the not for parents travel book

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					 THE
TRAVEL
BOOK
MichAEL Dubois KATRi hiLDEn JAnE PRicE
the story of
         THE                                              TrAvEL BOOK
            Everyoneknowswhichistheworld’shighestmountain,butdoyouknowwhich
             country banned chewing gum? Or what’s the world’s stinkiest fruit?
               Or who invented roller skates? Or which building leans more than the
                Leaning Tower of Pisa? Or where can you eat fried spiders as a snack?

                Here at Lonely Planet we decided to make a book about the world’s
                countries for children, not parents. The world is a very big place,
               and in The Not-for-Parents Travel Book we’ve concentrated on the really
                interesting bits to create a snapshot of what each country is like.
                (Warningtoparents:thesemightnotbethesame‘reallyinterestingbits’
                thatyoulike…wheretobuycoffee,howmanystarsthehotelhas,what’s
               the phone number for the airport, blah, blah, blah.)

           In this book are the epic events, amazing animals,
     hideous histories, funky foods and crazy facts
that make the world’s 200 countries so fascinating. Each country
has a page to itself – so tiny Tuvalu gets as much space as
superpower USA.

If you want to know all the cool stuff
about every country in the world, turn the page...
Contents
                 IC A                                  IC A
NoRTH	AMER                                SoUTH	AMER

	    6	   Canada	                     	    29	   Suriname	
	    7	   United	States	of	America	   	    30	   Guyana	
	    8	   Mexico	                     	    31	   Venezuela	
	    9	   Belize	                     	    32	   Colombia	               	   67	   Greece	
	   10	   Guatemala	                  	    33	   Ecuador	                	   68	   Macedonia	
    11	   El	Salvador	                	    34	   Peru	                   	   69	   Bulgaria	
	   12	   Honduras	                   	    35	   Brazil	                 	   70	   Romania	
	   13	   Nicaragua	                  	    36	   Bolivia	                	   71	   Moldova	
    14	   Costa	Rica	                 	    37	   Paraguay	               	   72	   Ukraine	
	   15	   Panama	                     	    38	   Uruguay	                	   73	   Hungary	
	   16	   Bahamas	                    	    39	   Argentina	              	   74	   Slovakia	
	   17	   Cuba	                       	    40	   Chile                   	   75	   Czech	Republic	
	   18	   Jamaica	                                                       	   76	   Poland	
	   19	   Haiti	                                                         	   77	   Belarus	
	   20	   Dominican	Republic	                                            	   78	   Lithuania	
                                      E U R o PE
	   21	   Saint	Kitts	&	Nevis	                                           	   79	   Latvia	
	   22	   Antigua	&	Barbuda	          	    41	   Scotland	               	   80	   Estonia	
	   23	   Dominica	                   	    42	   Ireland	                	   81	   Russian	Federation	
	   24	   Saint	Lucia	                	    43	   Wales	                  	   82	   Finland	
	   25	   Saint	Vincent	&	            	    44	   England	                	   83	   Sweden	
	     	   the	Grenadines              	    45	   Portugal	               	   84	   Denmark	
	   26	   Barbados	                   	    46	   Spain	                  	   85	   Norway	
	   27	   Grenada	                    	    47	   Andorra	                	   86	   Iceland
	   28	   Trinidad	&	Tobago           	    48	   France	
                                      	    49	   Monaco	
                                      	    50	   Netherlands	
                                                                         AFRIC A
                                      	    51	   Belgium	                	
                                      	    52	   Austria	                	 87	 Morocco	
                                      	    53	   Germany	                	 88	 Algeria	
                                      	    54	   Luxembourg	             	 89	 Tunisia	
                                      	    55	   Switzerland	            	 90	 Libya	
                                      	    56	   Liechtenstein	          	 91	 Egypt	
                                      	    57	   Italy	                  	 92	 Sudan	
                                      	    58	   San	Marino	             	 93	 Chad	
                                      	    59	   Vatican	City	           	 94	 Niger	
                                      	    60	   Malta	                  	 95	 Mali	
                                      	    61	   Slovenia	               	 96	 Mauritania	
                                      	    62	   Croatia	                	 97	 Cape	Verde	
                                      	    63	   Bosnia	&	Hercegovina	   	 98	 Senegal	
                                      	    64	   Serbia	                 	 99	 Gambia	
                                      	    65	   Montenegro	             	 100	 Guinea-Bissau	
                                      	    66	   Albania	                	 101	 Guinea	
                                          ASIA

                                          	   140	   Georgia	                    	   177	   Cambodia	
                                          	   141	   Azerbaijan	                 	   178	   Malaysia	
                                          	   142	   Armenia	                    	   179	   Brunei	
                                          	   143	   Turkey	                     	   180	   Singapore	
                                          	   144	   Cyprus	                     	   181	   Indonesia	
                                          	   145	   Syria	                      	   182	   East	Timor	
                                          	   146	   Lebanon	                    	   183	   Philippines	
	   102	   Sierra	Leone	                  	   147	   Israel	                     	   184	   Taiwan	
	   103	   Liberia	                       	   148	   Palestine	                  	   185	   Hong	Kong	
	   104	   Côte	d’Ivoire	(Ivory	Coast)	   	   149	   Jordan	                     	   186	   China	
	   105	   Burkina	Faso	                  	   150	   Saudi	Arabia	               	   187	   Mongolia	
	   106	   Ghana	                         	   151	   Yemen	                      	   188	   North	Korea	
	   107	   Togo	                          	   152	   oman	                       	   189	   South	Korea	
	   108	   Benin	                         	   153	   United	Arab	Emirates	       	   190	   Japan
	   109	   Nigeria	                       	   154	   Qatar	                      	
	   110	   Cameroon	                      	   155	   Bahrain	
	   111	   Equatorial	Guinea	             	   156	   Kuwait	
                                                                                 oCE ANIA
	   112	   Central	African	Republic       	   157	   Iraq	
	   113	   São	Tomé	&	Príncipe	           	   158	   Iran	                       	   191	   Palau	
	   114	   Gabon	                         	   159	   Turkmenistan	               	   192	   Papua	New	Guinea	
	   115	   Republic	of	Congo	             	   160	   Uzbekistan	                 	   193	   Australia	
	   116	   Democratic	Republic	           	   161	   Kazakhstan	                 	   194	   New	Zealand	
	      	   of	Congo	(Zaïre)	              	   162	   Kyrgyzstan	                 	   195	   Vanuatu	
	   117	   Uganda	                        	   163	   Tajikistan	                 	   196	   Solomon	Islands	
	   118	   Kenya	                         	   164	   Afghanistan	                	   197	   Nauru	
	   119	   Somalia	                       	   165	   Pakistan	                   	   198	   Federated	States	
	   120	   Ethiopia	                      	   166	   India	                      	      	   of	Micronesia	
	   121	   Djibouti	                      	   167	   Sri	Lanka	                      199	   Marshall	Islands	
	   122	   Eritrea	                       	   168	   Maldives	                   	   200	   Tuvalu	
	   123	   Rwanda	                        	   169	   Nepal	                      	   201	   Fiji	
	   124	   Burundi	                       	   170	   Tibet	                      	   202	   Tonga	
	   125	   Tanzania	                      	   171	   Bhutan	                     	   203	   Samoa	
	   126	   Mozambique	                    	   172	   Bangladesh	                 	   204	   Kiribati	
	   127	   Malawi	                        	   173	   Union	of	Myanmar	(Burma)	   	   205	   Tahiti	&	French	Polynesia	
	   128	   Zambia	                        	   174	   Thailand	
	   129	   Angola	                        	   175	   Laos	                       	 206	 World	Map	
	   130	   Namibia	                       	   176	   Vietnam	
	   131	   Botswana	
	   132	   Zimbabwe	
	   133	   South	Africa	
	   134	   Swaziland	
	   135	   Lesotho	
	   136	   Madagascar	
	   137	   Seychelles	
	   138	   Comoros	&	Mayotte	
	   139	   Mauritius
       NORTH	AMeRiCA




       MexiCO
       ★ Mexico	City
                                                                                                                     Have	a	bash A piñata is a big, bright clay or
                                                                                                                     papier-mâché figure, filled with toys and treats
                                                                                                                     and hung from a big string. Kids take turns
                                                                                                                     whacking it with a stick so all the treats fall out.
                             AT ES OF AM
                                         ER ICA                             O
                                                                         ★	 	 fficial	language:	
                 UN ITE D ST
                                                                            Mexican	Spanish
     Tijuana                                                             ★	 Population:	111,211,789

                                                                                                                         y Fac
                                                                                                                                ts                                   )	a	year.
                                                                                                                                                           0cm	(4in
                                                                          	
                                                                         ★	 Currency:	Mexican	pesos	
                                                                                                                  Cr a z                    ink  ing	by	1
                    Chihuahua              G u l f          o f          ★	 Area:	1,900,000	sq	km
                                                                                                                                  	City	is	s                                      	with		
                                                                                                                      •	Mexico                                        ar	armed
                                                                            (733,594	sq	miles)                                                             ent	to	w                    emies.
                                                      o
                                            M e x i c
                                                                                                                                                        	w
                                                                                                                                             ltec	tribe                    l	their	en
                                                                                                                                   cient	To                     uldn’t	kil
        La Paz

                                                                                                                       •	The	an                        hey	wo
                                                  Mérida

                                                                                                                                           rds	–	so	t                          le	than	S
                                                                                                                                                                                          pain.	
                       Mexico City                          BE LIZ E
                                                                                                                           woo   den	swo                           ing	peop
                                                                                                                                                         ish–talk                          t	dog,		
                                                                                                                                              ore	Span
                                                                     A
                           Acapulco                    GU AT EM AL

                                                                                                                                   o	has	m                                       	smalles
                                                                                                                          •	Mexic                                    e	world’s
                                                  EL   SA LV AD OR
           P A C I F
                     I C
                                                                                                                                                            a)	is	th                     	ruler.	
                                                                                                                                                	(chi	wa	w                    h	–	half	a
                                                                                                                                     ihuahua                      	(6in)	hig
               O C E A N
                                                                                                                           •	The	ch                     ut	15cm                                     s.
                                                                                                                                             ly	to	abo                                  ater	cave
                                                                                                                                  wing	on                                    t	underw
                                                                                                                              gro                                 e	longes
       HOLA		(oll	ah)                                                                                                        •	Mexico
                                                                                                                                       	has  	the	wor
                                                                                                                                                       ld’s	thre

       The	sun	in	Mexico	is	very	hot,	so	don’t	forget	to	wear	a	
       sombrero	and	do	a	Mexican	hat	dance.	The	people	love	
                                                                                                                                                                    They	grow
       eating	chocolate	chicken	(called	chicken	mole),	tacos	and	                                                                                                  Imagine g
                                                                                                                                                                             	on       	you		
                                                                                                                                                                               rowing a n
       hot	chillies	–	but	also	you	can	gobble	fly	eggs	that	you	                                                                                                   Axolotls ca            ew leg!
                                                                                                                                                                                n. These ‘w
       mix	with	chopped	cactus	to	make	a	fly-egg	omelette!	                                                                                                       fish’ are re
                                                                                                                                                                              ally salam
                                                                                                                                                                                            alking
                                                                                                                                                                  can regro             anders an
       Before	Hernán	Cortes	landed	in	1519	and	claimed	the	                                                                                                                  w hurt bo
                                                                                                                                                                                        dy bits.
                                                                                                                                                                                                   d
       land	for	Spain,	the	Maya	and	Aztecs	sacrificed	people		
       to	the	gods.	Sadly,	diseases	brought	by	the	
       Spanish	wiped	out	20	million	more.


               Taco



    Hideous History
                                                                                                                                                 Stuff
                                                                                                                                      S c ar y
               Heads	Up
               At	Chichén	itzá
                               	there	is	a	                                        Happy	hat	 Sombreros are big                          Day	of	
                                               	
                                	where	players                                     straw hats you can wear, or put on
                                                                                                                                         the	Dead	
               huge	ball	court                                                     the ground and dance around.
                              it	a	5kg	(11lb)
               would	try	to	h                                                                                                            every	2	November		
                                 r	perhaps	a	
                rubber	ball	–	o                                                       Counting	the	days                                 the	dead	come	back	to	
                              human	head –	                                          Chichén Itzá is an old py
                                                                                                               ramid with              say	hello.	Not	a	horror	
                                through	high	                                        365 steps – one for eac
                                                                                                             h day of                 movie,	but	a	happy	day		
                                 stone	hoops.	
                                                                                     the year. In spring and
                                                                                                             autumn,
                                                                                     a shadow shaped like a                          as	people	put	out	food,	
                                             Losers	were	                            down the steps to join
                                                                                                             snake slides
                                                                                                             a stone                flowers	and	treats	in	their	
                                              put	to	death!	                        snake head at the botto
                                                                                                              m. (For              homes	for	their	dead	pals	
                                                                                    another New Wonder of
                                                                                                              the World,          to	enjoy.	Some	light	candles	
                                                                                    see the Taj Mahal on pa
                                                                                                            ge 166.)
                                                                                                                                 in	graveyards	and	sing	and	
                                                                                                                                dance	together.




                t
          Heads	hrough
          here,	please.                                                                                                      F	THe
                                                                                                                       ONe	ONDERS
                                                                                                                          WO ORLD
                                                                                                                     NEW He	W
                                                                                                                      OF	T


8
                                                                                                                                                      NORTH	AMeRiCA




       WORLD
            'S	TOP	5
                t	
                     	                         Now	hear	this Howler monkeys
                                               are one of the loudest animals                                                                        BeLize
         Loudesls	                             in the world. Their growls can be                                                                                   ★ Belmopan
         Anima
                                               heard 5km (3 miles) away.
                                                                                                                                          ME XIC O
                                p:	                                                       O
                                                                                       ★	 	 fficial	language:	
                     l	shrim
           er	pisto an                                                                    english                                                    Orange Walk
    1. Tig ic	Oce
            nt                                                                         ★	 Population:	307,899
    	 Atla                                                                                                                                                                       San Pedro
                        :	
              	whale                                                                    	
                                                                                       ★	 Currency:	Belizean	
     2. Blue ’s	oceans                                                                    dollars                                                           Belize City
      	 world                  ey:	
                   r	monk                                                              ★	 Area:	22,966	sq	km                                                Belmopan
       3 . Howle merica                                                                   (8867	sq	miles)
                 h	A
        	 Sout                                                                                                                     GU AT EM AL
                                                                                                                                                 A
                                                                                                                                                                          Dangriga
                  	wolf:	
         4. grey 	America
          	 No  rth
                                    a,	india                                                                                                                           CARIBBEA
                           t:	Afric
                                                                                                                                                                                         N

           5. elephan                                                                                                                                                        SEA
                                                                                                                                                         Punta Gorda
                                                                                                                                                                           HO ND UR AS




                                                                                                                        ARRigHT?		(arr	rite?)
                                                                                             Tiny	Belize	has	one	of	the	world’s	least	populated	
                                                                                        capital	cities,	Belmopan,	with	only	20,000	people.	Maybe	
                                                                                          there	are	so	few	people	because	Belize	is	the	home	of	        	
                                                                                         el	Sisimito,	a	mythical	creature	with	backwards	feet	and	
                                                              lling with a fis
                                                                                 h           no	knees	that	eats	human	flesh!	Jaguars	and	pumas	
                                   e Imagine snorke
                     Whale	of	a	tim you are! Whale sharks can grow                           lurk	in	the	country’s	jungles,	which	hide	hundreds	of	
                                      g as
                       10 times as bi                      won’t eat you.                   Mayan	ruins,	some	of	them	4000	years	old.	The	sea	is	
                                            long, but they
                       more than 12m (39ft)
                                                                                              also	full	of	life –	the	Belize	Barrier	Reef	is	the	world’s	
                                                                                                second	largest,	after	Australia’s	great	Barrier	Reef.


                                                                                                                       Stuff                                                             t!
                                                                                                            S c ar y                             Queen	eats	Ra
                                                                                                                                                             in	1985,	
                                                                                                                                         ii	visited	Belize	
                                                                                                                 When	Q  ueen	elizabeth	
                                                                                                                                                         d	a	gibnut,	
                                                                                                                                      cal	rodent	calle
                                                                                                                      was	served	a	lo
                                                                                                                  she	                                bit	like	a	giant	
                                                                                                                                   ple	say	looks	a	
                                                                                                                  w hich	some	peo                                 bbit.
                                                                                                                                               	it	tastes	like	ra
                                                                                                                           rat	without	a	tail.



                                                                                                                        Hole	Lot	of	Water
                                                                                                                       The Great Blue Ho
                                                                                                                                             le on Lighthouse
                                                                                                                       300m (984ft) wide                         Reef is
                                                                                                                                             and 130m (427ft)
                                                                                                                       so big you can se                        deep. It’s
                                                                                                                                          e it from outer sp
                                                                                                                       of bright corals, co                  ace! It’s full
                                                                                                                                            lourful fish – and
                                                                                                                                                               sharks.




                                                                                                                               nes
                                                                                                   Sparkling	Bo                  	
                                                                       to r y                                       	gods	in	the
                                                                  is                                   mans	to	the
                                                             us H                     a	sacrificed	hu              ears	ago,	a nd	
                                                           eo          Ancient	May                   	than	1000	y
Lizard	lunch		In Belize, they call                     Hid                           al	caves	more                        ton	of	a	
                                                                           hil	Mukn                         n	is	the	skele
iguana meat ‘bamboo chicken’.                                  Actun	Tunic                    rystal	Maide
                                                                                          he	C                         nes	sparkle.
                                                                         e	still	there.	T                m,	whose	bo
They grow big green iguanas on                               the	bones	ar                  acrifice	victi
                                                                             probably	a	s
farms to eat them.
                                                               teenage	girl,	
                                                                                                                                                                                              9

				
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