Thinking Skills Learning Styles

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					Preparation for Teacher Training


      Thinking Skills
           And
      Learning Styles
Preparation for Teacher Training
 What are we doing today?



Aim
To open the issue of thinking skills – learning and
  teaching them


Outcomes
1. Increased awareness of thinking skills both in policy
  and classroom practice

1. Increased capacity to plan, teach, evaluate for
  thinking as part of learning in future lessons
Preparation for Teacher Training
    INDIVIDUAL LEARNING
•   For a curriculum or school experience to be successful, we need to try to
    tailor the learning to the individuals needs

•   This will mean teachers need to know their pupils and any issues they may
    have – did your teachers do this?

•   Where do we get the information?

•   Various models exist that schools use to try to help to individualise learning
Preparation for Teacher Training
    So - What Do You Think?




Fast food outlets such as McDonalds,
Burger King and KFC should be banned!

•    *Thinking Frames
    Preparation for Teacher Training
    De Bono’s Thinking Hats


•   Red hat :      Feelings What are my feelings about this?

•   Yellow hat :   Strengths What are the good points?

•   Black hat:     Weaknesses What is wrong with this?

•   Green hat :    New Ideas What is possible?

•   White hat:     Information What are the facts?

•   Blue hat :     Thinking about thinking What thinking is needed?
   Preparation for Teacher Training
    Thinking Skills: Any research base?




• Cognitive Intervention
  Approaches (Feuerstein et al)

• Brain Based Learning
  Approaches (De Bono et al)

• Philosophical Approaches
  (Lipman et al)
Preparation for Teacher Training
LEARNING STYLES
BLOOMS TAXONOMY OF HIGHER ORDER THINKING SKILLS
Developed in 1956 by Benjamin Bloom

                                      Research revealed that
                                      80 - 95% of test questions
                    EVALUATION        did not get beyond the
                                      lowest level (In 1956!!)
                     SYNTHESIS        Have things Changed?

                     ANALYSIS

                    APPLICATION

            UNDERSTANDING / COMPREHENSION

                   KNOWLEGDE
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LEARNING STYLES
HOWARD GARDNER’S MULTIPLE INTELLEIGENCES

Linguistic learner

Logical / Mathematical Learner

Spatial Learner

Musical Learner

Bodily / Kinaesthetic Learner

Naturalistic Learner

Interpersonal Leaner

Intrapersonal Learner

More modern researchers have suggested others??
Preparation for Teacher Training
LEARNING STYLES
 VAK
 Visual – Aural – Kinaesthetic

 Or

 VARK – (A later development)
 Visual – Aural – Read/Write – Kinaesthetic

 Children can be given tests to establish their preferred learning style

 Dangers exist of classifying a child into one category
 Preparation for Teacher Training
   DIFFERENTIATION
There are various models of differentiation, or adapting lessons to suit the individual

OUTCOME, TASK, RESOURCE, SUPPORT – USED EXTENSIVELY

ALL, MOST, SOME - USED EXTENSIVELY

Learning environment, Content, Process, Product

Differentiation by Content
Differentiation by Activities
Differentiation by Negotiation
Differentiation by Support
Differentiation by Extension
Differentiation by Response
Differentiation by Group Work
Differentiation by Gradation
Differentiation by Role
Preparation for Teacher Training
BARRIERS TO LEARNING
 What are barriers to learning?

 Classify the barriers into groups

 What can the teacher and school control?

 What can’t the teacher and school control?
Preparation for Teacher Training
SPECIAL NEEDS PROVISION
 Support for those with needs

 Basic entitlement for all to the curriculum
 How is this done? The model has changed recently – More inclusion

 What are Special needs and what is the procedure for entitlement?


 Extension for those with needs

 We have identified “Able” or “Gifted and Talented Students”

 What do you do with bright pupils?
 Do they have special needs?

				
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posted:9/19/2012
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