history by david-peter


									History (from Greek ἱστορία - historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation"[2]) is the
discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. History can also
mean the period of time after writing was invented. Scholars who write about history are called
historians. It is a field of research which uses a narrative to examine and analyse the sequence of events,
and it sometimes attempts to investigate objectively the patterns of cause and effect that determine
events.[3][4] Historians debate the nature of history and its usefulness. This includes discussing the
study of the discipline as an end in itself and as a way of providing "perspective" on the problems of the
present.[3][5][6][7] The stories common to a particular culture, but not supported by external sources
(such as the legends surrounding King Arthur) are usually classified as cultural heritage rather than the
"disinterested investigation" needed by the discipline of history.[8][9] Events of the past prior to written
record are considered prehistory.

Amongst scholars, the 5th-century BC Greek historian Herodotus is considered to be the "father of
history", and, along with his contemporary Thucydides, forms the foundations for the modern study of
history. Their influence, along with other historical traditions in other parts of their world, have spawned
many different interpretations of the nature of history which has evolved over the centuries and are
continuing to change. The modern study of history has many different fields including those that focus
on certain regions and those which focus on certain topical or thematical elements of historical
investigation. Often history is taught as part of primary and secondary education, and the academic
study of history is a major discipline in University studies.

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