Local Government Election Analysis by BW1JQy

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									 NATIONAL RECONSTRUCTION BUREAU



LOCAL GOVERNMENT ELECTIONS
         ANALYSIS



                PRESENTED BY
BRIG MUHAMMAD SALEEM, RETD - FOCAL ADVISOR - NRB
             LOCAL GOVERNMENT ELECTIONS
               SCHEME OF PRESENTATION
1. Introduction.
2. Elections related amendments in LGO – 2005.
3. Change in Local Areas.
4. Over all State of Local Government Membership.
5. Election Schedules (Union, District and Tehsil/Town Level).
6. State of Nominations Filed.
7. State of Unopposed Seats.
8. State of Contesting Candidates.
9. State of Vacant Seats.
10. By-Elections.
11. Voters Turnout.
12. Conclusion.
INTRODUCTION
                    STATE OF REGISTRED VOTERS
                 LOCAL GOVERNMENT ELECTIONS - 2005

                    Punjab       Sindh       NWFP       Balochistan    Overall
         Male      20,116,013   7,909,430   4,416,249    1,811,973    34,253,665
           %age     53.27%      54.99%      55.46%       53.93%         54%
         Female    17,644,216   6,472,721   3,547,076    1,548,127    29,212,140
           %age     46.73%      45.01%      44.54%       46.07%         46%
         Total     37,760,229 14,382,151 7,963,325       3,360,100    63,465,805


 Overall % of registered voters – 49%.

 Increase in Registered voters as compared to 1st LG elections-2.5
  Million.

 Increase in Female voters as compared to 1st LG elections–
  1 Million.
PROVINCE-WISE NUMBER OF POLLING STATION IN
    LOCAL GOVERNMENT ELECTION - 2005

                                  Polling Station
     SN Provinces                                           Total
                          Male    Female       Combined
      1   Punjab          8459     8279             21058   37796
      2   Sindh           2888     2664              7912   13464
      3   NWFP            1899     1708              4320   7927
      4   Balochistan      681      756              1999   3436
          Total           13927    13407            35289   62623


Polling Staff - 945,930
        ELECTION RELATED AMENDMENTS IN LGO

1. Membership of Union Council reduced to 13 (Section 87)
2. Franchise – Adoption of Joint Electorate (Section 148)
3. Election of Naib Zila/Tehsil/Town Nazim by majority votes of total
   membership of respective Council (Section 42, 69, 151)
4. Run off election in case of Zila/Tehsil & Town Nazim done away
   with (Section 154)
5. Vacancy of Zila/Tehsil/Town and Union Nazim to be filled within
   120 days (Section 156)
6. Nazim, Naib Nazim and Councillors who are removed or recalled
   to be eligible for re-election (Section 163)
7. Recall of Zila, Tehsil /Town and Union Nazim and Naib Union
   Nazim by 2/3rd majority of total membership of concerned Council
   (Section 24, 63, 85)
                                                                 Contd..
               ELECTION RELATED AMENDMENTS IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT ORDINANCE, 2005



8. Removal of Naib Zila and Tehsil /Town Nazim through no-
   confidence by majority votes of total membership of respective
   Council (Section 47, 72)

9. Election of village & neighborhood Council made discretionary for
   TMA.
                        PROVINCE-WISE CHANGE IN LOCAL AREA

                       Punjab                Sindh                NWFP          Balochistan               Total
                1st     2nd    Diff   1st     2nd    Diff   1st    2nd   Diff   1st   2nd   Diff   1st     2nd    Diff

City District    1       5      +4     1       1      -      1      1     -      1     1     -      4       8     +4

District         33      30     -3     15     22     +7     23     23     -     21    27    +6      92     102    +10

Tehsil/Taluka   116     106     -10    84     101    +17    42     50    +8     71    75    +4     305     332    +19

Town             6       38     +32    18     18      -      4      4     -      2     2     -      30     62     +32

Union           3453    3464    +11   1094    1108   +14    957    986   +29    518   567   +49    6022   6125    +103


           1st : First Term Election
           2nd : Second Term Election
           Diff: Difference (Increase / Decrease)
OVERALL STATE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT MEMBERSHIP
   Number of Seats in Union Councils
                                                                       Seats Available in Each Categories

                                        Muslim          Muslim         Peasants        Peasants &                       Union          Naib
   SN      Provinces     No of UCs      General         General       & Workers        Workers (W)       Minorities     Nazims        Union
                                                         (W)                                                                          Nazims
    1      Punjab              3464      13846           6928           6928              6928             3474          3464          3464
    2      Sindh               1108       4299           2183           2216              2216             1274          1108          1108
    3      NWFP                986        3944           1972           1972              1972              986          986           986
    4      Balochistan         567        2268           1134           1134              1134              567          567           567
   Total                       6125      24357          12217           12250             12250            6301          6125          6125

   Total Seats at Union level- 79625
   Number of Seats in Zila & Tehsil/Town Councils
                                              Zila Councils                                       Tehsil/Taluka/Town Councils
  Provinces         Zila Nazims                                           Tehsil/Taluka/
                                      Women      P&W       Minorities     Town Nazims            Women        P&W         Minorities
  Punjab                 35            1151       172           172             144               1151            192           192
  Sindh                  23            373        57            57              119               373             119           119
  NWFP                   24            326        48            48                54              326             65            65
  Balochistan            28            193        34            34                77              193             79            79
  Total                  110          2043        311           311             394               2043            455           455

   Total Seats at Zila/Tehsil level – 6122
   Overall Membership of Local Governments - 85747
OVERALL STATE OF WOMEN, P&W AND MINORITIES

Women Seats = 28,553

P&W Seats =     13,016

Minorities Seats = 7067 (Including 143 Muslim General Seats and 33
                        Muslim General (W) Seats given to Minorities)
LOCAL GOVERNMENT ELECTION SCHEDULE - 2005

PHASE – I
(Direct Election at Union Level in 54 District
Polling Day: 25th August, 2005


PHASE – II
Direct Election at Union Level in 56 District
Polling Day: 29th September, 2005 ( In District Ghotki on 26 June, 2006)


PHASE – III
Indirect Election at District and Tehsil/Town Level
Polling Day: 6th October, 2005

Oath Taking Date: 17th October, 2005
                                  STATE OF NOMINATIONS FILED
                               UNION LEVEL ELECTION 2000-01 & 2005

             600%




                            491%
             500%                                                  476%




             400%

                                                                                                                                            337%
                     319%
Percentage




                                                            292%
             300%
                                               264%
                                                                                                                                     251%

                                                                                     204%                          199% 193%
             200%                       177%
                                                                              157%
                                                                                                   142% 151%


             100%




              0%
                    Muslim General   Muslim General (W)   Peasant&Worker   Peasant&Worker (W)      Minorities   Nazims/Naib Nazims   Grand Total
                                                                               Categories



                                                                           2000-01          2005
                           STATE OF NOMINATIONS FILED
                     TEHSIL/TOWN LEVEL ELECTION 2000-01 & 2005

             1000%
                                                                   927%

             900%

             800%

             700%                                          665%


             600%                556%
Percentage




             500%
                        424%
                                                                                                       397%
             400%
                                                                                        342%
                                                                                               291%
             300%                                 261%                          271%

                                           192%
             200%

             100%


               0%
                      Tehsil/Town Nazims     Women       Peasants & Workers      Minorities     Grand Total

                                                            Categories

                                                         2000-01         2005
                          STATE OF NOMINATIONS FILED
                        ZILA LEVEL ELECTION 2000-01 & 2005

             1000%
                                                          926%
             900%

             800%

             700%
                            617%                   603%
             600%
Percentage




                     522%
             500%

             400%
                                                                                300%          319%
             300%                                                        235%          235%
                                          213%
             200%                  165%

             100%

               0%
                     Zila Nazims     Women       Peasants & Workers       Minorities   Grand Total
                                                     Categories

                                                 2000-01          2005
                               STATE OF UN-OPPOSED CANDIDATES
                              UNION LEVEL ELECTION 2000-01 & 2005
             18000

             16000                                                                                                  15438

             14000

             12000
Percentage




             10000

              8000                                                                                                       7310

              6000                    5070
                                                                    3937
              4000
                                                                           2738
                       2218                          1894
              2000                           1351                                        1326 1742     993
                              559                           444                                              476
                 0
                     Muslim General Muslim General   Peasant &      Peasant &            Minorities   Nazims/Naib   Grand Total
                                         (W)          Worker        Worker (W)                          Nazims

                                                                    Categories

                                                                  2000-01         2005
             STATE OF UN-OPPOSED CANDIDATES
         TEHSIL/TOWN LEVEL ELECTION 2000-01 & 2005

450                                                                       425

400

350

300                        274
                                                                                252
250

200

150
                                 89                            81    85
100
          46     37                                41
 50                                     24
  0
      Tehsil/Town Nazims    Women            P&W               Minority     Total
                                      Seats Category

                                      2000-01           2005
                    STATE OF UN-OPPOSED CANDIDATES
                    ZILA LEVEL ELECTION 2000-01 & 2005

400
                                                                        352
350
                         312
300
                                                                              258
250
                               209
200

150

100

50                                                           34    34
       4      8                         2         7
 0
      Zila Nazims         Women             P&W              Minority     Total

                                     Seats Category
                                     2000-01          2005
                              STATE OF CONTESTING CANDIDATES
                             UNION LEVEL ELECTION 2000-01 & 2005

             450%
                             414%                          409%
             400%

             350%

             300%                                                                                                            280%
                      254%
Percentage




                                                    244%
             250%                           228%
                                                                                                                      200%
             200%
                                                                            160%                        151% 147%
                                     144%
             150%
                                                                     111%
                                                                                          101% 102%
             100%

             50%

              0%
                    Muslim General Muslim General   Peasant &       Peasant &             Minorities   Nazims/Naib   Grand Total
                                        (W)          Worker         Worker (W)                           Nazims
                                                                   Categories

                                                                  2000-01          2005
            STATE OF CONTESTING CANDIDATES
         TEHSIL/TOWN LEVEL ELECTION 2000-01 & 2005


3500
                                                                                 2930
3000

2500                                                                      2332

                                   1915
2000
                            1460
1500

1000

                 336                         346    391
 500       278                                               248   288

   0
       Tehsil/Town Nazims    Women             P&W            Minority   Province-wise
                                          Seats Category

                                          2000-01     2005
              STATE OF CONTESTING CANDIDATES
              ZILA LEVEL ELECTION 2000-01 & 2005
2500                                                                     2376

                                                                  2020
2000
                            1708
                     1473
1500


1000


 500                                         302
                                      276                   265
                                                      183
        88   101
   0
       Zila Nazims    Women             P&W            Minority     Total
                                   Seats Category

                                   2000-01     2005
                              STATE OF VACANT SEATS
                        UNION LEVEL ELECTION 2000-01 & 2005
8000
                                                                                                                              7523


7000


6000


5000


4000
                                                                                                                                     3217

3000                                                                                     2694

                            2047                                     2030                       1966
2000

                                   1061
1000
                                                                            541
         328                                      350
               172                                      90                                                  74    87
   0
       Muslim General    Muslim General (W)   Peasant / Workers   Peasant / Workers      Minorities    Nazims / Naib Nazims   Grand Total
                                                                        (W)
                                                                     Categories


                                                                  2000-01         2005
                 STATE OF VACANT SEATS
        TEHSIL/TOWN LEVEL ELECTION 2000-01 & 2005


120
                                                                         103
100


 80
                                                                               67

 60
                           48                                 46    44
 40
                                21
 20
           4                             5
                 1                                 1
  0
      Tehsil/Town Nazims   Women             P&W              Minority     Total

                                     Seats Category

                                     2000-01           2005
                         STATE OF VACANT SEATS
                   ZILA LEVEL ELECTION 2000-01 & 2005


80
                                                                     70
70

60                      55

50

40                                                                        34

30                           25

20
                                                          11
                                                                8
10    4
             1                       0         0
 0
     Zila Nazims         Women           P&W              Minority    Total

                                  Seats Category

                                  2000-01          2005
                 BY-ELECTIONS

 For vacant seats of Nazims within 120 days of
  vacancy.

 For vacant seats of councilors once in a calendar
  year.
           PROVINCE WISE NUMBER OF VACANT SEATS
                  AS ON 15TH DECEMBER, 2006
Categories               Punjab   Sindh   NWFP    Balochistan   Total
Muslim General
Available Seats          13846    4299    3944       2268       24357
Vacant Seats               18      8        3         4          33
Muslim General (W)
Available Seats           6928    2183    1972       1134       12217
Vacant Seats               50      10      195        6          261
Peasants & Workers
Available Seats           6928    2216    1972       1134       12250
Vacant Seats               5       1        2         0           8
Peasants & Workers (W)
Available Seats           6928    2216    1972       1134       12250
Vacant Seats               72      11      228        2          313
Minority
Available Seats           3474    1274     986       567        6301
Vacant Seats              1016     90      138       317        1561
Nazim/Naib Nazim
Available Seats           6928    2216    1972       1134       12250
Vacant Seats               8       0        0         2          10
Grand Total
Available Seats          45032    14404   12818      7371       79625
Vacant Seats              1169    120      566       331        2186
                                                 TURN OUT
             70.00%


                      61.35%
             60.00%                                         57.53%                                      56.79%
                               53.56%


             50.00%                     47.78%                                                                   47.50%
                          44.52%
                                                                       41.29%
                                                                                   39.13%
             40.00%                              37.67%
Percentage




                                                                                                            36.33%

                                                                                               31.14%
             30.00%
                                            24.50%
                                                                   21.12%                 21.79%

             20.00%




             10.00%




             0.00%
                          Punjab             Sindh                 NWFP                 Balochistan         Overall

                                                                 Provinces

                                                          Male     Female       Total
PROVINCE WISE TURN OUT OF VOTERS IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT
          ELECTIONS HELD IN 2000 – 2001 AND 2005
     Province                LG. Elections 2000 - 2001 LG. Elections 2005
     Punjab                          58.64 %                53.56 %
     Sindh                           41.61 %                37.67 %
     NWFP                            44.37 %                41.29 %
     Balochistan                     33.52 %                31.14 %
     Over all                        52.31 %                47.50 %

           70.00%
                    58.64%
           60.00%
                        53.56%                                                      52.31%
           50.00%                                                                        47.50%
                                                  44.37%
                                   41.61%                41.29%
           40.00%                        37.67%
                                                                  33.52%
                                                                           31.41%
           30.00%

           20.00%

           10.00%

            0.00%
                      Punjab          Sindh          NWFP          Baluchistan       Over all

                                 LG. Elections 2000 - 2001   LG. Elections - 2005
                        CONCLUSION
1. Nominations showed substantial increase with the maximum
   increase in the category of Peasants and Workers followed by
   Muslim General, Muslim General (Women) and Peasants &
   Workers (Women). Districts like Dir and Malakand have shown
   marked improvement particularly in case of women nominations.

2. Number of candidates returned unopposed on all seats
   considerably reduced except in the case of minorities. Certain areas
   of Balochistan maintained the earlier pattern of filling all seats
   through unopposed candidates because of strong tribal hold.

3. Vacant seats in all categories considerably reduced in all the
   provinces except in the case of minorities, which in case of NWFP
   and Balochistan could be attributed to scanty minorities’
   population in these provinces.
                          CONCLUSION
4. There was about 5% decrease in voter’s turnout in Punjab where
   bulk of country’s population (56%) resides. The voter’s turnout
   registered about 4% decrease in Sindh and 3% in NWFP and
   about 2% decrease in Balochistan. The overall decrease in voter’s
   turnout as compared to first local government elections was about
   5% which could be attributed to reduction of seats in the Unions
   from 21 to 13. However as compared with the last General
   Elections-2002, the voters turnout during Local Government
   Election 2005 showed an increase of about 6%.

5.     The increase in nominations, decrease in unopposed returned
     candidates and vacant seats and high voters turnout reflect on the
     enhanced people’s participation in the Local Government
     Elections, 2005 was indicative of their growing interest / confidence
     in the local government system, which augur well for the reform
     turning into a political movement.
THANK YOU
EXTRA MATERIAL
PROVINCE-WISE STATE OF NOMINATION FILED DURING UNION LEVEL
                   ELECTION 2000-01 & 2005
                             Punjab            Sindh              NWFP            Balochistan            Overall
                         2000-01   2005    2000-01     2005   2000-01   2005    2000-01   2005   2000-01       2005
  Muslim General
  a. Available Seats     27584     13846    8439       4299    7656     3944     4144     2268   47823        24357
  b. Nomination Filed    94943     71519   30023     20718    20048     18281    7721     9102   152735       119620
                % Age    344%      517%    356%      482%     262%      464%    186%      401%   319%         491%
  Muslim General (W)
  a. Available Seats     13812     6928     4310       2183    3828     1972     2072     1134   24022        12217
  b. Nomination Filed    27691     18326    7750       6247    4771     4361     2314     3333   42526        32267
                % Age    200%      265%    180%      286%     125%      221%    112%      294%   177%         264%
  Peasant & Worker
  a. Available Seats     13812     6928     4376       2216    3828     1972     2072     1134   24088        12250
  b. Nomination Filed    43078     33466   11429     10231    11889     9660     3899     4962   70295        58319
                % Age    312%      483%    261%      462%     311%      490%    188%      438%   292%         476%
  Peasant & Worker (W)
  a. Available Seats      6906     6928     2188       2216    1914     1972     1036     1134   12044        12250
  b. Nomination Filed    12535     14113    3058       4821    2056     3262     1236     2812   18885        25008
                % Age    182%      204%    140%      218%     107%      165%    119%      248%   157%         204%
  Minorities
  a. Available Seats      3493     3474     1473       1274    957       986     518      567     6441         6301
  b. Nomination Filed     5657     5519     2915       3036    369       341     215      622     9156         9518
                % Age    162%      159%    198%      238%      39%      35%      42%      110%   142%         151%
  Nazims/Naib Nazims (Pairs)
  a. Available Seats      6906     6928     2188       2216    1914     1972     1036     1134   12044        12250
  b. Nomination Filed    13823     12790    4450       4688    4352     3992     1357     2187   23982        23657
                % Age    200%      185%    203%      212%     227%      202%    131%      193%   199%         193%
                       PUNJAB
Nomination Filed during Union Level Election 2000-01 & 2005
                                                                               SINDH
                    Nomination Filed during Union Level Election 2000-01 & 2005
             600%




             500%          482%
                                                                      462%



             400%
                    356%
                                                                                                                                                              345%
Percentage




             300%                                286%
                                                               261%                                                                                    260%
                                                                                                                     238%
                                                                                                218%                                      212%
                                                                             201%                             198%                 203%
             200%                         180%

                                                                                         140%
                                  126%
                                                        106%
             100%                                                                                      78%                                                           85%

                                                                                                                            40%
                                                                                                                                                 9%
              0%
                    Muslim General       Muslim General (W)    Peasant&Worker          Peasant&Worker (W)       Minorities        Nazims/Naib Nazims    Grand Total
                                                                                           Categories


                                                                             2000-01    2005     Increase /Decrease
                                                                               NWFP
                     Nomination Filed during Union Level Election 2000-01 & 2005
             600%



                                                                      490%
             500%
                            464%



             400%


                                                               311%                                                                                        311%
             300%
Percentage




                     262%

                                                  221%                                                                           227%
                                                                                                                                                    216%
                                   202%                                                                                                 202%
             200%                                                            179%
                                                                                                165%

                                           125%
                                                                                         107%
                                                         96%                                                                                                      95%
             100%
                                                                                                       58%
                                                                                                              39% 35%


               0%
                     Muslim General       Muslim General (W)   Peasant&Worker          Peasant&Worker (W)                -4%
                                                                                                                Minorities     Nazims/Naib Nazims    Grand Total
                                                                                                                                           -25%

             -100%
                                                                                           Categories


                                                                             2000-01    2005     Increase /Decrease
                                                               BALOCHISTAN
                    Nomination Filed during Union Level Election 2000-01 & 2005
             500%


             450%                                                     438%

                           401%
             400%


             350%
                                                                                                                                                               312%
                                                 294%
             300%
Percentage




                                                                             250%               248%
             250%
                                  215%
                                                               188%                                                                      193%
             200%   186%                                182%

                                                                                                                                                        154%          158%
             150%                                                                                      129%                       131%
                                                                                         119%
                                          112%                                                                      110%
             100%
                                                                                                                           68%                  62%
                                                                                                              42%
             50%


              0%
                    Muslim General       Muslim General (W)    Peasant&Worker          Peasant&Worker (W)       Minorities       Nazim s/Naib Nazim s    Grand Total
                                                                                           Categories


                                                                             2000-01    2005     Increase /Decrease
PROVINCE-WISE STATE OF NOMINATION FILED DURING ZILA
          COUNCILS ELECTION 2000-01 & 2005
                              Punjab               Sindh                 NWFP           Balochistan              Total
                       2000-01     2005     2000-01        2005   2000-01   2005      2000-01   2005   2000-01           2005
 Zila Nazims
 Available Seats         34            35     16            22      24          24      22       28       96              109
 Nomination Filed       174        215        91           157     139          156     97      145       501             673
               % Age   512%       614%      569%       714%       579%      650%      441%      518%     522%            617%
 Women (33%)
 Available Seats        1139       1151      361           357     315          326    173      193      1988             2027
 Nomination Filed       1984       2556      602           745     488          668    207      344      3281             4313
               % Age   174%       222%      167%       209%       155%      205%      120%      178%     165%            213%
 Peasants & Workers (5%)
 Available Seats        172        172        55            55      46          48      29       34       302             309
 Nomination Filed       1034       1842      299           375     351          474    138      169      1822             2860
               % Age   601%       1071%     544%       682%       763%      988%      476%      497%     603%            926%
 Minorities (5%)
 Available Seats        172        172        55            55      46          48      29       34       302             309
 Nomination Filed       346        544       194           203     103          106     66       74       709             927
               % Age   201%       316%      353%       369%       224%      221%      228%      218%     235%            300%
 Grand Total
 Available Seats        1517       1530      487           489     431          446    253      289      2688             2754
 Nomination Filed       3538       5157      1186          1480    1081     1404       508      732      6313             8773
               % Age   233%       337%      244%       303%       251%      315%      201%      253%     235%            319%

 Except Ghotki District in Sindh Province
                                                           PUNJAB
             Nomination Filed during Zila Council Level Election 2000-01 & 2005
             1200%

                                                                          1071%


             1000%



             800%
Percentage




                            614%                                   601%
             600%
                     512%
                                                                                  470%


             400%                                                                                                    337%
                                                                                                316%

                                                 222%                                                         233%
                                                                                         201%
             200%                         174%
                                   102%                                                                115%                 104%
                                                         48%

               0%
                       Zila Nazims               Women             Peasants & Workers       Minorities          Grand Total

                                                                      Categories

                                                         2000-01   2005      Increase/Decrease
                                                              SINDH
             Nomination Filed during Zila Council Level Election 2000-01 & 2005
             800%

                           714%
             700%                                                        682%



             600%   569%
                                                                  544%

             500%
Percentage




             400%                                                                             369%
                                                                                       353%

                                                                                                                    303%
             300%
                                                                                                             244%
                                                209%
             200%                        167%
                                  145%                                          138%

             100%                                                                                                          59%
                                                        42%
                                                                                                       16%
              0%
                      Zila Nazims               Women             Peasants & Workers      Minorities           Grand Total

                                                                     Categories

                                                        2000-01   2005     Increase/Decrease
                                                              NWFP
             Nomination Filed during Zila Council Level Election 2000-01 & 2005
             1200%


                                                                         988%
             1000%



             800%                                                 763%

                            650%
                     579%
Percentage




             600%



             400%
                                                                                                                    315%
                                                                                                             251%
                                                205%                            225%   224% 221%
             200%                        155%

                                   71%                                                                                     64%
                                                        50%
                                                                                                       -3%
               0%
                       Zila Nazims              Women             Peasants & Workers      Minorities           Grand Total


             -200%
                                                                     Categories

                                                        2000-01   2005     Increase/Decrease
                                            BALOCHISTAN
             Nomination Filed during Zila Council Level Election 2000-01 & 2005
             600%

                            518%
                                                                         497%
             500%                                                 476%
                     441%


             400%
Percentage




             300%
                                                                                                                  253%
                                                                                       228%
                                                                                              218%
                                                                                                           201%
             200%                               178%

                                         120%

             100%                  77%
                                                        58%                                                              52%
                                                                                21%

               0%
                       Zila Nazims              Women             Peasants & Workers      Minorities-10%     Grand Total


             -100%
                                                                     Categories

                                                        2000-01   2005     Increase/Decrease
  PROVINCE-WISE STATE OF NOMINATION FILED DURING
    TEHSIL/TOWN COUNCILS ELECTION 2000-01 & 2005
                          Punjab             Sindh                 NWFP           Balochistan           Total
                      2000-01   2005    2000-01      2005   2000-01   2005      2000-01   2005   2000-01        2005
Tehsil/Town Nazims
Available Seats        122       144     102         114      38          54      72       77     334           389
Nomination Filed       567       830     453         596     175          358    222      379     1417          2163
              % Age   465%      576%    443%      523%      460%      663%      308%      492%   424%       556%
Women (33%)
Available Seats        1143     1151     363         357     231          326    173      193     1910          2027
Nomination Filed       2320     3325     769         836     332          642    254      492     3675          5295
              % Age   203%      289%    212%      234%      144%      197%      147%      255%   192%       261%
Peasants & Workers (5%)
Available Seats        187       192     102         114      47          65      74       79     410           450
Nomination Filed       1457     2379     661         653     327          683    281      458     2726          4173
              % Age   779%      1239%   648%      573%      696%      1051%     380%      580%   665%       927%
Minorities (5%)
Available Seats        187       192     102         114      47          65      74       79     410           450
Nomination Filed       532       859     405         432      74          108     99      142     1110          1541
              % Age   284%      447%    397%      379%      157%      166%      134%      180%   271%       342%
Grand Total
Available Seats        1639     1679     669         699     363          510    393      428     3064          3316
Nomination Filed       4876     7393     2288        2517    908      1791       856      1471    8928      13172
              % Age   297%      440%    342%      360%      250%      351%      218%      344%   291%       397%
                                                           PUNJAB
             Nomination Filed during Tehsil/Town Council Level Election 2000-01 & 2005
             1400%

                                                                          1239%

             1200%



             1000%


                                                                   779%
Percentage




             800%


                            576%
             600%
                     465%                                                         460%          447%                 440%

             400%
                                                 289%                                    284%                 297%

                                          203%
             200%                                                                                      163%
                                                                                                                            143%
                                   111%
                                                         86%


               0%
                     Tehsil/Town Nazims          Women             Peasants & Workers       Minorities          Grand Total

                                                                      Categories

                                                         2000-01   2005      Increase/Decrease
                                                               SINDH
             Nomination Filed during Tehsil/Town Council Level Election 2000-01 & 2005
             700%
                                                                   648%

             600%                                                         573%
                            523%

             500%
                     443%
                                                                                        397%
             400%                                                                              379%
                                                                                                                   360%
                                                                                                            342%
Percentage




             300%
                                                 234%
                                          212%
             200%


             100%                  80%

                                                         22%                                                              18%
               0%
                     Tehsil/Town Nazims          Women             Peasants & Workers      Minorities-18%     Grand Total
             -100%                                                               -75%


             -200%
                                                                      Categories

                                                         2000-01   2005     Increase/Decrease
                                                               NWFP
             Nomination Filed during Tehsil/Town Council Level Election 2000-01 & 2005
             1200%

                                                                         1051%

             1000%



             800%
                                                                  696%
                            663%
Percentage




             600%

                     460%

             400%                                                                355%                               351%

                                                                                                             250%
                                   203%          197%
             200%                         144%                                          157% 166%
                                                                                                                           101%
                                                         53%
                                                                                                        9%
               0%
                     Tehsil/Town Nazims          Women            Peasants & Workers       Minorities          Grand Total

                                                                     Categories

                                                        2000-01   2005     Increase/ Decrease
                                            BALOCHISTAN
             Nomination Filed during Tehsil/Town Council Level Election 2000-01 & 2005
             700%



             600%                                                        580%



                           492%
             500%
Percentage




             400%                                                 380%
                                                                                                                     344%
                    308%
             300%
                                                255%
                                                                                                              218%
                                                                                200%
             200%                 184%                                                         180%
                                         147%
                                                                                        134%                                126%
                                                        108%
             100%
                                                                                                        46%


              0%
                    Tehsil/Town Nazims          Women             Peasants & Workers       Minorities            Grand Total

                                                                     Categories

                                                        2000-01   2005     Increase/ Decrease
PROVINCE WISE TURN OUT OF MALE / FEMALE VOTERS DURING THE
        LOCAL GOVERNMENT ELECTIONS HELD IN 2005

                           TURN OUT

        Province          Male     Female     Total

        1. Punjab        61.35 %   44.52 %   53.56 %

        2. Sindh         47.78 %   24.50 %   37.67 %

        3. NWFP          57.53 %   21.12 %   41.29 %

        4. Balochistan   39.13 %   21.79 %   31.14 %

        Overall          56.79 %   36.33 %   47.50 %
                       CONCLUSION (Indirect Election)
1. For Zila Nazim Seats, the nominations increase was 145% in Sindh
   followed by Punjab (102%), Balochistan (77%) and NWFP (71%).

2. For Tehsil/Town Nazim seats, the maximum increase was in NWFP
   (203%) followed by the Balochistan (184%), Punjab (111%) and
   Sindh (80%).

3. For women seats in Zila Council, the maximum increase was in
   Balochistan (58%) followed by NWFP (50%), Punjab (48%) and
   Sindh (42%).

4. For women seats in the Tehsil/Town Councils, the increase in
   Balochistan was (108), followed by Punjab (86%), NWFP (53%)
   and Sindh (22%).

5. For Peasants & Workers seats in Zila Council, the increase in
   Punjab was (470%) followed by NWFP (225%) Sindh (138%) and
   Balochistan (21%).
                       CONCLUSION
1. For Peasants & Worker seats in Tehsil/Town Council, the increase
   in Punjab was (460%), followed by NWFP (355%), Balochistan
   (200%) with Sindh showing a decrease of (75%).

2. For Minorities seats in Zila Councils, the increase in Punjab was
   (115%) followed by Sindh (16%) with Balochistan and NWFP
   showing a marginal decrease of 10% and 3% respectively.

3. For Minorities seats in Tehsil/Town Councils, the increase in
   Punjab was (163%) followed by Balochistan (46%), NWFP (9%)
   with Sindh Showing a marginal decrease of 18%.
                        CONCLUSION
There has been an overall decrease in number of candidates elected
unopposed and vacant seats.

100% voter turnout in indirect election

The above democratic trends reflect on greater people’s participation
in the LG elections and their growing interest and confidence in the
Local Government System. However, there has been a strong public
perception of political manipulation of Local Government Elections
particularly of Zila/Tehsil/Town Nazims where massive use of money
was also witnessed thus allowing people with vested interest to occupy
such important offices. It is feared that this may result into serious
damage to the Local Government reform objectives.
        WOMEN SEATS IN ZILA, TEHSIL/TOWN AND UNION COUNCILS




                              Tehsil/Town               Union Councils
Provinces     Zila Councils
                               Councils     Muslim General    Peasants & Workers
Punjab            1151           1151           6928                 6928
Sindh             373            373            2183                 2216
NWFP              326            326            1972                 1972
Balochistan       193            193             1134                1134
Total             2043           2043           12217               12250
PROVINCE-WISE INCREASE/ DECREASE IN NUMBER OF SEATS IN
                   LOCAL COUNCILS
Number of Seats in Union Councils (1st Term) 2000-01

    Category                     Punjab   Sindh   NWFP    Balochistan   Total
    Muslim General               27584    8439    7656       4144       47823
    Muslim General (Women)       13812    4310    3828       2072       24022
    Peasants & Workers           13812    4376    3828       2072       24088
    Peasants & Workers (Women)    6906    2188    1914       1036       12044
    Minorities                    3493    1473     957       518        6441
    Nazims/Naib Nazims            6906    2188    1914       1036       12044
    Total                        72513    22974   20097     10878       126462

Number of Seats in Union Councils (2nd Term) 2005
    Category                     Punjab   Sindh   NWFP    Balochistan   Total
    Muslim General               13846     4299    3944      2268       24381
    Muslim General (Women)        6928     2183    1972      1134       12229
    Peasants & Workers            6928     2216    1972      1134       12262
    Peasants & Workers (Women)    6928     2216    1972      1134       12262
    Minorities                    3474     1274    986        567       6307
    Nazims/Naib Nazims            6928     2216    1972      1134       12262
    Total                        45032    14482   12818      7371       79703
Number of Seats increase /reduced in Union Council as compared to 2000-01

        Category                     Punjab   Sindh   NWFP    Balochistan   Total
        Muslim General               -13738   -4140   -3712     -1876       -23442
        Muslim General (Women)       -6884    -2127   -1856      -938       -11793
        Peasants & Workers           -6884    -2160   -1856      -938       -11826
        Peasants & Workers (Women)     22      28      58         98         218
        Minorities                    -19     -199     29         49         -134
        Nazims/Naib Nazims             22      28      58         98         218
        Total                        -27481   -8492   -7279     -3507       -46759


Note:

•   The decrease in number of seats is due to reduction in the number of
    seats from 21 to 13 in a union council on account of amendment made
    in Provincial Local Government Ordinance, 2001

•   The ratio of seats reserved for women in a union council increased by
    5% during the current election as compared to election held in 2000-01.
AREA / PROVINCE WISE POPULATION AND PERCENTAGE OF MALE /
      FEMALE POPULATION OVER THE TOTAL POPULATION

         Provinces          Male      Female       Total
         Punjab            38094367   35526923   73621290
                    %age   51.74%     48.26%     100.00%
         Sindh             16097591   14342302   30439893
                    %age   52.88%     47.12%     100.00%
         NWFP              9088936    8654709    17743645
                    %age   51.22%     48.78%     100.00%
         Balochistan       3506506    3059379     6565885
                    %age   53.40%     46.60%     100.00%
         Fata              1662847    1524284     3187131
                    %age   52.17%     47.83%     100.00%
         Islamabad          434239     370996     805235
                    %age   53.93%     46.07%     100.00%
         Pakistan          68884486   63478593   132363079
                    %age   52.04%     47.96%     100.00%
AREA/ PROVINCE WISE POPULATION AND PERCENTAGE OF MALE /
     FEMALE POPULATION OVER THE TOTAL POPULATION

       60.00%
                                  52.88%                          53.40%
                51.74%                          51.22%
       50.00%            48.26%        47.12%            48.78%        46.60%


       40.00%


       30.00%


       20.00%


       10.00%


       0.00%
                  Punjab            Sindh          NWFP           Baluchistan

                                       Male     Female
COMPARATIVE POSITION OF WOMEN SEATS, NOMINATIONS FILED,
  REJECTION / WITHDRAWL, CONTESTING CANDIDATES AND
  PERCENTAGE THEREOF DURING THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT
          ELECTIONS HELD IN 2000 – 2001 AND 2005
       Muslim General (Women) & Peasants / Workers (Women)

         Category of Seat          LGE 2000 – 2001 LGE – 2005
         Available Seats               36066         24463
         Nominations Filed             61411         57275
                            %age       170.3%       234.1%
         Rejection / withdrawal        13566          9853
                            %age       37.61%       40.30%
         Contesting Candidates         47845         47422
                            %age       133%         193.90%
   OVERALL POSITION OF WOMEN SEATS, NOMINATION FILED,
REJECTION/WITHDRAWAL, CONTESTING CANDIDATES DURING THE
          LG ELECTIONS HELD IN 2000 – 2001 AND 2005

                 250.0%
                                                                     234.1%



                 200.0%                                                                193.9%

                              170.3%
    Percentage




                 150.0%
                                                  133%



                 100.0%




                 50.0%                   37.61%                               40.30%




                  0.0%
                                LGE 2000 – 2001                           LGE – 2005

                     Nominations Filed      Rejection / withdrawal   Contesting Candidates
COMPARATIVE POSITION OF UNOPPOSED AND VACANT SEATS IN THE
     LOCAL GOVERNMENT ELECTIONS 2000 – 2001 AND 2005
        Muslim General (Women) & Peasants / Workers (Women)
         Category of Seat              LGE 2000 – 2001 LGE – 2005
         Available Seats                   36066         24463
         Unopposed                          9007         4089
                                  %age      25%         16.80%
         Vacant                             4077          742
                                  %age    11.30%          3%

                          30%

                                25%
                          25%


                          20%
             Percentage




                                      16.80%

                          15%
                                                          11.30%
                          10%


                          5%                                         3%

                          0%
                                Unopposed                     Vacant

                                      LGE 2000 – 2001   LGE – 2005
PROVINCE WISE VACANT SEATS ON COMPLETION OF LG ELECTIONS 2000 –
                              2001
                        (Union Elections)
        Category of Seats       Punjab   Sindh   NWFP    Balochistan
        Muslim General
        Available Seats         27584    8439    7656       4144
        Vacant Seats              67      12      8         241
        Muslim General (W)
        Available Seats         13812    4310    3828       2072
        Vacant Seats             341      218    1021       467
        Peasant / Workers
        Available Seats         13812    4376    3828       2072
        Vacant Seats              62      77      30        181
        Peasant / Workers (W)
        Available Seats          6906    2188    1914       1036
        Vacant Seats             598      402     763       267
        Minorities
        Available Seats          3493    1473     957       518
        Vacant Seats             1137     351     789       417
        Nazims / Naib Nazims
        Available Seats          6906    2188    1914       1036
        Vacant Seats              14      6       4          50
        Grand Total
        Available Seats         72513    22974   20097     10878
        Vacant Seats             2219    1066    2615       1623
             PROVINCE WISE NUMBER OF VACANT SEATS
                       AS ON AUGUST, 2004
Categories               Punjab   Sindh   NWFP    Balochistan   Total
Muslim General
Available Seats          27584    8439    7656       4144       47823
Vacant Seats              131      51      54         41         277
Muslim General (W)
Available Seats          13812    4310    3828       2072       24022
Vacant Seats              233      85      781       110        1209
Peasants & Workers
Available Seats          13812    4376    3828       2072       24088
Vacant Seats               62      79      28         32         201
Peasants & Workers (W)
Available Seats           6906    2188    1914       1036       12044
Vacant Seats              227     168      492        59         946
Minority
Available Seats           3493    1473     957       518        6441
Vacant Seats              1122    352      685       338        2497
Nazim/Naib Nazim
Available Seats           6906    2188    1914       1036       12044
Vacant Seats               0       0        0         0           0
Grand Total
Available Seats          72513    22974   20097     10878       126462
Vacant Seats              1775    735     2040       580        5130
PROVINCE WISE NUMBER OF VACANT SEATS ON COMPLETION OF LG ELECTIONS 2005
                                  (Union Elections)
          Category of Seats           Punjab   Sindh   NWFP    Balochistan
          Muslim General
          Available Seats              13846    4299   3944       2268
          Vacant Seats                  12      160     0          0
          Muslim General (W)
          Available Seats              6928     2183   1972       1134
          Vacant Seats                  24       93     918        26
          Peasant / Workers
          Available Seats              6928     2216   1972       1134
          Vacant Seats                   9       81     0          0
          Peasant / Workers (W)
          Available Seats              6928     2216   1972       1134
          Vacant Seats                  120     114     276        31
          Minorities
          Available Seats              3474     1274    986       567
          Vacant Seats                  848     158     643       317
          Nazims / Naib Nazims
          Available Seats              6928     2216   1972       1134
          Vacant Seats                   4       82     0          1
          Grand Total
          Available Seats              45032   14404   12818      7371
          Vacant Seats                 1017     688    1137       375
              STATE OF CONTESTED, UNOPPOSED AND VACANT SEATS
              TEHSIL/TOWN COUNCILS ELECTIONS 2000-2001 AND 2005
  CC = Contested Seats                 UO = Unopposed Candidates                      VS = Vacant Seats
                                                  TEHSIL/Taluka/TOWN COUNCIL
                         Women 33%                        Peasant & Workers 5%                 Minority 5%
               Seats    CS      UO         VS     Seats       CS      UO         VS   Seats    CS       UO      VS
Punjab


2000-01        1119    1009     96         14     184         177      6         1    184      146      29       9
2005           1151    1145      6          0     192         186      7         1    192      173      15       4
% Increase/Decrease     9%     -8%        -1.2%              0.7%    0.38%   -0.02%           11%       -8%    -3%
Sindh
2000-01         363     282     74          7     102         97       5         0    102      76       23       3
2005            357     303     54          0     114         75      21         0    114      55       30       0
% Increase/Decrease    7.19%   -5.3%      -1.1%              -29%    13%         0%           -26%      4%     -3%
NWFP
2000-01         146     106     38          6      28         28       0         0     28      12         8      8

2005            326     295     11         19      65         65       0         0     65      32       17      15
% Increase/Decrease    18%     -23%       1.7%                0%      0%         0%           6.4%     -2.4%   -5.5%
Balochistan
2000-01         150     63      66         21      61         44      13         4     61      14       21      26

2005            193     172     18          2      79         65      13         0     79      28       23      25
% Increase/Decrease    47%     -35%       -13%              10.1%    -4.9%   -6.6%            12.5%    -5.3%   -11%
              STATE OF CONTESTED, UNOPPOSED AND VACANT SEATS
                  ZILA COUNCILS ELECTIONS 2000-2001 AND 2005
 CC = Contested Seats                   UO = Unopposed Candidates                           VS = Vacant Seats
                                                                    ZILA COUNCIL
                                 Women 33%                     Peasants & Workers 5%                  Minority 5%
                      Seats     CS        UO        VS      Seats      CS      UO      VS   Seats    CS       UO       VS
Punjab
2000-01               1115      935       148       32      168       168       0      0     168     141       25       2
2005                  1151     1093       58         2      172       170       2      0     172     163       9        0
% Increase/Decrease           11.10%    -8.23%    -2.70%             -1.16%   1.16%   0%            10.84%   -9.65%   -1.19%
Sindh
2000-01               361       294       65         2       55        55       0      0     55       5        0        0
2005                  357       181       86         2       55        55       0      0     55       48       2        0
% Increase/Decrease           -30.74%   6.09%     0.01%               0%       0%     0%            78.18%   3.64%     0%
NWFP
2000-01               214       170       40         4       31        31       0      0     31       24       2        5
2005                  326       279       30        20       48        46       2      0     48       31       13       4
% Increase/Decrease           6.14%     -9.49%    4.26%              -4.17%   4.17%   0%            12.84%   20.63%   -7.79%
Balochistan
2000-01               150       74        59        17       24        22       2      0     24       13       7        4
2005                  193       155       35         1       34        31       3      0     34       23       10       4
% Increase/Decrease           30.98%    -21.16%   -10.81%            -0.48%   0.49%   0%            13.49%   0.25%    -4.91%
                   COMPARATIVE STATE OF VACANT SEATS
                     LG ELECTIONS 2000 – 2001 AND 2005
                                      (Union Elections)
                            Punjab                  Sindh                  NWFP             Balochistan
Category of Seats
                       2000-2001     2005   2000-2001       2005    2000-2001     2005    2000-2001   2005
Muslim General
Available Seats.        27584      13846      8439          4299      7656        3944      4144      2268
Vacant Seats.             67          12       12            160       8            0       241        0
Muslim General (W)
Available Seats         13812        6928     4310          2183      3828        1972      2072      1134
Vacant Seats             341          24      218            93       1021        918       467       26
Peasant / Workers
Available Seats         13812        6928     4376          2216      3828        1972      2072      1134
Vacant Seats              62          9        77            81        30           0       181        0
Peasant / Workers (W)
Available Seats          6906        6928     2188          2216      1914        1972      1036      1134
Vacant Seats             598         120      402            114      763         276       267       31
Minorities
Available Seats          3493        3474     1473          1274      957         986       518       567
Vacant Seats             1137        848      351            158      789         643       417       317
Nazims / Naib Nazims
Available Seats          6906        6928     2188          2216      1914        1972      1036      1134
Vacant Seats              14          4        6             82        4            0        50        1
Grand Total
Available Seats         72513      45032     22974          14404    20097        12818    10878      7371
Vacant Seats             2219        1017     1066           688      2615        1137      1623      375

								
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