From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Archaeological Illustration is a form of technical illustration that
records material derived from an archaeological context graphically. 
2 See also
4 Further reading
5 External links
Archaeological Illustration encompasses a number of sub disciplines.
Surveying : To produce an accurate record of sites and buildings
and to record accurately where the sites and buildings lie within
the landscape. Surveyors use a range of equipment including
tapes, plane tables, total stations, 3D scanners, GPS and GIS to
produce illustrations including plans, sections and elevations as
well as isometric and axonometric illustrations which are regularly
used in building recording. Survey data will be gathered on acid
free paper, polyvinyl permatrace and archive stable digital
Pages of Medieval pottery prepared and ready for
Photography : To produce a record of archaeological sites,
buildings, artifacts and landscapes. Archaeological photographers
will uses a range of different formats particularly black-and-white and colour slide.  Digital photography is now starting to
become more widely used and is especially useful for the recording of historic building. Aerial photography is commonly
used as a tool for recording sites and is also used as a prospecting tool to locate new archaeological sites.
Artefact illustration : To record objects using agreed conventions to allow further study of the objects by specialists on
publication. Artefact illustrators will use pen-and-ink as well as graphics and page layout software.
Interpretation and reconstruction illustration : To visualise the results of archaeological field work in a way that is
meaningful and visually appealing to as many as possible.  Reconstruction artists work in many media from traditional
pen-and-ink and painted reconstruction to more modern techniques including 3D, virtual reality and video.
Archaeological field survey
1. ^ Barker 1977
2. ^ a b Archaeological Archives Forum report 
3. ^ Archaeological Data Service digital data standards. Digital Archives from Excavation and Fieldwork: Guide to Good Practice 2nd
4. ^ The Association Archaeological Illustrators and Surveyors (AAI&S) provide a range of guidance documents online.
5. ^ Hodgson 2000
Philip Barker (1977). Techniques of Archaeological Excavation, Batsford
John Hodgson (2000). Archaeological reconstruction: illustrating the past, AAI&S & IFA
Melanie Steiner (2005). Approaches to Archaeological Illustration: A Handbook, Council for British Archaeology
The MoLAS archaeological site manual MoLAS, London 1994.
The Institute of Field Archaeologists
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