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Area 25 _Nevada National Security Site_

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					Area 25 (Nevada National Security Site)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Area 25 is the largest named area in the Nevada National Security Site at 254 square miles
(660 km 2 ),[1] and has its own direct access from Route 95.[1] The majority of Area 25 is
composed of a shallow alluvial basin called Jackass Flats. [1]

No nuclear explosions took place within Area 25. [2]

      Contents
 1 History
 2 Current activities
 3 References
 4 External links


History
                                                                                                           Area 25 within the Nevada
Area 25 is the site of the now decommissioned Nuclear Rocket Development Station (NRDS). It                        Test Site.
was built in support of Project Rover to test prototype nuclear rocket engines. The complex
includes three test stands, the Engine Maintenance, Assembly, and Disassembly (E-MAD)
facility, the Reactor Maintenance, Assembly, and Disassembly (R-MAD) facility, a
control point/technical operations complex, an administrative area and a radioactive
material storage area.[3] Project Rover was successful, but ultimately canceled. On
8 December 1962, President John F. Kennedy visited the NRDS. [3]
Jackass Flats was proposed as a possible launch site for Project Orion,
administered by General Atomics in the late 1950s.
The Rock Valley Study Area, at the southern boundary of Area 25, was used for
studies of radiation in a desert ecosystem, starting in 1960.
High-level radioactive materials handling studies were carried out at the BREN
                                                                                               Engine Maintenance Assembly and
Tower, recently demolished by implosion in Jackass Flats, where it was moved                         Disassembly Facility
after 1963 for the High Energy Neutron Reaction Experiment (HENRE) series.
A "Treatability Test Facility" was established in Area 25 to study the physics of
decontaminating soil containing plutonium or uranium. [1]
Area 25 was used in the early 1980s for Peacekeeper missile siting studies and
canister ejection certification tests. [4]
Air Force Lieutenant General Robert Bond was test flying a MiG-23 from the secret
U.S. fleet of MiGs held at Area 51. He lost control of the MiG 23 over Area 25 on
his second orientation flight on April 26, 1984. To explain the death and conceal the
nuclear rocket testing that occurred at Area 25, the information on the crash and
the secret MiG testing program, with no mention of the prior use of the crash area,
was leaked to Fred Hoffman, an AP military reporter. [5]
Yucca Mountain nuclear waste repository site characterization studies were
conducted at the site of earlier NRDS work. Yucca Mountain extends into Area 25,
which was the proposed access point for delivery of radioactive waste to the
repository.[6]
                                                                                             A canister launch system ejects a mock
                                                                                             Peacekeeper missile from its silo in Area
Current activities                                                                                             25.
Portions of Area 25 are used by the military for training exercises. The U.S. Army
Ballistic Research Laboratory conducts open-air and X-tunnel tests using depleted
uranium. [1]
On July 8, 2010 it was announced by Harry Reid, Steven Chu and Ken Salazar that
a 25-square-mile (65 km 2 ) portion of this area was being reassigned as a
development and test area for new solar technologies.[7]

References
   1. ^ a b c d e National Nuclear Security Administration / Nevada Site Office, Draft Site-
      Wide Environmental Impact Statement Nevada, ch.2, July 2011, DOE/EIS-246-D
   2. ^ U.S. Department of Energy / Nevada Operations Office, United States Nuclear
                                                                                                         X-Tunnel in Area 25.
      Tests - July 1945 through September 1992, December 2000, DOE/NV-209 Rev
      15
   3. ^ a b National Nuclear Security Administration / Nevada Site Office, Nuclear Rocket Development Station Fact Sheet, April 2010,
      DOE/NV-707
   4. ^ National Nuclear Security Administration / Nevada Site Office, Peacekeeper (MX) Tests Fact Sheet, April 2010, DOE/NV-775
   5. ^ Maslin, Janet. "A Military Post’s Secrets: Espionage, Not Aliens" . "Area 51 by Annie Jacobson". New York Times. Retrieved 10
      September 2011.
   6. ^ "3. THE SHIPMENT ROUTES IN NEVADA" . Retrieved 2009-10-29.
   7. ^ Lynnette Curtis (2010-07-08). "Solar demonstration project set for Nevada Test Site"   . Las Vegas Review-Journal.

External links
   Federation of American Scientists - Nevada Test Site
   GlobalSecurity.org - Nevada Test Site Areas 25-30
   MX Missile Trench Breakout Test          in Area 25


via Area 25 (Nevada National Security Site)

				
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