Archaeological illustration by pc10201


									Archaeological illustration
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Archaeological Illustration is a form of technical illustration that
records material derived from an archaeological context graphically. [1]

 1 Overview
 2 See also
 3 References
 4 Further reading
 5 External links

Archaeological Illustration encompasses a number of sub disciplines.
These are:
   Surveying : To produce an accurate record of sites and buildings
   and to record accurately where the sites and buildings lie within
   the landscape. Surveyors use a range of equipment including
   tapes, plane tables, total stations, 3D scanners, GPS and GIS to
   produce illustrations including plans, sections and elevations as
   well as isometric and axonometric illustrations which are regularly
   used in building recording. Survey data will be gathered on acid
   free paper, polyvinyl permatrace and archive stable[2] digital
                                                                                   Pages of Medieval pottery prepared and ready for
   Photography : To produce a record of archaeological sites,
   buildings, artifacts and landscapes. Archaeological photographers
   will uses a range of different formats particularly black-and-white and colour slide. [2] Digital photography is now starting to
   become more widely used and is especially useful for the recording of historic building. Aerial photography is commonly
   used as a tool for recording sites and is also used as a prospecting tool to locate new archaeological sites.
   Artefact illustration : To record objects using agreed conventions to allow further study of the objects by specialists on
   publication.[4] Artefact illustrators will use pen-and-ink as well as graphics and page layout software.
   Interpretation and reconstruction illustration : To visualise the results of archaeological field work in a way that is
   meaningful and visually appealing to as many as possible. [5] Reconstruction artists work in many media from traditional
   pen-and-ink and painted reconstruction to more modern techniques including 3D, virtual reality and video.

See also
   Archaeological field survey
   Archaeological plan
   Archaeological record
   Archaeological section
   Excavation (archaeology)
   Post excavation
   Training excavation

   1. ^ Barker 1977
  2. ^ a b Archaeological Archives Forum report [1]
  3. ^ Archaeological Data Service digital data standards. Digital Archives from Excavation and Fieldwork: Guide to Good Practice 2nd
  4. ^ The Association Archaeological Illustrators and Surveyors (AAI&S) provide a range of guidance documents online.
  5. ^ Hodgson 2000

Further reading
   Philip Barker (1977). Techniques of Archaeological Excavation, Batsford
   John Hodgson (2000). Archaeological reconstruction: illustrating the past, AAI&S & IFA
   Melanie Steiner (2005). Approaches to Archaeological Illustration: A Handbook, Council for British Archaeology
   The MoLAS archaeological site manual MoLAS, London 1994.

External links
   The Institute of Field Archaeologists
                                                                                                     Wikimedia Commons has media
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