Intensive Probation Supervision Options for the DWI DUI Offender

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					Intensive Probation Supervision Options for the
              DWI/DUI Offender:

                       DWI Courts &
             Police / Probation Partnerships


    Paul Hofmann                                  Les P. Schultz
    NHTSA Probation Fellow                        Probation Director
    C/O American Probation                        Brown County Minnesota
    and Parole Association

    Probationfellow@csg.org                       Les.schultz@co.brown.mn.us
    720-308-3784                                  507-233-6621



1                         APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute              2-28-2012
Agenda
 Introductions
 NHTSA / APPA Partnership

 DWI Courts

 Intensive Supervision Programs

 Project Night Hawk

 Ignition Interlocks




2             APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute   2-28-2012
Training Objectives
   Explain Probation Fellow Project

   Describe Elements of DWI Courts

   Discuss Examples of Law Enforcement &
    Probation Partnerships



3                APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute   2-28-2012
      National Highway Traffic Safety
               Administration

                  Mission
Save lives, prevent injuries and reduce
 economic costs due to road traffic
 crashes, through education, research,
 safety standards and enforcement activity

4              APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute   2-28-2012
NHTSA
    Reducing Impaired Driving Fatalities
                 Through

     High Visibility Law Enforcement
     Media Campaigns

     Enhanced Prosecution &
      Adjudication
     Screening and Intervention


5              APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute   2-28-2012
    Motor Vehicle Fatalities:
    Lowest Rate in Recorded History
6



5



4
                                                                                                       2010
                                                                                                       Rate
3                                                                                                            1.10

2



1



0
    66   68   70   72   74   76   78    80    82     84    86    88    90    92   94   96   98   00     02    04    6




                                                                              Sources: 2006 NCSA, FARS, FHWA

    6                                  APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute                            2-28-2012
NHTSA Partnerships
 Law Enforcement Liaisons (State Level)
 Traffic Safety Resource Prosecutor (State
  Level)
 7 Judicial Outreach Liaisons

 2 Judicial Fellows

 Since 2009 NHTSA has Partnered with APPA
  for a Probation Fellow



7              APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute   2-28-2012
Probation Fellow Position
NHTSA and APPA Joint Project



   NHTSA                                             APPA

   Promote                                           Promote
        DWI Courts                                            Evidence Based
        Ignition Interlocks                                    Practices
        Community                                             Targeting High Risk
         Supervision                                            Offenders
        Reducing Recidivism                                   Screening and
                                                                Assessment
                                                               Reducing Recidivism

8                              APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute             2-28-2012
    NIC (2004 Bogue)



9                      APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute   2-28-2012
DWI Courts

     Learning Objectives

       Elements and

        Effectiveness

       of DWI Courts

10                  APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute   2-28-2012
Problem Solving Courts




                                                  o FAMILY/D&N COURT
     o ADULT DRUG COURT
                                                  o TRUANCY COURTS
     o MENTAL HEALTH COURT
                                                  o DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
     o JUVENILE DRUG COURT
                                                  o COMMERCIAL/BUSINESS
     o DWI COURTS
                                                  o CHILD SUPPORT COURT
     o RE-ENTRY COURTS
                                                  o GAMBLING COURT
     o TRIBAL WELLNESS COURTS
                                                  o VETERAN COURT


11                     APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute                2-28-2012
Problem Solving Courts
    Problem Solving Courts- “focus on closer
     collaboration with the service
     communities in their jurisdictions and
     stress a collaborative multidisciplinary,
     problem-solving approach to address the
     underlying issues of individuals
     appearing in court”
                              (National Institute of Corrections)




12                APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute               2-28-2012
A Coordinated Team Effort
                                      Judicial Officer
                                                                   Treatment
                                                                   Provider
            Researcher


                                                                          Advocates

Court Coordinator

                                    Offender
Defense
Counsel
                                                                               Prosecutor




                                                                   Probation
               Law
               Enforcement                   Mental Health

  13                         APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute                 2-28-2012
Drug Court 10 Key Components

   Integrate treatment in                            Coordinated strategy
    justice processing.                                of responses to
                                                       client behaviors.
   Non-adversarial
    approach.                                         Judicial interaction.
                                                      Program evaluation.
   Identify clients early.
                                                      Continuing
   Continuum of services.                             education.
   Frequent testing to                               Partnerships and
    ensure sobriety.                                   collaboration.

    14                APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute            2-28-2012
Do Adult Drug Courts Work?
        “There have been no less than five meta-analyses of the
         research on drug courts, involving at least 5 experimental
         studies and dozens of quasi-experimental studies.”

        “Drug Courts produce a national average of $2.21 benefit
         for every $1.00 invested ($624 million total)”

        “Well-functioning drug courts were found to reduce crime
         rates by 35% and the effects have been shown to last at
         least 3 years. In one study in Oregon, effects on crime
         were shown to have lasted an astounding 14 years.”
                                                         (Douglas B. Marlowe “The Verdict Is In”)




15                       APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute                                        2-28-2012
Findings

    Completing Drug Court reduces recidivism

    Longer time in TX lowers Recidivism

    Coerced patients stay in TX longer



16                APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute   2-28-2012
     DWI Courts



           Based on
     the Tested and Proven
      DRUG COURT Model

17           APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute   2-28-2012
Guiding Principles of DWI Courts
    #1: Determine the Population




18                 APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute   2-28-2012
Target Population

        Be Specific -- some examples are
          2nd DWI lifetime or 1st with BAC > .15
          BAC of .20 or higher with prior DWI/DUI


            3rd DWI lifetime
          2nd or 3rd DWI with one prior within last 5 years.
          2
            nd time offender with probation violation




19                   APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute   2-28-2012
Guiding Principles of DWI Courts
     #1: Determine the Population

     #2: Perform a Clinical Assessment

     #3: Develop the Treatment Plan

     #4: Supervise the Offender




 20                 APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute   2-28-2012
Guiding Principles of DUI Courts
    #1: Determine the Population

    #2: Perform a Clinical Assessment

    #3: Develop the Treatment Plan

    #4: Supervise the Offender
  #5:  Forge Agency, Organization, and
        Community Partnerships


21                 APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute   2-28-2012
Guiding Principles of DUI Courts
(cont)




            #6: Take a Judicial Leadership Role
            #7: Develop Case Management Strategies
            #8: Address Transportation Issues
            #9: Evaluate the Program
            #10: Ensure a Sustainable Program
                                                               (NCDC, www.dwicourts.org)




  22                     APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute                    2-28-2012
Studies
    Michigan Study
        Fewer re-arrests & cost savings


    Wisconsin Study
        Lower Recidivism for any new arrest


    Georgia Study
        Lower recidivism rates

23                   APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute   2-28-2012
Keys To Sustainability
 Community Support and Coordinated
  Strategy
 Written Policy and Procedure

 Ongoing Interdisciplinary Training

 Program Evaluation and Modification

 Funding




24            APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute   2-28-2012
DWI Courts -- December 2011



    174 Stand Alone DWI Courts

    395 Hybrid DWI Courts




25               APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute   2-28-2012
Approved MADD Resolution
     “MADD supports the use of post-adjudication
      DUI/DWI courts that employ the strategies of
      close supervision, frequent alcohol and other
       drug testing, and ongoing judicial interaction
      to integrate alcohol and other drug treatment
         services with the justice system. MADD
      recommends that DUI/DWI courts should not
      be used to avoid a record of conviction and/or
                     license sanctions.”

                                                    MADD National Board of Directors




26                  APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute                        2-28-2012
Approved GHSA Resolution
 “GHSA       supports DWI courts and
     urges states to work with their state
     criminal justice agency counterparts
     to implement them where appropriate.
     GHSA also recommends that NHTSA
     evaluate DWI courts to determine
     their effectiveness”

27              APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute   2-28-2012
Resources
 www.NHTSA.gov
 www.APPA-net.org

 www.nadcp.org

 www.dwicourts.org

 www.courtinnovation.org




28            APPA 2012 Winter Training Institute   2-28-2012

				
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