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Date built:         1894 – 14/8/1894
Shipyard:           Harland & Wolff – Yard No 287 (Built as Blairmore)
Owner(s):           Blairmore S.S.Co Ltd (Johnston), Liverpool

                    1914 sold to Underwood Shipping Co, Liverpool Ltd. renamed Ballater (Monroe,
                    Rutherford & Co. managers)

                    Haenton Shipping Co

                    J. C. Gould & Co, Cardiff
Tonnage:            2,286
Length              313
Beam                38
Draught             22
Propulsion          245 n.h.p.; 9 knots; triple-expansion engine
                    4 bladed prop
                    Engine built by Muir & Houston in Glasgow
Date sunk:          September 22nd, 1917 carrying iron ore from Bilbao to Middlesbrough
                    Torpedoed by UB-40
Position:           Seven miles E. by N. of Berry Head
                    50 27 38N; 03 13 47W
                    30m to her highest point and 40m to the sea bed. 1m scour.
Additional info:

Haenton Shipping Co.; 1894; Harland & Wolff; 2,286 tons; 313X38-2x22-4; 245 n.h.p.; 9 knots;
triple-expansion engines.

The steamship Greleen was torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine seven miles E. by N. of
Berry Head on September 22nd, 1917. Nineteen men, including the captain, were killed.

Dictionary of Disasters at Sea in the Age of Steam

Greleen, 2,286grt, defensively-armed, 22 September 1917, 7 miles E by N from Berry Head,
torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine, 19 lives lost including Master


The Greleen was previously called the Ballater, and also Blairmore. She was a 2,286 ton ship
carrying iron ore from Bilbao to Middlesbrough when she was torpedoed by UB-40 on 22nd
September 1917. She is 313 feet long and is still in quite good condition, with the 4 bladed prop
still in place.

Greleen SS (ex BALLATER, ex-BLAIRMORE.), 2.286 grt, defensively armed, was on route from
Bilbao to Middlesborough with a cargo of Iron Ore, when she was sunk September 22nd 1917, 7
miles E by N from Berry Head, Brixham, Devon.
Torpedoed without warning by submarine UB-40. 19 lives were lost including Master.
[Tony Allen:]
BALLATER, ex. BLAIRMORE - 1914-1917

Code letters: NMQR Official Number: 102167

Master: Captain P.D. Mildred, appointed to the vessel in 1914

Rigging: steel single screw schooner; 1 iron deck; 2 tiers of beams & deep framing; 5 cemented
bulkheads; cellular double bottom, aft 92 feet, under engine & boilers 42 feet, forward 122 feet, 459
tons; Forward Peak Tank 38 tons; Aft Peak Tank 36 tons

Tonnage: 2,286 tons gross, 2,098 under deck and 1,456 net

Dimensions: 313 feet long, 38.2 foot beam and holds 22.4 feet deep; Bridge Deck 82 feet;
Forecastle 37 feet

Construction: 1894, Harland & Wolff Ltd. in Belfast, under the 3-deck rule

Propulsion: triple expansion engine with 3 cylinders of 23, 38 & 62 inches diameter respectively;
stroke 42 inches; operating at 160 p.s.i.; 245 nominal horsepower; 2 single ended boilers; 6 ribbed
furnaces; grate surface 124 sq. ft.; heating surface 3,600 sq. ft.; engine built by Muir & Houston in

Owners: Underwood Shipping Co. Ltd. (Monroe, Rutherford & Co., managers)

Port of registry: Liverpool

In the Lloyd's War Losses for WWI:

Nov. 21, 1915
BALLATER - British Flag - 2,286 tons gross
Damaged by a mine, between No. 3 & No. 5 buoys South Edinburg Channel
>From Valencia for London with a cargo of fruit

Sept. 22, 1917
BALLATER - British Flag - 2,286 tons gross
Sunk by submarine, 7 1/2 miles East of Berry Head
>From Castro Urdiafles (Sept. 10) for Tees with iron ore.

 Vessel     Built                              Years in Service                               Tons
Blairmore 1894 1914 sold to Underwood Shipping Co, Liverpool renamed Ballater.                 2,286

 NAME          OWNER          TONS DATE             POSITION / VOYAGE                 DETAILS
            J. C. Gould &                        7 miles E x N from Berry Head Torpedoed by
GRELEEN                        2,286 22.9.1917
            Co, Cardiff                          / Bilbao - Middlesbrough      submarine UB.40

This was not the name on the bell when divers brought it up. It read "Ballater", but the name under
which the ship was launched in 1894 after her building by Harland and Wolff was Blairmore. She
appears to have changed her name twice before World War One, but was definitely called Greleen
by her owners, the Haenton Shipping Company, when torpedoed on 22nd September 1917.

She was laden with iron ore from Bilbao and heading for Middlesborough. A 2286-ton ship of 313ft,
she was given no warning and was caught completely by surprise by the attack of Oberleutnant
Howaldt in UB-40 just 7½ miles east of Berry Head. Only eight men got clear when she sank
suddenly after the torpedo opened a huge hole in her port side. Nineteen men including her
captain died.

Known locally as the "22 fathom", the Greleen is 50 27 38N; 03 13 47W and is intact apart from a
few holes. Even her stern gun is still there, broken off the mounting pedestal. The midships bell is
the one raised by Exedive, who describe her as a good dive, "light and airy". It is 30m to her
highest point and 40m to the sea bed where there is 1m scour.

Updated 1/8/08
El Ballater en maniobras de carga en el Cargadero del Hornillo (Águilas, Murcia)

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