AF ramework for Government by w4cZzA

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									A Framework for
  Government
    Key Features of the Constitution




   The Great Compromise
    2    Houses:
          House of Representatives (based on population)

          Senate (equal representation)

   Three-Fifths Compromise
     Slaves counted as 3/5 of a person for both representation
      and tax purposes
Ratification
   Nine out of 13 states had to approve the
    Constitution
   Federalists: supporters of the Constitution
    (Alexander Hamilton, James Madison)
   Anti-Federalists: wanted to add a Bill of Rights
    to protect individual states’ rights (Thomas
    Jefferson)
   The Federalist:
     collection of 85 essays that summarized the
      arguments for immediate ratification
     written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and
      John Jay
The New Constitution Called For…

 Popular Sovereignty: rule by the people
 Federalism: power divided between
  federal (national) government and the
  states
 Separation of Powers: power divided
  among 3 branches of government
     Executive
     Judicial
     Legislative
    It Also Called For…
   Checks and
    Balances: each
    branch of government
    has the ability to limit
    the power of the other
    branches to prevent
    them from becoming
    too powerful
    George Washington
   Elected as 1st President of the
    United States
   Task = take the words of the
    Constitution and turn them into
    an effective U.S. government
   Needed a cabinet to help with
    Presidential responsibilities
      Thomas Jefferson: Sec. of
       State
      Alexander Hamilton: Treasury
       Department
      Henry Knox: Sec. of War
Financing the Government
   Tariff of 1789: required importers to pay a
    percentage of the value of their cargo when they
    landed it in the U.S
   Sold Bonds to pay for Revolutionary War
     paper notes promising to repay money after a certain
      length of time with interest
   Alexander Hamilton proposed the creation of a
    national bank so Congress could manage its
    debts and issue paper money
   Bank of the United States established in 1791
    for a 20 year period
The Whiskey Rebellion
 In 1791, Hamilton urged Congress to pass
  a tax on the manufacture of whiskey
 The tax enraged farmers who often used
  whiskey to pay their debts
 In 1794, rebellion erupted in western
  Pennsylvania
 Farmers terrorized tax collectors, stopped
  court proceedings, robbed the mail and
  destroyed whiskey distilleries
The Whiskey Rebellion cont.
 In August 1794, President Washington
  sent 15,000 troops to crush the Whiskey
  Rebellion
 Significance: showed the power of the
  Federal government and the strength of
  Washington’s presidency
Washington’s Foreign Policy
 Shortly after Washington’s inauguration,
  French Revolution began in France
 War spread to Great Britain, who fought
  against the French
 Americans were divided over how to react,
  but Washington stated that the United
  States would remain “friendly” and
  “impartial” towards both powers
    = NON-INTERVENTION
    Rise of Political Parties
         Federalists          Democratic- Republicans
-   Led by Alexander          - Led by Thomas
    Hamilton                    Jefferson
                              - Favored strong state
-   Favored strong
                                governments
    national government
                              - Strict interpretation of
-   Loose interpretation of     the Constitution
    the Constitution          - Power should be given
-   Wanted to put power in      to all landowners,
    hands of the wealthy        regardless of wealth
Practice Question
1.    What did the Whiskey Rebellion show
      about George Washington?
     a. He lacked the ability to forge foreign
        alliances
     b. He was a strong president who was willing
        to use federal troops when necessary
     c. He could not efficiently govern a nation
        because he was not well-respected
     d. He strongly believed that political parties
        should govern the nation
Practice Question
2. The three-fifths compromise sought to
    prevent
  a. States with high slave populations from
     dominating the House of Representatives
  b. The Senate from becoming too powerful
     within the bicameral system
  c. The Constitution from ultimately being
     ratified
  d. Antifederalists from winning the debate over
     federalism
Practice Question
3. Limited government, a system of checks and
    balances, a separation of the powers in
    government, and government based on the will
    of the people, form the foundation for
  a.   Northwest Ordinance
  b.   United States Constitution
  c.   Articles of Confederation
  d.   Declaration of Independence

								
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