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Preparation for Teacher Training Thinking Skills And Learning Styles Preparation for Teacher Training What are we doing today? Aim To open the issue of thinking skills – learning and teaching them Outcomes 1. Increased awareness of thinking skills both in policy and classroom practice 1. Increased capacity to plan, teach, evaluate for thinking as part of learning in future lessons Preparation for Teacher Training INDIVIDUAL LEARNING • For a curriculum or school experience to be successful, we need to try to tailor the learning to the individuals needs • This will mean teachers need to know their pupils and any issues they may have – did your teachers do this? • Where do we get the information? • Various models exist that schools use to try to help to individualise learning Preparation for Teacher Training So - What Do You Think? Fast food outlets such as McDonalds, Burger King and KFC should be banned! • *Thinking Frames Preparation for Teacher Training De Bono’s Thinking Hats • Red hat : Feelings What are my feelings about this? • Yellow hat : Strengths What are the good points? • Black hat: Weaknesses What is wrong with this? • Green hat : New Ideas What is possible? • White hat: Information What are the facts? • Blue hat : Thinking about thinking What thinking is needed? Preparation for Teacher Training Thinking Skills: Any research base? • Cognitive Intervention Approaches (Feuerstein et al) • Brain Based Learning Approaches (De Bono et al) • Philosophical Approaches (Lipman et al) Preparation for Teacher Training LEARNING STYLES BLOOMS TAXONOMY OF HIGHER ORDER THINKING SKILLS Developed in 1956 by Benjamin Bloom Research revealed that 80 - 95% of test questions EVALUATION did not get beyond the lowest level (In 1956!!) SYNTHESIS Have things Changed? ANALYSIS APPLICATION UNDERSTANDING / COMPREHENSION KNOWLEGDE Preparation for Teacher Training LEARNING STYLES HOWARD GARDNER’S MULTIPLE INTELLEIGENCES Linguistic learner Logical / Mathematical Learner Spatial Learner Musical Learner Bodily / Kinaesthetic Learner Naturalistic Learner Interpersonal Leaner Intrapersonal Learner More modern researchers have suggested others?? Preparation for Teacher Training LEARNING STYLES VAK Visual – Aural – Kinaesthetic Or VARK – (A later development) Visual – Aural – Read/Write – Kinaesthetic Children can be given tests to establish their preferred learning style Dangers exist of classifying a child into one category Preparation for Teacher Training DIFFERENTIATION There are various models of differentiation, or adapting lessons to suit the individual OUTCOME, TASK, RESOURCE, SUPPORT – USED EXTENSIVELY ALL, MOST, SOME - USED EXTENSIVELY Learning environment, Content, Process, Product Differentiation by Content Differentiation by Activities Differentiation by Negotiation Differentiation by Support Differentiation by Extension Differentiation by Response Differentiation by Group Work Differentiation by Gradation Differentiation by Role Preparation for Teacher Training BARRIERS TO LEARNING What are barriers to learning? Classify the barriers into groups What can the teacher and school control? What can’t the teacher and school control? Preparation for Teacher Training SPECIAL NEEDS PROVISION Support for those with needs Basic entitlement for all to the curriculum How is this done? The model has changed recently – More inclusion What are Special needs and what is the procedure for entitlement? Extension for those with needs We have identified “Able” or “Gifted and Talented Students” What do you do with bright pupils? Do they have special needs?
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