VIEWS: 21 PAGES: 3 CATEGORY: Research POSTED ON: 9/19/2012
Summary: Physicists have traditionally held that nothing exist perpetuum mobile. However this is contrary to observations because any particle ranging from Photons to Galaxies and even higher formations has to be perpetually mobile to keep its existence.
Whether or not Perpetual Motion Exists? Summary: Physicists have traditionally held that nothing exist perpetuum mobile. However this is contrary to observations because any particle ranging from Photons to Galaxies and even higher formations has to be perpetually mobile to keep its existence. In my school days, I was taught that nothing stands perpetually mobile and this is in accordance with 2nd Law of Thermodynamics. This was explained to be because the inevitable energy flow accompanying mobility is always associated with entropy. This entropy manifests in different forms in different domains such as friction, viscous drag, resistance of an electric conductor etc. It results in loss of energy and consequential loss of mobility and hence the above stated statement. But imagine, if Earth were to lose its energy in its motion around Sun, within almost no time, gravitational pull of Sun is bound to lead to gravitational collapse of earth into Sun and hence Earth would not be able to keep its existence for more than a brief period of time. This must be true of all celestial bodies including Stars, Galaxies and even Comets and Asteroids. If gas particles in Brownian motion were to lose their energy after each and every collision (taking place approximately @ 109 per second) in compliance of Law of Conservation of Linear Momentum, soon gas particles after losing their energy would liquefy (since in a gas its kinetic energy is a measure of its temperature and lowering of temperature of a gas results in its liquefaction). Liquid particles again being in Brownian motion shall lose their energy and turn in to solids. Therefore in this universe gases and liquids will have only transient existence. But it is contrary to observations. Same is true of Photons. If Photons travelling along a straight line were to suffer space drag and therefore were unable to conserve their energy in their cosmic sojourn, than a change in identity and character of any Photon is inevitable. For Photons, Planck’s law states E = hf. Therefore following loss of energy due to space drag, a change in frequency (f) is inevitable, h being a universal constant. Since identity and character of any Photon are determined by its frequency, hence the above statement. In such a situation Photons can’t keep their existence for billions of years which is normally subject only to absorption by a material particle. In that case a Photon would no longer be representative of its source and so Astrophysicists would lose scientific validity of their observations. This is true for stable subatomic particles as well i.e. electron, proton and neutron. This argument is equally valid for atoms, molecules and all other particles displaying Brownian motion. In case of electrons Physicists have employed such terms as rest mass, rest energy and rest charge knowing fully well that an electron is never in a state of rest in ordinary sense of the term. Perpetual motion is a mandatory condition for existence of any particle, whether of energy or matter or both. Any particle in motion conserves its mass, energy and momentum to the extent of its perpetual motion. Energy necessary to sustain perpetual motion is generally known as free energy of the particle. A particle in perpetual motion only, is in its basal state. Each and every particle has a tendency to return to its basal state and to conserve its basal state. A particle even at 0°K shall conserve its basal state or free energy or sustain its perpetual motion. A particle in perpetual motion only, being devoid of any Newtonian motion is in a state of ‘Deemed Rest’ for the purpose of laws of physics since in this state conservation of mass, energy and momentum is absolute. According to Newton’s 2nd law, absolute conservation of its momentum by a particle implies no unbalanced external force acting on the particle and hence no acceleration and hence a state of ‘Deemed Rest’ – An axiomatic concept like the concept of point, line and plane in Geometry. Perpetual motion may be linear as in case of Photons, rotatory as in case of celestial bodies, electrons, along a zig-zag path as in case of Brownian motion and oscillatory as in case of Photons and other subatomic particles, atoms, molecules etc. Therefore almost all types of regular motion can be seen in perpetually mobile particles but the exact type of perpetual motion seen is dependent upon nature of the particle. Briefly stated any particle to keep its existence has to be perpetually mobile and this is a mandatory condition for any particle to keep its existence. Perpetual motion of Photons, stable subatomic particles, atoms, molecules, colloid particles, celestial bodies and even galaxies and higher formations can’t be refuted. Hence perpetual motion is a material reality and Physicists have misguided themselves in believing that nothing exist perpetuum mobile. Author: Dr Mahesh C. Jain is a practicing medical doctor has written the book “Encounter of Science with Philosophy – A synthetic view”. The book begins with first chapter devoted to scientifically valid concept of God and then explains cosmic phenomena right from origin of nature and universe up to origin of life and evolution of man. The book includes several chapters devoted to auxiliary concepts and social sciences as corollaries to the concept of God. It is pertinent to mention that the book contains a chapter devoted to the concept of ‘Rest’ in Physics. Visit: http://www.sciencengod.com http://www.sciencengod.com/clipboard.htm
"Whether or not Perpetual Motion Exists?"