Scientific Report Writing Checklist
Plan It’s very
Independent variable (the one we change) – HOW do we change this? important to
Dependent variable (the one we measure) – HOW do we measure this? READ THE
How to make this a fair test – how to control other factors/variables. INSTRUCTION
How many trials will you do? Is that accurate enough? SHEET!!!!!
How are you going to record and process the information?
What is the purpose of the report? Should be stated on the instruction sheet.
How did I use the equipment?
What did I measure? How?
How am I going to process the information? Any equations used?
Are my instructions clear and concise? Can anyone pick up the instructions and do EXACTLY what I
Table with processed data (averages, percentages, etc)
Table is easy to read and logical?
Graphs that best show the trend present in the data. If there are multiple sets of data – make sure
the data can be compared in the graph/s.
Fully labeled graphs
o descriptive title
o axis label + units
o even scales
o BIG graph (at least half page – on GRAPH PAPER)
Briefly describe the trend seen in your table/graph (e.g. as ____ increased, _____ decreased)
Relate back to aim/hypothesis (the result supports/contradicts the hypothesis)
Use some statistics from results (e.g. at 3.0 molL-1 the chips gained 5.7g)
Relate results and conclusion to scientific theory (Your results linked to definitions and
explanation of various processes). E.g. The results showed that …(this happened)… this is due to…
Include more details and statistics about results (use numbers!)
Last sentence answering the aim
What went wrong?
Are the results reliable? (i.e. enough trials?)
Are the results valid? (Were there any strange data points that looked completely random and did
not fit the rest of the data? How can this be explained?)
What are some factors that could have affected the accuracy of the experiment (human error in
measuring, using different equipment, faulty equipment, error in recording, etc)
All of the raw data included
It’s very important to READ THE INSTRUCTION SHEET!!!!!