The Magna Carta
• Created in 1215 in England, ______ the King’s Power
• Today in the U.S.:Right to a fair trial, Habeas _______
English Bill of Rights
• Created in ______, Gave citizens rights
• Today in the U.S.:Right to petition, _____ __ _____,
freedom from excessive bail
• Created in 1620, Self-governed body
• Government ______ for the people, by the people
• Free from British Law
Colonist who agreed,
began to tear down
any sign of ______
The British, of course,
This led to the
Articles of Confederation
The 1st Constitution
Created in ____, this constitution
allowed the Congress of the
Confederation to form an
• Weak national government
• Powerful states
• One _____-One _____
• Federal laws not enforced
• Federal could not tax states
• No President or King
Delegates, or representatives
from states, met in
___________ to revise the
weak Articles of
May 25-Sept 17, 1787 • Bicameral Legislature
– House and Senate
• Supreme Court
• Checks and Balances
We, the people of the United States….
A1. Legislative Branch-Congress, elections
A2. Executive Branch-President, _______
A3. Judicial Branch-Courts, trial by jury
A4. State’s Power and Limits
A5. Amendments _____ Vote
A6. Federal Power-Constitution is the ____
A7. Ratification Requirements-9 out of 13 needed
Bill of Rights
…or known as the first 10 Amendments.
1.Freedom of; religion, _____, assembly, press
2.Right to bare arms
3.No quarters for soldiers w/o permission
4.Guards against illegal, _______, seizures, w/o
5.Due process, self-incrimination
6.Speedy trial, ______ ___ ______, lawyer
7.Trial in civil cases
8.Excessive bail/fines, cruel & unusual punishment
9.People have other rights
10.States have power not mentioned
19.Women obtain the right to vote
22.Limits presidential terms to 2 (8 years)
26.Voting ____ lowered to 18
▪Preserves, protects and _______ the Constitution
▪Faithfully executes the laws of the United States
▪Executes the instructions of Congress
▪May veto laws (but the veto may be overridden by
Congress by a 2/3 majority).
▪Executes the spending authorized by Congress
▪Executes the instructions of Congress when it _______
war or makes rules for the military
▪Declares states of emergency and publishes regulations
and executive orders
▪Appoints judges and other executive heads with the
advice and consent of the Senate
▪Has the power to grant ______ for crimes against the
▪Determines which jurisdiction any given case falls
▪Judges when a ______ is unconstitutional
▪Has the responsibility to administer Constitutional law
and to apply it to constitutional disputes
▪Determines the disposition of _________
▪May legally compel testimony and the production of
evidence as the law provides.
▪Judges and competently administers uniform policies
via the appeals process, but gives discretion in
individual cases to low-level judges. (The amount of
discretion depends upon the standard of review,
determined by the type of case in question.)
▪Oversees and administers ________ of the judiciary
▪Also known as Congress
▪Makes all ________.
▪Controls all the money; taxes, borrows, and sets the
budget (with exception of unappropriated spending by
▪Has sole power to ________ war.
▪Oversees, investigates, and makes the rules for the
government and its officers.
▪Confirms the heads of the executive branch.
▪Confirms federal judicial appointments.
▪Originates and tries cases of impeachment
Checks and Balance
This system was built so that no one branch of our
government could become too powerful.
Each branch is restrained by the other two in several
For example, the president may veto a law passed by
Congress can override that veto with a vote of two-thirds
of both houses.
Another example is that the Supreme Court may check
Congress by declaring a law unconstitutional.
The power is balanced by the fact that members of the
Supreme Court are appointed by the president.
Those appointments have to be approved by Congress.