping – Questions & Answers
Suggestions from a state fair judge:
    Fill level: the honey should be filled to the jar shoulder, not over, nor
    Chunk honey should go in a wide-mouth jar, preferably one specially
      made for chunk honey (see beekeeping catalogs).
    Be careful to distinguish “chunk honey” (comb in jar) from “cut comb” (comb only in

Q – I have a family that has a 4-Her in Advanced Beekeeping, and they are having trouble
   coming up with activities to do. Can you suggest what 3 activities they can do from the
   advanced manual for completion of the project? I looked through it with them and we had a
   hard time defining what was an “activity” in there. Thanks!
A – You are correct – the Advanced Beekeeping manual is not written with the traditional
   activity format (see the next question for more information about that manual). And, we have
   so few 4-H members in Advanced Beekeeping that I have never had this question! Dr. Greg
   Hunt wrote the Advanced Beekeeping manual based on information that he shares with
   beekeepers at trainings and workshops. Consequently, it is written for someone who is very
   involved in Beekeeping rather than as a 4-H activity manual. Consequently, I would
   recommend that you do not require “3 activities” as happens with many other projects, but
   ask the 4-H member to read parts of the manual that interest them, begin or continue with
   record keeping (see pp 28-32) and, perhaps, experiment with requeening (pp 14-17) or
   another topic. You could ask them for a report on what she/he did if you need some sort of

   As you probably know, the exhibit guidelines for the upper levels of beekeeping are to
   exhibit honey. I would encourage this seasoned 4-H member to consider exhibiting a poster
   to share information that they learned or an experiment that they did in the “Advanced
   Topic” exhibit option OR to mentor younger 4-H members and exhibit a “Mentoring” poster.
   We have not had either of these exhibits come to the state fair in beekeeping yet and it would
   be great to see

Q – When was the Division 3 beekeeping manual rewritten? I notice that it has a lot more
   information than the old manual.
A –The Division 3 manual, Advanced Methods, was rewritten during the spring and summer of
   2006. It was extensively rewritten and now includes information that Dr. Greg Hunt,
   Purdue’s Bee Specialist, uses in adult workshops. Consequently, both youth and adults may
   find this publication useful. Topics that have been incorporated include:
        Managing honey bee colonies
        Taking care of your queens
        Seasonal management
        Colony troubleshooting
       Short guide to using honey bees in pollination
   The beekeeping manuals are online at: https://secure.agriculture.purdue.edu/store/, enter
   “beekeeping” and click on Search.

Q – In the 4-H Beekeeping I manual a book, "Starting Right with Bees," is mentioned. Its
    publisher is the A.I. Root Co. Where can I get this book?
A - This book is available from the publisher, A.I. Root, at (800) 233-7929 or800-289-7668.
    When you call, ask for Jim Thompson. He is happy to send a price list to County Extension

Q - I have a young 4-H member who is interested in beekeeping, but does not have a hive or
    access to one. Do you know of any leasing programs?
A - The president of the Indiana Beekeepers Association indicated that some members would be
    interested in leasing a hive to 4-H youth and helping them learn about bees. Contact me
    (Natalie Carroll, ncarroll@purdue.edu) for help in identifying beekeepers in your area that
    would be willing lease a hive to an interested 4-H member.

Q - What plants are considered honey plants?
A - The best way to determine which plants bees will use to make honey is to watch them. The
    following lists will help youth know which flowers to watch. Many of the flowers do not
    make much surplus honey because of their duration of bloom or conditions in a particular
    year. The plants listed first tend to produce more surplus honey.
       yellow sweet clover white sweet clover            apple blossom (and other fruit trees)
       small white (Dutch) clover                        mint
       black locust                                      blue vine or climbing milkweed (mostly
       blueberry (bees are very important for             in southwestern IN)
        blueberry pollination)                            elm
       basswood                                          box elder
       tulip poplar (tulip tree, the state flower)       silver maple, red maple (maples mostly
       goldenrod (late summer to fall, different          important for pollen, not honey)
        kinds)                                            raspberry
       asters (in fall - especially the small white      blackberry
        frost weed aster)                                 ground ivy
       dandelion (important in the spring                currant and gooseberry
        because it blooms early)

   The following plants must be pollinated by honey bees (or wild bees):
    blueberries                                  squash, pumpkins
    cucumbers                                    fruit trees
   There are also a lot of exotic plants in people’s gardens that are attractive to bees.

Q – The Understanding the Honey Bee manual (4-H 571) states "It is a good source of nutrition
    in infant feeding." (page 5, under "the value of honey bees" 2nd paragraph, 4th line down). I
    have heard this is not a good idea. Is it ok?
A - Honey is not recommended for infants. (We have changed the current manuals but old ones
    may still have this incorrect information. Please correct any old copies you have of 4-H 571)
    Because of a very slight chance of botulism that infants are sensitive to, the recommendation
   has long been not to feed it to infants. Pasteurized honey would be fine but not all honey is
   pasteurized because too much heat makes the honey less flavorful and a little thinner, but
   keeps it from crystallizing. Small beekeepers do not like to heat their honey too much. The
   website www.honeycouncil.ca/pasteur.html has more information about this topic.

Q – Is it a good idea to move a bee hive into a building to protect it in the winter?
A – It is not recommended to move your hive into a building for the winter in Indiana. A few
   beekeepers do that in some areas of Canada, but the building temperature must be carefully
   monitored. It needs to be kept cool enough that the bees are not too active, yet warm enough
   that they can get out of the hive to defecate. Beekeepers in Indiana should leave their hives

Q – What is the Beekeeping Essay contest? Who is it for? When is it due?
A – The Foundation for the Preservation of Honey Bees and the American Beekeeping
   Federation holds a beekeeping essay contest for 4-H members each year. This year (2006)
   the essay topic is “Pollinator Conservation.” Essays are due at the State 4-H office on
   January 15, 2007. The top Indiana essay will be forwarded to the national competition. Each
   state winner will receive a book from the Foundation for the Preservation of Honey Bees and
   the top three national winners receive cash prizes. Additional information is available
   through the Indiana 4-H Beekeeping homepage.

To top