HEALTH AND WELLNESS by 095rp4

VIEWS: 79 PAGES: 49

									What is Health &
  Wellness?
     Mrs. Peters
   Health Education



                      1
              Health Literacy
   Health Literacy: involves an individual’s
    capacity to obtain, interpret and
    understand basic health information and
    services that will promote positive health
    and wellness.




                                                 2
In order to be Health Literate, a person must be:

  1.    A Critical Thinker and Problem Solver
       –   Can evaluate information and solve problems
  2.    A Responsible, Productive Citizen
       –   Must make decisions that promote health to himself
           and those around him
  3.    A Self-Directed Learner
       –   Able to gather and use accurate information
           throughout life.
       –   Able to gain knowledge based on issues that arise
           in various times of life
  4.    An Effective Communicator
       –   Can communicate knowledge and information to
           others in variety of forms
                                                            3
                  OUR GOAL…
   Improved Quality of life
    The degree of overall satisfaction that a
    person gets from life
So why has the emphasis of health shifted
  from the absence of disease to a broader
  focus on the person’s quality of life???




                                                4
            Life expectancy
   1900 ____________________47 years
   1920 ____________________54.1 years
   1940____________________62.9 years
   1960____________________69.7 years
   1980____________________73.7 years
   1985____________________74.7 years
   2006____________________77 years
   2009____________________78 years
                                          5
   Why is it easier to have a longer life in our
    country vs. some other places in the world?

   So just what determines YOUR health and
    wellness???
                 Mainly your lifestyle!
    Today’s leading causes of death are diseases
    that are strongly influenced by your lifestyle.

    In the early 1900’s the leading causes of
    diseases could be passed on from one person
    to another
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             Leading causes of death
            1900                       Today
1. pneumonia/influenza       1. Heart disease
2. tuberculosis              1. Cancer
3. Diseases of the stomach   1. Stroke

4. Heart disease             4. Accidents

5. Stroke                    5. Lung disease
6. Kidney Disease            6. pneumonia/influenza
7. Accidents                 7. diabetes
8. Cancer                    8. suicide
9. Childhood disease         9. Liver disease
10. Diptheria                10. Atherosclerosis      8
                      Health
   Health is not merely the Physical well-being
    of an individual

   Health is the combination of your ……
    Physical health
    Mental health
    Social health


                                                   9
 HEALTH AND WELLNESS


  THE VIEW OF WELLNESS AS A
COMBINATION OF ALL THREE IS CALLED
HOLISTIC CONCEPT OF HEALTH!




                                 10
                Physical Health
   Physical Health
      The way the parts of the body and systems of the
       body work together
   When you are physically healthy, your body…
      Has the ability to cope with daily stresses

      Has the strength and energy to pursue physical
       challenges and fight off illnesses and infections
      Has the strength and energy to deal with

     mental, emotional and social changes in life




                                                           11
12
              Mental/Emotional Health
   Mental Health                         Emotional Health
       Mental health includes:
                                              Emotional health includes:
          Your ability to meet the
           demands of daily life.                Your feelings about

          Your ability to use and
                                                  yourself
           develop critical thinking             How you relate to others
           skills                                Being in touch with your
                                                  own feelings
       People with good mental                  Expressing your emotions
        health see…
                                                  in a healthful way
          Learning new
           information as a life              People with good emotional
           process that is enjoyable           health…
          Making mistakes as a                  Avoid negative thoughts
           chance to learn, grow,                 and emotions
           and change                            Consider all options and
                                                  situations, then rationally
                                                  expresses his/her
                                                  emotions in response to
                                                  the situation            13
                      Social Health
   Involves the way you
    get along with others.
   Also involves:
       Your ability to make
        and keep friends
       Your ability to
        cooperate and
        communicate with
        others around you.
       It involves a constant
        respect and sense of
        responsibility for self
        and others.
                                      14
 Health Triangle
•In order to have optimal
health, a person must be
equally healthy in all three
areas of the triangle.

•When one side of the
triangle gets too much or
little attention, the triangle
becomes lopsided.

•To be truly healthy, you
need to keep all 3 sides of
your health triangle - and
your life - in balance           15
               Class Activity
   Create your own health triangle




                                      16
            Health Continuum
   Your health is dynamic (always changing)
   Your health is always changing its’ place
    on the continuum
   From day to day (year to year), you
    experience different levels of total health

     NOTE: THIS CAN BE CONTROLLABLE


                                                  17
                    The Health Continuum


                                         Loss of Health Improved Health
                                         and Wellness     and Wellness


     Premature                                                                               High Level of
     Death                                                                                   Health




People on this side of the continuum usually do     Many people     People on this side of the continuum usually
not take responsibility for maintaining their own   function        exhibit a high degree of responsibility, discipline
health.                                             below the       and positive direction in life. They accept the
                                                    midpoint line   responsibility for maintaining their own health.

                                                                                                                   18
                   Wellness
   WELLNESS – optimal health and vitality
    encompassing all 3 areas of health.

                      Wellness




    (+) Physical     (+) Mental/      (+) Social
    Health         Emotional Health   Health


                                                   19
                       Wellness
   A person with a balanced life is said
    to have a high degree of wellness,
    or total health.

   It comes from a way of living each
    day that includes making decisions
    and practicing behaviors that are
    based on sound health knowledge
    and healthful attitudes.

   Achieving wellness is an ongoing,
    lifelong commitment to physical,
    mental/emotional, and social health.    20
     Our Goal

Optimal Health and Wellness




                      Healthy Eating Club, 2001



                                             21
         Promoting Your Health
   In addition to becoming health literate,
    there are 3 ways to promote your health
    and wellness


    1.   (+) Lifestyle Factors
    2.   (+) Attitudes Toward Health
    3.   Prevention of Injury and Illness

                                               22
          (+) Lifestyle Factors
   Lifestyle factors: are personal behaviors
    and habits related to the way that a
    person lives, that helps to determine their
    health
   Seven (+) Lifestyle factors
     1.Sleep 7-8 hours per night
     2.Eat nutritious foods from each of the
       food groups
     3.Refrain from smoking, tobacco products
       and those who do use those products
     4.Eat breakfast daily
                                              23
     + Lifestyle Factors
5. Do 30 minutes of non-stop physical
    activity at least 3 times per week
6. Do not use alcohol or other drugs
7. Maintain recommended weight
HOW MANY OF THESE LIFESTYLE
FACTORS DO YOU FOLLOW?




                                         24
            (+) Health Attitudes
   It is not enough to just KNOW what to do to
    stay healthy.

   You must BELIEVE that there is some benefit to
    good health habits and problems for poor health
    habits.

   Studies have shown that people with (+)
    attitudes are less likely to suffer injury and
    illness than those who have (-) attitudes
    (STRESS)
                                                     25
                       Prevention
   Prevention: practicing healthy habits to keep a
    person well and free from disease and other ailments

   Preventing injury and illness is the best way to
    promote health

   Examples:
       Wear seatbelt
       Wear helmets
       Apply sunscreen
       Avoid dangerous situations/areas
       Perform (+) lifestyle factors
                                                       26
    What are factors that can affect
           your wellness?
   Risk factors:
   is an action or condition that increases the
    likelihood of injury, disease, or negative
    outcomes.




     What are some common risk factors in
               teenagers lives???
                                               27
Three categories of risk factors:
1. Heredity risk factors
2. Environmental risk factors
3. Behavioral Risk Factors




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     Three categories of risk factors:
1. Heredity risk factors –
   to some extent, a person’s health is
   determined at the time he is born!
Inherited risk factors such as…
  High blood pressure
  Breast cancer
  Heart disease
Can you do anything about inherited
   risk factors?
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2.  Environmental risk factors -
   the surroundings in which one lives, both
    physical and social.
Physical environment –
includes both your outdoor and indoor
    environment. Things such as…..
   Air
   Water
   Sun (radiation)
   Loud noises
   Poisonous wastes
   Smoke filled room
                                               30
   Social Environment –
    the people that you hang around
    with…your family, friends, classmates.

   At your age, your friends have a great
    influence on your level of wellness.

                    WHY???



                                             31
3.   Behavioral Risk Factors – are the day
     to day decisions that you make.
•    They are often far more important to
     your health than both heredity and
     environmental risk factors.
•    You alone decide which behavioral risk
     factors you will face such as…
•    Drugs, tobacco, foods, keeping anger
     and strong feelings bottled up inside,
     not taking time to relax
                                         32
                However…
   There are many behavior risks that are
    worth taking! What would be some of
    your choices?




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Taking responsibility for your health
You are at the age where you have more
 control over your life than at any earlier
 age.
Three most common causes of teenage
 death are not due to illness.
Do you know the top three? (Hint: all three
 are linked to behavioral risk factors.)


                                              34
     Three most common causes of
          teenage death are:
   Accidents

   Suicide

   Homicide

What risk behavior is common to all three?
                SUBSTANCE ABUSE

                                             35
   The practice of PREVENTION, or the practice
    of healthy behaviors can help keep a person
    free of disease and other health problems




                                              36
     How can you make changes for
             your health?
1.    Awareness –
     you must be aware of potential health
      problems such as health concerns that
      run in your family’s history. Or, recognize
      unhealthy signs and see a doctor for
      treatment
2.    Knowledge –
      once you become aware of health
      problems, learn some of the facts about
      it!
                                               37
3.   Decision Making –
     even with awareness and knowledge, it is
     not always easy to decide on the best
     course of action. Consider your values – the
     standards and beliefs that are important to
     you.
4.   Apply the skill by practicing it.
      Make it a habit, such as daily exercise,
     healthy food choices, healthy ways to
     release anger…

                                             38
Decisions, Decisions,
     Decisions



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                   Objectives

   TSWBAT
       Understand vocabulary connected with the
        decision making and goal setting life skills
       Make appropriate healthful decisions by using
        the Decision Making model
       Show an understanding of the types of goals
        one can make for themselves
       Create short-term and long-term goals in
        order to maintain a healthy life

                                                    40
    Decision Making and Goal Setting
   When you make decisions or set goals,
    you are experiencing power over how
    healthy, happy and productive you can be.

   Making responsible decisions and setting
    MEANINGFUL goals are important skills
    that can promote individual, family and
    community health.

                                               41
      Decision Making Skills
Decision Making Skills: are steps that
 enable you to make a healthy decision.

These steps are designed to protect your
 rights and health while respecting the
 rights and health of others around you.



                                           42
         Decision Making Skill
   Define the problem
   Explore the alternatives
   Consider the consequences

   Identify your values
   Decide and act on decision
   Evaluate the result

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                     DECIDE
   DEFINE THE PROBLEM:
       What are you trying to DECIDE?
       State the issue clearly
       Is it important and complex enough?




                                              44
                      DECIDE
   EXPLORE THE ALTERNATIVES:
       List all of the possible choices you could make
        to solve the problem
       “Doing nothing” can be an alternative to
        explore
       Make sure choices are realistic




                                                      45
                       DEC IDE
   CONSIDER THE CONSEQUENCES:
             Use the word HELP to guide your choices:

       H (Healthful)- What health risks will this option
        present, if                   any?
       E (Ethical)- Does this choice reflect what you and
        your                   family believe is right?
       L (Legal)- Does this option violate any local, state or
        federal                laws?
       P (Parent Approval)- Would your parents or guardians
                               approve of this choice?


                                                              46
                      DECIDE
   IDENTIFY YOUR VALUES:
       The things you believe in strongly affect how
        you live your life
       May or may not influence decisions
       Overlooking values may lead to
        uncomfortable feelings about decision
        later
       Consider long term goals as well as beliefs of
        family, religion, and community
       Which choice is most in line with your values?
                                                        47
                      DECIDE
   DECIDE AND ACT:
       Compare the alternatives
       Choose the alternative that is best for you
       There may be more than one “right” choice
       Act on the decision by breaking it down into
        smaller steps and setting realistic deadlines
        for each step
       Follow through with your plan
       Your decision should not be Impulsive!
                                                        48
                      DECIDE
   EVALUATE THE RESULTS:
       After decision has been put into effect take
        time to review it, how did it work out?
       How has it affected your life?
       How has it affected others?
       What did you learn?
       If you could do it over again, would you do it
        differently?


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