Safeguarding Children Awareness Programme by mRk8MpH


									Safeguarding Children
Awareness Programme

     Chaigeley School
     November 2010
        L1 Part 1
• an introduction to child protection and
  definitions of abuse
• help you to recognise and respond to
  possible problems and provide guidance
  on what you can do to prevent children
  suffering from abuse
• you will know what you have to do if you
  suspect a child is being abused or witness
  abusive behaviour
 1. Understanding the basics
• what child abuse is,
• the different forms it may take and
• the effects that it can have on a child.

The Children Act (1989) – age of a child

Children Act 2004 – Every Child Matters,
 Working Together to Safeguard Children
        What is child abuse?

• Each week at least one child is killed by
  their parent or carer
• The term 'child abuse' is used to describe
  a range of ways in which people harm
• physical injury, sexual abuse, emotional
  abuse or neglect
    What are the effects of child
• behavioural problems - aggression, criminal
• educational problems - non-attendance at
  school, disruption, school exclusion and under-
• mental health problems
• relationship difficulties
• drug and alcohol problems
• self-harm - such as cutting, eating disorders
• unwanted pregnancy
• suicide.
            1. Physical abuse
• physically hurts or injures a child by hitting,
  shaking, burning, biting or attempting to drown
  or suffocate them
• harms a child by giving the child alcohol,
  inappropriate drugs or poison
• fails to prevent physical injury or suffering - eg,
  putting children in high risk situations that may
  result in serious injury or death
• imposes a harmful cultural practice such as
  female genital mutilation.
            2. Sexual abuse
• physical contact, penetrative (eg, rape, buggery
  or oral sex) or non-penetrative acts
• making a child observe inappropriate sexual
• showing a child pornographic books, videos or
  photographs or engaging them in inappropriate
  discussion about sexual matters
• enticing children via the internet to meet or
  participate in virtual sex
• sexual exploitation such as child prostitution.
            Abuse of trust
• Sexual Offences Act 2003

• offence for an adult in a position of trust in
  respect of the child to have a sexual
  relationship with that child
                                 Key Stats.
• 1% of children experienced sexual abuse by a
  parent or carer and another 3% by another
  relative during childhood.
• 11% of children experienced sexual abuse
  during childhood by people known but unrelated
  to them.
• Over a quarter (27%) of all rapes recorded by
  the police are committed against children under
  16 years of age.
• Three-quarters (72%) of sexually abused
  children did not tell anyone about the abuse at
  the time
(taken from NSPCC web site –’What we do’)
                 3. Neglect
• having an inadequate diet
• being denied proper health care
• having their educational needs ignored
• being inadequately dressed and unwashed
• being left with inappropriate carers
• being left alone or inadequately supervised at an
  age when it is inappropriate for their physical or
  emotional development
• unborn children where there is maternal
  substance misuse during pregnancy.
           4. Emotional abuse
• persistently withholding love and affection, which are
  essential to a child's natural emotional development
• constantly shouting at, threatening or humiliating a child
• being over-protective to the extent that the child is not
  allowed to mix with others
• racial or other forms of harassment that undermine a
  child's self-esteem and prevent the child developing a
  positive self-image
• serious bullying behaviour that causes children to feel
  frequently frightened or in danger.
• verbal - such as threatening consequences,
  spreading rumours, excluding, calling names,
  teasing, making sexual, racist, sectarian
  remarks, highlighting physical appearance
• physical - such as kicking, punching, hitting,
  spitting, biting, tripping
• emotional - ignoring, talking behind backs,
  staring, writing unpleasant notes, letters, graffiti
  and text messages
• non-verbal - getting people into trouble, leaving
  them out of games, writing letters and text
     Managing your own feelings

• both distressing and disturbing
• natural to feel shocked or angry
• important to manage your own feelings so that you can react
• Chaigeley’s safeguarding policy sets out clearly who you report
  concerns to, where responsibility lies and what contribution you can
  reasonably make
• you may find it helpful to talk your feelings over with a colleague or a
• awareness of child abuse can remind adults of painful situations in
  their own past
• Chaigeley may be able to help through a number of support services
• remember that you are playing a critical role in ensuring that
  Chaigeley fulfils its responsibility to safeguard and promote the
  welfare of children and young people.
•   In this module you have learned:
•   what child abuse is
•   the different forms it may take and
•   the effects that it can have on a child

• next module:
• how to recognise
• how to respond

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