Bed Bugs These pests, once common in the United developmental time from egg to adult ranges States, are now making a comeback. They from six weeks to four months or more can occur in the most luxurious residences, depending on conditions. motels, hotels as well as in modest homes. Filth is not a source of bed bug infestation. Any household or establishment can become infested upon introduction of viable eggs or adults. Fig. 2: Feeding Beak Folded Under Legs Bed bugs are very hardy insects, able to withstand long periods of starvation and adverse conditions. These insects are nocturnal, moving to their hosts at night to feed and leaving them for shelter upon completion. In human bedrooms bed bugs will hide in the joints and crevices of bed Fig. 1: Feeding Beak Extended frames and box springs, in the seams and folds of mattresses and even in the The bed bug is an ectoparasite of warm- upholstery of furniture, hollow bedposts and blooded animals including bats, birds and behind wallpaper. humans. The wingless, mature bed bug is brown, flattish and between 1/4 and 3/8 inch Bites are very irritating causing severe long. When engorged with food (blood) the itching. Bites are commonly seen as red body becomes elongated and swollen, and welts with a pin-prick at the center. It has the color changes from brown to dull red. yet to be proven that bed bugs are important The change in size, shape and color is so human disease carriers. Large infestations great that bugs in different degrees of are characterized by a distinct odor. distention may appear to be of different species. Nymphs are smaller in size but of They avoid the light and are seldom seen. similar color and shape. Evidences of bed bug infestation (other than itching bites) are black or brown spots on Life History surfaces where the bugs have been resting. A female bed bug lays about two eggs per These spots are digested blood. There day and may lay approximately 200-400 usually is an offensive odor in rooms where eggs. Eggs hatch in as little as four or up to bed bugs are numerous. They are also 24 days. Upon hatching nymphs will objectionable because they soil bed linens immediately move to feed. There are five and mattresses. immature nymph stages, each one requiring a blood meal to continue. Total Sources of Introduction repeated applications of selective Bed bug infestations are the result of the insecticides will remove them. This is best introduction of viable eggs or live bugs into left to the professional exterminator. the household. Nesting rodents (including bats), nesting birds, pests, guests and General sanitation will not eliminate bed infected bedding are important hosts. bug infestations but will greatly help prevent their spreading. Sanitation measures Bed bugs are also carried from place to place include: washing all bed clothes (sheets, in the baggage or on the clothing of pillow cases, blankets, mattress covers); transients and occasionally in packages. washing floors and walls (paying particular They may be brought into non-infested attention to cracks and crevices); rough, houses with infested furniture. They may thorough vacuuming of floors, mattresses crawl from house to house in thickly settled and box springs (pay particular attention to neighborhoods. They are able to live seams and folds), infested furniture and pet without food for several months or possibly bedding (after vacuuming throw away or feed on the blood of mice and thus maintain thoroughly empty the cleaner bag). an infestation in vacant homes. There are no repellents effective against bed Control bugs and as far as attractants, we are the Bed bugs are very difficult to control. Once bait. these pests enter an occupied house, only the Prepared by: Norman L. Gauthier, Associate Professor and Entomologist, April 2004 Revised by: UConn Home & Garden Education Center, 2005. Bibliography: Barile, U. 1981. Bed bug. Cooperative Extension Service Fact Sheet. USDA and University of Massachusetts Suburban Experiment Station, Waltham, MA. Turner, N. 1949. Control of Common Household Insects. Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven, CT. Circular 171, 15 pp. Metcalf, et.al. 1962. Destructive and Useful Insects. In Insects Injurious to Domestic Animals (Chapter 20). Fourth Edition. McGraw Hill Book Company, New York, NY. 1088 pp. The information in this material is for education purposes. The recommendations contained are based on available knowledge at the time of printing. Any reference to a commercial product, trade name or brand name is for information only and no endorsement or approval is intended. The Cooperative Extension System does not guarantee or warrant the standard of any product referenced or imply approval of the product to the exclusion of others which might also be available. All agrochemicals/pesticides listed are registered for suggested uses in accordance with federal and Connecticut state laws and regulations as of the date of printing. If the information does not agree with the current labeling, follow the label instructions. The label is the law.Warning: Agrichemical/Pesticides are dangerous. Read and follow all instructions and safety precautions on labels. Carefully handle and store agrichemicals/pesticides in original labeled containers out of the reach of children, pets or livestock. Dispose of empty containers immediately in a safe manner and place. Contact the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection for current regulations. The user of this information assumes all risks for personal injury or property damage.Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914 in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Kirklyn M. Kerr, Director, Cooperative Extension System, University of Connecticut, Storrs. The Connecticut Cooperative Extension System is an equal opportunity employer.
Pages to are hidden for
"Bed Bugs"Please download to view full document