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					Chile
                                                                       Rank                           Score
                                                              (out of 135 countries)    (0.00 = inequality, 1.00 = equality)

Gender Gap Index 2011                                                   46                          0.703


                                                                                                                                         Economy
Key Indicators                                                                                                                            1.00                          country score
                                                                                                                                                                        sample average
                                                                                                                                          0.80
Total population (millions)                                                              17.13                                                                          0.00 = inequality
                                                                                                                                          0.60
                                                                                                                                                                        1.00 = equality
Population growth (%)                                                                      0.96                                           0.40

GDP (US$ billions)                                                                      108.40                                            0.20
                                                                                                            Health                        0.00                  Education
GDP (PPP) per capita                                                                    13,579




                                                                                                                                          Politics




                                                                                        Sample                             Female-to-
                                                                        Rank    Score   average         Female     Male    male ratio


Gender Gap Subindexes

Economic Participation and Opportunity ....... 106                              0.541    0.588                                          Female-to-male ratio
Labour force participation.................................. 103                 0.60     0.68            47         78        0.60
Wage equality for similar work (survey).......... 128                            0.50     0.65           —           —         0.50
Estimated earned income (PPP US$) ............... 104                            0.44     0.52       8,845 19,897              0.44
Legislators, senior officials, and managers ...... 74                             0.32     0.26            24         76        0.32
Professional and technical workers .................... 1                        1.00     0.64            50         50        1.02
                                                                                                                                        0.00 = INEQUALITY             1.00 = EQUALITY 1.50


Educational Attainment........................................ 40               0.996    0.928                                          Female-to-male ratio
Literacy rate ............................................................ 46    1.00     0.86            98         99        1.00
Enrolment in primary education .......................... 88                     0.99     0.98            94         95        0.99
Enrolment in secondary education ....................... 1                       1.00     0.90            86         83        1.03
Enrolment in tertiary education ............................. 1                  1.00     0.86            56         54        1.03
                                                                                                                                        0.00 = INEQUALITY             1.00 = EQUALITY 1.50


Health and Survival................................................. 1          0.980    0.956                                          Female-to-male ratio
Sex ratio at birth (female/male)............................. 1                  0.94     0.92           —           —         0.95
Healthy life expectancy .......................................... 1             1.06     1.04            72         67        1.07
                                                                                                                                        0.00 = INEQUALITY             1.00 = EQUALITY 1.50


Political Empowerment........................................ 22                0.296    0.185                                          Female-to-male ratio
Women in parliament ............................................ 82              0.17     0.22            14         86        0.17
Women in ministerial positions ............................. 4                   0.83     0.18            45         55        0.83
Years with female head of state (last 50) .......... 21                          0.09     0.16             4         46        0.09
                                                                                                                                        0.00 = INEQUALITY             1.00 = EQUALITY 1.50




62       Country Profiles                                                                                                                               Global Gender Gap Report 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                     Chile
                                                                                                                   ECONOMIC                  EDUCATIONAL                 HEALTH AND                 POLITICAL
                                                                                           OVERALL               PARTICIPATION               ATTAINMENT                   SURVIVAL                EMPOWERMENT
                                                                                         Rank        Score       Rank         Score          Rank        Score          Rank       Score           Rank        Score

Gender Gap Index 2011 (out of 135 countries)                                              46 0.703               106 0.541                     40 0.996                     1 0.980                  22 0.296
Gender Gap Index 2010 (out of 134 countries)                                               48        0.701        108         0.534            42       0.996               1      0.980              21      0.296
Gender Gap Index 2009 (out of 134 countries)                                               64        0.688        112         0.521            44       0.996               1      0.980              26      0.257
Gender Gap Index 2008 (out of 130 countries)                                               65        0.682        106         0.515            81       0.986               1      0.980              26      0.247
Gender Gap Index 2007 (out of 128 countries)                                               86        0.648        105         0.517            78       0.980               1      0.980              58      0.116
Gender Gap Index 2006 (out of 115 countries)                                               78        0.645          90        0.514            69       0.980               1      0.980              56      0.109

Evolution 2006–2011
1.0
                                                                                                                          Economic Participation and Opportunity
0.8                                                                                                                       Educational Attainment
                                                                                                                          Health and Survival
0.6                                                                                                                       Political Empowerment
0.4

0.2

0.0
          2006            2007             2008            2009            2010             2011



Additional Data

Economic Empowerment                                                                                         Social Institutions and Political Rights
Female adult unemployment rate (% of female labour force) .......11                                          Paternal versus maternal authority2.................................................. —
Male adult unemployment rate (% of male labour force) ................7                                      Female genital mutilation2 ................................................................... —
Women in non-agricultural paid labour                                                                        Acceptance or legality of polygamy2 ................................................ —
  (% of total labour force) ....................................................................36           Existence of legislation punishing acts
Inheritance practices in favour of male heirs2 ................................ —                              of violence against women2 ............................................................ —
Firms with female participation in ownership (% of firms) ........... —                                       Year women received right to vote ................................................1949
Women’s access to land ownership2 ............................................... —                          Quota type ..........................................................................No legislated;
Women’s access to bank loans2 ........................................................ —                       voluntary political party quotas
Women’s access to property other than land2 ............................... —                                Existence of legislation prohibiting
Women’s access to finance programmes3 .........................................3                                gender-based discrimination ........................................................ Yes
Ability of women to rise to positions of
                                                                                                             Childcare Ecosystem
  enterprise leadership1 ....................................................................3.73
                                                                                                             Length of maternity leave ........................................................18 weeks
Education                                                                                                    Maternity leave benefits (% of wages paid) ...................................100
Female teachers, primary education (%) ..........................................78                          Provider of maternity coverage ...................................Social security
Female teachers, secondary education (%) .....................................63                             Length of paternity leave ...............................................5 working days
Female teachers, tertiary education (%) ...........................................39                        Paternity leave benefits (% of wages paid) ....................................100
Female school life expectancy, primary to secondary (years)......12                                          Daycare options .................................................................................... —
Male school life expectancy, primary to secondary (years) .........12
Marriage and Childbearing
Mean age of marriage for women (years) ........................................25
Early marriage (% women, aged 15–19) ........................................... —
Fertility rate (births per woman).......................................................1.90
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women, aged 15–19) ....51
Antenatal care coverage, at least one visit (%) .............................. —
Births attended by skilled health staff (%) ......................................100
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)4 ...............26 [15-43]
Contraceptive prevalence, married women (%) ..............................64
Female HIV prevalence, aged 15–49 (%) ........................................0.20
Male HIV prevalence, aged 15–49 (%) ............................................0.50
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) ..........................................7
                                                                                                                          1   Survey data, responses on a 1-to-7 scale (1 = worst score, 7 = best score)
Overall population sex ratio (male/female) ....................................0.98                                       2   Data on a 0-to-1 scale (1 = worst score, 0 = best score)
                                                                                                                          3   Data on a 1-to-5 scale (1 = worst score, 5 = best score)
                                                                                                                          4   Bracketed numbers show the range between the uncertainties, estimated
                                                                                                                              to contain the true maternal mortality ratio with a 95% probability


Global Gender Gap Report 2011                                                                                                                                                    Country Profiles                 63

				
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