Names to Know – Chapters 1 and 2
Sigmund Freud Homer
Carl Jung Ovid
Claude Lévi-Strauss Heinrich Schliemann
Questions for Chapters 1 and 2
1. How does myth, closely defined, differ from
folktale and legend?
2. What is the nature of myth, according to the
structuralists, like Lévi-Strauss, and what is its
3. Walter Burkert refers to myth (as we have it), as
“traditional tale applied.” What does that mean?
4. What is matriarchy? What is patriarchy? Which was
dominant in Greek culture, based on the myths which
have come down to us? Why do you think so?
1. Who are the Indo-Europeans? What importance do
they have for Greek culture and myth?
2. What evidence is there that a Trojan War actually
took place? Who discovered this evidence? Which
of the settlements is most likely the Troy of
3. Hesiod is credited with two works (more than two,
but only two are likely), Theogony and Works and
Days. What is each about? Why is the Theogony so
important in the study of Greek myth?
4. Homer and Hesiod show signs of oral composition.
What does that mean? What are some features of
Names to Know, Chapters 3 and 4
Questions for Chapter 3 and 4
1. At the beginning of his Theogony, Hesiod describes
a meeting he had with the Muses. Briefly tell that
story. What is its purpose for Hesiod?
2. According to Hesiod, in his Theogony, Chaos came
first. Why is this a problematic statement?
3. What does hieros gamos mean? How does it relate to
4. What is Ovid’s judgment of Phaëthon? Back up your
1. The Gigantomachy is seen as a doublet of the
Titanomachy. Who are the Giants? How do they
differ from the Titans, and what is the purpose of
the 2nd battle?
2. What happened at Mecone? Tell the story of the
3. Hesiod’s purpose requires a Zeus, who is “in the
know.” What evidence is there of holes in Zeus’
intelligence, even in Hesiod’s story?
4. Briefly tell the story of the Flood.