Sri Lanka Country Report by S60I03

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									Sri Lanka
Country Report



                     H.D.Ratnayake
                     S.P.A.G.V.Samarakoon
                     U.K.Lakshman Peiris

DEPARTMENT OF
WI L DL I F E C O N SER V A TI O N
SRI LANKA
   Sri Lanka as a Biodiversity hotspot

 Geographically Sri
  Lanka is an island
  separated from the
  Indian sub continent
 Together with the
  Western Ghats of
  India, Sri Lanka is
  recognized as one of
  the Biological
  Hotspots in the
  world
      General Information of the country


 Total land area – 65,610 km2
 Population        – 20 million
 Altitudinal variation - upto - 2524 m
 Rainfall 900mm – 2500mm
 Major climatic zones –
       • Wet, Intermediate, Dry

 Natural Forest cover 21%
Network of Wildlife Protected Areas

 Total of 93 Wildlife
  Protected Areas represent
  all biological regions of Sri
  Lanka
     National parks            21
     Strict Natural Reserves    3
     Nature Reserves            5
     Jungle Corridors           3
     Sanctuaries               61

  Total land area of WLPAs is 14% of
    the total land are of the country
Species Diversity, Endemism and the status of
      the Vertebrate Fauna of Sri Lanka




                         IUCN Red data List 2007
 Status of the Snakes of Sri Lanka in the wild

           Family          # of Sp.   Criti.   En.   Vul.
                                       En.
           Acrochordidae      1                 1
           Boidae             1                       1
           Colubridae        43         4             7
           Cylindropidae      1
           Elapidae           5
           Hydrophiidae       15
           Pythonidae         1
           Typlopidae        10
           Uropeltidae        14
           Viperidae          6                 1     1
           Total             98         4      2      9
IUCN Sri Lanka 2007
 Status of the Snakes of Sri Lanka in the wild




                               Distribution of threatened
IUCN Sri Lanka 2007           Reptiles, Birds and mammals
                                           spp.
                        Threats

 Loss of Natural Habitat
    Deforestation
    Improper land use planning
    Mining
    Invasive species

 Land Degradation
    Slash & burn Cultivation (15% of the total land area)
    Erosive Crops

 Water Pollution
    Improper Waste disposal
    Overuse of Agro chemicals
                  Conservation Action

Legislation
 Fauna and Flora Protection Ordinance (1937)
    Department of Wildlife Conservation
      Total protection within the Protected Areas
      Outside protected areas
        5 deadly venomous species are not protected (Naja naja,
         Bungarus caeruleus, Bungarus ceylonicus, Daboia russelli, Echis
         carinata)
        Capturing, Injuring, Possessing, Killing, Transporting, selling and
         buying prohibited
 National Environment Act (1980)
   Central Environment Authority
        Regulation of the development work and EIA process
   Conservation Strategy, National Policies and
           International Conventions


 National Conservation Strategy 1988
 National Policies on
   Forestry – 1995

   Wildlife – 2000

   Environment – 2003

   Elephant Conservation – 2006

 International Conventions
   Ramsar (1971)

   CITES (1973)

   Bonn (1979)

   Biological Diversity (1992)
                   Trade & Market

 Existing legislation (Fauna & Flora Protection
    Ordinance) does not allow the Commercial
    Exploitation of Fauna and Flora
   All the species of snakes, except 5 species of
    venomous species, are totally protected
    Export and Import of snakes for commercial
    purposes is completely prohibited
   Export and imports are allowed only for research
    and exchange purposes
   No ranching or breeding of snakes for commercial
    trade is allowed
                Recommendations


 Continues assessment of the status of the snakes


 Research on biology to fill the data gaps


 Training and capacity building among relevant
 enforcement authority

 Promote awareness among rural community
Thank You

								
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