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New-Inspiration-4-wordlist-with-German-translation

VIEWS: 25 PAGES: 135

									Word                                         Pronunciation
UNIT 1 BODY AND MIND
Lesson 1 - It doesn't matter (pages 10-11)
acidic (adj)                                 /əˈsɪdɪk/
advertising (n) ★★                           /ˈædvə(r)ˌtaɪzɪŋ/
at least                                     /ˌət ˈliːst/
balanced diet (n)                            /ˌbælənst ˈdaɪət/
biscuit (n) ★★                               /ˈbɪskɪt/
bottled (adj)                                /ˈbɒt(ə)ld/
choice (n) ★★★                               /tʃɔɪs/
consist (v) ★★★                              /kənˈsɪst/
count (as) (v) ★★★                           /kaʊnt/
damage (v) ★★★                               /ˈdæmɪdʒ/
decay (n) ★                                  /dɪˈkeɪ/
digest (v) ★                                 /daɪˈdʒest/
dried food (n)                               /ˈdraɪd ˌfuːd/
emphasise (v) ★★                             /ˈemfəsaɪz/
equally (adv) ★★★                            /ˈiːkwəli/
exaggerate (v) ★                             /ɪɡˈzædʒəreɪt/
expert (n) ★★★                               /ˈekspɜː(r)t/
fat (n) ★★                                   /fæt/
fiction (n) ★★                               /ˈfɪkʃ(ə)n/
healthy (adj) ★★★                            /ˈhelθi/
importance (n) ★★★                           /ɪmˈpɔː(r)t(ə)ns/
indicate (v) ★★★                             /ˈɪndɪkeɪt/
junk food (n)                                /ˈdʒʌŋk ˌfuːd/
label (n) ★★                                 /ˈleɪb(ə)l/
lack (v) ★★                                  /læk/
margarine (n)                                /ˌmɑː(r)dʒəˈriːn/
mineral (n) ★                                /ˈmɪn(ə)rəl/
myth (n) ★★                                  /mɪθ/
neither ... nor (conj)                       /ˌnaɪðə(r) ... ˈnɔː(r), ˌniːðə(r) ... ˈnɔː(r)/
nightmare (n) ★★                             /ˈnaɪtˌmeə(r)/
portion (n) ★★                               /ˈpɔː(r)ʃ(ə)n/
protein (n) ★★                               /ˈprəʊtiːn/
pure (adj) ★★★                               /pjʊə(r)/
recognise (v) ★★★                            /ˈrekəɡnaɪz/
research (n) ★★★                             /rɪˈsɜː(r)tʃ, ˈriːsɜː(r)tʃ/
scientific (adj) ★★★                         /ˌsaɪənˈtɪfɪk/
suppose (v) ★★★                              /səˈpəʊz/
tap water (n)                                /ˈtæp ˌwɔːtə(r)/
tinned food (n)                              /ˈtɪnd ˌfuːd/
type (n) ★★★                                 /taɪp/
unhealthy (adj)                              /ʌnˈhelθi/
vitamin (n) ★★                               /ˈvɪtəmɪn/
whether (conj) ★★★                        /ˈweðə(r)/
Lesson 2 - What's it for? (pages 12-13)
add (v) ★★★                               /æd/
beat (v) ★★★                              /biːt/
bedtime (n)                               /ˈbedˌtaɪm/
boil (v) ★                                /bɔɪl/
bottle opener (n)                         /ˈbɒt(ə)l ˌəʊp(ə)nə(r)/
bowl (n) ★★                               /bəʊl/
bread knife (n)                           /ˈbred ˌnaɪf/
charge (a phone) (v) ★★★                  /tʃɑː(r)dʒ/
cheese grater (n)                         /ˈtʃiːz ˌgreɪtə(r)/
chop (v) ★★                               /tʃɒp/
clever (adj) ★★                           /ˈklevə(r)/
coffee maker (n)                          /ˈkɒfi ˌmeɪkə(r)/
corkscrew (n)                             /ˈkɔː(r)kˌskruː/
cream (n) ★★                              /kriːm/
delicious (adj) ★                         /dɪˈlɪʃəs/
dish (n) ★★                               /dɪʃ/
drain (v) ★★                              /dreɪn/
drawer (n) ★★                             /ˈdrɔːə(r)/
electricity (n) ★★★                       /ɪˌlekˈtrɪsəti/
female (adj) ★★★                          /ˈfiːmeɪl/
fry (v) ★                                 /fraɪ/
frying pan (n)                            /ˈfraɪɪŋ ˌpæn/
gadget (n)                                /ˈɡædʒɪt/
generate (v) ★★★                          /ˈdʒenəreɪt/
go off (alarm) (v)                        /ˌgəʊ ˈɒf/
grate (v)                                 /ɡreɪt/
heat (n) ★★★                              /hiːt/
heat (v) ★★★                              /hiːt/
ingredient (n) ★★                         /ɪnˈɡriːdiənt/
insomnia (n)                              /ɪnˈsɒmniə/
kettle (n) ★                              /ˈket(ə)l/
key ring (n)                              /ˈkiː ˌrɪŋ/
male (adj) ★★★                            /meɪl/
medium (adj) ★★                           /ˈmiːdiəm/
mixture (n) ★★★                           /ˈmɪkstʃə(r)/
muscle (n) ★★★                            /ˈmʌs(ə)l/
olive oil (n)                             /ˌɒlɪv ˈɔɪl/
plug in (v)                               /ˌplʌg ˈɪn/
power (v)                                 /ˈpaʊə(r)/
produce (v) ★★★                           /prəˈdjuːs/
recipe (n) ★★                             /ˈresəpi/
recommend (v) ★★★                         /ˌrekəˈmend/
sandwich toaster (n)                      /ˈsæn(d)wɪdʒ ˌtəʊstə(r), ˈsæn(d)wɪtʃ ˌtəʊstə(r)/
saucepan (n) ★                           /ˈsɔːspən/
serve (v) ★★★                            /sɜː(r)v/
sleepless (adj)                          /ˈsliːpləs/
slice (v) ★                              /slaɪs/
snooze button (n)                        /ˈsnuːz ˌbʌt(ə)n/
sprinkle (v) ★                           /ˈsprɪŋk(ə)l/
stir (v) ★★                              /stɜː(r)/
store (v) ★★                             /stɔː(r)/
struggle (v) ★★                          /ˈstrʌɡ(ə)l/
suffer (from) (v) ★★★                    /ˈsʌfə(r)/
thirsty (adj) ★                          /ˈθɜː(r)sti/
tin opener (n)                           /ˈtɪn ˌəʊp(ə)nə(r)/
toast (n) ★                              /təʊst/
toaster (n)                              /ˈtəʊstə(r)/
torch (n) ★                              /tɔː(r)tʃ/
wrist (n) ★★                             /rɪst/
Lesson 3 - When people expect to get better… (pages 14-15)
acupuncture (n)                          /ˈækjʊˌpʌŋktʃə(r)/
alternative medicine (n)                 /ɔːlˌtɜː(r)nətɪv ˈmed(ə)s(ə)n/
aspirin (n) ★                            /ˈæsprɪn/
at best                                  /ˌət ˈbest/
at worst                                 /ˌət ˈwɜː(r)st/
calm (adj) ★★                            /kɑːm/
claim (n) ★★★                            /kleɪm/
critic (n) ★★★                           /ˈkrɪtɪk/
dangerous (adj) ★★★                      /ˈdeɪndʒərəs/
dangerous (adj) ★★★                      /ˈdeɪndʒərəs/
drug (n) ★★★                             /drʌɡ/
evidence (n) ★★★                         /ˈevɪd(ə)ns/
experiment (n) ★★★                       /ɪkˈsperɪmənt/
fake (adj)                               /feɪk/
fault (n) ★★★                            /fɔːlt/
fine (= delicate) (adj) ★★★              /faɪn/
general anaesthetic (n)                  /ˌdʒen(ə)rəl ænəsˈθetɪk/
harmless (adj) ★                         /ˈhɑː(r)mləs/
herbal (adj)                             /ˈhɜː(r)b(ə)l/
herbalist (n)                            /ˈhɜː(r)bəlɪst/
illness (n) ★★★                          /ˈɪlnəs/
illness (n) ★★★                          /ˈɪlnəs/
illness (n) ★★★                          /ˈɪlnəs/
independent (adj) ★★★                    /ˌɪndɪˈpendənt/
individual (n) ★★★                       /ˌɪndɪˈvɪdʒuəl/
insert (v) ★★★                           /ɪnˈsɜː(r)t/
issue (= topic) (n) ★★★                  /ˈɪʃuː, ˈɪsjuː/
nervous (adj) ★★                         /ˈnɜː(r)vəs/
open-heart surgery (n)                     /əʊpən ˈhɑː(r)t ˌsɜː(r)dʒəri/
operation (n) ★★★                          /ˌɒpəˈreɪʃ(ə)n/
pain (n) ★★★                               /peɪn/
patient (n) ★★★                            /ˈpeɪʃ(ə)nt/
pharmaceutical (adj)                       /ˌfɑː(r)məˈsjuːtɪk(ə)l/
placebo effect (n)                         /pləˈsiːbəʊ ɪˌfekt/
point (= position) (n) ★★★                 /pɔɪnt/
positive (adj) ★★★                         /ˈpɒzətɪv/
prepared (adj)                             /prɪˈpeə(r)d/
profitable (adj) ★★                        /ˈprɒfɪtəb(ə)l/
proof (n) ★★                               /pruːf/
question (v) ★★★                           /ˈkwestʃ(ə)n/
reaction (n) ★★★                           /riˈækʃ(ə)n/
remedy (n) ★★                              /ˈremədi/
risk (v) ★★                                /rɪsk/
sale (n) ★★★                               /seɪl/
selected (adj)                             /sɪˈlektɪd/
session (n) ★★★                            /ˈseʃ(ə)n/
simply (adv) ★★★                           /ˈsɪmpli/
so-called (adj) ★★                         /ˈsəʊ kɔːld/
supporter (n) ★★★                          /səˈpɔː(r)tə(r)/
surgeon (n) ★★                             /ˈsɜː(r)dʒ(ə)n/
synthetic (adj)                            /sɪnˈθetɪk/
trial (n) ★★★                              /ˈtraɪəl/
Lesson 4 - Integrated Skills - Discussing and correcting information (pages 16-17)
acid (n) ★★                                /ˈæsɪd/
astronaut (n) ★                            /ˈæstrəˌnɔːt/
belief (n) ★★★                             /bɪˈliːf/
brain scan (n)                             /ˈbreɪn ˌskæn/
break down (v)                             /ˌbreɪk ˈdaʊn/
chest (n) ★★★                              /tʃest/
claim (v) ★★★                              /kleɪm/
estimated (adj)                            /ˈestɪmeɪtɪd/
form (of transport) (n) ★★★                /fɔː(r)m/
health (n) ★★★                             /helθ/
human (n) ★★★                              /ˈhjuːmən/
in reality                                 /ˌɪn riˈæləti/
landmark (n)                               /ˈlæn(d)ˌmɑː(r)k/
lightning conductor (n)                    /ˈlaɪtnɪŋ kənˌdʌktə(r)/
on the contrary                            /ˌɒn ðə ˈkɒntrəri/
on the other hand                          /ˌɒn ðiː ˈʌðə(r) hænd/
orbit (n) ★                                /ˈɔː(r)bɪt/
particularly (adv) ★★★                     /pə(r)ˈtɪkjʊlə(r)li/
raindrop (n)                               /ˈreɪnˌdrɒp/
reality (n) ★★★                            /riˈæləti/
risky (adj) ★                      /ˈrɪski/
saying (n) ★★                      /ˈseɪɪŋ/
sensible (adj) ★★                  /ˈsensəb(ə)l/
source (n) ★★★                     /sɔː(r)s/
statistics (n pl)                  /stəˈtɪstɪks/
strength (n) ★★★                   /streŋθ/
strike (v) ★★★                     /straɪk/
stuff (n) ★★★                      /stʌf/
swallow (v) ★★                     /ˈswɒləʊ/
transport (n) ★★★                  /ˈtrænspɔː(r)t/
truth (n) ★★★                      /truːθ/
Inspiration Extra! (pages 18-19)
bread roll (n)                     /ˌbred ˈrəʊl/
gene (n) ★★                        /dʒiːn/
sunbathe (v)                       /ˈsʌnˌbeɪð/
Culture (pages 20-21)
achieve (v) ★★★                    /əˈtʃiːv/
basically (adv) ★★                 /ˈbeɪsɪkli/
capitalism (n) ★★                  /ˈkæpɪtəˌlɪz(ə)m/
disability (n) ★★                  /ˌdɪsəˈbɪləti/
discourage (v) ★                   /dɪsˈkʌrɪdʒ/
economic (adj) ★★★                 /ˌiːkəˈnɒmɪk, ˌekəˈnɒmɪk/
essentially (adv) ★★★              /ɪˈsenʃ(ə)li/
factor (n) ★★★                     /fæktə(r)/
friendship (n) ★★                  /ˈfren(d)ʃɪp/
generous (adj) ★★                  /ˈdʒenərəs/
globalisation (n)                  /ˌɡləʊbəlaɪˈzeɪʃ(ə)n/
happiness (n) ★★                   /ˈhæpinəs/
happiness (n) ★★                   /ˈhæpinəs/
in terms of                        /ˌɪn ˈtɜː(r)mz əv/
in tune with                       /ˌɪn ˈtjuːn wɪð/
latest (superl. adj) ★★★           /ˈleɪtɪst/
loser (n) ★                        /ˈluːzə(r)/
make the most of                   /ˌmeɪk ðə ˈməʊst əv/
material (adj) ★                   /məˈtɪəriəl/
materialistic (adj)                /məˌtɪəriəˈlɪstɪk/
measure (v) ★★★                    /ˈmeʒə(r)/
nature                             /ˈneɪtʃə(r)/
network (n) ★★★                    /ˈnetˌwɜː(r)k/
obviously (adv) ★★★                /ˈɒbviəsli/
opportunity (n) ★★★                /ˌɒpə(r)ˈtjuːnəti/
overcome (v) ★★                    /ˌəʊvə(r)ˈkʌm/
participant (n) ★★                 /pɑː(r)ˈtɪsɪpənt/
peace of mind                      /ˌpiːs əv ˈmaɪnd/
place (v) ★★★                      /pleɪs/
positively (adv) ★★                          /ˈpozətɪvli/
pressure (n) ★★★                             /ˈpreʃə(r)/
priority (n) ★★★                             /praɪˈɒrəti/
society (n) ★★★                              /səˈsaɪəti/
spectator (n) ★                              /spekˈteɪtə(r)/
view (= opinion) (n) ★★★                     /vjuː/
wealth (n) ★★                                /ˈwelθ/
UNIT 2 CREATIVITY
Lesson 1 - I don't think it's art! (pages 22-23)
award-winning (adj)                          /əˈwɔː(r)dˌwɪnɪŋ/
base (on) (v) ★★★                            /beɪs/
best-known (adj)                             /ˈbestˌnəʊn/
bronze (adj) ★                               /brɒnz/
bronze (n) ★                                 /brɒnz/
cable car (n)                                /ˈkeɪb(ə)l ˌkɑː(r)/
cardboard (adj)                              /ˈkɑː(r)dˌbɔː(r)d/
cardboard (n)                                /ˈkɑː(r)dˌbɔː(r)d/
cast (n) ★                                   /kɑːst/
cast (v) ★                                   /kɑːst/
chairlift (n)                                /ˈtʃeə(r)ˌlɪft/
concrete (adj) ★★                            /ˈkɒŋkriːt/
concrete (n) ★★                              /ˈkɒŋkriːt/
countryside (n) ★★★                          /ˈkʌntriˌsaɪd/
cupboard (n) ★★                              /ˈkʌbə(r)d/
define (v) ★★★                               /dɪˈfaɪn/
directly (adv) ★★★                           /dɪˈrek(t)li, daɪˈrek(t)li/
display (v) ★★★                              /dɪˈspleɪ/
domestic (adj) ★★★                           /dəˈmestɪk/
dung (n)                                     /dʌŋ/
everyday (adj) ★★                            /ˈevriˌdeɪ/
free of charge                               /ˌfriː əv ˈtʃɑː(r)dʒ/
freedom (n) ★★★                              /ˈfriːdəm/
gang (n) ★★                                  /ɡæŋ/
gold (adj) ★                                 /ɡəʊld/
gold (n) ★                                   /ɡəʊld/
heritage (n) ★★                              /ˈherɪtɪdʒ/
inside (adv) ★★★                             /ˌɪnˈsaɪd/
inside (n) ★★★                               /ˌɪnˈsaɪd/
inside (prep) ★★★                            /ˌɪnˈsaɪd/
iron (n)                                     /ˈaɪə(r)n/
item (n) ★★★                                 /ˈaɪtəm/
murder (v) ★★                                /ˈmɜː(r)də(r)/
plaster (n) ★                                /ˈplɑːstə(r)/
plastic (adj) ★★★                            /ˈplæstɪk/
plastic (n) ★★★                              /ˈplæstɪk/
play (n) ★★★                             /pleɪ/
pole (n) ★★                              /pəʊl/
polystyrene (n)                          /ˌpɒliˈstaɪriːn/
print (n) ★★                             /prɪnt/
prize-winning (adj) ★                    /ˈpraɪzˌwɪnɪŋ/
racist (adj)                             /ˈreɪsɪst/
reappear (v)                             /ˌriːəˈpɪə(r)/
represent (v) ★★★                        /ˌreprɪˈzent/
rubber (n) ★★                            /ˈrʌbə(r)/
sandstone (n)                            /ˈsæn(d)ˌstəʊn/
sculpture (n) ★★                         /ˈskʌlptʃə(r)/
series (n) ★★★                           /ˈsɪəriːz/
staircase (n) ★                          /ˈsteə(r)ˌkeɪs/
stand still                              /ˌstænd ˈstɪl/
statue (n) ★★                            /ˈstætʃuː/
striking (adj) ★                         /ˈstraɪkɪŋ/
symbol (n) ★★                            /ˈsɪmb(ə)l/
terraced house (n)                       /ˌterəst ˈhaʊs/
title (n) ★★★                            /ˈtaɪt(ə)l/
tribute (n) ★★                           /ˈtrɪbjuːt/
unique (adj) ★★★                         /juːˈniːk/
wood (n) ★★★                             /wʊd/
Lesson 2 - I've been hoping… (pages 24-25)
agency (n) ★★★                           /ˈeɪdʒ(ə)nsi/
catch sight of                           /ˌkætʃ ˈsaɪt əv/
charge (money) (v) ★★★                   /tʃɑː(r)dʒ/
double (v) ★★                            /ˈdʌb(ə)l/
extra (n) ★                              /ˈekstrə/
feature film (n)                         /ˈfiːtʃə(r) ˌfɪlm/
hang about (v)                           /ˌhæŋ əˈbaʊt/
offer (n) ★★★                            /ˈɒfə(r)/
on location                              /ˌɒn ləʊˈkeɪʃ(ə)n/
on screen                                /ˌɒn ˈskriːn/
scene (n) ★★★                            /siːn/
set (n) ★★★                              /set/
studio (n) ★★★                           /ˈstjuːdiəʊ/
take (n)                                 /teɪk/
temporary (adj) ★★★                      /ˈtemp(ə)rəri/
Lesson 3 - She had been reading a book (pages 26-27)
abandon (v) ★★                           /əˈbændən/
artificial (adj) ★★                      /ˌɑː(r)tɪˈfɪʃ(ə)l/
author (n) ★★★                           /ˈɔːθə(r)/
best-selling (adj)                       /ˈbestˌselɪŋ/
chemistry (n) ★★                         /ˈkemɪstri/
childhood (n) ★★                         /ˈtʃaɪldˌhʊd/
comic (n) ★                                  /ˈkɒmɪk/
construct (v) ★★★                            /kənˈstrʌkt/
crash-land (v)                               /ˌkræʃˈlænd/
create (v) ★★★                               /kriˈeɪt/
creation (n) ★★★                             /kriˈeɪʃ(ə)n/
creature (n) ★★★                             /ˈkriːtʃə(r)/
entertain (v) ★★                             /ˌentə(r)ˈteɪn/
eruption (n)                                 /ɪˈrʌpʃ(ə)n/
fighter pilot (n)                            /ˈfaɪtə(r) ˌpaɪlət/
horrified (adj)                              /ˈhɒrɪfaɪd/
horror story (n)                             /ˈhɒrə(r) ˌstɔː(r)i/
incredibly (adv) ★                           /ɪnˈkredəbli/
indoors (adv) ★                              /ɪnˈdɔː(r)z/
injure (v) ★★                                /ˈɪndʒə(r)/
inspire (v) ★★                               /ɪnˈspaɪə(r)/
interact (v) ★                               /ˌɪntərˈækt/
investigate (v) ★★★                          /ɪnˈvestɪɡeɪt/
massive (adj) ★★★                            /ˈmæsɪv/
monster (n) ★★                               /ˈmɒnstə(r)/
novel (n) ★★★                                /ˈnɒv(ə)l/
previous (adj) ★★★                           /ˈpriːviəs/
proud (of) (adj) ★★                          /praʊd/
publish (v) ★★★                              /ˈpʌblɪʃ/
science fiction (n) ★                        /ˌsaɪəns ˈfɪkʃn/
step (v) ★★★                                 /step/
take over (v)                                /ˌteɪk ˈəʊvə(r)/
terrified (adj)                              /ˈterəfaɪd/
trap (v) ★★                                  /træp/
volcanic (adj)                               /vɒlˈkænɪk/
warn (v) ★★★                                 /wɔː(r)n/
Lesson 4 - Integrated Skills - Telling a folk tale (pages 28-29)
advertisement (n) ★★                         /ədˈvɜː(r)tɪsmənt/
amazement (n)                                /əˈmeɪzmənt/
argument (n) ★★★                             /ˈɑː(r)ɡjʊmənt/
arrangement (n) ★★★                          /əˈreɪndʒmənt/
equipment (n) ★★★                            /ɪˈkwɪpmənt/
ever since (adv)                             /ˌevə(r) ˈsɪns/
excuse (n) ★★                                /ɪkˈskjuːs/
ferryman (n)                                 /ˈferimən/
folk tale (n)                                /ˈfəʊk ˌteɪl/
grumble (v)                                  /ˈɡrʌmb(ə)l/
hardly (adv) ★★★                             /ˈhɑː(r)dli/
hut (n) ★★                                   /hʌt/
knowledge (n) ★★★                            /ˈnɒlɪdʒ/
movement (n) ★★★                             /ˈmuːvmənt/
odd (= strange) (adj) ★★                    /ɒd/
payment (n) ★★★                             /ˈpeɪmənt/
poet (n) ★★                                 /ˈpəʊɪt/
row (v)                                     /rəʊ/
rush about (v)                              /ˌrʌʃ əˈbaʊt/
shiny (adj) ★                               /ˈʃaɪni/
subject (n) ★★★                             /ˈsʌbdʒɪkt/
surface (n) ★★★                             /ˈsɜː(r)fɪs/
treatment (n) ★★★                           /ˈtriːtmənt/
university (n) ★★★                          /ˌjuːnɪˈvɜː(r)səti/
well-dressed (adj)                          /ˌwelˈdrest/
well-polished (adj)                         /ˌwelˈpɒlɪʃt/
wise (adj) ★★                               /waɪz/
Inspiration Extra! (pages 30-31)
regularly (adv) ★★★                         /ˈreɡjʊlə(r)li/
Review Units 1-2 (pages 32-33)
driving licence (n)                         /ˈdraɪvɪŋ ˌlaɪsns/
substance (n) ★★★                           /ˈsʌbstəns/
UNIT 3 SCIENCE AND DISCOVERY
Lesson 1 - Light travels incredibly fast (pages 36-37)
accurately (adv)                            /ˈækjʊrətli/
approximately (adv) ★★                      /əˈprɒksɪmətli/
astonishing (adj) ★                         /əˈstɒnɪʃɪŋ/
Big Bang (n)                                /ˌbɪg ˈbæŋ/
Equator (n)                                 /ɪˈkweɪtə(r)/
expand (v) ★★★                              /ɪkˈspænd/
far (adv & adj) ★★★                         /fɑː(r)/
further (comp. adj & adv) ★★★               /ˈfɜː(r)ðə(r)/
furthest (superl. adj & adv) ★              /ˈfɜː(r)ðɪst/
largely (adv) ★★★                           /ˈlɑː(r)dʒli/
light year (n)                              /ˈlaɪt ˌjɪə(r)/
moonwalk (n)                                /ˈmuːnˌwɔːk/
organism (n) ★★                             /ˈɔː(r)ɡəˌnɪz(ə)m/
oxygen (n) ★★                               /ˈɒksɪdʒ(ə)n/
rapidly (adv)                               /ˈræpɪdli/
rotate (v) ★                                /rəʊˈteɪt/
spacecraft (n)                              /ˈspeɪsˌkrɑːft/
spacewalk (n)                               /ˈspeɪsˌwɔːk/
trillion (n)                                /ˈtrɪljən/
universe (n) ★★                             /ˈjuːnɪˌvɜː(r)s/
Lesson 2 - What a fantastic sight! (pages 38-39)
blog (n)                                    /blɒɡ/
bottom (n) ★★★                              /ˈbɒtəm/
chimney (n) ★                               /ˈtʃɪmni/
crab (n)                                    /kræb/
crack (n) ★★                                 /kræk/
depth (n) ★★★                                /depθ/
descend (v) ★★                               /dɪˈsend/
discovery (n) ★★★                            /dɪˈskʌv(ə)ri/
disturb (v) ★★                               /dɪˈstɜː(r)b/
evaporate (v)                                /ɪˈvæpəreɪt/
Greetings                                    /ˈgriːtɪŋz/
hydrothermal vent (n)                        /ˌhaɪdrəˌθɜː(r)m(ə)l ˈvent/
molten (adj)                                 /ˈməʊltən/
mussel (n)                                   /ˈmʌs(ə)l/
navy (n) ★★                                  /ˈneɪvi/
observer (n) ★★                              /əbˈzɜː(r)və(r)/
peer (v) ★★                                  /pɪə(r)/
rainbow (n) ★                                /ˈreɪnˌbəʊ/
salty (adj)                                  /ˈsɔːlti/
sea bed (n)                                  /ˈsiː ˌbed/
set a record                                 /ˌset ə ˈrekɔː(r)d/
shrimp (n)                                   /ʃrɪmp/
spacious (adj)                               /ˈspeɪʃəs/
submersible (n)                              /səbˈmɜː(r)səb(ə)l/
trench (n)                                   /trentʃ/
underwater (adj)                             /ˌʌndə(r)ˈwɔːtə(r)/
unexpected (adj) ★★                          /ˌʌnɪkˈspektɪd/
while (= whereas) (conj) ★★★                 /waɪl/
Lesson 3 - It won't be cheap (pages 40-41)
alien (n) ★★                                 /ˈeɪliən/
aluminium (n) ★                              /ˌæləˈmɪniəm/
among (prep) ★★★                             /əˈmʌŋ/
base (n) ★★★                                 /beɪs/
come down (v)                                /ˌkʌm ˈdaʊn/
contact (n) ★★★                              /ˈkɒntækt/
count down (v)                               /ˌkaʊnt ˈdaʊn/
depart (v) ★★                                /dɪˈpɑː(r)t/
due (adj) ★★★                                /djuː/
elevator (Am E) (n)                          /ˈeləveɪtə(r)/
fare (n) ★★                                  /feə(r)/
grandchild (pl-children) (n)                 /ˈɡræn(d)ˌtʃaɪld/
hang on (v)                                  /ˌhæŋ ˈɒn/
luxurious (adj)                              /lʌɡˈzjʊəriəs/
mining (n) ★                                 /ˈmaɪnɪŋ/
orbit (v)                                    /ˈɔː(r)bɪt/
pre-flight (adj)                             /ˈpriːˌflaɪt/
production (n) ★★★                           /prəˈdʌkʃ(ə)n/
put down (v)                                 /ˌpʊt ˈdaʊn/
rumour (n) ★★                                /ˈruːmə(r)/
spaceport (n)                             /ˈspeɪsˌpɔː(r)t/
take off (flight) (v)                     /ˌteɪk ˈɒf/
weightlessness (n)                        /ˈweɪtləsnəs/
Lesson 4 - Integrated Skills - Describing events and consequences (pages 42-43)
achievement (n) ★★★                       /əˈtʃiːvmənt/
action (n) ★★★                            /ˈækʃ(ə)n/
against (prep) ★★★                        /əˈɡenst/
as a result                               /ˌæz ə rɪˈzʌlt/
attempt (n) ★★★                           /əˈtempt/
bacteria (n pl) ★★                        /bækˈtɪəriə/
biologist (n) ★                           /baɪˈɒlədʒɪst/
broadband (n)                             /ˈbrɔːdˌbænd/
broadcasting (n)                          /ˈbrɔːdˌkɑːstɪŋ/
chain (of life) (n) ★★★                   /tʃeɪn/
chemical (n) ★★★                          /ˈkemɪk(ə)l/
chemist (n) ★★                            /ˈkemɪst/
communications satellite (n)              /kəˌmjuːnɪkeɪʃ(ə)nz ˈsætəlaɪt/
consequently (adv) ★★                     /ˈkɒnsɪkwəntli/
control (v) ★★★                           /kənˈtrəʊl/
controversial (adj) ★★                    /ˌkɒntrəˈvɜː(r)ʃ(ə)l/
cool (v) ★★                               /kuːl/
creation (n) ★★★                          /kriˈeɪʃ(ə)n/
curve (n) ★★                              /kɜː(r)v/
decision (n) ★★★                          /dɪˈsɪʒ(ə)n/
destructive (adj)                         /dɪˈstrʌktɪv/
development (n) ★★★                       /dɪˈveləpmənt/
discussion (n) ★★★                        /dɪˈskʌʃ(ə)n/
disease (n) ★★★                           /dɪˈziːz/
engineer (n) ★★★                          /ˌendʒɪˈnɪə(r)/
evolution (n) ★★                          /ˌiːvəˈluːʃ(ə)n/
evolve (v) ★★                             /ɪˈvɒlv/
germ (n)                                  /dʒɜː(r)m/
impact (n) ★★★                            /ˈɪmpækt/
inaccurate (adj)                          /ɪnˈækjʊrət/
infectious (adj) ★                        /ɪnˈfekʃəs/
infectious (adj) ★                        /ɪnˈfekʃəs/
inject (v) ★                              /ɪnˈdʒekt/
lead (v) ★★★                              /liːd/
liquid (n) ★★                             /ˈlɪkwɪd/
longitude (n)                             /ˈlɒndʒɪˌtjuːd, ˈlɒŋɡɪˌtjuːd/
medical (adj) ★★★                         /ˈmedɪk(ə)l/
meridian (n)                              /məˈrɪdiən/
pasteurisation (n)                        /ˌpɑːstʃəraɪˈzeɪʃ(ə)n/
pasteurised (adj)                         /ˈpɑːstʃəraɪzd/
perfectly (= in aperfect way) (adv) ★★★   /ˈpɜː(r)fɪk(t)li/
permission (n) ★★             /pə(r)ˈmɪʃ(ə)n/
pesticide (n)                 /ˈpestɪsaɪd/
physicist (n)                 /ˈfɪzɪsɪst/
pioneering (adj)              /ˌpaɪəˈnɪərɪŋ/
pollution (n) ★★★             /pəˈluːʃ(ə)n/
possession (n) ★★             /pəˈzeʃ(ə)n/
prevent (v) ★★★               /prɪˈvent/
protest (n) ★★★               /ˈprəʊtest/
radar (n)                     /ˈreɪdɑː(r)/
radio wave (n)                /ˈreɪdiəʊ ˌweɪv/
revision (n) ★★               /rɪˈvɪʒ(ə)n/
signal (n) ★★★                /ˈsɪɡn(ə)l/
signal (v) ★★★                /ˈsɪɡn(ə)l/
solution (n) ★★★              /səˈluːʃ(ə)n/
SOS (n)                       /ˌes əʊ ˈes/
sour (adj) ★                  /ˈsaʊə(r)/
successfully (adv)            /səkˈsesf(ə)li/
take action                   /ˌteɪk ˈækʃ(ə)n/
thanks to …                   /ˈθæŋks ˌtuː/
theory (n) ★★★                /ˈθɪəri/
therefore (adv) ★★★           /ˈðeə(r)fɔː(r)/
transatlantic (adj)           /ˌtrænzətˈlæntɪk/
transmission (n) ★★           /trænzˈmɪʃ(ə)n/
transmit (v) ★★               /trænzˈmɪt/
transmitter (n)               /trænzˈmɪtə(r)/
vaccination (n)               /ˌvæksɪˈneɪʃ(ə)n/
voyage (n) ★                  /ˈvɔɪɪdʒ/
weak (adj) ★★★                /wiːk/
work out (v)                  /ˌwɜː(r)k ˈaʊt/
Culture (pages 46-47)
accessible (adj)              /əkˈsesəb(ə)l/
aim (n) ★★★                   /eɪm/
aircraft (n) ★★               /ˈeə(r)ˌkrɑːft/
annual (adj) ★★★              /ˈænjuəl/
application (= use) (n) ★★★   /ˌæplɪˈkeɪʃ(ə)n/
benefit (n) ★★★               /ˈbenɪfɪt/
cataract (eye) (n)            /ˈkætərækt/
coat (v)                      /kəʊt/
compare (v) ★★★               /kəmˈpeə(r)/
component (n) ★★              /kəmˈpəʊnənt/
contaminate (v)               /kənˈtæmɪneɪt/
cultural (adj) ★★★            /ˈkʌltʃ(ə)rəl/
detect (v) ★★                 /dɪˈtekt/
electromagnet (n)             /ɪˌlektrəʊˈmæɡnət/
flipper (n)                   /ˈflɪpə(r)/
focus (v) ★★★                           /ˈfəʊkəs/
gravity (n) ★                           /ˈɡrævəti/
humpback whale (n)                      /ˌhʌmpbæk ˈweɪl/
hydrophobic (n)                         /ˌhaɪdrəˈfəʊbɪk/
increase (v) ★★★                        /ɪnˈkriːs/
involve (v) ★★★                         /ɪnˈvɒlv/
issue (v) ★★★                           /ˈɪʃuː, ˈɪsjuː/
jury (n) ★★                             /ˈdʒʊəri/
magnetic (adj) ★                        /mæɡˈnetɪk/
method (n) ★★★                          /ˈmeθəd/
optical (adj) ★                         /ˈɒptɪk(ə)l/
oral (adj) ★★                           /ˈɔːrəl/
origin (n) ★★★                          /ˈɒrɪdʒɪn/
paintwork (n)                           /ˈpeɪntˌwɜː(r)k/
performance (n) ★★★                     /pə(r)ˈfɔː(r)məns/
sensor (n)                              /ˈsensə(r)/
similarity (n) ★★                       /ˌsɪməˈlærəti/
social science (n)                      /ˌsəʊʃ(ə)l ˈsaɪəns/
software (n) ★★★                        /ˈsɒf(t)ˌweə(r)/
standard (adj) ★★★                      /ˈstændə(r)d/
steel (adj) ★★                          /stiːl/
steel (n) ★★                            /stiːl/
submit (v) ★★★                          /səbˈmɪt/
technique (n) ★★★                       /tekˈniːk/
transport (v & n) ★★★                   /ˈtrænspɔː(r)t/
windscreen (n)                          /ˈwɪn(d)ˌskriːn/
wiper (windscreen) (n)                  /ˈwaɪpə(r)/
UNIT 4 GETTING IT RIGHT
Lesson 1 - Some things won't have changed (pages 48-49)
advance (n) ★★                          /ədˈvɑːns/
carry out (v)                           /ˌkæri ˈaʊt/
executive (n) ★★                        /ɪɡˈzekjʊtɪv/
function (n) ★★★                        /ˈfʌŋkʃ(ə)n/
glow (v) ★                              /ɡləʊ/
halt (v) ★                              /hɔːlt/
hoax (n)                                /həʊks/
household (n) ★★★                       /ˈhaʊsˌhəʊld/
indication (n) ★★                       /ˌɪndɪˈkeɪʃ(ə)n/
keyless (adj)                           /ˈkiːləs/
life expectancy (n)                     /ˌlaɪf ɪkˈspektənsi/
microchip (n)                           /ˈmaɪkrəʊˌtʃɪp/
miss out on (v)                         /ˌmɪs ˈaʊt ɒn/
nuclear energy (n)                      /ˌnjuːkliə(r) ˈenə(r)dʒi/
obtainable (adj)                        /əbˈteɪnəb(ə)l/
perfectly (= completely) (adv) ★★★      /ˈpɜː(r)fɪk(t)li/
point out (v)                            /ˌpɔɪnt ˈaʊt/
pulse rate (n)                           /ˈpʌls ˌreɪt/
researcher (n)                           /rɪˈsɜː(r)tʃə(r), ˈriːsɜː(r)tʃə(r)/
retire (v) ★★                            /rɪˈtaɪə(r)/
retirement (n) ★                         /rɪˈtaɪə(r)mənt/
slight (adj) ★★★                         /slaɪt/
technology (n) ★★★                       /tekˈnɒlədʒi/
vaccine (n)                              /ˈvæksiːn/
wipe out (v)                             /ˌwaɪp ˈaʊt/
wireless (adj) ★                         /ˈwaɪə(r)ləs/
wristwatch (n)                           /ˈrɪs(t)ˌwɒtʃ/
Lesson 2 - We won't halt global warming until… (pages 50-51)
as soon as (conj)                        /ˌəz ˈsuːn əz/
atmosphere (n) ★★                        /ˈætməsˌfɪə(r)/
balance (v) ★★★                          /ˈbæləns/
carbon dioxide (CO2) (n) ★               /ˌkɑː(r)bən daɪˈɒksaɪd/
carbon emission (n)                      /ˌkɑː(r)bən ɪˈmɪʃ(ə)n/
carbon-offset project (n)                /ˌkɑː(r)bən ˈɒfset prɒdʒekt, prəʊdʒekt/
cause (n) ★★★                            /kɔːz/
decrease (n) ★                           /ˈdiːkriːs/
decrease (v) ★★                          /diːˈkriːs/
desert (n) ★★                            /ˈdezə(r)t/
desert (v) ★                             /dɪˈzɜː(r)t/
drought (n)                              /draʊt/
energy crisis (n)                        /ˈenə(r)dʒi ˌkraɪsɪs/
estimate (v) ★★★                         /ˈestɪmeɪt/
export (n) ★★★                           /ˈekspɔː(r)t/
export (v) ★★                            /ɪkˈspɔː(r)t/
fertiliser (n)                           /ˈfɜː(r)təˌlaɪzə(r)/
flood (n) ★★                             /flʌd/
fund (v) ★★★                             /fʌnd/
global warming (n) ★                     /ˌgləʊb(ə)l ˈwɔːmɪŋ/
greenhouse gas (n)                       /ˌgriːnhaʊs ˈgæs/
import (n) ★★                            /ˈɪmpɔː(r)t/
import (v) ★★                            /ɪmˈpɔː(r)t/
increase (n) ★★★                         /ˈɪŋkriːs/
no longer (adv)                          /ˌnəʊ ˈlɒŋə(r)/
offset (v) ★                             /ˈɒfˌset/
organisation (n) ★★★                     /ˌɔː(r)ɡənaɪˈzeɪʃ(ə)n/
permit (n)                               /ˈpɜː(r)mɪt/
permit (v) ★★★                           /pə(r)ˈmɪt/
plant (v) ★★                             /plɑːnt/
polar ice cap (n)                        /ˌpəʊlər ˈaɪs kæp/
produce (n) ★                            /ˈprɒdjuːs/
suspect (n) ★★                           /ˈsʌspekt/
suspect (v) ★★★                            /səˈspekt/
threat (n) ★★★                             /θret/
unless (conj) ★★★                          /ənˈles/
whenever (conj) ★★                         /wenˈevə(r)/
Lesson 3 - If you could choose… (pages 52-53)
go trekking                                /ˌgəʊ ˈtrekɪŋ/
hand-carved (adj)                          /ˈhænd ˌkɑː(r)vd/
hippy (n)                                  /ˈhɪpi/
in theory                                  /ˌɪn ˈθɪəri/
mad (adj) ★★                               /mæd/
magical (adj) ★                            /ˈmædʒɪk(ə)l/
overland (adv)                             /ˈəʊvə(r)ˌlænd/
pace (of life) (n) ★★                      /peɪs/
paradise (n) ★                             /ˈpærədaɪs/
point (the whole point) (n) ★★★            /pɔɪnt/
sick (adj) ★★★                             /sɪk/
Lesson 4 - Integrated Skills - Debating an issue (pages 54-55)
anti-globalisation (adj)                   /ˌæntiˌgləʊbəlaɪˈzeɪʃ(ə)n/
anti-GM (genetically modified) food (n)    /ˌæntiˌdʒiːem ˈfuːd/
anti-spam (adj)                            /ˌæntiˈspæm/
anti-terrorism (adj)                       /ˌæntiˈterərɪz(ə)m/
anti-war (adj)                             /ˌæntiˈwɔː(r)/
argument (n) ★★★                           /ˈɑː(r)ɡjʊmənt/
aware (of) (adj) ★★★                       /əˈweə(r)/
big business (n)                           /ˌbɪg ˈbɪznəs/
chair (n) ★★★                              /tʃeə(r)/
chair (v) ★★★                              /tʃeə(r)/
clash (v) ★                                /klæʃ/
crucial (adj) ★★★                          /ˈkruːʃ(ə)l/
cruelty (n) ★                              /ˈkruːəlti/
debate (n) ★★★                             /dɪˈbeɪt/
democracy (n) ★★★                          /dɪˈmɒkrəsi/
demonstration (n) ★★                       /ˌdemənˈstreɪʃ(ə)n/
direct action (n)                          /ˌdaɪrekt, ˌdɪrekt ˈækʃ(ə)n/
elect (v) ★★★                              /ɪˈlekt/
election (n) ★★★                           /ɪˈlekʃ(ə)n/
feel strongly (about)                      /ˌfiːl ˈstrɒŋli əbaʊt/
firstly (adv) ★★                           /ˈfɜː(r)s(t)li/
for and against                            /ˌfɔːr ən əˈgenst/
for instance                               /ˌfər ˈɪnstəns/
free (v) ★★                                /friː/
hijack (v)                                 /ˈhaɪdʒæk/
human race (n)                             /ˌhjuːmən ˈreɪs/
hunger strike (n)                          /ˈhʌŋgə(r) ˌstraɪk/
in addition                                /ˌɪn əˈdɪʃ(ə)n/
in favour                                 /ˌɪn ˈfeɪvə(r)/
in harmony                                /ˌɪn ˈhɑː(r)məni/
make a case                               /ˌmeɪk ə ˈkeɪs/
march (n) ★★                              /mɑː(r)tʃ/
moral (adj) ★★★                           /ˈmɒrəl/
motion (n) ★★★                            /ˈməʊʃ(ə)n/
non-fiction (n)                           /ˌnɒnˈfɪkʃ(ə)n/
non-iron (adj)                            /ˌnɒnˈaɪə(r)n/
non-violence (n)                          /ˌnɒnˈvaɪələns/
non-violent (adj)                         /ˌnɒnˈvaɪələnt/
opponent (n) ★★                           /əˈpəʊnənt/
oppose (v) ★★★                            /əˈpəʊz/
partly (adv) ★★★                          /ˈpɑː(r)tli/
political (adj) ★★★                       /pəˈlɪtɪk(ə)l/
politician (n) ★★★                        /ˌpɑləˈtɪʃ(ə)n/
propose (v) ★★                            /prəˈpəʊz/
protester (n)                             /prəˈtestə(r)/
publicity (n) ★★                          /pʌbˈlɪsəti/
racial segregation (n)                    /ˌreɪʃ(ə)l segrɪˈgeɪʃ(ə)n/
representative (n) ★★★                    /ˌreprɪˈzentətɪv/
secondly (adv) ★★                         /ˈsekən(d)li/
sit-in (n)                                /ˈsɪtˌɪn/
sum up (v)                                /ˌsʌm ˈʌp/
take a decision                           /ˌteɪk ə dɪˈsɪʒ(ə)n/
take notice                               /ˌteɪk ˈnəʊtɪs/
thirdly (adv)                             /ˈθɜː(r)dli/
violence (n) ★★★                          /ˈvaɪələns/
vote (n) ★★★                              /vəʊt/
vote (v) ★★★                              /vəʊt/
well-balanced (adj)                       /ˌwel ˈbælənst/
whale hunting (n)                         /ˈweɪl ˌhʌntɪŋ/
whaling ship (n)                          /ˈweɪlɪŋ ˌʃɪp/
What's more …                             /ˌwɒts ˈmɔː(r)/
Inspiration Extra! (pages 56-57)
petrol (n) ★★                             /ˈpetrəl/
run out (of) (v)                          /ˌrʌn ˈaʊt/
Review Units 3-4 (pages 58-59)
protest (v) ★★                            /prəˈtest/
UNIT 5 EXTRAORDINARY PEOPLE
Lesson 1 - If the plot had succeeded… (pages 62-63)
arrest (n) ★                              /əˈrest/
attempt (v) ★★★                           /əˈtempt/
barrel (n) ★★                             /ˈbærəl/
bishop (n) ★★                             /ˈbɪʃəp/
blow up (v)                               /ˌbləʊ ˈʌp/
Catholic (adj & n)                        /ˈkæθ(ə)lɪk/
ceiling (n) ★★                            /ˈsiːlɪŋ/
cellar (n) ★                              /ˈselə(r)/
collapse (v) ★★                           /kəˈlæps/
conspirator (n)                           /kənˈspɪrətə(r)/
crack (v) ★★                              /kræk/
destruction (n) ★★                        /dɪˈstrʌkʃ(ə)n/
execute (v) ★★                            /ˈeksɪˌkjuːt/
explosion (n) ★★                          /ɪkˈspləʊʒ(ə)n/
explosive (n)                             /ɪkˈspləʊsɪv/
farmhouse (n) ★                           /ˈfɑː(r)mˌhaʊs/
flatten (v)                               /ˈflæt(ə)n/
get away with (v)                         /ˌget əˈweɪ wɪð/
gunpowder (n)                             /ˈɡʌnˌpaʊdə(r)/
Houses of Parliament (n pl)               /ˌhaʊzɪz əv ˈpɑː(r)ləmənt/
lottery (n) ★                             /ˈlɒtəri/
MP (Member of Parliament) (n) ★★          /ˌem ˈpiː/
noble (n)                                 /ˈnəʊb(ə)l/
persecute (v)                             /ˈpɜː(r)sɪˌkjuːt/
plot (n) ★★                               /plɒt/
raise (v) ★★★                             /reɪz/
red-handed (adj)                          /ˌred ˈhændɪd/
set light to                              /ˌset ˈlaɪt tuː/
take up (= start) (v)                     /ˌteɪk ˈʌp/
Lesson 2 - You have to be careful (pages 64-65)
accustomed (adj)                          /əˈkʌstəmd/
cannonball (n)                            /ˈkænənˌbɔːl/
character (= personality) (n) ★★★         /ˈkærɪktə(r)/
crew (n) ★★★                              /kruː/
degree (university) (n) ★★★               /dɪˈɡriː/
elaborate (adj) ★★                        /ɪˈlæb(ə)rət/
farmyard (n)                              /ˈfɑː(r)mˌjɑː(r)d/
file (n) ★★★                              /faɪl/
firmly (adv)                              /ˈfɜː(r)mli/
fit (adj) ★★                              /fɪt/
flight attendant (n)                      /ˈflaɪt əˌtendənt/
get to know                               /ˌget tə ˈnəʊ/
grin (v) ★★                               /ɡrɪn/
guidelines (n pl) ★★                      /ˈɡaɪdˌlaɪnz/
hairstyle (n) ★                           /ˈheə(r)ˌstaɪl/
lately (adv) ★                            /ˈleɪtli/
look on (v)                               /ˌlʊk ˈɒn/
measurement (n) ★★                        /ˈmeʒə(r)mənt/
pattern (n) ★★★                           /ˈpætə(r)n/
physically (adv) ★★                       /ˈfɪzɪkli/
qualification (n) ★★★                      /ˌkwɒlɪfɪˈkeɪʃ(ə)n/
refer (v) ★★★                              /rɪˈfɜː(r)/
reference (n) ★★★                          /ˈref(ə)rəns/
release (v) ★★★                            /rɪˈliːs/
sensitive (adj) ★★★                        /ˈsensətɪv/
sink (n) ★★                                /sɪŋk/
stand-by (adj)                             /ˈstændˌbaɪ/
stick (v) ★★★                              /stɪk/
strict (adj) ★★                            /strɪkt/
supervise (v) ★★                           /ˈsuːpə(r)vaɪz/
tank (n) ★★★                               /tæŋk/
undamaged (adj)                            /ʌnˈdæmɪdʒd/
wax (n)                                    /wæks/
well fed (adj)                             /ˌwel ˈfed/
willing (adj) ★★★                          /ˈwɪlɪŋ/
yacht (n) ★                                /jɒt/
Lesson 3 - What could have happened to them? (pages 66-67)
abduct (v)                                 /æbˈdʌkt/
air traffic control (n)                    /ˌeə ˌtræfɪk kənˈtrəʊl/
beat a record                              /ˌbiːt ə ˈrekɔː(r)d/
crossing (n) ★                             /ˈkrɒsɪŋ/
daring (adj)                               /ˈdeərɪŋ/
emergency landing (n)                      /ɪˌmɜː(r)dʒ(ə)nsi ˈlændɪŋ/
fuel (n) ★★★                               /ˈfjuːəl/
mid-air (n)                                /ˌmɪdˈeə(r)/
mission (n) ★★                             /ˈmɪʃ(ə)n/
navigator (n)                              /ˈnævɪˌɡeɪtə(r)/
neither (pron) ★★★                         /ˈnaɪðə(r), ˈniːðə(r)/
pioneer (n) ★                              /ˌpaɪəˈnɪə(r)/
record-breaking (adj)                      /ˈrekɔː(r)d ˌbreɪkɪŋ/
search operation (n)                       /ˌsɜː(r)tʃ ɒpəˈreɪʃ(ə)n/
shoot down (v)                             /ˌʃuːt ˈdaʊn/
short (of) (= lacking) (adj) ★★★           /ʃɔː(r)t/
snowstorm (n)                              /ˈsnəʊˌstɔː(r)m/
solo (adj)                                 /ˈsəʊləʊ/
solo (adv)                                 /ˈsəʊləʊ/
speculation (n) ★★                         /ˌspekjʊˈleɪʃ(ə)n/
spy (n) ★                                  /spaɪ/
trace (n) ★★                               /treɪs/
use up (v)                                 /ˌjuːz ˈʌp/
Lesson 4 - Integrated Skills - Contrasting fact and ideas (pages 68-69)
announce (v) ★★★                           /əˈnaʊns/
centre forward (n)                         /ˌsentə(r) ˈfɔː(r)wə(r)d/
club (football club) (n) ★★★               /klʌb/
confess (v) ★★                             /kənˈfes/
courageous (adj)                     /kəˈreɪdʒəs/
division (second division) (n) ★★★   /dɪˈvɪʒ(ə)n/
find out (v)                         /ˌfaɪnd ˈaʊt/
goal (n) ★★★                         /ɡəʊl/
junior (adj) ★                       /ˈdʒuːniə(r)/
knock out (v)                        /ˌnɒk ˈaʊt/
match (n) ★★★                        /mætʃ/
poisonous (adj) ★                    /ˈpɔɪz(ə)nəs/
pretty (= quite) (adv) ★★★           /ˈprɪti/
professional (adj) ★★★               /prəˈfeʃ(ə)nəl/
qualify (v) ★★★                      /ˈkwɒlɪfaɪ/
quarter-finals (n pl)                /ˌkwɔː(r)tə(r) ˈfaɪnəlz/
round (first round) (n) ★★★          /raʊnd/
score (n) ★★★                        /skɔː(r)/
separation (n) ★★                    /ˌsepəˈreɪʃ(ə)n/
short-haired (adj)                   /ˌʃɔː(r)tˈheə(r)d/
superstitious (adj)                  /ˌsuːpə(r)ˈstɪʃəs/
surprisingly (adv) ★★                /sə(r)ˈpraɪzɪŋli/
trick (v) ★                          /trɪk/
wasteland (n)                        /ˈweɪs(t)ˌlænd/
well-known (adj) ★★                  /ˌwel ˈnəʊn/
whereas (conj) ★★★                   /weərˈæz/
Culture (pages 72-73)
bank clerk (n)                       /ˈbæŋk ˌklɑː(r)k/
booking clerk (n)                    /ˈbʊkɪŋ ˌklɑː(r)k/
brush up (v)                         /ˌbrʌʃ ˈʌp/
change (money) (v) ★★★               /tʃeɪndʒ/
change (trains) (v) ★★★              /tʃeɪndʒ/
day return (n)                       /ˌdeɪ rɪˈtɜː(r)n/
double (room) (adj) ★★★              /ˈdʌb(ə)l/
exchange (n) ★★★                     /ɪksˈtʃeɪndʒ/
fit (v) ★★★                          /fɪt/
fiver (n)                            /ˈfaɪvə(r)/
form (fill in a form) (n) ★★★        /fɔː(r)m/
knock off (v)                        /ˌnɒk ˈɒf/
lime green (adj)                     /ˌlaɪm ˈgriːn/
match (v) ★★★                        /mætʃ/
Not at all.                          /ˌnɒt ət ˈɔːl/
pale (adj) ★★★                       /peɪl/
platform (n) ★★                      /ˈplætˌfɔː(r)m/
possibly (adv) ★★★                   /ˈpɒsəbli/
receipt (n) ★★                       /rɪˈsiːt/
receptionist (n) ★                   /rɪˈsepʃ(ə)nɪst/
reservation (n) ★★                   /ˌrezə(r)ˈveɪʃ(ə)n/
return (ticket) (n) ★★★              /rɪˈtɜː(r)n/
single (room) (adj) ★★★                    /ˈsɪŋɡ(ə)l/
single (ticket) (n) ★★                     /ˈsɪŋɡ(ə)l/
suit (v) ★★★                               /suːt/
tens (n pl)                                /tenz/
tight (adj) ★★                             /taɪt/
try on (clothes) (v)                       /ˌtraɪ ˈɒn/
twenties (n pl)                            /ˈtwentiz/
Would you mind …?                          /ˌwʊd juː ˈmaɪnd/
UNIT 6 ON THE MOVE
Lesson 1 - I promised I wouldn't forget! (pages 74-75)
injection (n) ★★                           /ɪnˈdʒekʃ(ə)n/
advise (v) ★★★                             /ədˈvaɪz/
aisle (n)                                  /aɪl/
change one's mind                          /ˌtʃeɪndʒ wʌnz ˈmaɪnd/
out of the question                        /ˌaʊt əv ðə ˈkwestʃ(ə)n/
sarong (n)                                 /səˈrɒŋ/
sheet (n) ★★★                              /ʃiːt/
spicy (adj)                                /ˈspaɪsi/
take a tablet                              /ˌteɪk ə ˈtæblət/
talk over (v)                              /ˌtɔːk ˈəʊvə(r)/
towel (n) ★★                               /ˈtaʊəl/
walk about (v)                             /ˌwɔːk əˈbaʊt/
Lesson 2 - The waitress wanted to know if… (pages 76-77)
abroad (adv) ★★★                           /əˈbrɔːd/
cake (n) ★★★                               /keɪk/
cash register (n)                          /ˈkæʃ ˌredʒɪstə(r)/
cutlery (n)                                /ˈkʌtləri/
damp (adj) ★★                              /dæmp/
dressing (n) ★                             /ˈdresɪŋ/
gravy (n)                                  /ˈɡreɪvi/
hesitate (v) ★★                            /ˈhezɪteɪt/
homeland (n)                               /ˈhəʊmˌlænd/
iced (adj)                                 /aɪst/
ketchup (n)                                /ˈketʃəp/
mainly (adv) ★★★                           /ˈmeɪnli/
menu (n) ★★                                /ˈmenjuː/
napkin (n)                                 /ˈnæpkɪn/
push off (v)                               /ˌpʊʃ ˈɒf/
rediscover (v)                             /ˌriːdɪˈskʌvə(r)/
remark (v) ★★                              /rɪˈmɑː(r)k/
side road (n)                              /ˈsaɪd ˌrəʊd/
slightly (adv) ★★★                         /ˈslaɪtli/
special (n)                                /ˈspeʃ(ə)l/
sweetly (adv)                              /ˈswiːtli/
tray (n) ★★                                /treɪ/
uncomfortably (adv)                       /ʌnˈkʌmftəb(ə)li/
waitress (n) ★                            /ˈweɪtrəs/
wipe (v) ★★                               /waɪp/
wrap (v) ★★                               /ræp/
You're welcome.                           /ˌjɔː(r) ˈwelkəm/
Lesson 3 - Would you get it repaired? (pages 78-79)
behave (v) ★★                             /bɪˈheɪv/
behaviour (n) ★★★                         /bɪˈheɪvjə(r)/
best-behaved (adj)                        /ˌbestbɪˈheɪvd/
break into (v)                            /ˌbreɪk ˈɪntuː/
defrost (v)                               /diːˈfrɒst/
deliver (v) ★★★                           /dɪˈlɪvə(r)/
dry-clean (v)                             /ˌdraɪ ˈkliːn/
exchange (v) ★★                           /ɪksˈtʃeɪndʒ/
feedback (n) ★★                           /ˈfiːdbæk/
fill in (v)                               /ˌfɪl ˈɪn/
freezer (n) ★                             /ˈfriːzə(r)/
give in (v)                               /ˌgɪv ˈɪn/
install (v) ★★                            /ɪnˈstɔːl/
look into (v)                             /ˌlʊk ˈɪntuː/
make sense                                /ˌmeɪk ˈsens/
mean (≠ generous) (adj) ★★                /miːn/
nation (n) ★★★                            /ˈneɪʃ(ə)n/
overall (adv) ★★                          /ˌəʊvərˈɔːl/
pick (flowers) (v) ★★★                    /pɪk/
politeness (n)                            /pəˈlaɪtnəs/
politeness (n)                            /pəˈlaɪtnəs/
puncture (n)                              /ˈpʌŋktʃə(r)/
remote (adj) ★★                           /rɪˈməʊt/
repair (v) ★★                             /rɪˈpeə(r)/
responsibly (adv)                         /rɪˈspɒnsəbli/
service (a car) (v) ★★                    /ˈsɜː(r)vɪs/
spill (v) ★★                              /spɪl/
tablecloth (n)                            /ˈteɪb(ə)lˌklɒθ/
take in (= absorb) (v)                    /ˌteɪk ˈɪn/
tip (money) (n) ★★                        /tɪp/
tipping (n)                               /ˈtɪpɪŋ/
tube (n) ★★                               /tjuːb/
turn into (v)                             /ˌtɜː(r)n ˈɪntuː/
turn up (clothing) (v)                    /ˌtɜː(r)n ˈʌp/
worst-behaved (adj)                       /ˌwɜː(r)stbɪˈheɪvd/
Lesson 4 - Integrated Skills - Reporting and summarising what people said (pages 80-81)
gap year (n)                              /ˈgæp ˌjɪə(r)/
groceries (n pl)                          /ˈɡrəʊsəriz/
laze around (v)                           /ˌleɪz əˈraʊnd/
obvious (adj) ★★★                          /ˈɒbviəs/
originally (adv) ★★★                       /əˈrɪdʒ(ə)nəli/
packed (adj) ★                             /pækt/
relative (n) ★★                            /ˈrelətɪv/
rent (v) ★                                 /rent/
save up (v)                                /ˌseɪv ˈʌp/
self-catering (adj)                        /ˌselfˈkeɪtərɪŋ/
snorkelling (n)                            /ˈsnɔː(r)k(ə)lɪŋ/
turn out (discovery) (v)                   /ˌtɜː(r)n ˈaʊt/
well-behaved (adj)                         /ˌwel bɪˈheɪvd/
well-done (adj)                            /ˌwel ˈdʌn/
well-dressed (adj)                         /ˌwel ˈdrest/
well-off (adj)                             /ˌwel ˈɒf/
well-paid (adj)                            /ˌwel ˈpeɪd/
UNIT 7 GETTING THE MESSAGE ACROSS
Lesson 1 - Well done - keep it up! (pages 88-89)
allow (v) ★★★                              /əˈlaʊ/
be given the sack                          /bi ˌgɪv(ə)n ðə ˈsæk/
constantly (adv) ★★                        /ˈkɒnstəntli/
deck (ship) (n) ★★                         /dek/
do well                                    /ˌduː ˈwel/
employer (n) ★★★                           /ɪmˈplɔɪə(r)/
hang (v) ★★★                               /hæŋ/
idiom (n) ★                                /ˈɪdiəm/
idiomatic (adj)                            /ˌɪdiəˈmætɪk/
jet (n) ★★                                 /dʒet/
jumbo(-sized) (adj)                        /ˈdʒʌmbəʊ/
Keep it up.                                /ˌkiːp ɪt ˈʌp/
know the ropes                             /ˌnəʊ ðə ˈrəʊps/
nautical (adj)                             /ˈnɔːtɪk(ə)l/
put up (on the wall) (v)                   /ˌpʊt ˈʌp/
repaint (v)                                /riːˈpeɪnt/
replace (v) ★★★                            /rɪˈpleɪs/
sack (n) ★                                 /sæk/
shelf (pl shelves) (n) ★★                  /ʃelf/
shuttlecock (n)                            /ˈʃʌt(ə)lˌkɒk/
slang (n)                                  /slæŋ/
tool (n) ★★★                               /tuːl/
twist (v) ★★                               /twɪst/
unusually (adv) ★                          /ʌnˈjuːʒʊəli/
Lesson 2 - She deserves to be awarded a prize (pages 90-91)
acknowledge (v) ★★                         /əkˈnɒlɪdʒ/
astronomer (n)                             /əˈstrɒnəmə(r)/
atom (n) ★★                                /ˈætəm/
award (v) ★★★                              /əˈwɔː(r)d/
benefit (v) ★★★                           /ˈbenɪfɪt/
brilliant (= very clever) (adj) ★★★       /ˈbrɪljənt/
cancer (n) ★★★                            /ˈkænsə(r)/
colleague (n) ★★★                         /ˈkɒliːɡ/
comet (n)                                 /ˈkɒmɪt/
deserve (v) ★★                            /dɪˈzɜː(r)v/
DNA (n) ★                                 /ˌdiː en ˈeɪ/
forbid (v) ★★                             /fə(r)ˈbɪd/
honour (v) ★★                             /ˈɒnə(r)/
initially (adv) ★★★                       /ɪˈnɪʃ(ə)li/
ironically (adv)                          /aɪˈrɒnɪkli/
nuclear fission (n)                       /ˌnjuːkliə(r) ˈfɪʃ(ə)n/
persuade (v) ★★★                          /pə(r)ˈsweɪd/
prejudice (n) ★★                          /ˈpredʒʊdɪs/
pulsar (n)                                /ˈpʌlsɑː(r)/
recognition (n) ★★★                       /ˌrekəɡˈnɪʃ(ə)n/
worth (n)                                 /wɜː(r)θ/
Lesson 3 - They couldn't ring up a doctor (pages 92-93)
bus conductor (n)                         /ˈbʌs kənˌdʌktə(r)/
call back (v)                             /ˌkɔːl ˈbæk/
cut off (v)                               /ˌkʌt ˈɒf/
decade (n) ★★★                            /ˈdekeɪd/
emphasis (n) ★★★                          /ˈemfəsɪs/
engaged (adj) ★★                          /ɪnˈɡeɪdʒd/
entrepreneur (n)                          /ˌɒntrəprəˈnɜː(r)/
go on (= continue) (v)                    /ˌgəʊ ˈɒn/
go up (= rise) (v)                        /ˌgəʊ ˈʌp/
hold on (v)                               /ˌhəʊld ˈɒn/
kick off (v)                              /ˌkɪk ˈɒf/
landline (n)                              /ˈlæn(d)ˌlaɪn/
line (n) ★★★                              /laɪn/
make a deal                               /ˌmeɪk ə ˈdiːl/
means (= way) (n pl) ★★★                  /miːnz/
ownership (n) ★★                          /ˈəʊnə(r)ʃɪp/
pass on (v)                               /ˌpɑːs ˈɒn/
pick up (v)                               /ˌpɪk ˈʌp/
put through (v)                           /ˌpʊt ˈθruː/
put up (= build) (v)                      /ˌpʊt ˈʌp/
revolution (n) ★★★                        /ˌrevəˈluːʃ(ə)n/
ring up (v)                               /ˌrɪŋ ˈʌp/
social (adj) ★★★                          /ˈsəʊʃ(ə)l/
sociologist (n)                           /ˌsəʊʃiˈɒlədʒɪst, ˌsəʊsɪˈɒlədʒɪst/
speed up (v)                              /ˌspiːd ˈʌp/
street vendor (n)                         /ˈstriːt ˌvendə(r)/
subscriber (n)                            /səbˈskraɪbə(r)/
subscription (n) ★                         /səbˈskrɪpʃ(ə)n/
telecommunications (n pl) ★                /ˌtelikəˌmjuːnɪˈkeɪʃ(ə)nz/
tower (n) ★★                               /ˈtaʊə(r)/
transfer (v) ★★★                           /trænsˈfɜː(r)/
transform (v) ★★                           /trænsˈfɔː(r)m/
user (n) ★★★                               /ˈjuːzə(r)/
Lesson 4 - Integrated Skills - Discussing languages (pages 94-95)
dialect (n) ★                              /ˈdaɪəlekt/
die out (v)                                /ˌdaɪ ˈaʊt/
disaster (n) ★★                            /dɪˈzɑːstə(r)/
extinction (n) ★                           /ɪkˈstɪŋkʃ(ə)n/
fluent (adj) ★                             /ˈfluːənt/
growth (n) ★★★                             /ɡrəʊθ/
half a dozen                               /ˌhɑːf ə ˈdʌz(ə)n/
increasingly (adv) ★★★                     /ɪnˈkriːsɪŋli/
killer (n) ★★                              /ˈkɪlə(r)/
linguist (n) ★                             /ˈlɪŋɡwɪst/
minority (n) ★★★                           /maɪˈnɒrəti/
murder (n) ★★★                             /ˈmɜː(r)də(r)/
policy (n) ★★★                             /ˈpɒləsi/
recreate (v)                               /ˌriːkriˈeɪt/
replay (v)                                 /ˌriːˈpleɪ/
retell (v)                                 /ˌriːˈtel/
rewrite (v) ★                              /ˌriːˈraɪt/
status (n) ★★★                             /ˈsteɪtəs/
term (= word/phrase) (n) ★★★               /tɜː(r)m/
Culture (pages 98-99)
appearance (n) ★★★                         /əˈpɪərəns/
block (v) ★★                               /blɒk/
brainstorm (v)                             /ˈbreɪnˌstɔː(r)m/
combination (n) ★★★                        /ˌkɒmbɪˈneɪʃ(ə)n/
creative (adj) ★★                          /kriˈeɪtɪv/
creativity (n) ★                           /ˌkriːeɪˈtɪvəti/
criticism (n) ★★★                          /ˈkrɪtɪˌsɪz(ə)m/
defensive (adj) ★★                         /dɪˈfensɪv/
dialogue (n) ★★                            /ˈdaɪəlɒɡ/
distinctive (adj) ★★                       /dɪˈstɪŋktɪv/
evaluation (n)                             /ɪˌvæljuˈeɪʃ(ə)n/
jot down (v)                               /ˌdʒɒt ˈdaʊn/
message board (n)                          /ˈmesɪdʒ ˌbɔː(r)d/
mix and match                              /ˌmɪks ən ˈmætʃ/
note down (v)                              /ˌnəʊt ˈdaʊn/
option (n) ★★★                             /ˈɒpʃ(ə)n/
personally (adv) ★★                        /ˈpɜː(r)s(ə)nəli/
post (on message board) (v) ★★             /pəʊst/
rearrange (v)                             /ˌriːəˈreɪndʒ/
reflect (v) ★★★                           /rɪˈflekt/
softly lit (adj)                          /ˌsɒf(t)li ˈlɪt/
stuck (adj)                               /stʌk/
take care                                 /ˌteɪk ˈkeə(r)/
take notes                                /ˌteɪk ˈnəʊts/
under the weather                         /ˌʌndə(r) ðə ˈweðə(r)/
untidy (adj) ★                            /ʌnˈtaɪdi/
value (v) ★★                              /ˈvæljuː/
well lit (adj)                            /ˌwel ˈlɪt/
UNIT 8 MAKING THE GRADE
Lesson 1 - He wasn't able to get a job (pages 100-101)
admire (v) ★★                             /ədˈmaɪə(r)/
approved school (n)                       /əˈpruːvd ˌskuːl/
band (n) ★★★                              /bænd/
classical (adj) ★★                        /ˈklæsɪk(ə)l/
concerto (n)                              /kənˈtʃeə(r)təʊ/
confession (n) ★                          /kənˈfeʃ(ə)n/
crumble (n)                               /ˈkrʌmb(ə)l/
drag (v) ★★                               /dræɡ/
educate (v) ★★                            /ˈedjʊkeɪt/
entrance exam(ination) (n)                /ˈentrəns ɪgˌzæm(ɪneɪʃ(ə)n)/
equation (n) ★★                           /ɪˈkweɪʒ(ə)n/
explore (v) ★★★                           /ɪkˈsplɔː(r)/
fairly (= quite) (adv) ★★★                /ˈfeə(r)li/
fan (n) ★★                                /fæn/
instant (adj) ★★                          /ˈɪnstənt/
institute (n) ★★★                         /ˈɪnstɪˌtjuːt/
lazy (adj) ★★                             /ˈleɪzi/
mentally (adv)                            /ˈment(ə)li/
opera (n) ★★                              /ˈɒp(ə)rə/
physics (n) ★★                            /ˈfɪzɪks/
poetry (n) ★★                             /ˈpəʊɪtri/
prize-winner (n)                          /ˈpraɪzˌwɪnə(r)/
quantity (n) ★★                           /ˈkwɒntəti/
red tape (n)                              /ˌred ˈteɪp/
relativity (n)                            /ˌreləˈtɪvəti/
symphony (n) ★                            /ˈsɪmfəni/
totally (adv) ★★★                         /ˈtəʊt(ə)li/
twin (n) ★★                               /twɪn/
youth (n) ★★★                             /juːθ/
Lesson 2 - She needn't have worried (pages 102-103)
alarm (n) ★★                              /əˈlɑː(r)m/
chill-out (adj)                           /ˈtʃɪlˌaʊt/
classwork (n)                             /ˈklɑːsˌwɜː(r)k/
comfort (n) ★★                            /ˈkʌmfə(r)t/
fees (n pl)                               /fiːz/
have children                             /ˌhæv ˈtʃɪldrən/
interactive (adj) ★                       /ˌɪntərˈæktɪv/
lock (n) ★★                               /lɒk/
national curriculum (n)                   /ˌnæʃ(ə)nəl kəˈrɪkjʊləm/
primary (adj) ★★★                         /ˈpraɪməri/
school rules (n pl)                       /ˌskuːl ˈruːlz/
secondary (adj) ★★★                       /ˈsekənd(ə)ri/
solar system (n) ★                        /ˈsəʊlə(r) ˌsɪstəm/
spreadsheet (n) ★                         /ˈspredˌʃiːt/
submarine (n) ★                           /ˈsʌbməriːn, ˌsʌbməˈriːn/
timetable (n) ★★                          /ˈtaɪmˌteɪb(ə)l/
uniform (n) ★★                            /ˈjuːnɪfɔː(r)m/
whiteboard (n)                            /ˈwaɪtˌbɔː(r)d/
Lesson 3 - It made me feel great (pages 104-105)
as far as I'm concerned                   /əz ˌfɑː(r) əz aɪm kənˈsɜː(r)nd/
cash (n) ★★★                              /kæʃ/
chord (n) ★                               /kɔː(r)d/
couple (of) (n) ★★★                       /ˈkʌp(ə)l/
drive someone mad                         /ˌdraɪv sʌmwʌn ˈmæd/
finger pick (v)                           /ˈfɪŋgə ˌpɪk/
gig (n) ★                                 /ɡɪɡ/
gimmick (n)                               /ˈɡɪmɪk/
hum (v)                                   /hʌm/
influence (n) ★★★                         /ˈɪnfluəns/
It's up to you.                           /ɪts ˌʌp tə ˈjuː/
lyrics (n pl)                             /ˈlɪrɪks/
Practice makes perfect.                   /ˌpræktɪs meɪks ˈpɜː(r)fɪkt/
round the clock                           /ˌraʊnd ðə ˈklɒk/
songwriter (n)                            /ˈsɒŋˌraɪtə(r)/
take shape                                /ˌteɪk ˈʃeɪp/
tune (n) ★★                               /tjuːn/
Lesson 4 - Integrated Skills - Making an application (pages 106-107)
accommodation (n) ★★                      /əˌkɒməˈdeɪʃ(ə)n/
aftershave (n)                            /ˈɑːftə(r)ˌʃeɪv/
applicant (n) ★                           /ˈæplɪkənt/
application (for a job) (n) ★★★           /ˌæplɪˈkeɪʃ(ə)n/
carelessness (n)                          /ˈkeə(r)ləsnəs/
certificate (n) ★★                        /sə(r)ˈtɪfɪkət/
cleverness (n)                            /ˈklevə(r)nəs/
conservation (n) ★★★                      /ˌkɒnsə(r)ˈveɪʃ(ə)n/
endangered (adj)                          /ɪnˈdeɪndʒə(r)d/
expedition (n) ★★                         /ˌekspəˈdɪʃ(ə)n/
fitness (n) ★★                            /ˈfɪtnəs/
fundraise (v)                        /ˈfʌndˌreɪz/
make a contribution                  /ˌmeɪk ə kɒntrɪˈbjuːʃ(ə)n/
mother tongue (n)                    /ˈmʌðə(r) ˌtʌŋ/
nature reserve (n)                   /ˈneɪtʃə(r) rɪˌzɜː(r)v/
perfume (n) ★                        /ˈpɜː(r)fjuːm/
sadness (n) ★                        /ˈsædnəs/
short-term (adj) ★★                  /ˈʃɔː(r)tˌtɜː(r)m/
single (≠ married) (adj) ★★★         /ˈsɪŋɡ(ə)l/
swimmer (n)                          /ˈswɪmə(r)/
thoughtfulness (n)                   /ˈθɔːtf(ə)lnəs/
usefulness (n)                       /ˈjuːsf(ə)lnəs/
visualise (v)                        /ˈvɪʒʊəlaɪz/
volunteer (n) ★★                     /ˌvɒlənˈtɪə(r)/
volunteer (v) ★★                     /ˌvɒlənˈtɪə(r)/
Inspiration Extra! (pages 108-109)
classroom (n) ★★                     /ˈklɑːsˌruːm/
Review Units 7-8 (pages 110-111)
rebuild (v) ★★                       /ˌriːˈbɪld/




                                      

                                      




                                      
                                      
                                      
German Translation



säurehaltig
Werbung
mindestens
ausgewogene Ernährung
Keks
(in Flaschen) abgefüllt
Wahl
bestehen
zählen (als)
angreifen
Karies
verdauen
Trockennahrung
betonen
gleichermaßen
übertreiben
Experte/in
Fett


gesund
Bedeutung
(auf etwas) hinweisen
Junkfood
Etikett
fehlen
Margarine
Mineral
Gerücht
weder…noch
Albtraum
Portion
Protein
sauber
anerkennen
Forschung
wissenschaftlich
annehmen
Leitungswasser
Dosennahrung
Art
ungesund
Vitamin
ob


zufügen
schlagen
Schlafenszeit
aufkochen
Flaschenöffner
Schüssel
Brotmesser
(ein Telefon) aufladen
Käsereibe
hacken
clever
Kaffeemaschine
Korkenzieher
Sahne
köstlich
Gericht
abtropfen lassen
Schublade
Elektrizität
weiblich
anbraten
Bratpfanne
Ding
erzeugen
klingeln
reiben
Hitze
erhitzen
Zutat
Schlaflosigkeit
Wasserkocher
Schlüsselring
männlich
mittelgroß
Mischung
Muskel
Olivenöl
einstecken
antreiben
machen
Rezept
empfehlen
Sandwich-Maker
Topf
servieren
schlaflos
schneiden
Schlummertaste
bestreuen
rühren
speichern
kämpfen
(an etwas) leiden
durstig
Dosenöffner
Toast
Toaster
Taschenlampe
Handgelenk


Akupunktur
alternative Medizin
Aspirin
im besten Fall
im schlimmsten Fall
ruhig
Behauptung
Kritiker
gefährlich
gefährlich
Medikament
Beweis
Experiment
unecht
Schuld
dünn
Vollnarkose
harmlos
pflanzlich
Heilpflanzenspezialist
Krankheit
Krankheit
Krankheit
unabhängig
Person
einstechen
Thema
nervös
Operation am offenen Herzen
Operation
Schmerz
Patient
pharmazeutisch
Placebo-Effekt
Punkt
positiv
sich auf etwas einstellen
einträglich
Beweis
anzweifeln
Reaktion
Heilmittel
riskieren
Verkaufszahlen
ausgewählt
Sitzung
einfach
so genannt
Unterstützer
Chirurg
synthetisch
Studie


Säure
Astronaut/in
Glaube
Gehirn-Scan
verdauen
Oberkörper
behaupten
geschätzt
Verkehrsmittel
Gesundheit
Mensch
in Wirklichkeit
Sehenswürdigkeit
Blitzableiter
ganz im Gegenteil
andererseits
Umlaufbahn
besonders
Regentropfen
Wirklichkeit
gefährlich
Sprichwort
vernünftig
Quelle
Statistiken
Kraft
einschlagen
Zeug
schlucken
Verkehrsmittel
Wahrheit


Brötchen
Gen
sonnen


erreichen
grundsätzlich
Kapitalismus
Behinderung
entmutigt sein
Wirtschafts-
im Wesentlichen
Faktor
Freundschaft
großzügig
Globalisierung
Glück
Glück
im Hinblick auf
im Einklang mit
neueste
Verlierer
das Beste herausholen
materiell
materialistisch
messen
Umwelt
Netzwerk
natürlich
Möglichkeit
bewältigen
Teilnehmer
Seelenfriede
(auf etwas) Wert legen
positiv
Druck
Priorität
Gesellschaft
Zuschauer
Meinung
Reichtum



preisgekrönt
inspiriert von
bekanntester


Bronze
Seilbahn


Pappe
Abguss
gearbeitet
Sessellift


Zement
Land
Schrank
abgrenzen
direkt
zeigen


Dung
alltäglich
umsonst
Freiheit
Bande
golden
Gold
Herkunft
innen
Innere
in
Eisen
Gegenstand
ermorden
Gips


Plastik
Theaterstück
Mast
Styropor
Druck
preisgekrönt
rassistisch
wieder auftauchen
(für etwas) stehen
Gummi
Sandstein
Skulptur
Serie
Treppe
still stehen
Statue
auffallend
Symbol
Reihenhaus
Titel
Anerkennung
einzigartig
Holz


Agentur
sehen
(eine Gebühr) berechnen
doubeln
Statist
Spielfilm
rumstehen
Angebot
Außenaufnahmen
auf der Leinwand
Szene
Set
Studio
Take
zeitweise


ausstossen
künstlich
Autor/in


Chemie
Kindheit
Comic
bauen


erschaffen
Schöpfung
Geschöpf
sich amüsieren
Ausbruch
Kampfpilot
entsetzt
Schauermärchen
unglaublich
drinnen
verletzen
inspirieren
kommunizieren
nachforschen
gewaltig
Monster
Roman
vorig
stolz
veröffentlichen
Science Fiction
betreten
übernehmen
in Todesangst sein
fangen
vulkanisch
warnen (vor etwas)


Werbespot
Überraschung
Streit
Organisation
Equipment
seitdem
Entschuldigung
Fährmann
Volkserzählung
murren
kaum
Hütte
Wissen
Bewegung
merkwürdig
Honorar
Dichter/in
rudern
herum rennen
glänzend
Fach
Oberfläche
Behandlung
Universität
elegant angezogen
poliert
klug


regelmäßig


Führerschein
Substanz



exakt
ungefähr
erstaunlich
Urknall
Äquator
ausdehnen
weit
weiter
am weitesten
größtenteils
Lichtjahr
Mondbesuch
Organismus
Sauerstoff
schnell
(sich) drehen
Raumfahrzeug
Weltraumspaziergang
Trillion
Universum


Blog
Boden
Schornstein
Krebs
Riss
Tiefe
absinken
Entdeckung
stören
verdampfen
Grüße
hydrothermale Quellen
geschmolzen
Miesmuschel
Marine
Beobachter
spähen
Regenbogen
salzig
Meeresboden
einen Rekord aufstellen
Shrimp
großzügig
Tauchfahrzeug
Graben
unter Wasser
unerwartet
während


Außerirdischer
Aluminium
unter
Basis
sinken
Kontakt
(die Tage) zählen
abheben
fällig
Aufzug
Preis
Enkelkind (Enkelkinder)
warten
luxuriös
abbauen
umkreisen
vor dem Flug
Herstellung
registrieren
Gerücht
Weltraumbahnhof
abheben
Schwerelosigkeit


Leistung
Handlung
gegen
als Ergebnis
Versuch
Bakterien
Biologe/in
Breitband
Rundfunkübertragung
Kette des Lebens
Chemie-
Chemiker/in
Kommunikationssatellit
infolgedessen
kontrollieren
kontrovers
abkühlen
Erzeugung
Wölbung
Entscheidung
zerstörerisch
Entwicklung
Diskussion
Krankheit
Ingenieur/in
Evolution
entwickeln
Erreger
Einfluss
ungenau
ansteckend
ansteckend
injizieren
führen
Flüssigkeit
Längengrad
medizinisch
Meridian
Pasteurisieren
pasteurisiert
perfekt
Erlaubnis
Pestizid
Physiker/in
bahnbrechend
Verschmutzung
Besitztum
verhindern
Protest
Radar
Radiowelle
Lernen
Signal
melden
Lösung
SOS
sauer
erfolgreich
Maßnahmen ergreifen
dank…
Theorie
daher
transatlantisch
Übertragung
senden
Sender
Impfung
Reise
mild
berechnen


zugänglich
Ziel
Flugzeug
jährlich
Anwendung
Vorteil
Linsentrübung
beschichten
vergleichen
Komponente
verschmutzen
kulturell
erkennen
Elektromagnet
Flosse
konzentrieren
Schwerkraft
Buckelwal
wasserabstossend
zunehmen
einbeziehen
veröffentlichen
Jury
magnetisch
Methode
optisch
mündlich
Herkunft
Farbschicht
Leistung
Sensor
Ähnlichkeit
Sozialwissenschaft
Software
normal


Stahl
einreichen
Methode
transportieren
Windschutzscheibe
Scheibenwischer



Fortschritt
durchführen
Manager
Funktion
leuchten
stoppen
Schwindel
Haushalt
Hinweis
schlüssellos
Lebenserwartung
Microchip
(etwas) verpassen
Atomenergie
erreichbar
total
(auf etwas) hinweisen
Pulszahl
Forscher/in
in den Ruhestand gehen
Ruhestand
gering
Technologie
Impfstoff
ausrotten
drahtlos
Armbanduhr


Sobald
Atmosphäre
ausgleichen
Kohlendioxid
Kohlendioxidemission
Klimaschutzprojekt
Ursache
Rückgang
sinken
Wüste
desertieren
Dürre
Energiekrise
schätzen
Export
exportieren
Dünger
Hochwasser
(finanziell) unterstützen
Erderwärmung
Treibhausgas
Import
importieren
Zunahme
nicht mehr nur
ausgleichen
Organisation
Erlaubnis
erlauben
pflanzen
Polarkappe
Erzeugnis
Verdächtiger
verdächtigen
Bedrohung
es sei denn
wann immer


Wandern gehen
handgeschnitzt
Hippie
theoretisch
verrückt
magisch
auf dem Landweg
Tempo
Paradie
der ganze Sinn
krank




Argument
bewusst werden
Großkonzerne
Vorsitzender
den Vorsitz führen
aneinander geraten
entscheidend
Grausamkeit
Debatte
Demokratie
Demonstration
konkrete Maßnahmen
wählen
Wahl
(etwas) ist sehr wichtig
erstens
für und gegen
zum Beispiel
befreien
entführen
Menschheit
Hungerstreik
außerdem
zustimmen
in Übereinstimmung
einen Fall vorbringen
Marsch
moralisch
Antrag
Sachbücher
bügelfrei
Gewaltlosigkeit
gewaltlos
Gegner
gegen argumentieren
teilweise
politisch
Politiker/in
einbringen
Protestler
Bekanntheit
Rassentrennung
Repräsentant
zweitens
Sit-In
zusammenfassen
eine Entscheidung treffen
zur Kenntnis nehmen
drittens
Gewalt
Stimme
stimmen
ausgewogen
Walfang
Walfangschiff
darüber hinaus…


Benzin
ausgehen


protestieren



Festnahme
versuchen
Fass
Bischof
in die Luft jagen
Katholik (adj. katholisch)
Decke
Keller
einstürzen
Verschwörer
zerspringen
Zerstörung
hinrichten
Explosion
Sprengstoff
Bauernhaus
flach machen
mit etwas davonkommen
Schießpulver
Houses of Parliament
Lotterie
MP (Mitglied des Parlaments)
Adeliger/e
verfolgen
Verschwörung
züchten
auf frischer Tat ertappt
anzünden
anfangen


(an etwas) gewöhnt sein
Kanonenkugel
Persönlichkeit
Mannschaft
Universitätsabschluss
kompliziert
Hof
Akte
fest
fit
Flugbegleiter/in
kennen lernen
grinsen
Regeln
Frisur
in letzter Zeit
zuschauen
Maß
Muster
körperlich
Qualifikation
(sich auf etwas) beziehen


freisetzen
empfindlich
Waschbecken


festsetzen
strikt
beaufsichtigen
Becken
unbeschädigt
Wachs
wohlgenährt
bereit (sein)
Jacht


entführen
Flugsicherungszentrale
einen Rekord schlagen
Überquerung
wagemutig
Notlandung
Treibstoff
in der Luft
Einsatz
Navigator
keiner
Pionier
alle Rekorde brechend
Suchaktion
abschiessen
wenig
Schneesturm
Allein-
alleine
Spekulation
Spion
Spur
verbrauchen


verkündigen
Mittelstürmer
Verein
beichten
mutig
zweite Liga
heraus finden
Tor


rausfliegen
Spiel
giftig
ziemlich
Profi-
qualifizieren
Viertelfinale
Runde
erzielen
Trennung
kurzhaarig
abergläubisch
überraschend
täuschen
Ödland
bekannt
wogegen


Bankangestellter/in
Schalterbeamter/in
erneuern
wechseln
wechseln
Tagesrückfahrkarte
Doppelzimmer
Tausch
passen
Fünfer
ausfüllen
mit (etwas) runtergehen
limettengrün
passen
Ganz und gar nicht.
bleich
Gleis
eventuell
Quittung
Empfangsmitarbeiter/in
Reservierung
Rückfahrkarte
Einzelzimmer
Einzelfahrkarte
stehen
Zehner
eng
ausprobieren
Zwanziger
Dürfte ich…?



Impfung
raten
Gang
die Meinung ändern
kommt nicht in Frage
Sarong
Laken
scharf
eine Tablette nehmen
über etwas reden
Handtuch
herum laufen


im Ausland
Kuchen
Kasse
Besteck
feucht
Sauce
Bratensauce
zögern
Heimatland
eisgekühlt
Ketchup
größtenteils
Speisekarte
Serviette
weg gehen
wieder entdecken
anmerken
Seitenstraße
leicht
Spezialgericht
freundlich
Tablett
unangenehm
Kellnerin
wischen
wickeln
Gern geschehen.


benehmen
Verhalten


einbrechen
auftauen
liefern
chemisch reinigen
tauschen
Feedback
ausfüllen
Tiefkühlschrank
nachgeben
installieren
untersuchen
sinnvoll
geizig
Land
ingesamt
pflücken
Höflichkeit
Höflichkeit
Platten
abgeschieden
reparieren
verantwortungsvoll
überholen
kleckern
Tischdecke
aufnehmen
Trinkgeld
Trinkgeld geben
Schlauch
verwandeln
kürzen



Gap Year
Lebensmittel
faulenzen
offensichtlich
ursprünglich
voll
Verwandter
leihen
sparen


Schnorcheln
herausstellen


gut durch
gut angezogen
wohlhabend
gut bezahlt



erlauben
entlassen werden
ständig
Deck
Fortschritte machen
Arbeitgeber/in


Idiom
idiomatisch
Jet
Jumbo
Weiter so.
wissen, wie es läuft
nautisch
aufhängen
neu bemalen
ersetzen
Sack
Regal (pl Regale)
Federball
Slang
Werkzeug
verknacksen
ungewöhnlich


anerkennen
Astronom/in
Atom
verleihen
einen Nutzen ziehen
hervorragend
Krebs
Kollege
Komet
verdienen


verbieten
ehren
anfangs
ironischerweise
Kernspaltung
überreden
Vorurteil
Pulsar
Anerkennung
Wert


Busfahrer/in
zurück rufen
unterbrechen
Jahrzehnt
Wert
besetzt
Unternehmer/in
weiter machen
steigen
warten
anstoßen
Festnetz
Leitung
ein Geschäft abschliessen
Methode
Besitz
weitergeben
kriegen
verbinden
errichten
Revolution
anrufen
sozial
Soziologe/Soziologin
beschleunigen
Straßenverkäufer/in
Bezieher
Vertrag
Telekommunikation
Gebäude
überweisen
verändern
Nutzer


Dialekt
aussterben
Katastrophe
Aussterben
fließend
Wachstum
ein halbes Dutzend
zunehmend
Killer
Linguist
Minderheit
Mord
Maßnahme
neu schaffen
abspielen
neu erzählen
umschreiben
Status
Ausdruck


Erscheinung
blockieren
brainstormen
Kombination
kreativ
Kreativität
Kritik
defensiv
Dialog
charakteristisch
Bewertung
notieren
Internet-Forum


aufschreiben
Möglichkeit
persönlich
posten
neu anordnen
widerspiegeln
sanft beleuchtet
steckengeblieben
auf etwas achten
Notizen machen


unordentlich
schätzen
hell beleuchtet



bewundern
Erziehungsheim
Band
klassisch
Konzert
Geständnis
Crumble
zerren
weiterbilden
Aufnahmeprüfung
Gleichung
erforschen
ziemlich
Fan
sofortig
Institut
faul
geistig
Oper
Physik
Gedichte
Preisgewinner
Menge
Bürokratie
Relativität
Symphonie
vollkommen
Zwilling
Jugend


Alarmsignal
chill-out
Schularbeit
Bequemlichkeit
Gebühr
Kinder kriegen
interaktiv
Schloß
Lehrplan
Grundschule
Schulregeln
weiterführende Schule
Sonnensystem
Spreadsheet
U-Boot
Stundenplan
Uniform
Whiteboard


was mich betrifft
Geld
Akkord
ein paar
in den Wahnsinn treiben
(Saiten) zupfen
Auftritt
Trick
Summen
Einfluß
es liegt an dir.
Text
Übung macht den Meister
rund um die Uhr
Liedermacher
entwickeln
Melodie


Unterkunft
Aftershave
Bewerber
Bewerbung
Achtlosigkeit
Bestätigung
Klugheit
Erhaltung
gefährdet
Expedition
Fitness
Geldmittel beschaffen
sich beteiligen
Muttersprache
Naturschutzgebiet
Parfum
Traurigkeit
kurzfristig
Single
Schwimmer
Rücksichtsnahme
Nutzen
vorstellen
ehrenamtlicher Helfer
freiwillig helfen


Klassenzimmer


wieder aufbauen
Example Sentence



Diet drinks are often acidic and so they can be bad for your teeth.
Advertising tries to tell us what we should buy.
We need to eat at least five portions of fruit and vegetables a day.
A balanced diet should include fresh fruit and vegetables.
A vegetarian diet consisting of chips and biscuits is very unhealthy.
Bottled water is purer than tap water.
A “low fat” food label does not necessarily indicate a healthy choice.
A vegetarian diet that consists of chips and biscuits is very unhealthy.
Fruit juice only counts as one portion of fruit.
Fruit juice contains sugar, which can damage your teeth.
Diet drinks are often acidic, which means they can cause tooth decay.
It isn't true that it takes seven years to digest chewing gum.
Dried food is just as healthy as fresh food.
People were emphasising the importance of fresh fruit and vegetables 50 years ago.
Fresh fruit and dried fruit are equally healthy.
The media often exaggerate when reporting scientific research.
Experts disagree with each other about what healthy eating is.
Margarine contains less fat than butter.
Margarine contains less fat than butter – fact or fiction?
Dried fruit is not as healthy as fresh fruit.
Experts were emphasising the importance of fruit and vegetables over 50 years ago.
A “low fat” food label does not necessarily indicate a healthy choice.
Eating a lot of junk food is very bad for you.
A “low fat” food label does not necessarily indicate a healthy choice.
The only thing which dried fruit lacks, and fresh fruit has, is Vitamin C.
Margarine contains less fat than butter.
Vegetarians should eat food containing the protein, vitamins and minerals that meat has.
The idea that bottled water is purer than tap water is a popular myth.
Neither fruit juice nor diet drinks are bad for your teeth.
Eating cheese before you go to bed gives you nightmares.
We need to eat at least five portions of fruit and vegetables a day.
Vegetarians should eat food containing the protein, vitamins and minerals that meat has.
Bottled water is purer than tap water.
If you recognise something, you accept that it is true or important.
The media often exaggerate when reporting scientific research.
The media often exaggerate when reporting scientific research.
People suppose “low” products are OK, but it's not necessarily true.
Bottled water is purer than tap water.
Tinned food is just as healthy as fresh food.
Types of food like “low” products are often very high in fat to start with.
A vegetarian diet consisting of chips and biscuits is very unhealthy.
Vitamins A, C and E are good for your health.
It doesn't matter whether the fruit and vegetables are fresh, frozen, tinned or dried.


Add the white wine and turn down the heat.
Beat the eggs and cream together using a fork.
I like to read a book at bedtime.
Boil 3–4 litres of water in a saucepan.
You will need a bottle opener to open that bottle of lemonade.
Beat the eggs and cream together in a bowl.
A bread knife is used for slicing bread.
You can charge your mobile battery by plugging in the phone charger.
A cheese grater is used for grating cheese.
Chop the onions and bacon into small pieces.
It's a clever gadget for opening bottles.
A coffee maker is used for making coffee.
A corkscrew is used for opening bottles that are closed with a cork.
Beat the eggs and cream together using a fork.
The sandwich toaster comes with lots of delicious recipes.
Spaghetti carbonara is a famous Italian dish.
When the pasta is cooked, drain it to remove the water and add the onions and bacon.
The toaster is small enough to fit in a kitchen drawer.
The ball generates and stores electricity.
36% of the scientists were female and 64% were male.
Heat the oil in a frying pan and fry the onions and bacon slowly.
A frying pan is used for frying food.
It looks like a door key, but in fact it's a clever gadget for opening bottles.
The football generates and stores electricity.
When the alarm clock goes off, a lot of people just press the snooze button.
Grate the cheese and sprinkle it on the pasta.
Add the white wine and turn down the heat.
Heat the oil in a frying pan and fry the onions and bacon slowly.
Mix all the ingredients in a large bowl.
If you suffer from insomnia, you find it difficult to go to sleep at night.
A kettle is used for boiling water.
You can keep this bottle opener on your key ring with your keys.
36% of the scientists were female and 64% were male.
You need two medium onions, or one very large one, for making Spaghetti Carbonara.
Then stir in the egg, cream and cheese mixture.
We don't use all our muscles at the same time.
Heat the olive oil in a frying pan.
You can charge your mobile battery by plugging in the phone charger.
The electricity stored in the ball can be used to power an LED light.
This sandwich toaster produces perfect toasted sandwiches.
This cookery book has a lot of very good recipes in it.
Experts recommend walking 10,000 steps a day.
This sandwich toaster produces perfect toasted sandwiches.
Boil 3–4 litres of water in a saucepan.
Sprinkle with the rest of the Parmesan cheese and serve immediately.
I am always tired because I have so many sleepless nights.
To make toast, you have to slice the bread first.
Pressing the snooze button on your alarm clock means you can sleep for a little longer.
Sprinkle with the rest of the Parmesan cheese and serve immediately.
Put the spaghetti in the boiling water, add salt and stir with a spoon for a few seconds.
It's a football that generates and stores electricity.
I always struggle to get up in the morning – I always want to carry on sleeping.
If you suffer from insomnia, you find it difficult to go to sleep at night.
The sensible thing is to drink regularly so you don't get thirsty.
A tin opener is used for opening tins.
You need bread if you're going to make toast.
The sandwich toaster is for toasting sandwiches.
You can make a torch work by plugging it into the ball.
You wear this gadget on your wrist like a watch.


Acupuncture involves inserting fine needles into the body to heal pain and illness.
Alternative medicine is thousands of years older than modern medicine.
If you have a headache, you should take an aspirin.
Much so-called alternative medicine is at best harmless and at worst dangerous.
Much so-called alternative medicine is at best harmless and at worst dangerous.
I pretended to be calm although I couldn't help feeling worried.
Independent scientists want to see proof of the claims for alternative medicine.
Supporters of alternative medicine say its critics are influenced by pharmaceutical companies.
Much so-called alternative medicine is at best harmless and at worst dangerous.
It's not safe – in fact it's quite dangerous.
The first synthetic drug, aspirin, only dates from 1899.
There is evidence that when the media report direct action politicians listen.
The experiment tells us that when people expect to get better, they often do.
One group of patients had normal operations; the other had fake operations.
Herbal medicine didn't stop my father smoking but that's probably his fault.
Acupuncture involves inserting fine needles into the body.
A young Chinese woman had open-heart surgery without a general anaesthetic.
Much so-called alternative medicine is at best harmless and at worst dangerous.
Herbal medicine involves treating illness and pain with natural remedies.
Herbalists treat pain and illnesses with natural remedies.
Herbal medicine involves treating illness and pain with natural remedies.
He had a serious illness and needed to have an operation.
Illness is the state of being ill or having a disease.
Independent scientists are not influenced by anyone else.
Herbalists spend time with patients and treat them as individuals.
Acupuncture involves inserting fine needles into the body.
If we feel strongly about an issue, we should make our case with the elected representatives.
All footballers get nervous before a match.
A young Chinese woman had open-heart surgery without a general anaesthetic.
One group of patients had normal knee operations; the other had fake knee operations.
Acupuncture can often help people with back pain.
Herbalists treat their patients as individuals.
Pharmaceutical companies make and sell medicine.
The placebo effect is when an ill person gets better without receiving 'real' treatment.
Fine needles are inserted at selected points in the body.
Both groups had the same positive results from their operations.
Herbalists are prepared to spend more time with patients than modern doctors.
Pharmaceutical companies are worried about losing sales of their very profitable drugs.
Experts want to see proof from scientific tests.
Scientists question whether there is proper research evidence for the claims.
The needles appear to change the brain's reaction to pain.
Herbalists treat pain and illnesses with natural remedies.
I wouldn't risk going to an all-night party without telling my parents.
Pharmaceutical companies are worried about losing sales of their very profitable drugs.
Fine needles are inserted at selected points in the body.
I was worried about going for my first acupuncture session.
What the experiment tells us is simply this: when people expect to get better, they often do.
Much so-called alternative medicine is at best harmless and at worst dangerous.
Supporters of alternative medicine say its critics are influenced by pharmaceutical companies.
The surgeon cut the knee open and then closed it again.
The first synthetic drug, aspirin, only dates from 1899.
A major medical trial compared the reactions of patients to real and fake operations.


Spinach contains an acid which stops the body absorbing most of the iron.
Astronauts in space cannot see the Great Wall of China.
The belief about the Great Wall of China is common but it is false.
A brain scan is a medical test that uses special equipment to make an image of your brain.
Chewing gum is more difficult for our stomachs to break down than other things we eat.
More rain hits your chest when you run than when you walk.
Popeye claimed his strength came from eating spinach.
The estimated number of people who have died in the last 5,000 years is about 6 billion.
Flying is relatively safe; there is a greater chance of accidents in other forms of transport.
Vitamins A, C and E are good for your health.
Modern humans appeared on Earth around 100,000 years ago.
People think that if you run you will get less wet, but in reality, you get wetter by running.
The Great Wall of China is a famous landmark, but you can't see it from the moon.
The building is designed as a lightning conductor to stop lightning from hitting other buildings.
People say that lightning never strikes the same place twice, but, on the contrary, it often does.
If you run you'll get wetter. But, on the other hand, you'll get out of the rain more quickly.
Astronauts can see the Great Wall before leaving the earth's orbit.
Spinach isn't a particularly good source of iron.
People believe that fewer raindrops land on them if they run when it's raining.
People think that if you run you will get less wet, but in reality, you get wetter by running.
Many people are afraid of flying because they believe it's risky.
A British saying is that if you want to eat the fruit, you must first climb the tree.
The sensible thing is to drink regularly so you don't get thirsty.
Spinach isn't a particularly good source of iron.
Statistics show that flying is safer than crossing the road.
Popeye claimed his strength came from eating spinach.
Lightning never strikes the same place twice.
The story was invented to stop children swallowing the stuff.
The idea was probably invented to stop children swallowing chewing gum.
Planes are safer than other forms of transport, such as cars and buses.
The truth is that astronauts can't see the Great Wall from the moon.


The waitress put a basket of hot bread rolls in front of me.
You can't change your genes – you're born with them.
I like the beach because I love sunbathing and swimming.


If someone is successful, it's because they have achieved their own goals.
Society in the East is basically more conservative.
Capitalism is an economic system controlled by individuals and private companies.
A person with a disability cannot use a part of their body or brain properly.
Don't be discouraged by failure – learn from your mistakes.
Capitalism is an economic system controlled by individuals and private companies.
Happiness and peace of mind are essentially the same thing.
Friendship and family are important factors for happiness.
Friendship and family are important factors for happiness.
Generous people are happy to give their money or time to help people.
In the age of globalisation, the world has become like a large village.
Happiness is essentially peace of mind.
Happiness is the feeling of being happy.
People often measure success in terms of how much money they have.
We should care about our environment and try to live in tune with nature.
The assistant told me lime green was the latest colour.
In any sport there can only be one winner, but there are lots of losers.
Education gives you the opportunity to make the most of your life.
Happiness is not about material goods – whether you have the best car, mobile phone etc.
It's hard not to be materialistic when there is so much pressure to buy things.
People often measure success in terms of how much money they have.
We should care about our environment and try to live in harmony with nature.
Family, friendship and community networks are important in our society.
Obviously, you are likely to want to drink more when the weather is hot.
Education gives you the opportunity to make the most of your life.
If you overcome a problem, you succeed in dealing with it.
I enjoy sports, as a participant and as a spectator.
Happiness is essentially peace of mind – not having to worry about anything.
People place a high value on material possessions like cars and mobile phones.
The key to success is to think positively and keep trying.
It's hard not to be materialistic when there is so much pressure to buy things.
Being rich and famous isn't my priority – there are more important things.
Family, friendship and community networks are important in our society.
I enjoy sports, as a participant and as a spectator.
Different teenagers have different views on happiness and success.
Wealth – the amount of money and possessions you have – is not a measure of happiness.



Her first public sculpture was the award-winning sculpture of the inside of a house.
Many of his sculptures are based on his own body.
Benjamin Zephaniah is Britain's best-known rap poet.
Roman Standard is a bronze sculpture of a bird.
Emin's bird sculpture is made of a hard brown metal called bronze.
You can travel in a cable car to go to the top of the mountain.
Rachel Whiteread creates cardboard sculptures.
Rachel Whiteread creates sculptures with everyday domestic materials such as cardboard.
House is a concrete cast of the inside of a terraced house in London.
The boxes are cast from ten different cardboard boxes.
We sat on a chair lift to go to the top of the mountain.
Her first public sculpture was a concrete cast of the inside of a terraced house.
The cast of the award-winning House was made of concrete.
I don't like living in a big city. I prefer the countryside.
Rachel creates unusual sculptures of the empty spaces inside cupboards and rooms.
She uses different materials to define the spaces around or inside objects.
The bird sculpture disappears if you stand directly in front of it.
His work is often displayed outside, in the countryside.
She creates unusual sculptures of everyday domestic items like tables and chairs.
He uses elephant dung in his paintings as a symbol of his African heritage.
She creates unusual sculptures of everyday domestic items like tables and chairs.
Ofili stands his paintings on elephant dung, which he gets free of charge from London Zoo.
Birds represent freedom because they can move wherever they want by flying.
Stephen Lawrence was murdered by a gang of people who were racists.
Something that is gold is made of a valuable yellow metal.
Gold is a valuable yellow metal used for making jewellery.
He uses elephant dung in his paintings as a symbol of his African heritage.
My body is the only part of the material world that I live inside.
It's a concrete cast of the inside of a house in east London.
Rachel creates unusual sculptures of the empty spaces inside cupboards and rooms.
Antony Gormley works with a hard metal called iron to make unique sculptures.
She creates unusual sculptures of everyday domestic items.
Stephen Lawrence was murdered by a racist gang.
Whiteread uses materials like plaster, polystyrene or rubber to define the space inside the objects.
Whiteread recently created a huge sculpture consisting of 14,000 white plastic boxes.
The 14,000 boxes were made of plastic.
The actress has been rehearsing a new play since last week.
The bird sculpture stands on top of a four-metre high pole.
Whiteread uses materials like plaster, polystyrene or rubber to define the space inside the objects.
Emin has been making a series of drawings and prints of birds since 1992.
Prize-winning artist Chris Ofili uses elephant dung in his paintings.
He was murdered by a racist gang.
The bird disappears if you stand in front of it, and only reappears if you move to the left or right.
Emin believes that birds represent freedom.
Whiteread uses materials like plaster, polystyrene or rubber to define the space inside the objects.
Sandstone is a soft yellow stone made from sand that has become hard over many years.
Andy works with natural materials like wood and stone to make unique sculptures.
Emin has been making a series of drawings and prints of birds since 1992.
The staircase takes you from the first floor to the second floor of the building.
“Has he been standing completely still?” “No, he moved once – I got a terrible shock.”
You must be able to stand very still for a long time to perform as a living statue?
A striking example of Gormley's work is 'Horizon Field'.
He uses elephant dung in his paintings as a symbol of his African heritage.
A terraced house is a house in a row of similar houses that are joined together.
No Woman No Cry is the title of a Bob Marley song.
The painting is a tribute to the family of a boy who was killed by a racist gang.
Antony Gormley works with iron to make unique sculptures.
Tables and chairs are usually made of wood.


To get work, you need to join an agency.
You may catch sight of some stars – but no autographs or photographs.
The agency will charge 15% of the £75 or so a day you are paid.
My best job was doubling for Penelope Cruz.
Britain's most popular temporary job is being a film extra.
Spielberg directed his first feature film in 1971.
It's good money but there's a lot of hanging about as usual.
He has had plenty of offers of work since he joined the agency.
We're on location today instead of filming in the studio.
In what other job can you work with a Hollywood name and see yourself on screen a year later?
There may be several “takes” for each scene in the film.
My phone's been ringing non-stop (not when I'm on set of course!).
We're on location today instead of filming in the studio.
There may be several “takes” for each scene in the film.
Britain's most popular temporary job is being a film extra.


He was horrified by the monster he had made, and he abandoned him – leaving him all alone.
GM crops use artificial fertilizers and chemicals, so they pollute the atmosphere.
The author Mary Shelley wrote the best-selling story when she was a teenager.
JK Rowling is the author of the best-selling Harry Potter books.
Chemistry is the scientific study of the structure and behaviour of substances.
He spent a great deal of his childhood travelling abroad with his parents.
Batman and Superman meet each other in a Superman comic story.
Frankenstein used parts of dead bodies to construct a giant man.
In 1940 Dahl, who was a pilot, crash-landed in his aeroplane and was badly injured.
Frankenstein was a scientiest who created a monster.
Frankenstein wanted to destroy his creation because it was like a monster.
Frankenstein was horrified by the creature that he had made.
They each agreed to make up a story to entertain themselves because they couldn't go out.
The weather was bad because there had been a volcanic eruption that year.
A fighter pilot flies a military plane that is designed for battles with other planes.
Frankenstein was horrified by the creature that he had made.
They each agreed to make up a horror story to entertain themselves.
The monster was incredibly ugly and nobody wanted to look at him.
It was raining outside, so they had to stay indoors.
In 1940 Dahl, who was a pilot, crash-landed in his aeroplane and was badly injured.
Mary Shelley's story has inspired over 50 films.
The monster tried to interact with other people, but everyone was terrified of him.
If you investigate something, you try to find out the truth about it.
There had been a massive volcanic eruption in Indonesia the previous year.
It's the story of a scientist who created a monster.
Frankenstein is often described as the first ever science fiction novel.
There had been a massive volcanic eruption in Indonesia the previous year.
Frankenstein wasn't proud of the monster that he had made.
When the first Harry Potter book was published it was an instant best-seller.
Frankenstein is often described as the first ever science fiction novel.
One day a well-dressed professor with a shiny briefcase stepped into his boat.
The ferryman had taken over the job from his father when he was still a young boy.
Everyone was terrified by the monster because he was so big and ugly.
The friends were trapped indoors because the weather was cold and rainy.
There had been a massive volcanic eruption in Indonesia the previous year.
The story of Frankenstein warns of the dangers of creating artificial life.


He was an extra in a TV advertisement for a new car.
To her amazement, she got a job as an extra.
I don't want to have an argument, so let's agree to disagree.
When can we meet up to discuss the holiday arrangements?
There were lots of cameras and lighting equipment in the studio.
I wrote about three pages a day and that's what I've done ever since.
“There's no excuse for not learning,” said the professor.
The ferryman began to row his passenger across the river.
He enjoyed telling folk tales, ghost stories and Greek myths.
Although life was hard, he never grumbled or complained.
The money he made from the ferry was hardly enough to feed his family.
There was once an old ferryman who lived in a hut by the River Ganges.
There was so much knowledge hidden in books which he had never learnt.
As an artist, he's interested in movement and light.
“I've not had any luck yet.” “That's odd! My phone's been ringing non-stop.”
The agency takes 15% of the payment you receive.
Benjamin Zephaniah is Britain's best-known rap poet.
The ferryman began to row his boat across the river.
It seemed to him that city people spent all their lives rushing about.
One day a well-dressed professor with a shiny briefcase climbed into his boat.
An inspiring teacher is enthusiastic and makes you love their subject.
In July 1969, two men walked on the surface of the moon.
Private medical treatment is very expensive.
The ferryman hadn't been to school or university.
One day a well-dressed professor with a shiny briefcase climbed into his boat.
The professor was wearing a smart suit and well-polished shoes.
People said that he was wise and often asked for his advice.


The sensible thing is to drink regularly so you don't get thirsty.


By the time he got his driving licence, he had been driving for five years.
Margarine is a yellow substance like butter.



We can say more accurately that humans appeared on Earth two million years ago.
Approximately how old is the universe?
The Earth weighs an astonishing six billion trillion tonnes.
Scientists disagree about exactly when the Big Bang which created the universe happened.
The Earth rotates most quickly at the equator.
The universe has been expanding rapidly ever since the Big Bang.
The distance from the surface of the Earth to the centre is as far as from New York to Moscow.
Which is further? From New York to Moscow or from the surface to the centre of the earth.
Which city is the furthest from where you live? Manchester, London or Brighton?
Animals and plants are largely made up of water.
We can measure distances in space in light years.
The first moonwalk was from Apollo 11 on 21 July 1969.
Organisms began to breathe oxygen 400,000,000 years ago.
Organisms began to breathe oxygen 400,000,000 years ago.
The universe has been expanding rapidly ever since the Big Bang.
The Earth rotates most quickly at the equator.
The astronauts left their spacecraft, Apollo 12, for a walk on the surface of the moon.
The first two spacewalks took place in 1965.
The Earth weighs an astonishing six billion trillion tonnes.
Scientists disagree about exactly when the Big Bang which created the universe happened.


A blog is a type of diary that appears on a website.
When the submersible touched the bottom, it disturbed a fish.
The bottom of the sea is covered with “chimneys” up to 20 metres high.
Thousands of crabs, mussels and fish live around the “chimneys”.
Water goes slowly down through tiny cracks in the sea bed.
The average depth of the sea is 3.86 kilometres.
They set a world record by descending 183 metres below the surface of the ocean.
Hydrothermal vents are a recent discovery that we still don't know a lot about.
When the submersible touched the bottom it disturbed a fish.
Why doesn't the sea get saltier when millions of litres of water evaporate every day?
Greetings from a research ship in the Azores.
Hydrothermal vents are a recent discovery that we still don't know a lot about.
Molten rock is rock that has become liquid because it is very hot.
Thousands of crabs, mussels and fish live around the “chimneys”.
A two-man US Navy team dived to the deepest underwater point on Earth.
I am an observer – I am here to watch what happens.
As I peered down I realised I was looking toward a world of life.
They are yellow, red, orange, green, blue – you can see why they're called rainbow vents.
Why doesn't the sea get saltier when millions of litres of water evaporate every day?
We're over 2,000 metres down now and near the sea bed.
In 1930 Charles William Beebe and Otis Barton set a world record by descending 183 metres.
Thousands of shrimps, crabs, mussels and fish live around the “chimneys”.
The room is very spacious – it can hold up to fifty people.
When the submersible touched the bottom it disturbed a fish.
A trench is a long narrow valley at the bottom of the sea.
The Mariana Trench in the western Pacific is the deepest underwater place on Earth.
What a fantastic sight! It's so unexpected.
The women's team reached the finals, while the men's team were knocked out in the first round.


Do you think that aliens could have abducted Earhart and Noonan?
Aluminium is a light-silver coloured metal.
Angelina Jolie and Brad Pitt are among the 370 people who have put their names down to fly.
In the 2040s there'll be a moon base the size of a small village.
I'm sure the cost of space flights will come down so that ordinary people can afford them.
Do you think that from 2051 we'll make contact with aliens?
Believe it or not, we're counting down to the first space tourist flight.
Their flight departs at 6pm on Saturday.
The Virgin Galactic Spaceship is due for lift-off soon.
Do you think there'll be a space elevator to take us to the moon in the 2030s?
What else will the $200,000 fare to fly into space include?
Perhaps our children or our grandchildren will spend their holidays on the moon.
Hang on, don't get too excited – the cost of the space tourist flight won't be cheap.
Every passenger will have large windows and luxurious seats.
Do you think there will be mining for metals on the moon between 2016 and 2020?
Perhaps our grandchildren will have honeymoons in a hotel orbiting Venus.
The holiday will include pre-flight training.
Factories in space will start production in 2050.
Three hundred and seventy people have already put their names down.
There are rumours that Angelina Jolie and Brad Pitt are among them.
Later, there'll be a spaceport in New Mexico where passengers can take their space flight from.
The Virgin Galactic Spaceship Enterprise is due to take off soon.
It must be strange to experience weightlessness – floating freely in the air.


Marconi's achievement was so extraordinary that at first people didn't believe it.
Everyone can take action to protect the environment.
It's not against the law to take photographs.
As a result of his work we have seen the development of broadcasting and communications.
His last attempt to win the prize for inventing a clock was a clock called H1.
He discovered there were germs called bacteria which caused liquids to turn sour.
A biologist is a scientist who studies living things.
Broadband transmission makes internet communication extremely fast.
As a result of his work we have seen the development of broadcasting and communications.
Carson wrote about the destructive effect of pesticides on the chain of life.
After writing Silent Spring she was attacked by the chemical industry.
A chemist is a scientist who studies chemistry – the study of the structure of substances.
We have seen the development of communications satellites, radar etc as a result of his work.
Consequently, the US government took action to control the use of pesticides.
The US government started to take action to control the use of pesticides in agriculture.
Carson's book was controversial and, as a result, she was attacked by the chemical industry.
Pasteurisation kills the bacteria by boiling and then cooling the liquid.
Creation is the act of creating something.
Most scientists believed that radio waves would not follow the curve of the earth's surface.
A decision is a choice that you make after thinking carefully.
Rachel Carson wrote a controversial book about the destructive effects of pesticides.
As a result of his work we have seen the development of broadcasting and communications.
Do you prefer writing or discussion?
Most infectious diseases are caused by germs in the air.
Engineers design of build things such as machines or bridges.
The impact of the book was so enormous it was compared with Darwin's theory of evolution.
Humpback whales have evolved over millions of years.
Most infectious diseases are caused by germs in the air.
The impact of the book was so enormous it was compared with Darwin's theory of evolution.
The clock was inaccurate – it was later than they thought.
Most infectious diseases are caused by germs in the air.
My cold's getting better – I don't think I'm infectious now.
Vaccination prevents some illnesses by injecting weak forms of the disease into the blood.
Pasteur's discovery led to his “germ theory of disease”.
He discovered there were germs called bacteria which caused liquids such as milk to turn sour.
They couldn't measure longitude – the distance east or west of an imaginary vertical line.
Louis Pasteur made one of the most important discoveries in medical history.
The meridian is an imaginary line that goes around the earth from the top to the bottom.
Pasteurisation involves killing bacteria by boiling and then cooling the liquid.
Most dairy products today are pasteurised.
The clock he invented worked perfectly.
Permission is the right to do something that is given to you by someone else.
Farmers use pesticides to kill insects.
A physicist studies the science that deals with heat, light and other sources of energy.
Pasteur's pioneering work has protected millions of people from disease.
Silent Spring caused a massive protest against environmental pollution.
People place a high value on material possessions like cars and mobile phones.
Vaccination prevents some illnesses by injecting weak forms of the disease.
Ghandi was in favour of non-violent protest.
We have seen the development of communications satellites, radar etc as a result of his work.
Most scientists believed that radio waves would not follow the curve of the earth's surface.
Revision is an important part of exam preparation.
The signal was picked up in Newfoundland, 3,500 km away.
A transmitter signalled the letter S – three dots in Morse code.
The government offered £20,000 to anyone who came up with a solution to the problem.
An estimated 700 lives were saved thanks to SOS signals.
He discovered there were germs called bacteria which caused liquids to turn sour.
Marconi had already successfully transmitted a message over 50 km in 1899.
The US government started to take action to control the use of pesticides in agriculture.
An estimated 700 lives were saved thanks to SOS signals from a Marconi transmitter.
Pasteur's discovery led to his “germ theory of disease”.
This technique improves your breathing and therefore your voice.
The first transatlantic radio transmission was made from Italy to Newfoundland.
Marconi made the first ever transatlantic radio transmission in 1901.
Marconi successfully transmitted a message over 50 km in 1899.
A transmitter signalled the letter S – three dots in Morse code.
Vaccination prevents some illnesses by injecting weak forms of the disease into the blood.
The watch was tested on a voyage to the West Indies in 1764 and worked.
Vaccination prevents some illnesses by injecting weak forms of the disease.
If we know the time at two different points, we can work out where we are.


Accessible stories are easy to understand and enjoy.
Be clear about your aim – what kind of ideas are you trying to come up with?
Studying the flippers of humpbacked whales helped with the design of aircraft wings.
An annual contest is a contest that takes place once every year.
Applications of this technique could include car windscreens without wipers.
There are many benefits for participants in the competition.
Some old people develop cataracts in their eyes which prevent them from seeing properly.
They coated the glass with two substances that made it resistant to water.
How successful was Olga's method compared to the normal one?
Christian and Thomas designed all the important components of the transport system themselves.
If someone contaminates something, they make it dirty or polluted by adding chemicals.
Children like parents to keep cultural visits, to museums and art galleries, for example, short.
They use scientific methods to detect the presence of cataracts.
They used four electromagnets to lift the steel plates.
Studying the flippers of humpbacked whales helped with the design of aircraft wings.
This project focused on stories from the north of Morocco.
Gravity is the force that makes objects move towards each other.
Studying the flippers of humpbacked whales helped with the design of aircraft wings.
When surfaces are described as hydrophobic, it means that they can't get wet.
Our problems increase with the increase in global warming.
The normal way of detecting cataracts involves special equipment in hospital.
They were recorded in Catalan and Spanish and issued on a CD.
They had to answer questions from a scientific jury who would decide the winner.
They invented a magnetic transport system – the vehicle was moved by magnets.
A method is a way of doing something.
Optical sensors measure the distance between the magnets.
Traditional African culture puts an emphasis on oral story telling.
She is of Moroccan origin - she was born in Morocco and moved to Spain when she was six.
The paintwork on the buildings cannot get wet, so it cleans itself.
Hannah compared the performance of the wings and the results were clear.
A sensor is a piece of equipment that reacts to changes that exist somewhere.
What is the similarity between a humpback whale and an aircraft?
Social sciences are the group of subjects that study the way that societies are organized.
Can you help me install this new software on my computer?
The standard method is the usually way of doing something.
The magnets move the steel plates.
Steel is a strong metal made from a mixture of iron and carbon.
Each country can submit three projects.
What technique do you use to help you to continue writing a story?
They found a way of transporting flat pieces of metal
A windscreen is a window at the front of a car.
Windscreen wipers move backwards and forwards to clean the windscreen of a car or other vehicle.



Craig Cormick believes people will live until 120 thanks to advances in medicine.
We can already carry out operations to put genes into rabbits and fish.
A Decca records executive missed out on signing the Beatles.
We'll be wearing gadgets combining the functions of a phone, camera, MP3 player and computer.
We can already put genes into rabbits and fish to make them glow in the dark!
We won't halt global warming until we stop flying everywhere.
A hoax is a trick to make you believe something that isn't true.
In the home, household equipment will have improved.
Einstein said there was not the slightest indication that nuclear energy would ever be obtainable.
We may have keyless electric cars in the future that we can talk to.
One expert thinks that human life expectancy in the future will be 120 years.
A microchip is a very small device that makes a computer work.
The Decca Records executive missed out on signing the Beatles.
Einstein said there was not the slightest indication that nuclear energy would ever be obtainable.
In 1932 Einstein said that nuclear energy would never be obtainable!
It will be perfectly possible to create a designer dog!
If you point something out to someone, you tell them something they should know.
Your pulse rate is the number of heart beats you can feel in a minute.
Nearly all researchers agree that wireless technology will have developed.
In Europe, many people will have to retire from work at a later age.
Do you think later retirement for people is a good idea?
There is not the slightest indication that nuclear energy will be obtainable.
Nearly all researchers agree that wireless technology will have developed.
We'll be growing crops with vaccines in them to prevent health problems.
We may be able to wipe out disease by eating a banana.
Nearly all researchers agree that wireless technology will have developed.
Instead of wristwatches we'll be wearing multi-function gadgets.


As soon as carbon emissions decrease, air pollution will decrease.
Whenever we drive a car, we add more CO2 to the atmosphere.
One solution to the problem of air travel is to “offset”, or balance, carbon emissions.
Global warming is caused by greenhouse gases, in particular carbon dioxide.
As soon as carbon emissions decrease, air pollution will decrease.
There are several organisations which fund carbon offset projects.
Carbon emissions are the single biggest cause of global warming.
There will be a decrease in pollution when carbon emissions decrease.
As soon as carbon emissions decrease, air pollution will decrease.
It's very difficult to find water in the desert.
The soldier deserted the army in the desert.
A drought is a period when there is little rain and crops die.
As soon as there is a serious energy crisis, people will take the situation seriously.
It is estimated that by 2020 it will be the single biggest cause of global warming.
The UK imports a lot of food but also sells food exports.
Many African communities export their produce to other countries.
Producing fruit and vegetables can require a lot of heating and fertiliser to make the plants grow.
After heavy rain the river rose and there was a flood.
There are several organisations which fund carbon offset projects.
Global warming is caused by greenhouse gases, in particular carbon dioxide.
Global warming is caused by greenhouse gases, in particular carbon dioxide.
Countries have to pay a lot of money for food imports.
The UK imports a lot of food but also sells food exports.
Why is Gina concerned about the increase in air travel?
Global warming is no longer a threat – it is a reality.
One solution to the problem of air travel is to “offset”, or balance, carbon emissions.
There are several organisations which fund carbon offset projects.
You aren't permitted to work there without a work permit.
You aren't permitted to work there without a work permit.
Planting trees helps the environment because they absorb CO2.
The polar ice caps will melt if temperatures continue to increase.
Many African communities need to sell their produce in other countries.
The police suspect the money was stolen and are questioning a suspect.
The police suspect the money was stolen and are questioning a suspect.
Global warming is no longer a threat – it is a reality.
The situation won't improve unless we all work together.
Whenever we drive a car, we add more CO2 to the atmosphere.


I'd definitely go trekking – Nepal's got some fantastic walking country.
It's a traditional Nepali guesthouse – lots of hand-carved wood, endless tea and no TV.
The hippies travelled overland to Nepal in the 60s.
In theory, you could still travel overland in 18 weeks from London to Kathmandu.
It's a mad mixture of East and West.
It's a magical place with beautiful scenery. It's paradise on Earth.
In theory, you could still travel overland in 18 weeks from London to Kathmandu.
Vic wishes that people in London lived at a slower pace.
It's a magical place with beautiful scenery. It's paradise on Earth.
When you travel, the whole point is meeting new people.
I feel sick if I read on the bus.


Non-violent protest can lead to violence, as has happened in anti-globalisation demonstrations.
Anti-GM food demonstrations have made people aware of the dangers of genetically modified food.
I've got a new anti-spam program for my computer.
The government has introduced new anti-terrorism laws.
There was a large anti-war demonstration on Saturday.
What are the arguments for and against direct action?
Anti-GM food demonstrations have made people aware of the dangers of genetically modified food.
Big business is so powerful that even governments can't stop it.
Have a class or group debate. Choose a chair who will be in charge and two speakers. (n)
My name's Jan and I'm chairing this debate.
Non-violent protest can lead to violence when protesters and police clash.
Non-violence is the answer to the crucial political and moral questions of our times.
The world knows about the cruelty of whale hunting thanks to direct action against whaling ships.
The debate is about direct action vs political action.
The point of a democracy is that we elect representatives to take decisions for us.
They organised demonstrations, sit-ins and hunger strikes.
The world knows about the cruelty of whale hunting thanks to direct action against whaling ships.
The point of a democracy is that we elect representatives to take decisions for us.
They argue that direct action involves people who can't, or don't, vote in elections.
If we feel strongly about an issue, we should make our case with the elected representatives.
Firstly, if people looked after their own environment we wouldn't need direct action.
What are the arguments for and against direct action?
Protesters, for instance a million people on an anti-war march, can make politicians listen.
We have to free half of the human race so that they can help free the other half.
Opponents of direct action claim it is easy for protesters to “hijack” demonstrations.
Half of the human race are women.
They organised demonstrations, sit-ins and hunger strikes.
In addition, they argue that the point of democracy is that representatives take decisions for us.
Those in favour of the motion? Thank you.
Happiness is when what you think, what you say, and what you do are in harmony.
If we feel strongly about an issue, we should make our case with the elected representatives.
They organised marches, sit-ins and hunger strikes.
Non-violence is the answer to the crucial political and moral questions of our times.
How many votes were there against the motion?
I read some novels, but I prefer non-fiction.
This new shirt is great – it's completely non-iron.
Non-violence is the answer to the crucial political and moral questions of our times.
Non-violent protest can lead to violence, as has happened in anti-globalisation demonstrations.
Opponents of direct action say that non-violent protest can lead to violence.
Tim is proposing the motion and Helen is opposing it.
Women in Britain got the vote partly in 1918 and fully in 1928.
Non-violence is the answer to the crucial political and moral questions of our times.
There is evidence that when the media report direct action politicians listen.
Tim is proposing the motion and Helen is opposing it.
Non-violent protest can lead to violence when protesters and police clash.
Direct action can generate enormous publicity in newspapers and other media.
Racial segregation – the separation of black and white people – ended in the USA in the '60s.
The point of a democracy is that we elect representatives to take decisions for us.
Secondly, many “eco-warriors” are better at getting publicity than actually changing anything.
They organised demonstrations, sit-ins and hunger strikes.
Now you have one sentence to sum up your argument before we vote.
In addition, they argue that the point of democracy is that representatives take decisions for us.
When the media report direct action, politicians have to take notice.
Thirdly, political action is better than direct action.
Non-violent protest can lead to violence when protesters and police clash.
How many votes were there for the motion?
And now raise your hands to vote.
It's important to eat a well-balanced diet.
The world knows about the cruelty of whale hunting thanks to direct action against whaling ships.
The world knows about the cruelty of whale hunting thanks to direct action against whaling ships.
What's more, they say that when the media report direct action, politicians have to take notice.


We need to stop at a garage before we run out of petrol.
We need to stop at a garage before we run out of petrol.


There is a demonstration in London today to protest about GM food.



After his arrest Fawkes said, “I wish I had succeeded.”
Guido Fawkes attempted to blow up King James and his government in London.
They filled the cellars with barrels containing 2,500kg of gunpowder.
A bishop is an important Christian priest who is in charge of all the churches in an area.
Guido Fawkes attempted to blow up King James and his government in London.
Fawkes and his gang were Catholics, who were persecuted in England at that time.
A ceiling is the surface above you in a room.
They filled the cellars under the building with barrels containing 2,500kg of gunpowder.
After the explosion, a lot of buildings collapsed.
Fawkes and the other conspirators were all executed.
Up to 500 metres away glass would have cracked or broken.
There would have been total destruction of all buildings within 42 metres.
Fawkes and the other conspirators were all executed.
We saw the car crash and then we heard an explosion.
They filled the cellars with barrels containing 2,500kg of gunpowder - a powerful explosive.
When Sally won the lottery, did she buy a farmhouse?
The explosion would have flattened a large part of central London.
If you get away with something, you succeed in doing it without any consequences.
They filled the cellars with barrels containing 2,500kg of gunpowder - a powerful explosive.
They filled the cellars of the Houses of Parliament with barrels of gunpowder.
When Sally won the lottery, did she buy a farmhouse?
An MP is a Member of Parliament – someone who has been elected as a representative.
A noble is a member of the nobility – people in the highest social class.
Catholics were persecuted in England at that time.
They filled the cellars with barrels of gunpowder but their plot was discovered.
If I hadn't started painting, I would have raised chickens.
Fawkes was caught red-handed just before he set light to the explosive.
Fawkes was caught just before he set light to the explosive.
I've taken up painting and I sold my first picture last week.


You get accustomed to it, but you go home and people can smell it on you.
A human cannonball is someone whose job is to be fired out of a large gun called a cannon.
Sharks definitely have characters – they all behave differently and you can recognise them.
The next job we look at is as a member of the crew of a yacht.
Many flight attendants have a university degree but it isn't essential.
“It's usually ones with elaborate hairstyles that need work,” says Kinsey.
Shepherd creates farmyard smells, such as the smell of cows and manure.
Each model has a reference file with 400 photographs and measurements.
“Sharks definitely have characters,” Jeanette says firmly.
You need to be physically fit to be part of a yacht crew.
To be a flight attendant, you have to be willing to travel.
We work with sharks every day so we get to know them.
Where else can you work in London and scuba dive for a living? Ewart asks, grinning happily.
There are strict guidelines for aquarium diving.
“It's usually ones with elaborate hairstyles that need work,” says Kinsey.
Lately means within the recent past.
Richard Branson looks on, his eyes not moving.
Each model has a reference file with 400 photographs and measurements.
You have to watch their swim patterns and notice any changes.
You need to be physically fit to be part of a yacht crew.
What qualifications do you need to be a flight attendant?
Mark is referring to the smells he creates at the Jorvik Viking Centre in York.
Each model has a reference file with 400 photographs and measurements.
A machine heats the oil, releasing the smell.
Some people are more sensitive than others to the smells.
Jo puts the hair in the sink, uses the shower, then dries it.
There's always a stand-by diver in the tank in case something goes wrong.
The smell sticks to your clothes so that other people can smell it.
There are strict guidelines for aquarium diving.
There's always a stand-by diver and someone supervising from the edge.
George is the largest shark in the tank – she's the boss.
Jo has to check that all the models are undamaged.
Jo mustn't use a hot hairdryer because of the wax – it mustn't melt.
The sharks are healthy and well fed (they are fed three times a week).
To be a flight attendant, you have to be willing to travel.
You need to be physically fit to be part of a yacht crew.


Some people think that aliens might have abducted Earhart and Noonan.
The plane suddenly lost contact with air traffic control.
She beat the previous transatlantic record by three hours.
Flying across the Pacific Ocean is a greater distance than a transatlantic crossing.
Earhart's most daring journey was in 1937 when she attempted to fly round the world.
She had to make an emergency landing in a field in Ireland.
They had reported over the radio that they were short of fuel.
The plane could have been blown up in mid-air.
They may have been US spies on a secret mission.
A navigator plans the direction in which a plane, ship or car should travel.
Neither of them knew much about the radio equipment on the aircraft.
A pioneer is the first person to do something important that other people continue later.
Amelia Earhart was a record-breaking American pilot.
There was a massive search operation, so why wasn't the plane found?
Some people think the Japanese might have shot down their plane.
Earhart had reported over the radio that they were short of fuel.
They were driving to New York City in a snowstorm when Mrs Wright disappeared.
Earhart was the first woman to make a solo flight across the Atlantic.
She was also the first person to fly solo across the Pacific.
There has been a great deal of speculation about what could have happened to them.
They may have been US spies on a secret mission.
No trace of the aircraft was ever found.
It can't have blown up in mid air because it had used up most of its fuel.


FIFA announced its decision: There must be a clear separation between men's and women's football.
She joined a club called Celaya, which was looking for a centre forward.
In 2005 she joined a second-division club called Celaya.
“I tricked them for years,” Maribel confesses.
She's very courageous – she's not afraid of anything.
In 2005 she joined a second-division club called Celaya.
They only found out I wasn't a boy when they saw my picture in the newspaper.
She's scored 46 goals in 49 international matches.
As a teenager Maribel got into a junior national team.
The men's team were knocked out in the first round.
She's scored 46 goals in 49 international matches.
Those mushrooms are poisonous so you mustn't eat them.
They were pretty shocked when they found out Maribel was a girl.
Maribel was soon playing for a professional women's team in Atlanta.
Maribel scored the goal which qualified Mexico for the 2011 World Cup.
The Mexican women's team reached the quarter-finals of the Olympics.
The men's team were knocked out in the first round.
She's scored 46 goals in 49 international matches.
FIFA announced that there must be a clear separation between men's and women's football.
The short-haired new arrival was soon accepted into the group of boys.
People who believe in magic are often superstitious.
Nora Herrera says that Maribel is surprisingly strong.
“I tricked them for years,” Maribel confesses.
She started to play football on wasteland near her home in Mexico City.
Bill Bryson is a well-known author of books about travel.
Maribel got £600 a month, whereas a top male player got £60,000.


Act out a conversation between a bank clerk and a tourist.
Act out a conversation between a booking clerk and a tourist.
Brush up your shopping skills by choosing the best answers.
Could I change 100 dollars into euros?
Do I have to change trains or does the train go direct to my destination?
A day return means you can travel to a place and back in the same day.
A double room is a room for two people to sleep in.
Here's your receipt for the exchange.
Could I try these jeans on to see if they fit?
A “fiver” is an informal word meaning £5.
Would you mind filling in this form, please?
That's too expensive. I wonder if you could knock £20 off.
Lime green may be the latest colour but it makes me look ill.
That white blouse matches the black skirt.
“Do you mind if I use your mobile?” “Not at all. Go ahead.”
Black doesn't really suit you – it makes you look pale.
Which platform does the train leave from?
Could I possibly borrow your pen?
Here's your receipt for the exchange.
Act out a conversation between a hotel receptionist and a tourist.
The restaurant's busy on Saturday evenings – it's a good idea to make a reservation.
A return means you can travel to a place and back again.
A single room is a room for one person to sleep in.
A single means you can travel to a place but not back from it.
Black doesn't really suit you – it makes you look pale.
“How would you like the money?” “Tens and twenties, please.”
These jeans are too tight. Do you have a larger size?
Could I try these jeans on to see if they fit?
“How would you like the money?” “Tens and twenties, please.”
Would you mind if I shared your book?



Mum reminded me that I had to have injections before I went to India.
Roger advised Laura to carry a local newspaper under her arm.
If you book an aisle seat, you can easily get up and walk about.
I told Mum I'd changed my mind about Indian food and I loved it now.
At first they refused to let me go – Dad said it was out of the question.
A sarong is a long wide piece of cloth that you wear like a skirt.
You can also use a sarong as a sheet on your bed.
Inidian food can be very spicy.
Mum reminded me that I needed to take malaria tablets.
Mum suggested inviting Nisha and her parents for supper to talk it over.
You can also use a sarong as a towel, a sheet, or a bag.
If you book an aisle seat, you can easily get up and walk about.


After living abroad for a long time, Bryson wanted to get to know the USA again.
However much you like cake, there comes a point when you don't want another slice.
I gave the money to the lady at the cash register.
She brought me some cutlery wrapped in a paper napkin.
She came and wiped the table with a damp cloth.
“Would you like some more dressing for your salad?” “No, thank you.”
The waitress asked Bryson if he had got enough gravy to put on his meat.
I hesitated before saying “thank you” but I couldn't stop myself.
After ten years in Britain he returned to the USA to rediscover his homeland.
Then she filled my glass with iced water.
Ketchup is a type of tomato sauce.
Bryson drove 13,978 miles, keeping mainly to side roads.
I sat down and the waitress brought me a menu.
She brought me some cutlery wrapped in a paper napkin.
“You might just push off and let me eat my dinner,” I wanted to say, but I didn't, of course.
After ten years in Britain he returned to the USA to rediscover his homeland.
She remarked that doing jumps on the snowboard was very difficult.
Bryson drove 13,978 miles, keeping mainly to side roads – avoiding the motorways.
The people at the next table were smiling at me in a slightly mad way.
Bill decided to order the fried chicken special.
I just smiled sweetly and said no thank you.
She came out of the kitchen with a tray the size of a table-top.
I became uncomfortably aware that the people at the next table were watching me.
The waitress asked Bryson if he had got enough gravy to put on his meat.
The waitress wiped the table with a damp cloth.
She brought me some cutlery wrapped in a paper napkin.
“Thank you,” I said. “You're welcome,” she said.


“It's up to each individual to behave responsibly,” says Jens.
It's time people realised their behaviour abroad is important.
The survey claims that the British were the worst-behaved and the Germans were the best-behaved.
If burglars break into a building, they get into it by force.
Take the pizza out of the freezer and defrost it.
Shall we telephone and get a pizza delivered?
Do you often get your clothes dry-cleaned?
If your iPod stopped working, would you go to the shop and get it exchanged for a new one?
British tourists should take in this feedback and start to change.
Tourist offices were asked to fill in a questionnaire.
Take the pizza out of the freezer and defrost it.
If you give in, you accept that you cannot win.
Do you usually install software on the computer yourself or does somebody help you?
If you look into something, you investigate it.
If you go on a round-the-world trip, it makes sense to have your eyes tested and your teeth checked.
Germans gave the worst tips and were described as the meanest nation.
Germans gave the worst tips and were described as the meanest nation.
Overall the British came in the last of 24 nations.
If you wanted to give flowers to a friend, would you pick some in the garden?
Tourist offices were asked to answer questions about behaviour, politeness etc.
Politeness is behaving towards other people in a pleasant way that follows all the rules of society.
If your bicycle had a puncture, could you mend it yourself?
Jens takes mixed-nationality groups to some of the remotest parts of the world.
If your iPod stopped working, would you try to repair it yourself?
“It's up to each individual to behave responsibly,” says Jens.
He's having his car serviced at the garage.
If you spilt tea on a tablecloth, would you get it dry-cleaned?
If you spilt tea on a tablecloth, would you get it dry-cleaned?
It's hard to take in so much new information.
Germans gave the worst tips and were described as the meanest nation.
Tourist offices were asked to answer questions about behaviour, tipping etc.
If your bicycle had a puncture, would you go to the shop and get a new tyre and tube?
“I don't expect the British to turn into perfect tourists overnight,” says Jens.
If a pair of jeans was too long, would you turn them up yourself?
The survey claims that the British were the worst-behaved and the Germans were the best-behaved.


I worked during my gap year so I've saved up some money for when I go to university next year.
We did normal things like shopping for groceries.
Often I just like lazing around on the beach doing nothing.
Even when it's obvious no one is enjoying themselves, parents want to carry on.
My parents were originally from Argentina, but they live in Spain now.
The plane was packed with passengers – there were no empty seats.
My dad is from Argentina and we still have relatives who live there – my aunt and uncle and cousins.
We rented bikes there and cycled everywhere.
I worked during my gap year so I've saved up some money for when I go to university next year.
We were on a self-catering holiday so we had to do all our own cooking.
Ben likes water sports – surfing, snorkelling and swimming.
They turned out to be quite rich, so we shared the cost of the villa.
The children are usually polite and well behaved.
“How would you like your steak cooked?” “Well done, please.”
She wears smart clothes and always looks well dressed.
Unfortunately a lot of people aren't well off when they retire.
He hasn't got a well-paid job, so he can't afford to take a holiday.



Are you allowed to wear whatever you want?
If someone is given the sack, they lose their job.
The English language is constantly changing.
In the past, when a sailor was ill, he was sent down below the deck of the ship.
If someone is doing well, they are winning or being successful.
The expression comes from the sack that workers left with their employers until the job was finished.
Hang a new blind and hang some pictures on the wall.
An idiom is an expression whose meaning isn't obvious from the words.
Here are some common idiomatic words and phrases.
The Boeing 747 jumbo jet is an unusually big jet.
The Boeing 747 jumbo jet is an unusually big jet.
If someone is doing well, we say “Well done – keep it up!” to encourage them.
If you know the ropes, you understand how a system works.
The expression “under the weather” has nautical roots – it's to do with ships and sailing.
Could you help me to put up some shelves?
I don't like the colour of the door. I'm going to repaint it.
We're going to replace the sink because this one is too small and old-fashioned.
The expression comes from the days when workers carried their tools in a bag or sack.
The shelves will be put up tomorrow.
The shuttlecock is the thing you hit in the game of badminton.
But now wicked is being used by young people as slang for very good or fantastic.
Workers used to carry their tools in a bag or sack.
He was injured when he was playing football and he twisted his ankle.
The Boeing 747 jumbo jet is an unusually big jet.


Crick and Watson benefited from Franklin's work but didn't acknowledge it.
An astronomer is a scientist who studies the stars and planets.
An atom is the smallest unit of any substance.
Many people believe that Franklin deserves to be awarded a Nobel Prize now.
Both Crick and Watson clearly benefited from Franklin's work.
Franklin is beginning to be recognised as a brilliant scientist.
The cancer from which she died was probably caused by X-rays.
Her male colleague Otto Hahn got the Nobel Prize instead.
A comet is a bright object in space like a star but with a long tail of gas and dust.
Many people believe that Franklin deserves to be awarded a Nobel Prize now.
Franklin believed that the structure of DNA could be discovered from atoms.
Should students be forbidden to copy from the Web?
Nobel Prizes can only be given to the living so Franklin can't be honoured in this way.
Initially means at the beginning.
Ironically, the cancer from which she died was probably caused by X-rays.
Lisa Meitner was described as “Germany's Marie Curie” because of her work on nuclear fission.
Franklin finally persuaded her father to pay for her studies.
Do scientists like Franklin and Meitner not get Nobel Prizes because of prejudice against women?
Jocelyn Bell Burnell discovered tiny stars called pulsars.
Scientists think what she did deserves more recognition.
The worth of some people's work may not be recognised while they are alive.


A bus conductor checks passengers' tickets and collects money on a bus.
Could you ask her to call me back?
While we were talking on the phone we were cut off.
A decade is a period of ten years.
Traditional African culture puts an emphasis on oral story telling.
His phone is engaged – he must be talking to someone.
Entrepreneurs in Ghana charge people to make calls from phone towers.
I went on speaking but he couldn't hear me.
The use of mobile phones in Africa has gone up dramatically.
Hold on, I'll put you through.
What time does the football match kick off?
Africa is the first continent to have more mobile phone users than landline users.
Oh, sorry, the line's engaged.
People with mobiles no longer have to walk miles to make a deal.
Phone use is a means of social and family contact.
It's estimated that phone ownership was nearly 100% by the time of the World Cup.
I'll pass your message on as soon as possible.
You can't pick up a signal on your mobile in a tunnel.
Hold on, I'll put you through.
They plan to put up a mobile phone mast near our school.
Africa's mobile phone revolution is likely to go on for many years.
People died because they couldn't ring up a doctor.
Phone use is a means of social and family contact.
A sociologist is someone who studies societies and the way they are organized.
The pace of life in Africa is speeding up.
A street vendor sells things in the street, for example, clothes or food.
Africa is the first continent to have more mobile phone users than landline subscribers.
Mobile phone subscriptions went up from 54 million to almost 350 million.
ITU stands for International Telecommunications Union.
If you climb to the top of the tall towers you can pick up a mobile phone signal.
Mobile phones are used to transfer money.
The mobile phone explosion is transforming Africa.
Africa has more mobile phone users than Europe.


The Romansch language has five very different dialects.
Unless something is done, about half the world's languages are going to die out.
Language death may be caused by natural or man-made disasters, like earthquakes and war.
We ought to be concerned when a language is threatened with extinction.
The Ainu language had only eight fluent speakers left.
The growth of English is killing other languages.
Linguists say there are about half a dozen killer languages, apart from English.
Romansch is increasingly used in its spoken form.
English is often called the world's most dangerous “killer language”.
A linguist is someone who speaks or studies languages.
Speakers of a minority language sometimes stop using it in favour of a more popular language.
Language murder happens when speakers of a minority language stop using it.
New government policies in Japan saved the Ainu language.
You can't recreate a spoken language when it is dead.
We replayed the recording several times but couldn't hear the message.
When she retold the story, some of the details had changed.
The students rewrote the project after they had corrected the mistakes.
Romansch Grishum now has official status in parts of Switzerland.
What does the term “language murder” mean?


Take care over the appearance of your work.
No criticism or evaluation – criticism blocks creativity.
You can brainstorm on your own or in a group.
Mix and match options to form new combinations.
Try and be creative and think of new ways to revise.
Creativity is the ability to create new ideas or things using your imagination.
Criticism is comments that show that you think that something is bad or wrong.
Someone who is defensive reacts badly to criticism.
Make drawings of different scenes and write the dialogue underneath.
Every country has its own distinctive culture.
No criticism or evaluation – criticism blocks creativity.
If you jot something down, you make a quick note of it.
You may want to post your work on a website or message board.
Mix and match options to form new combinations.
Note down your dreams and how you feel about them.
Tap water is the safest option if it's safe to drink.
Don't take criticism personally – it's your work that's under discussion, not you.
You may want to post your work on a website or message board.
Write your ideas on separate pieces of paper so that you can rearrange them later.
Here's a guide to help you create something which reflects the culture of your own country.
Do you prefer working in a room that is well lit or softly lit?
When you're stuck for an idea, look through your notebook for inspiration.
Take care over the appearance of your work.
Listen to any criticism and take notes.
The expression “under the weather” has nautical roots.
Untidy people do not arrange their papers, clothes, possessions etc carefully.
Read out what you've written to someone whose opinion you value.
Do you prefer working in a room that is well lit or softly lit?



Fans are people who admire a famous person very much.
An approved school is a kind of youth prison.
He started performing with bands so that his poems could be heard by people who liked music.
Beethoven is one of the most important classical music composers of all time.
He produced concertos, symphonies and operas.
A confession is a statement you make about yourself to admit that you have done something wrong.
Crumble is fruit covered with a mixture of flour, sugar and butter and baked in the oven.
My sister was dragged to school by my Mum.
He was able to educate himself while in prison.
Einstein failed the entrance examination to the Swiss Institute of Technology.
The most famous equation in physics is E=mc2.
He explored all over the school, looking in every room.
Although he did fairly well as a student, he was unable to get a job at a Swiss university.
One of Benjamin's most famous fans is Nelson Mandela.
When the first Harry Potter book was published it was an instant best-seller.
Einstein failed the entrance examination to the Swiss Institute of Technology.
Einstein was thought to be extremely lazy.
One of Einstein's teachers called him “mentally slow”.
He produced concertos, symphonies and operas.
Physics is the science that deals with heat, light and other forms of energy.
Sarah used to read a lot of books and poetry when she was younger.
Nobel prize-winner Albert Einstein didn't speak until he was four years old.
Beethoven produced an extraordinary quantity of work.
Red tape is documents, rules or processes that cause delays or make things complicated.
In 1905 Einstein published his Special Theory of Relativity.
He produced concertos, symphonies and operas.
He finally became totally deaf.
A twin is a brother or sister who is born at exactly the same time as you.
An approved school is a kind of youth prison.


One student suggested an anti-bullying alarm.
Suggestions included chill-out rooms to relax in.
Much more classwork is done on computer nowadays.
Safety and comfort are clearly important.
In the 19th century parents often couldn't afford school fees.
Many people believed that a girl's future was to get married and have children.
One student wrote: “We don't want interactive whiteboards, we want comfortable chairs!”
Down-to-earth suggestions included clean toilets with locks that work.
One reporter was concerned about the pressures of the national curriculum.
In England, children usually start primary school when they are four or five.
Students will decide what the school rules will be.
In England, children usually start secondary school when they are eleven.
Studying the solar system by actually visiting distant planets is an original idea!
Being able to create and use spreadsheets is a very important skill.
What do you think of the idea of a school in a giant submarine that travelled under water?
The school timetable was organised to make it possible for children to go to work.
If they didn't have to wear uniforms, they could choose what to wear.
“We don't want interactive whiteboards, we want comfortable chairs!”


Be true to yourself – that's all that matters, as far as I'm concerned.
I worked during my gap year so I've saved up some cash for when I go to university next year.
She practises a lot – playing chords and finger picking.
He let me sing a couple of songs with him.
My parents were really strict, it drove me mad sometimes!
She practises a lot – playing chords and finger picking.
I started playing at gigs but it was always someone else's music.
Her music is so good that she doesn't need any gimmicks to help sell it.
I hummed the tune and tried to fit some words to it.
Who are you strongest musical influences?
You should listen to other people, but in the end, it's up to you.
Sometimes the lyrics come first, and sometimes it's the music.
Then I practised round the clock, – well, practice makes perfect, as they say.
Then I practised round the clock, – well, practice makes perfect, as they say.
Kezza always knew she wanted to be a songwriter.
You can't make a song happen – you have to let it take shape.
I hummed the tune and tried to fit some words to it.


The holiday will include six days' luxury accommodation at the Virgin Galactic space camp.
Smell something you are going to take into the exam with you, like aftershave on a tissue.
Try to role-play an interview between an applicant and a worker at ReefAid.
I look forward to hearing if my application has been successful.
Oh no! You've broken another glass! I'm fed up with your carelessness!
Who has the wrong scuba diving certificate?
Cleverness is the state of being good at learning or understanding things.
I understand I will have to make a contribution to the cost of the conservation project.
ReefAid runs expeditions to endangered coral reefs.
ReefAid runs expeditions to endangered coral reefs.
I know fitness is important and I go dancing and running a lot.
We'll show you how to fundraise to pay for your trip.
I understand I will have to make a contribution to the cost of the conservation project.
Tiffany's mother tongue is English and she also speaks Spanish.
She worked as a volunteer at a local nature reserve because she cares about the environment.
Smell something you are going to take into the exam with you, like perfume on a tissue.
Sadness is a feeling of being unhappy, especially because something bad has happened.
Make A Difference runs short-term aid projects in developing countries.
Someone who is single is not married or is not in a romantic relationship.
Tiffany describes herself as a good swimmer.
Many thanks for your thoughtfulness – you always think about other people.
I'm not complaining about the new computer's usefulness, just about its cost.
Top sports men and women always visualise a competition.
She worked as a volunteer at a local nature reserve because she cares about the environment.
Volunteer with us and help save the planet.


The classrooms at our ideal school will be small and comfortable.


Many houses had to be rebuilt after the flood.

								
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