UNIVERSITY OF KENT
Please note: This specification provides a concise summary of the main features of the programme and
the learning outcomes that a typical student might reasonably be expected to achieve and demonstrate if
he/she passes the programme. More detailed information on the learning outcomes, content and teaching,
learning and assessment methods of each module can be found by following the links provided. The
accuracy of the information contained in this specification is reviewed by the University and may be
checked by the Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education.
LLB - ENGLISH LAW AND FRENCH LAW (Bordeaux students)
1. Awarding Institution/Body University of Kent
2. Teaching Institution University of Kent
3. Teaching Site Canterbury campus and Bordeaux IV
4. Programme accredited by: Law Society and Bar Council
5. Final Award LLB and maîtrise
6. Programme Law
7. UCAS code (or other code) M100
8. Relevant QAA subject benchmarking Law
9. Date of production/revision 17/05/2005
10. Applicable cohort/s 2005 entry
11. Educational Aims of the Programme
The programme aims to:-
Attract and meet the needs of both those contemplating a career in the legal professions and those
motivated primarily by an intellectual interest in English and French law and legal issues.
Provide a sound knowledge and systematic understanding of the principal institutions and procedures
of the English and the French legal systems.
Provide a sound grounding in the major concepts and principles of English law, French Law, the law
of the European Union, and the European Convention on Human Rights.
Develop a critical awareness of law in its comparative, historical, socio-economic and political
contexts, and to introduce students to a range of different theoretical approaches to the study of law.
Offer a range of modules covering the foundations of legal knowledge, as defined by the Law
Society and the Bar Council, which will enable students who successfully complete them, to obtain
exemption from the initial or academic stage of training for entry into the legal professions.
Offer students the experience of both studying French Law in a French law faculty, where they will
obtain a maîtrise, and English Law in an English Law faculty to obtain an LLB.
Offer students the opportunity to live and study abroad with the object of promoting European
Offer a range of options to enable students to study some selected areas of law (English, French and
comparative) in depth.
Provide teaching which is informed by current research and scholarship and which requires students
to engage with aspects of work at the frontiers of knowledge.
Offer the opportunity to acquire direct experience of legal practice and to critically reflect on it
through participation in the University Law Clinic.
Enable students to manage their own learning and to carry out independent research, including
research into areas of law they have not previously studied.
Develop general critical, analytical, functional, comparative and problem-solving skills which can be
applied in a wide range of different legal and non-legal settings.
Provide opportunities for the development of personal, communication, research and other key skills
appropriate for graduate employment both in the legal professions in England and in France, and in
12. Programme Outcomes
The programme provides opportunities for students to develop and demonstrate knowledge and
understanding, qualities, skills and other attributes in the following areas. The programme outcomes
which have specific references to the subject benchmarking statement for Law are indicated with LB.
Teaching/learning and assessment
methods and strategies used to enable outcomes to
be achieved and demonstrated
Knowledge and Understanding
A. Knowledge and understanding of: Teaching/learning.
1. The principal features of the English legal The principal methods are :-
system, including its institutions, procedures
and sources of law. LB In England
2. The principal features of the law of the Lectures, both traditional and interactive (Socratic);
European Union and the European Convention legal problem classes; tutor-led seminars; directed
on Human Rights (ECHR). reading; independent research for course assessments;
3.The principal features of the French legal feedback on course assessments.
system, including its institutions, procedures These are supported by :-
and sources of law. a) Particularly in relation to 4 and 5, computer-
4. The concepts, principles and rules of a assisted learning packages.
substantial range of English legal subjects, b) In relation to 1, court observation and practical
including an in-depth knowledge of some areas group legal exercises.
of law, and, depending on options, an in-depth
knowledge of the law of the European Union, In France students will be taught by way of a
the ECHR, International law and Comparative combination of lectures and travaux dirigés (TDs) in
law. LB accordance with the practices to be found in French
5.The concepts, principles and rules of French law faculties.
Public Law, the French Law of Obligations and Assessment.
several specialised areas of French Law as In England: written examinations (open and closed
studied in a French Law faculty. book); coursework (including essays, legal problems
6. The relationship between law and the and class tests); optional dissertations, when
historical, linguistic, socio-economic and undertaken, assess in particular in-depth knowledge in
political contexts in which it operates. LB 4 and 5 and normally aspects of 6 and 7.
7. A range of theoretical, comparative and In France: written and oral examinations in
critical perspectives which can be applied to accordance with French practice.
the study of law.
Skills and Other Attributes
B. General Transferable Intellectual skills: Teaching/learning.
On successful completion of the
programme students should be able to:
1. Effectively apply knowledge to analyse In England these skills are developed primarily
complex issues using, where appropriate, through discussion and argument in seminars and
the English or French languages. legal problem classes, in the preparation for and
2. Recognise and rank items and issues in participation in seminars, delivery of class
terms of their relevance and importance. presentations, and in the preparation and writing of
LB course assessments, including, where chosen,
3. Collect and synthesise information from a dissertations.
variety of English and French sources.
LB In France, these skills are developed through
4. Formulate and sustain a complex argument participation in TDs and in the preparation and writing
(in English and in French), supporting it of course assessments.
with appropriate evidence.
5. Recognise potential alternative solutions to Optional participation in the moot programme, in the
particular problems and make a reasoned work of the Law Clinic and in the Critical Legal and
choice between them. LB other student legal groups provide further
6. Independently acquire knowledge and opportunities to enhance these skills.
understanding in areas, both legal and
non-legal, not previously studied. LB Assessment.
7. Demonstrate an independence of mind and
an ability to critically challenge received In England, written examinations and course
understandings and conclusions assessments, assessed class presentations and, where
8. Reflect constructively on their own chosen, dissertations and moot performances.
learning processes. LB
In France, written and oral examinations.
C. Subject-specific skills:
Application and problem solving. Teaching /learning
On successful completion of the programme
students should be able to: In England legal problem-solving skills are primarily
developed through preparation for, and participation
a) Recognise the issues of English and French in, legal problem-based seminars, larger problem/case
law arising in a factual situation of limited classes and optional participation in the moot
complexity in English and French law. LB programme and in the work of the Law Clinic.
b) Identify and apply the case and statute law
relevant to it. LB In France students learn French law (year 1, 2 and 3)
c) Provide an informed and reasoned opinion where they study commentaire d’arrêt and cas
on the possible legal actions arising from pratiques in TDs.
it, and their likelihood of success. LB
Legal problem questions (cas pratiques in France) in
written examinations and course assessments
including class tests and, where undertaken, assessed
Sources, research and evaluation. Teaching/learning.
On successful completion of the programme
students should be able to: Legal research classes and exercises. Preparation and
a) Identify the legal and related issues which feedback on course assessments and, where
require to be researched. LB undertaken, dissertations and work in the Law Clinic.
b) Effectively locate and use primary and
secondary legal and other relevant sources. LB In France: students study English public law and
c) Conduct independent legal research using a English contract law in seminars conducted in
range of resources, both paper and electronic. English.
d) Critically evaluate an area of law both
doctrinally and in terms of its socio-economic Assessment.
and other consequences.
e) Function effectively in both the English and All by course assessments and, where undertaken,
the French languages and in English and dissertations. Additionally for d) written
French law. examinations.
D. Key skills:
Communication and Literacy. Teaching /learning
On successful completion of the programme
students should be able to: Seminar contributions, class presentations and, where
undertaken, mooting together with feedback on them;
a) Use, both orally and in writing, the English the preparation, writing and feedback on written
Language and the French Language in course assessments including, where undertaken,
relation to legal matters and generally, with dissertations. Linguistic fluency in English to be
care, accuracy and effectiveness. LB achieved by (a) English law classes conducted in
b) Engage constructively and effectively in English and (b) a year in Kent law faculty.
arguments and discussions of complex
matters in English and in French. LB Assessment.
c) Give a clear and coherent presentation on a
topic, in English and in French, using Written course assessments, assessed class
appropriate supporting materials. presentations and, where undertaken, assessed moot
d) Read complex legal and non-legal work. Written examinations.
materials in English and in French and
summarise them accurately. LB
e) Employ correct English and French legal
terminology and correct methods of
citation and referencing for legal and other
f) Produce work in appropriate formats.
Teamwork, Numeracy and IT Teaching/ learning
On successful completion of the programme
students should be able to: a) through group work and, where undertaken, moot
and Law Clinic work.
a) Work collaboratively in groups to achieve b) and c) through legal research classes and exercises,
defined tasks, to respond to different points UELT support and the preparation and feedback on
of view and to negotiate outcomes. LB written coursework.
b) Present and evaluate information in a
numerical or statistical form. LB Assessment.
c) Wordprocess their work and use a range of
electronic databases and other information Written module course assessments, including a piece
sources. LB of group work in Legal Process.
For more information on which modules provide which skills, see the module mapping.
13. Programme structures and requirements, levels, modules, credits and awards
The programme is offered on a full-time basis and students complete the programme in four years.
Study on the programme in Kent is divided into a number of blocks called modules. . Modules can be
either single-weighted modules or double-weighted modules. Single-weighted modules carry 15 credits
and double-weighted modules 30 credits. One credit corresponds to approximately 10 hours of ‘learning
time’. This includes all taught and supervised classes and all private study and research. In France
subjects are divided into semester units (or modules).
The programme is divided into four stages. Stages 1, 2 and 3 are undertaken in Bordeaux. Stage 4 is
undertaken in Kent. Each stage comprises 120 credits (or 60 ECTS). Students must achieve specified
requirements before being permitted to proceed to the next stage. Each stage represents an academic
year of study. Thus for a full-time student a year of study in Kent involves approximately 1200 hours of
learning time. Each module is designated at one of three ascending levels, Certificate (C), Intermediate
(I) or Honours (H). To be eligible for an award of LLB hons students normally have to obtain 480
credits, at least 210 of which must be Level I or above, and at least 120 of which must be level H.
In Stage 1 all the modules are taught in Bordeaux and in French. The required modules are An
Introduction to Law, Constitutional Law, Civil Law 1, Legal History, Economics. There are two one-
semester optional modules.
Assessment: Modules taken as TDs will be assessed by way of a written examination (marked out of 20
and weighted with a coefficient of 2) and a TD mark (out of 20) (total mark out of 60). The other
modules will be assessed either by oral examination or written examination (depending on module)
(marked out of 20). Students must obtain an average of 10/20 over the two semesters in order to pass to
stage 2. A student who fails to obtain the average may retake in September those modules in which a
mark of 10/20 was not achieved. A mark of 10/20 is equivalent to 50/100.
In Stage 2 all the modules are taught in Bordeaux. The required modules are Civil Law 2,
Administrative Law, Criminal Law, European Law, Political Sciences, which are taught in French, and
Obligations 1 (English contract law) which is taught in English under the direction of the module
convenor from the Kent Law School. There are four one semester optional modules. Students must
obtain an average of 10/20 over the two semesters in order to pass to stage 3. The pass mark in the
English law module is 40/100.
In Stage 3, all the modules are taught in Bordeaux. The required modules are Civil Law 3, Labour Law,
Human Rights, International Public Law, Legal History, Legal Process, which are taught in French, and
English Constitutional and Administrative Law, which is taught in English under the direction of the
module convenor from the Kent Law School. There are two one semester optional modules. Students
must obtain an average of 10/20 over the two semesters in order to pass to stage 4. The pass mark for the
English law module is 40/100.
Stage 4 all the modules are taught in Kent. The single required module is Obligations 2 which is taught
in English. All other modules are optional. These options can be chosen from the list of law modules
below, or, up to a maximum of 30 credits from either another Social Science Faculty list or, with
approval, from a Humanities Faculty list. However students wishing to qualify as solicitors or barristers,
and who want to obtain exemption from the Common Professional Examination of the Law Society and
Bar Council should take Property Law, Equity and Trusts and Criminal Law (European Law is taught in
stage 2 at Bordeaux).
The structure of the programme and the Kent modules which make it up, their levels, credits and terms
in which they are taught, are shown below. Details of each Kent module can be found at
Code Title Level Credits Term/s
French law modules taught in
In addition to French law modules
taught in Bordeaux
LW 304 Obligations 1 C 30 1 and 2
In addition to French law modules
taught in Bordeaux
LW 503 Constitutional and Administrative law I 30 1 and 2
LW 512 I 30 1 and 2
LW 501 Property Law H 30 1 and 2
LW505 The Family and the Law H 30 1 and 2
LW506 International Law H 30 1 and 2
LW507 Critical Legal Theory H 30 1 and 2
LW508 Criminal Law H 30 1 and 2
LW509 Human Rights and English Law H 30 1 and 2
LW510 Legal Aspects of Contemporary H 30 1 and 2
LW513 Equity and Trusts H 30 1 and 2
LW514 Labour Law H 30 1 and 2
LW517 International Business Transactions H 30 1 and 2
LW518 The Law of Evidence H 30 1 and 2
LW519 Law and Medical Ethics H 30 1 and 2
LW520 Company Law and Capitalism H 30 1 and 2
LW522 European Comparative Law H 30 1 and 2
LW523 Mental Health Law H 30 1 and 2
LW524 Environmental Law H 30 1 and 2
LW538 Feminist Perspectives on Law H 30 1 and 2
LW540 The Philosophy of Law H 30 1 and 2
LW541 Legal History H 30 1 and 2
LW542 Policing H 15 1
Clinical Option: Legal Process and Public H 30 1 and 2
LW544 Punishment and the Penal System H 15 2
LW551 Law and Literature H 30 1 and 2
LW553 European Legal Method and Legal Theory H 15 1
LW554 Topics in the Law of Obligations H 15 2
LW555 Banking Law H 30 1 and 2
LW556 Intellectual Property Law H 30 1 and 2
LW561 Law of the Workplace H 30 1 and 2
LW563 Dissertation Module H 30 1 and 2
LW564 Ethnic Minorities and the Law H 30 1 and 2
LW565 Military Law H 30 1 and 2
LW566 Dissertation Module H 15 1 or 2
LW570 Law and Social Change H 15 1
LW571 Law and Society: Regulating Society H 15 2
LW572 Immigration Asylum and Nationality Law H 30 1 and 2
14. Support for Students and Their Learning (Kent)
Law student guide. This contains much practical advice and information.
Induction week. The first week of the fourth year is devoted to introducing students to the basic
sources of Law and how to access and use them in both paper and electronic form. The programme
includes library visits and a number of marked IT exercises. This provides the foundation on which
legal research skills are developed in the common platform modules and beyond.
The Law Librarian. In addition, participating centrally in Induction week, the law librarian offers
a number of classes on IT research skills throughout the year and, with her assistant, is available to
give advice and assistance to students using both library and IT sources.
Personal academic support. All students are allocated a personal tutor, whom they retain
throughout their studies, to provide personal advice and pastoral support.
Departmental Senior Tutor - has overall responsibility for monitoring and seeking to ensure
individual student progress.
Director of Studies - available to provide advice and guidance on all academic matters, including
the choice of modules, programme structure and obtaining qualifications for, and entry into, the
legal professions in England and elsewhere.
Careers Advisory Service - has an information officer and advisor dedicated to law and legal
Library and IT. Kent has a comprehensive law library and is home to Lawlinks, one of the best
electronic legal resource gateways in the UK
IT-supported teaching. The modules are supported by web pages with all the module materials,
bulletin boards, relevant links and, in the case of the larger modules, audio versions of the lectures.
These pages and a wide range of data bases can be accessed both on and off campus for the duration
of the module. Computer-assisted programmes are available for the core law modules and self-
assessment tests for a number of modules.
Small group teaching. Emphasis is put on this at all stages but most especially in the common
Central support services, including a Unit for the Enhancement of Learning with a student
Learning Advisory Service, a medical centre, a Students' Union (including its Advice and
Information Service), a Counselling Service and Disability Support Unit.
European office. Offers advice and practical support with respect to all matters concerning the
15. Entry Profile
Entry Route: For fuller information, please refer to the University prospectus.
Minimum requirements: You must be at least 17 years old by 20 September in the
year you begin your programme. There is no upper age
limit to studying.
A pass mark in year 1, 2 and 3 in modules taught in
Bordeaux. A pass mark in both modules taught in
English in Bordeaux (Obligations 1 and Constitutional
and Administrative Law)
A levels and AS levels: Requirements set by the University of Bordeaux (usually
Access/Foundation There is no access to this course through Foundation or
Programmes: Access programme.
BTEC National Requirements set by the University of Bordeaux
Certificate in Education: Requirements set by the University of Bordeaux
International Baccalaureate Requirements set by the University of Bordeaux
Irish Leaving Certificate: Requirements set by the University of Bordeaux
Scottish qualifications: Requirements set by the University of Bordeaux
University Degree: Requirements set by the University of Bordeaux
Mature applicants: Requirements set by the University of Bordeaux
International applicants: Requirements set by the University of Bordeaux
Accreditation of Prior Learning Requirements set by the University of Bordeaux
Other Qualifications: The Requirements set by the University of Bordeaux
following qualifications may be
listed separately above where
specific guidance on the
appropriate entry level is given.
What does this programme have to offer?
An excellent grounding in English and French law and in the English and French legal systems.
Exemption from the first stage of qualifications for entry into the legal professions and, for those
who obtain a 2.2, a guaranteed place at one of the Colleges of Law for the Legal Practice Course.
Teaching in a highly research informed and critically aware department.
The opportunity to develop the French language to a very high degree of fluency.
Experience of a French university and a French law faculty.
The opportunity to participate in a very successful Law Clinic.
Learning in one of the most IT-developed Law Schools in the country.
Dual qualification: English LLB degree and French Maitrise degree.
A critical and enquiring mind.
An interest in languages.
An interest in current European affairs and in European legal issues in particular.
A willingness to master complex ideas and concepts.
An ability to handle large quantities of detailed information.
A desire to see law used and developed to realise individual and social justice.
A desire to live temporarily (or longer) in another EU country.
16. Methods for evaluating and enhancing the quality and standards of teaching and learning
Mechanisms for review and evaluation of teaching, learning, assessment, the curriculum and
Annual module reports. These contain, inter alia, a report on student performance in the module
and student feedback on it (see below).
Annual programme reports. These include, inter alia, an analysis of statistical data on student
achievement and progression, withdrawal and failure rates and the employment of former students
from the programme.
Periodic review. This involves both internal and external panel members.
External examiners' reports. These relate to both standards and to the quality of learning and
KLS Learning and Teaching Committee. In addition to considering the above this responds to
student feedback (see below).
Law Society and Bar Council. The programme is accredited by these bodies for professional
exemption purposes on the basis that it continues to meet certain standards.
Annual staff appraisal. This covers all aspects of the work of academic staff and links to the
Peer review. This includes both teaching observation and the evaluation of the overall learning and
teaching provision by individual teachers.
Monitoring of part-time/sessional teachers (Including Graduate Teaching Assistants).
Under the KLS Code of practice both the teaching performance and the assessment of written work
must be regularly monitored by the module convenor.
Committees with responsibility for monitoring and evaluating quality and standards
KLS Staff/Student Liaison Committee
KLS Learning and Teaching Committee
Social Sciences Faculty Learning and Teaching Committee
Learning and Teaching Board
KLS Board of Examiners
Mechanisms for gaining student feedback on the quality of teaching and their learning experience
Module soundings. Conducted for each module at the end of Term 1 by student representatives in
the absence of teaching staff. These lead to written reports which go to the module convenor and
departmental Director of Learning and Teaching.
Module evaluations. Students are asked to complete an anonymous questionnaire on all aspects of
learning and teaching provision at the end of each module. The results are available to the teachers
involved, the relevant module convenors, the departmental Director of Learning and Teaching and
the Head of Department. Module convenors are asked to respond, either orally or in writing to
student concerns and issues raised by these questionnaires.
Exit questionnaires. Students who have completed a programme are invited to complete an
anonymous exit questionnaire. This includes questions relating to curriculum content and
organisation, teaching, learning and assessment, student support and guidance, learning resources
and quality management and enhancement.
Focus groups. Annual student focus groups are held with student representatives. These seek in an
open ended way to identify student concerns and explore possibilities for enhancement.
Staff/student liaison committee. This seeks to ensure that there is a regular opportunity for
consideration of matters which are of concern to students, that these are effectively communicated to
staff, and that suggestions from staff or from students for the enhancement of modules,
programmes and student support are properly considered.
Student representation. Students from each stage of the programme are represented at meetings of
KLS and all the relevant subcommittees including the Learning and Teaching Committee, the
Library Committee and the Computing Committee.
KLS Director of Learning and Teaching. Makes it known that he or she is available to receive
student concerns and complaints.
Staff development priorities include:
PGCHE requirement for all new staff.
Attendance at University staff development seminars and courses.
Involvement of key staff with Bordeaux, in particular as visiting professors.
Involvement of key staff in European research, teaching and conference initiatives.
Involvement of key members of staff with the work of the UK Centre for Legal Education.
Attendance of conferences relating to educational issues.
Development of the staff appraisal scheme in conjunction with peer review to improve mentoring
and support, particularly for new members of staff.
Dissemination of good practice on new learning and teaching methods.
17. Indicators of quality and standards
Accreditation by the Law Society and the Bar Council
Research Assessment Exercise. KLS received a grade 5 in the 2001 exercise.
Teaching Quality Assessment. The Department was assessed as excellent in the QAA
Developmental Engagement Report in 2003. .
Times/Justice award. The Law Clinic was the joint winner of this award in 1998.
Lawlinks web site. Winner of numerous national awards.
External Examiner's reports - indicate consistently high standards of UKC graduates.
The following reference points were used in creating these specifications:
UKC University Plan 2000-2003.
UKC Learning and Teaching Strategy.
QAA Law Benchmarks Standards 2000.
Joint Statement of the Law Society and the General Council of the Bar, 2001.
Framework for higher education qualifications in England, Wales and Northern Ireland- November
Qualifications and Curriculum Authority. Key skills level 4 guidance.