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					           Founding Documents
The Magna Carta
• Created in 1215 in England, ______ the King’s Power
• Today in the U.S.:Right to a fair trial, Habeas _______
English Bill of Rights
• Created in ______, Gave citizens rights
• Today in the U.S.:Right to petition, _____ __ _____,
  freedom from excessive bail
Mayflower Compact
• Created in 1620, Self-governed body
• Government ______ for the people, by the people
• Free from British Law
People’s Reaction
           Colonist who agreed,
             began to tear down
             any sign of ______
             royalty.
           The British, of course,
             didn’t agree.
           This led to the
             ___________ War
Articles of Confederation
      The 1st Constitution

           Created in ____, this constitution
             allowed the Congress of the
             Confederation to form an
             independent ___________.
           Problems:
           • Weak national government
           • Powerful states
           • One _____-One _____
           • Federal laws not enforced
           • Federal could not tax states
           • No President or King
               U.S. Constitution
                          Delegates, or representatives
                            from states, met in
                            ___________ to revise the
                            weak Articles of
                            Confederation.
                          What’s New?
Philadelphia Convention
                          • President
May 25-Sept 17, 1787      • Bicameral Legislature
                            – House and Senate
                          • Supreme Court
                          • Checks and Balances
                          June 1788-________
            U.S. Constitution
We, the people of the United States….
A1. Legislative Branch-Congress, elections
A2. Executive Branch-President, _______
A3. Judicial Branch-Courts, trial by jury
A4. State’s Power and Limits
A5. Amendments _____ Vote
A6. Federal Power-Constitution is the ____
A7. Ratification Requirements-9 out of 13 needed
                  Bill of Rights
…or known as the first 10 Amendments.
1.Freedom of; religion, _____, assembly, press
2.Right to bare arms
3.No quarters for soldiers w/o permission
4.Guards against illegal, _______, seizures, w/o
  probable cause.
5.Due process, self-incrimination
6.Speedy trial, ______ ___ ______, lawyer
7.Trial in civil cases
8.Excessive bail/fines, cruel & unusual punishment
9.People have other rights
10.States have power not mentioned
           Other Amendments
13.Abolishes ________
14.Citizenship
15.Voting _______
19.Women obtain the right to vote
22.Limits presidential terms to 2 (8 years)
26.Voting ____ lowered to 18
Checks and
 Balances
                    Executive
▪Preserves, protects and _______ the Constitution
▪Faithfully executes the laws of the United States
▪Executes the instructions of Congress
▪May veto laws (but the veto may be overridden by
  Congress by a 2/3 majority).
▪Executes the spending authorized by Congress
▪Executes the instructions of Congress when it _______
  war or makes rules for the military
▪Declares states of emergency and publishes regulations
  and executive orders
▪Appoints judges and other executive heads with the
  advice and consent of the Senate
▪Has the power to grant ______ for crimes against the
  United States
                      Judicial
▪Determines which jurisdiction any given case falls
  under
▪Judges when a ______ is unconstitutional
▪Has the responsibility to administer Constitutional law
  and to apply it to constitutional disputes
▪Determines the disposition of _________
▪May legally compel testimony and the production of
  evidence as the law provides.
▪Judges and competently administers uniform policies
  via the appeals process, but gives discretion in
  individual cases to low-level judges. (The amount of
  discretion depends upon the standard of review,
  determined by the type of case in question.)
▪Oversees and administers ________ of the judiciary
                   Legislative
▪Also known as Congress
▪Makes all ________.
▪Controls all the money; taxes, borrows, and sets the
  budget (with exception of unappropriated spending by
  central bank).
▪Has sole power to ________ war.
▪Oversees, investigates, and makes the rules for the
  government and its officers.
▪Confirms the heads of the executive branch.
▪Confirms federal judicial appointments.
▪Ratifies ________.
▪Originates and tries cases of impeachment
            Checks and Balance
This system was built so that no one branch of our
  government could become too powerful.
Each branch is restrained by the other two in several
  ways.
For example, the president may veto a law passed by
  Congress.
Congress can override that veto with a vote of two-thirds
  of both houses.
Another example is that the Supreme Court may check
  Congress by declaring a law unconstitutional.
The power is balanced by the fact that members of the
  Supreme Court are appointed by the president.
Those appointments have to be approved by Congress.

				
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posted:9/20/2012
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