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					   WHITE-COLLAR CRIMES/
SOCIO-ECONOMIC OFFENCES



              DR. M. SRINIVASAN
                   Senior Lecturer
         Department of Criminology
              University of Madras
        Chepauk, Chennai-600 005
The concept of white-collar crime


   Edwin H. Sutherland (1939):

    “White-collar crime is committed by
    persons of respectability and social
    status in the course of their occupation”
    Profile of white-collar criminals

   Recidivists

   White-collar criminal does not lose
    his status among his associates-loses
    status only on the violation of
    business code not the legal code

   Express-contempt    for    laws, for
    government and      for   government
    personnel
    Profile of white-collar criminals


   Selects crimes which involve high
    stakes (risks) but only small danger of
    detection     and   identification and
    against which the victims are least
    likely to fight

   Offenders’ conception of themselves
    and often even in the public’s
    conception of them
Characteristics of white-collar crime

   Committed not against a specific individual or
    firm

   Consumers are scattered, unorganized

   Proof is difficult

   More extensive than the official statistics

   Violations of the law are industry wise
White –collar crime-Indian context

   No official data

   No indigenous literature

   Difficulty in empirical studies

   Santhanam Committee Report, 1964-
    studied, ‘socio-economic crimes in
    India’
White –collar crime-Indian context
   47th Report of the Law Commission of India dealt
    with the problems of ‘White Collar Crime’
    elaborately and abandoned the term ‘white-collar
    crime’ and used the term ‘socio-economic crimes’
    in its place



    a. Social offences: “those which affect the health
       and material welfare of the community as a
       whole and not merely of the individual victim”

    b. Economic offences: “those which affect the
      country’s economy and not merely the wealth
      of an individual victim”
    Types of socio-economic offences

   Evasion of Income tax and other different
    taxes

   Adulteration of foods, drugs and cosmetics

   Bootlegging and violation of anti-narcotic
    legislation

   Corruption-bribery, favoritism, nepotism in
    public services

   Violation   of   specifications   in   public
    contracts

				
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posted:9/19/2012
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